23 February 2019

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Economic

Monday 22-April 2013
Kabul (BNA) With having better quality, the Saffron of Afghanistan occupied first position in world markets.
The spokesman of ministry of agriculture and irrigation Majidullah Qarar says that the recent activities of this ministry in connection with providing and export of saffron is important and effective.
Qarar stated that this year, about 200 farmers are under training. These farmers in their turn train other peasants. He said that a trader of saffron wanted to export independently 1500 Kgs saffron to Europe. This is a great success.
Qarar stated that holding of 11 exhibitions in Afghanistan and few others in aboard provided good opportunities for marketing of saffron of Afghanistan. Evaluation effective the establishment of saffron dealers` association by ministry of agriculture and irrigation in 14 provinces of the country and providing loans for peasants, Qarar said that now, the great quantity of Afghan saffron is exported to Italy, Australia, Canada and China.
The experts in economic affairs say that with increment in production of saffron the government also should make efforts for its marketing and provide necessary facilities for investors and merchants of this product. Easy plantation and production, less need to water and compatibility with geographical environment especially in western part of Afghanistan and the interests of farmer for its expansion are the factors behind the increment of this expensive plant in Afghanistan. An expert in economic affairs, Sayed Masoud says that non activity for marketing, the involvement of dealers and non-observance of suitable package and sanitation cause the low price of this plant. He said that wheat should also be replaced by saffron, because it needs less water.
Masoud continued that now, saffron planted more in Balkh and Herat and enjoys from high quality. Most countries of the world selected Afghan saffron. This causes the pouring of foreign currencies to Afghanistan. Some saffron growers are worry about shortage of qualified bulb of saffron and low level trained peasants towards expansion of saffron plantation, but the in charges of ministry of agriculture and irrigation spoke about having programs in this respect. One of citizens Gul Mir in regard with plantation of saffron said that if more attention be paid in plantation of saffron no doubt, Afghanistan would occupy first position. He added that being nonstandard of providing saffron; non-standardized package and market problem are the factors behind reduction of price of saffron. The in charges of ministry of agriculture believe.
As we see this plant expanded from one province to 18 provinces, If the ministries of agriculture and commerce focus more attention comparing before in this respect, it is possible that its production to be reached to thousands Kgs. No doubt, the government of Afghanistan specially the ministry of agriculture provides good grounds, but these efforts are insufficient, but this plant be offered to international markets in a good standard. This is in a time that increment of saffron from 500kgs in 2007 to 3000 Kgs in current year and its expansion from one province to 18 provinces, involvement of 12000 farmers to saffron cultivation and distribution of 180 sets machines for drying of saffron are the achievements earned by ministry of agriculture in connection with production of saffron in Afghanistan during recent years.
 

Monday 22-April 2013
Kabul (BNA) The inauguration of industrial production Expo in ancient city of Herat is good omen that has encouraged our industrialists and traders to invest inside the country and pave the way for promoting of domestic production.
Recently, Afghanistan Investment Supporting Agency (AISA) held an exhibition in Herat province aimed to introduce the industrial merchandised in the country. The inaugural ceremony that attended by the minister of commerce and industries, deputy to Afghanistan chambers of commerce and industries and chairmen of the AISA and some industrialists, the manufactures exhibited their products. The government retains significant role in supporting entrepreneurs for economic growth of the country. Economic progress and strengthening the production of domestic goods requires strong cooperation of the government because importing of foreign low quality products harms the production level in the country and it further persuade the national traders to invest in a foreign country and secure their assets with good income. The government should give confidence to industrialists of the country and provide them better opportunity of production inside the country. Industrial parks retains vital role in development process of each province but lack of power has been the main obstacle before the productive plants` activities and has caused the closure of many plants across the country. The second vice president recently received a delegation of industrialists that it briefed the vice president about the problems of investors and industrialists in the country, calling on government to establish industrial parks and remove bureaucracy in the concerned departments. The craftsmen and industrialists have effective role in economic growth of Afghanistan. It`s while some craftsmen and members of carpet selling union and the industrialists of carpet manufacturing employees confront major problems and require government serious attention towards resolving their problems. Recently, as per the order of President Karzai land plots has been provided to craftsmen in Arzan Qemat area of Kabul but the plots were not placed at their proposal and they were provided other plots of land in Padola area. The government should appreciate the efforts exerted by the carpet producer and sellers in promoting the industry and measures should be taken for provision of better facilities for them. The Afghan nation believe craftsmen role as very effective in flourishing the economy in Afghanistan and ask the government to provide better facilities for production of carpet and support the sector because support in this respect in reality is support of traditional industry of the country that besides economic growth creates jobs for the jobless.
 

Sunday April 21, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The first meeting of working group on railway line among Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan “ATT” held in Turkmenistan Republic yesterday.
Dr. Mohammad Fazel Saifi Afghan ambassador to Ashqabad, Turkmenistan told the BNA that on the basis of an understanding agreement reached among the leaders of three countries in Nauruz of current year in Ashqabad, yesterday the first meeting of the working group of three countries consisting of specialists of the three countries was held who discussed the regular activities pertaining to the project.
At this meeting it was decided that the three countries prepare the draft of the agreement for construction of the railway line among the three countries in two weeks’ time and present it to the coming meeting of this working group.
The meeting also decided on the financing sources and a regular program with the schedule of working group meetings in every two months and the leading group every three month in the capitals of these countries.
He added that this project is important in the region in which Afghanistan has the main role and annually millions of US dollars net income with immense jobs will be provided for the youth of Afghanistan.
Meanwhile the project perspective that of course has its immense enemies in this region is not only important for Afghanistan economically but from political viewpoints the project has its significance for Afghanistan and the regional countries.
 

Thursday, April 18, 2013
Kabul (BNA) Tajikistan and the United Kingdom have signed an agreement enabling the recovery of British equipment from Afghanistan.
Tajik Foreign Minister, Mr. Hamrokhon Zarifi, and British Ambassador to Tajikistan, Mr. Robin Jeremy Ord-Smith, signed a government-to-government agreement concerning the procedure for transit military equipment and personnel through the territory of Tajikistan in connection with the participation of the United Kingdom efforts to ensure the security, stabilization and reconstruction of Afghanistan in Dushanbe on April 18.
This document provides for the recovery of not only military property, but also office equipment from Afghanistan, Ambassador Ord-Smith told journalists following the agreement-signing ceremony.
“As far as the withdrawal of military personnel through Tajikistan is concerned, we have decided that they will be withdrawn by air, because surface transit requires significant expenditures.  But in case of emergency, we have the right to make landing at Tajik airports,” Britain’s diplomat noted.
The United Kingdom is to move 11,000 containers of property and 3,000 armored vehicles from Afghanistan and it has considered several transit routes for the recovery of its property from Afghanistan.
Three reverse transit agreements have been concluded with Uzbekistan, enabling the recovery of non-war like stores and, separately, motorized armored vehicles, by rail; and equipment (including war-like stores and ammunition) and personnel by air.
The United Kingdom is ready to provide Central Asia’s countries that will provide corridor for the recovery of the British property from Afghanistan with some of its equipment.
Earlier, Ambassador Ord-Smith told Asia-Plus that the issue of handover of a part of equipment to Tajikistan will be discussed at a meeting of senior representatives of the defense offices of the two countries that is expected to take place in late April.
We will recall that the for the first time the issue of using Tajik territory for withdrawal of British military equipment via Tajikistan was discussed during a visit of Britain’s Minister of State for the Armed Forces, Nick Harvey, to Tajikistan in March 2012.  He was reportedly in Tajikistan to discuss with Tajik leaders possible transit routes for the withdrawal of British troops from Afghanistan in 2014.
Harvey told journalists in Dushanbe after talks on March 2 that a proposed route for the troops' withdrawal would go through Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and therefore the cooperation between the three Central Asian countries is needed.  According to him, members of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) could leave behind some of their equipment in Afghanistan and possibly in the three Central Asian countries.
International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) combat operations are due to be completed by the end of 2014.  UK troop numbers in Afghanistan, currently at around 9,000, are due to fall to about 5,200 by the end of 2013 with further significant reductions planned for 2014.