14 November 2019

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Commentary

Thursday, November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) China and Afghanistan insist that the peace process in Afghanistan should be people - government pivotal and relation between Afghanistan and China is based on government and people relations.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: it is due to China be the host of a session between Afghan political experts and Taliban.
The session was planned for the early current Afghan month, but the host country due to the holding four partied among America, Russia, China and Pakistan in Moscow, the session postponed.
The presidential palace has announced that Mohammad Ashraf Ghani president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has talked to the Chinese foreign ministry via telephone. At this telephone call the two sides discussed on successfully conducting presidential elections, peace process in Afghanistan, cooperation between the states and negotiation between Afghans and Taliban due to be held in China.
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan welcomes any session or program that is able to lead peace and stability in to the country and praise the efforts of countries that have a facilitating role in this humanistic move.
Previously Afghans were also witnessing of holding sessions among Afghans in Moscow and Doha which were mostly on Taliban’s demands.
In fact those sessions were mostly designed for identifying Taliban, even a number of participants as political experts from Kabul attended the sessions have been affected by events of the time and made no any effective work.
But the time has changed the political atmosphere also changed and Taliban cannot ask for more privileges and obliged to move according to the current facts and realities. Previously Taliban were against the attendance of Afghan state delegation in any program and session. While there is no need for imposing sanctions for reaching peace, specially one side cannot deny the presence of the other side.
The people who want peace should say no to all adventures, show good well and political moral and have a strategy for peace the strategy that be based on realities of Afghan community and no section should be placed in the margin
In previous sessions a number of countries tried to keep Afghan government in margin of peace process and insured relation with Taliban once called them terrorists and insurgents
What is important for Afghan government is this that the states in insuring their relations should observe the national interests of Afghanistan and should not forget that Afghanistan credits their role as a facilitator of peace process not their goals and programs.
The stance of China is appreciable. We hope the efforts of that country lead to peace and in to a comprehensive accord among Afghans.

Wednesday, November 06, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Safe Children International Organization has expressed concern over the killing of Afghan children in fighting and other incidents and asked for ending violence against children in the country.
BNA medical affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: Safe Children Organization in its newest report published recently has said that a complete generation of Afghan children knows nothing but war and fighting. From 2015 to 2018 more than 12500 Afghan children have been killed or injured in terrorist incidents.
The report has been published exactly in a time just a few days ago an explosion near a school in Darqad district, Takhar province claimed the lives of nine children and another student injured.
What happened in Takhar province is an example of hundreds of incidents and crimes that Afghan children have sustained during the war years. Children and women are the main victims of war and terrorist activities in the country.
Official sources acknowledge that three million Afghan children are facing 24 types of danger including casualties of war and terroristic incidents, employing in military ranks and files, involving in unhealthy works, gender misuse, smuggling and taking prisoner by terrorist and criminal bands are the most hideous threats that the Afghan children suffering.
In addition to those there are other environmental, social and traditional matters that are challenging the lives of children in Afghanistan.
The fighting is deprived more than three and half million eligible children from going school.
Almost two million children are working in Afghanistan, among them 300000 are carrying out hard and harsh works. Tremendous problems and dangers are threatening the lives of the children carrying out certain activities in streets of Kabul and other cities, while they are deserve to attend schools, study in order to build their future life. Unfortunately economic poverty has made them to go to the streets and do hard and difficult works.
In general, the current situation of the country has badly affected the present and future of children of the country and many families and citizens of the country are concern about the future of their children.
The problem is this that Taliban as the major armed opposition group whose members are mostly illiterate, know nothing about religious issues never think about observing children’s rights. In contrary they use children for carrying weapons, use children as human shield, spying and transferring explosive and drug materials. Due to involvement in imposed war against terrorism and fighting against poverty sufficient works have not done for children even in areas under the state’s control.
The bad political, security, social and economic situation in Afghanistan have badly affected children than others. If the relevant authorities not meet the requirements of children as it required the future of the country would not be better.
The social and cultural stability of the country strictly depend on training and educating of children to achieve this noble goal, all Afghan people without exception should do their best in that regard.

Tuesday, November 05, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan insists on peace program construction that led to a national and international commitment and causes a single view for solving the problem of Afghanistan.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan meeting a high ranking delegation of Germany pointed out that Afghan government is trying to restore consistent peace in the country through holding direct peace talks between Afghan government and Taliban.
According to President Ghani peace program of Afghanistan should lead unity not division. Our seven article peace program is on renewing national and international gathering that Afghan government is working for it and the ownership and leadership of peace process should be in hand of Afghans and for holding negotiation ceasefire and ending violence is important to provide the situation for ensuring persistent peace.
The statements are expressed in a time that Afghan government during the years has always insisted that for settling the Afghan problem holding a national, regional and international gathering require, for this reason has spared no any efforts in that regard and Afghan government has introduced regional cooperation and coordination as a basic principle of its foreign policy.
In spite all efforts still there is not provided a real condition for settling the crisis of Afghanistan.
Afghan problem has foreign factors; its inner factors are not so complicated. If its foreign factors removed, the Afghans can easily settle the inner differences and reach agreement.
The last year developments indicated that many players are involved in Afghan problem and every of them have their own agenda and interests. Although all involved countries openly pretending fighting against terrorism but in reality each of them are pursuing their own objectives in Afghanistan.
Today Afghanistan is the scene of regional and international players which further complicate the political and peace process in the country and faced the political settlement of problem to stalemate and failure.
If the countries of the region and world and the political experts of Afghanistan really want settle the longest international problem this is Afghan problem, at first the involved countries should reach an agreement among them and put aside the differences of views and fight against terrorism in complete unity.
Differences in views and action and the continuation multipolar games not only cause the continuation of the fighting and crisis of Afghanistan but threaten the neighboring and regional countries from prevalence of terrorism and extremism not only in the region but across the world.

 

Sunday, November 3, 2019
Kabul (BNA) To rescue the world from the evil of terrorism a single definition is needed for terrorism that makes struggle against this evil phenomenon easier and unites the countries in reaching their economic objectives.
BNA political and financial affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: Recently a high ranking Russian official in the margin of Shanghai organization member countries session in Uzbekistan has said that the member countries of the organization is facing certain dangers such as terrorism, drug trafficking and organized crimes from Afghanistan and more than ten thousand Daish members are stationed in north and east of the country that faces the central Asian countries in to a danger.
The statements expressed in a time, that Afghanistan itself is under foreign terrorists and extremist pressures.
The terrorists who target the Afghan people are mostly stationed in neighboring country of Pakistan and enjoy the support of some others countries in that regard.
The problem is this that a number of countries call IS terrorists but deal with Taliban as a political party and some others consider Taliban as a factor of war in Afghanistan and accused them to carrying out violent activities.
Afghan people make no difference in classifying terrorists in to good and bad terrorists. There is no difference between the terrorist activities carried out by Taliban, IS or Al Qaeda are all terrorists.
But the countries of the region and behind the region give them different tittles according to their own interests
If Shanghai member countries, Pakistan is also its member express concern over terrorism in Afghanistan, Taliban the origin of terrorist activities their leaders and commanders are safe in Pakistan and support from there and just Afghanistan is suffering from terrorists and extremists who are stationed there in Pakistan.
Carrying violence is the first peculiarity of terrorist groups. The terrorist groups for achieving their goals mostly use terrorism as a means.
Terrorists are the source of violence and crisis or create by certain countries and or their intelligence services. Because of their affiliation to foreign countries or their intelligence services causes them to have no outstanding and effective role in related affairs and used as a means by countries that used them as a means.
Therefore, the countries of the region and beyond the region especially big countries should not use terrorism as a means for achieving their goals. In this way they can save the world from the evil of terrorism and take part in building a new order in the world.

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