New Silk Road

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Thursday December 7, 2017

Kabul (BNA) If we have a glance on Silk Road and refer to different scientific and historical books, it has a 5500 years historical background.
The road lengths 8000km in which its 122km were once passing from some provinces of Afghanistan.
The Silk Road or Silk Route was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia connecting the East and West and stretching from the Korean peninsula and Japan to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Silk Road concept refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting Asia with Africa, the Middle East and southern Europe. The overland Steppe route stretching through the Eurasian steppe is considered the ancestor to the Silk Road(s).
The road has kept its geo-economic and geostrategic position since long, an action which was in the benefit of exchanging culture and protection of heritages.
Trade on the Silk Road played a significant role in the development of the civilizations of China, the Goguryeo kingdom (Korea), Japan, the Indian subcontinent, Persia, Europe, the  Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance political and economic relations between the civilizations.
Though silk was certainly the major trade item exported from China, many other goods were traded, as well as religions, syncretic philosophies, and various technologies.
Diseases, most notably plague, also spread along the Silk Routes. In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road was a route for cultural trade among the civilizations along its network.
The main traders during antiquity included the Chinese, Arabs, Indian, Somalis, Syrians, Jews, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Georgians, Armenians, Bactrians, Turkmens, and (from the 5th to the 8th century) the Sogdians.
Since 2006, regional believes and countries’ leadership have decided to name the road as ‘New Silk Road Economic Belt.’
Likewise, ‘One Belt One Road ‘initiative was first introduced by Chinese government in 2013, which is a development strategy and framework that focuses on connectivity and cooperation among countries primarily in Eurasia.
It consists of two main components, the land-based “Silk Road Economic Belt” (SREB) and ocean-going “Maritime Silk Road” (MSR) and Afghanistan is not only part of silk route but a hub of ancient silk route.
Thus, if the road is reconstructed, there is no doubt it would positively affect Afghanistan’s security.
Abdul Hadi Quraishi

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