26 September 2020

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Commentary

Sunday March 22, 2020
Kabul (BNA) 1398 Afghan solar calendar year passed with all its ups and downs, the people of Afghanistan welcoming the New Year (Afghan Calendar) looking forward with great hopes.
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, Afghan people have passed 1398 with its all challenges and start New Year with full of hopes and wishes.
Explosions, suicide attacks, killing innocent civilians, as before intervention of external factors in Afghanistan’s war and double policies of foreigners have caused that thousands people lost their lives and wounded in last year in Afghanistan.
The policy and the viewpoints of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on forming a regional and beyond regional gathering on Afghan issue realized and the voice for ensuring security, political sessions in presence and non–presence of state representatives inside or outside of the country held and there is commitment for continuing the process. Without doubt the current opportunities are a part of state’s programs and comments for forming an opportunity for conducting a national and international gathering on Afghan issue.
Despite of holding presidential election during 1398 in Afghanistan, but the result of the election announced after five months.
Peace negotiation between US and Taliban have signed in Doha in 1398 as well.
Afghanistan during the last year succeeded to save itself from commercial monopolies and transit through only the soil of one country, air corridors increased and for assessing alternative transit roads fundamental works performed. There are also great achievements in education, higher education, economic and cultural areas. In spite of those achievements, 1297 was a challenging year from security point of view. During the year the conflicts became more serious, because armed groups tried hard via conducting military provocations find a proper place on political ground.
But this conception and poor view point took the lives of a great number of Afghan youths from the both sides of the conflict and achieving peace and security remained as a hope for the New Year.
The people hope the armed oppositions to start the New Year as the people expect and spare no any effort for settling via conducting political peace talks.
Also the people expect the authorities of government besides focusing their attention for ensuring security situation, should try to fulfill commitments for improving the people’s lives.
1397 in addition of having serious security problems, poverty and other social violence seriously suffered our people. 
The people hope the New Year be the end of all problem and violence that our people have experienced last year.
M.A.Ansari

Wednesday March 18, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Patients those have the coronavirus should pay attention on their health and others, they should cooperate with health workers to recover as soon.
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, dozens patients held in isolation, including at least one confirmed to have the coronavirus, escaped from hospital in western Herat province.
Head of the health department of Herat province, said the 38 people who escaped had all recently returned from Iran.
Coronaviruses are a type of virus. There are many different kinds, and some cause disease. A newly identified type has caused a recent outbreak of respiratory illness now called COVID-19 that started in China from December 2019.
Recent information indicates COVID-19 may be passed from person to person. Community spread is being seen, also. Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in a particular area, including some people who are not sure how or where they became infected. COVID-19 has been detected in people throughout China and in over 160 other countries and territories, including Afghanistan.
It appears that symptoms are showing up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus.
If you have a fever or any kind of respiratory difficulty such as coughing or shortness of breath, call doctor or a health care provider and explain your symptoms over the phone before going to the doctor’s office, urgent care facility or emergency room.
Afghanistan government has allocated $25 million for the Public Health Ministry to combat the virus, $18mn of which are allocated to specific areas and provincial-based needs. The World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Republic of China, and World Health Organization have pledged financial and technical cooperation with Afghanistan, according to the Ministry of Public Health.
The border province of Herat is the frontline of Afghanistan’s efforts to contain the virus, as thousands of people cross the border there from Iran -one of the world’s worst-affected countries every day.
Herat was the first province where the first positive coronavirus case was reported in Afghanistan.
According to the latest statistics from the Ministry of Public Health, the number of positive cases of coronavirus in Afghanistan has reached 22.
The people those infected to coronavirus recently have entered from Iran and they are residents of Herat, Balkh, Daykundi, Kapisa, Badghis and Logar provinces.
Ministry of Public Health should establish a test center for coronavirus in Herat province; where thousands people have entered from Iran.
M.A.Ansari

Saturday March 14, 2020

Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan’s cultural heritages is the communal identity, preservation and protection of the heritages is our responsibility, 
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, 20 Hoot coincided to protection of cultural heritages.
Preserving Afghanistan’s cultural heritage -- including archeological sites, cultural artifacts, and immaterial attributes of its diverse cultures -- can boost tourism and help promote tolerance and understanding in the country. Cultural preservation is central to nation-building and vital at a time when Afghans hope for a return to stability amid ongoing peace efforts.
The safeguarding of cultural heritage holds an important position in order to strengthen the sense of national identity.
Afghanistan, situated at an important junction on the ancient Silk Roads, has been the crossroads of cultures since time immemorial.
Its unique cultural heritage reflects a history that is marked by the complex indigenous encounters between Achemenid Persia, Alexandrian Greece, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam.
However, due to prolonged armed conflict and fanaticism, much of this outstanding cultural heritage has been destroyed.
The history and archaeology of Afghanistan stretches back more than 40 millennia, from Paleolithic sites where stone tools illustrate aspects of the lives of the first human settlements in Afghanistan.
Culture can play a significant role to foster a sense of national identity by underlining the existence of shared history and cultural traditions, and by helping to better understand where a society has come from, and where it can go in the future. It can help develop a positive discourse on ethnic diversity and its benefits as a source of cultural pride, national identity and peace-building, as well as the economic empowerment of Afghan people.
As in many other countries around the world, preserving Afghanistan’s cultural heritage will inevitably attract tourists. The sector was starting to take off before war broke out in the late 1970s.
Thus, there is need that people beside relevant governmental organs should protect and prevent cultural heritages and ancient relics from destruction and damages.
M.A.Ansari
 

Wednesday March 11, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Recently, security situation has become more fragile in Kabul city, despite of happening tiny criminal cases, four terrible incident has been took place across the city within the last five days.
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, a gathering that numerous governmental officials and political figures were participated have been targeted by armed attackers in 6th PD Kabul city on Friday 06 March, as a result more than 30 people lost their lives and over 80 people were wounded.
Two days later, a member of provincial council for Logar province with his four bodyguards were killed by armed gunmen in Kocha Barqi region, 8th PD Kabul city.
At the same day, four members of a family including children have brutally shot dead by unidentified gunmen in relevant areas of 8th PD Kabul city.
Meanwhile, during President Ghani inauguration ceremony four missiles have fired by unknown gunmen from 4th PD Kabul city that hit on around presidential place, there were no human casualties or damages following the missiles attacks, but disrupt people.
Occurrence such incidents called that security situation have remained more critical in Kabul and efforts of security and defense organs has not improved security situation in the city.
Insecurity, increasing armed robberies, increasing narcotic drug addicts, selling and buying narcotic drugs, harassment of women on the roads, increasing irresponsible armed men, continuing usurpation of lands and etc… has increased concerns among residents of Kabul city.
Conducting criminal cases cannot be accidental, but Kabul city as capital of Afghanistan is in focus of activities of different groups, the city is the witnesses of activities of terrorist groups, mafia bands and criminal gangs, the bands and groups has increased insecurity and criminal cases in capital Kabul and also trying to reach to their evil goals by carrying different illegal programs in various parts of the city.
What has done the government against criminal gangs and dangerous bands? 
The main sources of criminal gangs and terrorists and destructive groups are not hidden from the government’s viewpoint, but fighting against the gangs and groups is the top priority of the government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
People cooperation regarding identifying the members of the bands and groups help government and security organs to detain and demolish them.
Ministry of interior as responsible for ensuring security in Kabul city should take serious and practical measures.
Decreasing and increasing or changing officials in security precincts or security organs in Kabul city didn’t positive results in the past, but the ministry should strengthen on intelligence, discoveries and equipment security organs with developed modern tools.
Unfortunately, relationships and corruptions in appointments of security officials continues in Kabul’s police security precincts so far.
Determination and mobility in security organs are the main issues that improve and change security situation in the country, particular in Kabul city. 
M.A.Ansari

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