21 August 2017

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Economic

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Kabul (BNA) From point of political and geopolitical aspect, the issue of water will be the most significant international dilemma in future. Even it is said that the future war will be not on oil and other energy resources but on water and its resources. One of politicians has called water as oil of the 21st century and compared its importance with oil in 20th century.
Future disputes on water will either be small and local. It means that disputes won’t be on surface water of coastal countries as rights and international laws have somehow solved these issues.
Nevertheless, useable waters of countries in small and confined areas will cause disputes and conflicts in future. When local and regional disputes are created, they will undoubtedly cause interferences of countries and big international organizations and enduring regional crisis.
One of the issues which have persisting role as a hidden and invisible factor in continuing crisis of Afghanistan is the country’s water flowing to neighboring countries. We will perceive the importance of the issue when we get that waters of the country’s 11 rivers are flowing to neighboring countries. But, contrarily no water is flowing from the neighboring counties to Afghanistan. It is estimated that the value of waters flowing annually from Afghanistan to neighboring countries reach too $ 75 billion, two fold of Iran’s annual oil incomes. It is also worth mentioning that there are no countries in Middle and Far East which have access to water like Afghanistan has it.
On the other hand, Afghanistan gets nothing from water resources inside and outside. In consideration to importance of water in future international relations and in consideration to huge water resources in Afghanistan as well as in consideration to current crisis in the country, most of the neighboring countries are said to be supporting extremism in Afghanistan and provoking tensions and disputes in the country so that they could make use of its water without paying anything.
Recently, verbal controversy between Afghanistan and its western neighbor Iran has risen. For the first time, two weeks ago the Iranian President Hasan Rohani criticized construction of water dams in Afghanistan and related it to Iran’s environmental crisis. He obviously named Salma, Kajaki, Kamal Khan and Bakhshabad dams and expressed unhappiness over construction of the respective dams.
In Afghanistan, the country’s President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in a news conference has stressed that water was the honor and national investment of Afghanistan and he decided to manage it based on international norms.
Once again, President Ghani has also insisted on abiding by Helmand agreement and would act upon it, adding that Afghanistan would manage 18 billion cubic water and management of Afghanistan waters would not cause international and regional contradictions.
It seems that President Ghani and leading body of national unity government have reached to pivotal point in connection with Afghanistan water and its impacts on international and regional relations. Recent statements of the country’s President are considered as fundamental strategy on which no political leaders of the country have thought so far. Unfortunately, Afghanistan political leaders have drowned after each other in whirlpool of problems and crisis caused by international and regional policies. Afghanistan has never had clear vision related to water strategy as much it has today.
In reality, if Afghanistan can overcome problems and challenges facing new water policies and manage the resources in a better way and change this national investment to trading goods, most of problems in the country and most of regional disputes will solve.
Lailuma Noori
 

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Based on Khan Mohammad Baz’ head of currency exchangers in Kabul, Shahzada market report the exchange rate of Afghani as a follow:
                                                                                   
One Dollar                                            68/35 afgs                           
One Pound Sterling                              87/50 afgs                         
One Euro                                             77/80 afgs                        
One Emirate’s Dirham                         18/50 afgs                          
One Thousand Pakistani Rupees          635afgs                        
One Thousand Indian Rupees               1050 afgs             
One Thousand Iranian Rupees           90/17 afgs       
 

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Kasbul (BNA) Melon and watermelon increase have considerably increased in Kabul markets this year, but the farmers are complaining on lack of springhouses.
The farmers added due to lack of springhouses, they have faced 90 percent loses this year in compare with last year.
A farmer, Mula Sadeq said that last year, when we were loading a Townace-type vehicle, we were earning 15000 afg in each time, but this year we only earn 1500 afg, 700 afg of which became the rent of transferring, 140 afg for the dealer and only about 500 afg would be benefited by the farmer.
He added the people’s economy has weakened and they cannot afford to buy fresh fruits.
According to him, the horticulturists bear much hardships, but in harvesting season, due to lack of springhouses and markets they face huge losses.
A shopkeeper in a Kabul market said, “Daily, tens of trucks loaded with melon and watermelon are being brought to this market, but due to lack of springhouses, the horticulturists don’t make good money this year.”
It is to be mentioned that this year, a Kg melon is being sold in 22 afg and one Kg watermelon in 10 afg, but the prices are tree times lower in other provinces of the country.
At the same time, confirming the horticulturists’ problems, the government officials said this year melon yields have considerably increased in Kabul markets.
Sarajuddin Mehraban, head of northern Balkh province’s agriculture, irrigation and livestock department told media that fortunately, melon and watermelon yields have risen in the province this year, but lack of demand has caused the horticulturists don’t earn good money.
Confirming there is not any springhouses in the province he said, “We plan to build two big springhouses—one in Balkh and another in Kabul—part of which have been completed. But unfortunately, the first contract company has failed to meet our demands and now, another company has contracted—through which the farmers’ problems would be tackled at some extent.”
“We will do what we can do to horticulturists, and our message to the ministry of foreign, chambers of commerce and private sector is that they make a regular strategy, through which they maintain commerce relations with neighboring countries and connect the farmers with international markets so they are being encouraged.”
According to him, when security be maintained and under its atmosphere, we work and take care for, and beside this the climate was also suitable; these all caused the yields of fresh fruits be increased in city markets.
An economic expert and university lecturer, Saifuddin Saihoun said, “The horticulturists are really facing with many problems, I hope the ministry of agriculture, irrigation and livestock to meet their challenges.”
Shukria Kohistani
 

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Charikar (BNA) 16 welfare projects work were completed and put into exploitation in Parwan province yesterday.
Nasir Ahmad Durani Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development Ministry who traveled for inauguration of the projects to Parwan province told BNA, the projects have been constructed from budget of the ministry at the cost of 7 million Afghanis.
The projects include, construction of retaining walls, water dams, construction of water canal and bridges, tens of villages have been benefited from facilities of these projects.
Mohammad Asem Asem governor of Parwan said, the projects have basic role in development of agriculture, improvements of economic situation and ensuring of stability in the level of villages.
T. Yarzada
 

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