20 August 2019

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Tuesday January 28, 2014
Kabul (BNA) Only a very small share of Afghanistan’s land, mostly in scattered valleys, is suitable for farming, and a majority of this farmland requires irrigation.
Water is drawn from springs and rivers and is distributed through surface ditches and through underground channels, or tunnels, which are excavated and maintained by a series of vertical shafts. Such a tunnel is known as a karez or qanat.
In 2001 some 2.44 million hectares (5.9 million acres) of farmland were irrigated. Wheat is the most important crop, followed by barley, corn and rice. Cotton is another important and widely cultivated crop. Fruit and nuts are among Afghanistan’s most important exports.
Afghanistan is noted for its unusually sweet grapes and melons, grown mostly in the south-west, north of the Hindu Kush, and in the fertile regions around Herat. Raisins are also an important export. Other important fruits are apricots, cherries, figs, mulberries, and pomegranates.
Livestock is nearly as important as crops to Afghanistan’s economy. Karakul sheep are raised in large numbers in the north. The tight curly fleece of Karakul lambs is used to make Persian lamb coats. Other breeds of sheep, such as the fat-tailed sheep, and goats are also raised. In a recent development, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock has announced it has offered fresh packages to the private sector and investors to invest in this field and further nourish agriculture and livestock in the country. Based on the statement of the officials from the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, implementation of the new programs and strategies will pave the way to the products to be exported in the markets and it would also support standard packing and processing system.
Addressing a special gathering here in Kabul, Mohammad Asif Rahimi, the Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation said, “The new programs would persuade the investors to expand investing money in agriculture sector, the new packages will covered 2014 and 2015, the programs would provide relief in energy distribution to the industrial parks. “Rice and grapes productions have also increased as compare to the recent years while almond from 62,000 tons in the year 2002 has increased to 70,000 tones and a number of stocks have also been established to protect the products.” But, one of the important topics is that Afghanistan’s agriculture sector is old system and there is a need for revival of the sector. The government of Afghanistan also intends to facilitate the investors in transportation system. According to the fresh package, the investors would be able to transfer their products easily with lower prices to the markets. The Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation further stated that Afghanistan will soon joint World Trade Organization (TWO) and the membership would help the country to expand its agricultural products.
The Deputy Minister of Commerce & Industries said that the Afghanistan’s adhesion with WTO will help investors and traders to openly do their business and efforts would be undertaken to support the private sectors transfer agricultural products to world markets. Officials of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation have expressed hope that implementation of the new programs besides boosting up agriculture sector will also prove employment opportunities to hundreds of the workers across the country.

Monday, January 27, 2014
Kabul (BNA) Three agreements were signed yesterday between Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock and foreign organizations for execution of three new development programs in agriculture and livestock sections.
Before signing the agreement, Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock Eng. Mohammad Asif Rahimi said, “The programs supported by International Fund for Agricultural Development and UNAFO will be launched with participation of people in Kabul, Logar and Parwan provinces, adding the programs costing $ 58 million will be implemented in the mentioned provinces within six years.”
“The programs which will cover 170,000 rural families encompassing 1.5 million populations aim at reducing poverty in rural areas. The programs will also help reduce the poverty through development of infrastructures, providing skills, introduction of new technologies, development of livelihood opportunities and strengthening of women role,” the minister further said.
Eng. Mohammad Asif Rahimi added the programs will include construction of climate cold stores, irrigation systems, animal clinics, setting up 100 centers for collecting milk, three diary factories, three seeds producing factories, development of producing services of seeds and animal clinic for Kochis, introduction of better sorts sheep, development of farming organizations and strengthening of women role in agricultural sector.
In the ceremony, governor of Kabul Abdul Jabar Taqwa, governor of Parwan Baseer Salangi, representatives of people in parliament Mir Rahman Rahmani, Mohammad Hashim and Zakia participated and spoke in the ceremony.
The agreements were signed between Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock and officials for WFP, Dutch Committee to Afghanistan and International Research Center.

Saturday January 25, 2014
Kabul (BNA) Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock Mohammad Asif Raheemi in a news conference held on Thursday said lack of electricity and agricultural products were the main problems towards development of agricultural industry in the country.
“Despite problems in the past few years, role of private sector has been important for improvement of agricultural products in the country, saying currently there are possibilities for irrigation of almost 2 million hectare fields in the country, but it is determined the amount will increased to 3.5 million hectare fields in coming years,” Raheemi added in the conference.
According to MAIL and UN, currently Afghanistan has nearly 20,000 hectare areas for gardening and agricultural products have increased by three fold comparing to ten years ago. In the news conference, Deputy Minister of Commerce and Industries said, “We have 30% income from agricultural products, while 90% income of agricultural products is attained through small and middle sectors.”
According to officials for MoCI, although Afghanistan has good agricultural possibilities in agriculture sector, but the country is still importing its agricultural products from the neighboring countries.

Saturday January 25, 2014
Kabul (BNA) President Hamid Karzai urged the government and industrial foundations of carpet trade in the country prepare appropriate and positive program for further development of carpet industry and its trade for the country.
In his 15-day radio address President Karzai noted that last week an international carpet exhibition was held in Germany in which the Afghan carpet from amongst carpet producers of 60 countries win the international award due to its beauty and high quality.
President Karzai congratulated all the carpet weavers of the country, the industrialists and traders of carpet on this success, adding that carpet weaving in our country is an ancient and historical tradition of our people that has gained much fame for the country and it is an economic income for the  country.
Today carpet weaving has spread from the north and northwest to the central regions of Afghanistan, Kabul and some other provinces and presently considerable number of people (men and women) throughout the country is engaged in this industry.
He stressed that with the expansion of this national industry, its products is also increased and there immense demands for Afghan carpets inside and outside the country and its export too is getting good momentum as its export is increased considerably compared to the past years.
He noted that many families are engaged in carpet weaving in the country and including girls’, women and the youth are taking a share in improving the economy of their families and this industry has provided employment or many people. Considering the importance of this industry the government, the foundations working for development of carpet industry and the national traders should work together to facilitate a better ground for further development of this industry including provision of raw materials for the carpet weavers.
He asked the carpet industrialists that by preserving the original ancient designs of carpets, they should prepare new designs so that our carpets can better compete with carpets produced by other countries.
He emphasized that development of carpet industry in the country is the national mission of our government and the people and our people by buying domestic carpets instead of foreign furnishing can strengthen national economy and the carpet weavers as our carpet is much better than foreign designs.