13 November 2019

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Commentary

Thursday, April 25, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Tripartite session between Russia, China and America on Afghan issue will be held in Moscow today.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes today the senior diplomats of Russia, China and US will hold their second session on Afghan crisis in Moscow the capital of Russia.  The Russian diplomatic sources have said that in Moscow session the situation of Afghanistan, Americans’ negation with Taliban in Doha and prospect of starting process of national reconciliation in Afghanistan will be discussed. 
The sources insist that in Moscow session, on constancy of the new structure of negotiations will not be discussed; by the session is an effort for launching a peace process in Afghanistan and these three countries will have a helping role in that end.
The session of senior diplomats of the above mentioned three counties that have a key and effective role in international dealings can be effective in forming an international gathering for settling Afghan crisis.
Presently Afghan problem has been identified as complicated regional and beyond regional problem. For settling such a problem the role of big countries could be effective. Today there are many countries they are involved In proxy war in Afghanistan that are following their own interests that is the main reason for continuation of war in Afghanistan.  The problem also originates from the rivalries of those countries.
The dependency of armed groups to specific countries in the region and in beyond the region that have their own interests and use the insurgents for achieving their interests have made the problem more serious and complicated.
Because of this, the definition of terrorism and extremism still remained vague.
The variety of definitions from terrorism has fanned mistrust among the countries in fighting against terrorism and provided the ground for extension of war and violence.      
Also, the rivalries among big and powerful countries over Afghanistan have made the countries of the region more courageous and provided the ground for them to seek more privileges from great and powerful countries.
Today, the world countries have reached in to a conclusion that Afghan crisis has no way for military solution, in spite of this correct and reasonable way of thinking; the problem has not found yet the way for its political settlement.
The problem is this that the countries that have their own interests in Afghanistan, for solving the problem come the scene with their own agenda and programs and the main players in Afghan case due  rivalries among them, are not satisfied with the role each plays in the ground.
In spite of all of these, the true and active conception has found its place and everybody knows that the increasing threat of Afghanistan by terrorism can be curbed with active and practical cooperation of big and powerful regional and international countries. The three countries that are participating in Moscow session today can perform great tasks for improvement of situation in Afghanistan and restore peace and stability not only in to Afghanistan but in to the region as a whole, achieving  this great aim is only possible they ignore their rivalries and practically act for the solution of the problem.   
 

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Kabul (BNA)  The recent terrorist incidents in Sri Lanka an Saudi Arabia are clear prove that terrorism knows borders and dividing terrorist in to good and bad terrorists is a great fault.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes a series of explosions on churches and hotels in Sri Lanka claimed the lives of more than 250 people.
Simultaneous to that armed men, the Saudi authorities linked them to IS, attacked a check point in Zulfi city located at 250 km north of Riyadh. Both  attacks are the reason of extremist way of thinking that clearly show this evil phenomenon is becoming more dangerous  by passing each day.
A day earlier to terrorist incidents in Sri Lanka and Saudi Arabia, Kabul was also a scene of terrorist incident in which terrorists targeted a civilian organ that killed a number of our innocent compatriots.  
What terrorists did in Kabul, or criminals committed in Sri Lanka and Saudi Arabia indicates that the world is facing extremism.
Today, extremism has been changed in to an acute world problem. Unfortunately these evil conceptions exist and active in all faiths and religions across the world but the ways they act are different. But among them, IS, Al – Qaeda and Taliban are more active than any other groups and with the most violent way are fighting against humanity.
There are numerous reports from valid international organs that Taliban IS with barbaric way of thinking, mostly link to intelligence services has committed violence again and again.
This should be mention that extremism and terrorism are growing together and threaten world communities.
The problem is this that terrorism defines in Pakistan in one way and in Moscow, Washington and Riyadh in other ways. Lack of a single definition from terrorism has caused terrorist to act more courageously.
In Afghanistan, Taliban are the main factor of the current violence, almost every family has sustained heavy losses because of violence carried out by this barbaric group. Unfortunately, certain countries in the region and beyond the region that have gathered around Pakistan are trying to introduce this terrorist group as an effective political movement.
In the same way, IS that is the factor of the most violence deeds in Middle East and Afghanistan, some countries use them as means of pressure against their rivals in the region, while Zulfi incident in Saudi Arabia clearly showed that no one can call any terrorist group his friend and colleague, the group will attack its supporters and patrons one day if they required.
The world community should know this clear fact that terrorism and extremism are the enemies of humanity, therefore knowing the nature of terrorism and extremism to fight these two evil phenomenon and rescue the humanity from the evil of them.
 

Thursday, April 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Finally Afghan government after hard discussions and deliberations published the primary list of the participants in Doha session.
BNA political analyst affairs’ commenting on the issue writes Doha session is a session among Afghan politicians and Taliban that provide the ground for reaching a national agreement. In the presented list by the government the names of 250 people from political, civilian figures, activists of women’s and human rights and a number of high ranking officials are included.
The announcement the list of participant in Doha session can be considered a big victory for Afghan politicians and government of the country.
Earlier to this, addressing the government, there were certain criticisms that the government is failed in reaching a national consensus. But presenting the list of participant in Doha session indicates that the government for reaching a national consensus has a strong and true intention and proved it in practice.
Close sources to the government insist that in the presented list all relevant matters have been regarded and have made all efforts not any political parties, politicians, personalities and critics of government not feel themselves away from Doha negotiations.
The presented list is a mirror in that all social strata can see themselves in it.
The state is an authoritative organ that has started the process of peace and for accessing this humane objective spares no any efforts and needs to be supported to overcome this complicate problem.
The state selecting 250 persons from political elites has opened the way for performing a political consensus. The people who have been include on the list are representing all political figures and civil society and people who are working within the government, but according to Taliban they depend to the state and defend the state’s interests.
Although the presented list as it mentioned earlier represents all strata of people but still some voices are heard against it.  A number of people say, no consultation has made with them, some consider it unbalance from ethnical point of view. The problem is this that a number of politicians have never been satisfied to the rights they receive. They only follow their own interests that lead to challenges which instead of solving the problem create more problems that are dangerous for peace.  Therefore, it would be better for all Afghan people to join hands to overcome the barriers on the way peace and access to this noble aim, which the people across the country seriously need.

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan is in a complicated political and military situation, for going out from this difficult situation, it has required the political elites come together and find a proper way for its solution.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes for going out from the existence of current crisis patience and accepting each other are seriously needed. The government for overcoming the current crisis always tried its best to have the viewpoints of political elites and political parties. Now, the people are mostly talking about conducting peace negotiations with Taliban and Taliban have their own conditions   that can be observed, only via conducting a national session with Taliban. 
For achieving this great aim, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan prepared and presented the program of conducting an advisory session with Taliban to find a reasonable way for the solution of problem.
The consultative session reflects the views and demands of people; therefore, boycotting it, is not justifiable.
Conducting such a session is seriously required.  While Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, sparing no any efforts for holding such a session and trying to have the viewpoints of the masses on developing the current situation, established high reconciliation council in order to put and inform the politicians and elites on the new political developments. Also, such a council has already established but its sessions are not well organized. The problem is this that a number of politicians who have their own views and programs are not well organized and coordinated that further complicated the way for reaching a general consensus.
Separated and group based sessions are not the way for settling the problem, contrary it makes the problem more serious.
The political elites instead of boycotting this or that, or having different views it would be better for them to   have a united view and stance based on national values and instructions of constitution, in order to have a united view in upcoming Doha negotiations among Afghans, talk from one view and one stance.
The consultative or reconciliation council is a source for exchanging views and reflects the view and will of people that should be supported.