29 June 2017

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Economic

Sunday May 14, 2017

Beijing (BNA) Afghanistan is a unique platform for cooperation, rather than competition, between China and the US in the face of rising challenges and threats to regional peace and stability, the Afghan Ambassador to China said.
In an exclusive interview with the Post, Janan Mosazai added that China, an immediate neighbor with a growing economic footprint in Afghanistan and in the wider region, could become a key player in the effort to revive the war-torn nation’s role as a regional hub. Beijing seeks to boost its global influence under its ambitious One Belt, One Road Initiative with trade-boosting infrastructure projects.
“Afghanistan is also the first country that is in a trilateral cooperation mechanism with both China and the United States,” the ambassador said. “And there aren’t other countries in the world that have been able to play this unique role. Afghanistan is playing the role.” “In the area of our counter-terrorism efforts, but also in the area of our efforts towards peace talks, China and the US have both played constructive roles,” the Afghan ambassador said during the interview at the Afghan embassy in Beijing.
“We see an important role for both countries in terms of supporting the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned efforts towards peace in Afghanistan,” he said. “That’s another very important area where we look to both countries for strong support and we are grateful for the support that we have received and expect and hope that that would intensify this year.”
Ambassador Mosazai referred to a trilateral cooperation mechanism with both China and the United States, under which many young Afghan diplomats have received training in China and Washington, and the three sides have been exploring areas for further cooperation. China and the US also provide billions of dollars in economic aid, as well as training, equipment and support for Afghanistan’s national defense force and training for government staff, he said. Although the road to reaching peace deals in Afghanistan is widely expected to be long and bumpy, Ambassador Mosazai said that US-China cooperation in Afghanistan would help bring the war-ravaged country peace and stability, as well as economic prosperity, “and in turn contribute to peace, stability and economic development in the region and the world”.
Kabul’s strategic partnership with Washington is “very clear” and “will continue for a long time”, Mosazai said. China, as a next-door neighbor, however, has been placed in the first circle of Afghanistan’s diplomacy, a role that was nailed down by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in 2014.
In addition to jointly providing military equipment that has been used, Ambassador Mosazai said, to directly combat terrorism and extremist groups that threaten security and stability in the region, Beijing and Kabul this year will undertake the first-ever joint counter-terrorism exercise in China. “We have had a very strong and a very productive and effective cooperation mechanism between Afghanistan and China in terms of counter-terrorism, particularly in the areas of fighting the so-called East Turkistan Islamic Movement, and that’s something we will continue for sure in the future,” he said.
 

Saturday May 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Based on Khan Mohammad Baz’ head of currency exchangers in Kabul, Shahzada market report the exchange rate of Afghani as a follow:
                                                                                   
One Dollar                                                    68 afgs                           
One Pound Sterling                                      87 afgs                         
One Euro                                                      74 afgs                        
One Emirate’s Dirham                            18/10 afgs                          
One Thousand Pakistani Rupees                637 afgs                        
One Thousand Indian Rupees                  1035 afgs             
One Thousand Iranian Rupees                17/80 afgs   
 

Saturday May 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) In the third week of sustainable energy exhibition held by the ministry of water and power, here in Kabul, the women were emphasized to be taught how to save power at homes, BNA reported the other day.
The show which was held at the Kabul Poly Technic University, Eng. Ali Ahmad Usmani, minister of water and power said managing energy sources were one of the challenges, resulting in spending more energy and women could partially overcome it at their houses. He called the role of women important in renewable energy and added the women can produce energy from natural resources, said the agency. Meanwhile, Assistant Prof. Sayeda Mojgan Mostafavi, Deputy Minister of Information and Culture for Finance, Administrative and Tourism Affairs said the culture of saving energy was not institutionalized among the women and that they should be trained how to save power energy. “Ministry of Information and Culture is committed to work with the ministry of water and power on how to save power energy through media, masjids, universities, schools and providing brochures,” said Mostafavi as quoted by the agency. Attended the exhibition, Fauzia Kofi, a House of People member said if women have the feeling of possession on the power energy, they will avoid using extra power, said the agency. Abbas Rezayee who exhibited his electric goods asked the government for contracting domestic electricity.
 

Saturday May 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in the closing ceremony of Afghanistan Reliable Energy Conference said that this was impossible to have constant development unless to produce constant energy, the presidential press office said Tuesday.
Minister of Energy and Water, Eng. Ali Ahmad Usmani and deputy ministers of finance, deputy minister of energy and water and rector of Polytechnic University spoke at the ceremony, said the statement. Minister Usmani said each year Afghanistan pays a large amount of up to $1.3billion to import up to 80 percent of power energy from the neighbors. “Neighbors raise the price by 20 percent after the end of the contract each year, but we are making effort to reduce the prices like 2002 and 2003,” said the minister. Other speakers delivered their speech about how to manage power and share the viewpoints of each other about how to save the electricity and build solar device on each houses by the owners, according to the statement. Thanking the four organizers of the meeting for establishment of a single atmosphere and networking, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani said the play-rule and cooperation principles should be discussed in the manner to could be trustable and predictable as well as to be turned into a specific policy and rule and the discussion to remain fruitful, as the private sector and universities call for long-term assurance. “Without clear investment and human resources availability in the universities, viable energy, management and development are impossible,” said the president adding in order to prevent wastage of (40 percent of energy), there was a need for good management and creation of an effective system and culture of maintenance. He said security and defense of the country who are suffering casualties, the equivalent should be paid attention in the civil sphere and emphasized that for restoring transparency and effectiveness, there was a need for clarification of authority and responsibility. Addressing the private sector, he said: “We have the capacity of up to $6 billion to create market and you can compete in this field,” said the president blaming the private sector for not paying attention to the Polytechnic University’s maintenance and that there was a need for establishment of a maintenance and management branch. Pointing to the value of energy, the president said: “Development was impossible without constant energy and the needs of Afghanistan in term of producing reliable energy should fundamentally be evaluated.” He said the main pivot of the government of national unity policy was production of energy and its deal, as the country, by this can have a considerable sources of incomes like customhouses and turn it into the regional electricity product and most importantly the plan would help us turn into power exporter. He said in the energy plan, this point should be focused that from which year to which year, we would change from importer to exporter and get rid of poverty. He advised the women in their houses should be taught how to save energy as they can play key role in saving power See P4... energy as by saving each megawatt, the ground for work and activity of the private sector would be provide more than ever. Human resources high council is expected to be established in the ministry of education, higher education, labor and social affairs this year and added that in the national process, the private sector’s each dollar investment would pave the way for improvement in the field public health, higher education, and Masjids. According to the president, the government was not successor of the private sector, but can play a helping role in this field and that any company willing to contract with the government should have clear possession and partners and they can have government officials as their partners. President Ghani directed the ministry of water and power to provide a proposal for establishment of a commission assessing the proposals and discussions of the said conference and submit to the presidential office. At the end of the ceremony, Ali Ahmad Usmani signed construction contract of Dehan-e-Dara dam of Pashtunkot district of Faryab district with two companies.
 

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