23 May 2019

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Monday September 17, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Improvement of relations, decrease of tension and promoting of trust are new hopes from Pakistan foreign minister visit to Afghanistan.  However the visit has been interpreted differently.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes Mahmood Quraishi who has newly appointed as foreign minister of Pakistan, in his first trip abroad has come to Afghanistan to improve relations between the countries , decrease tension between Kabul and Islamabad and to promote trust and confidence between the two neighboring countries.
Choosing Afghanistan as the first destination of Mahmood Quraishis’s tour abroad indicates that improvement of relations with Kabul is at top of Pakistan’s foreign policy.
Umran khan the current prime minister of Pakistan in first days of his electoral campaign, also after his appointment as prime minister cried out slogans of decreasing of tension and pledge to settle Pakistan’s problems in national and international arena.
The purpose of decreasing tension is improvement of Pakistan’s relations with India and Afghanistan. Pakistan has experienced very tense relations with the two countries.
Quraishis’ visit to Kabul was accompanied with many hopes and the authorities in Kabul considered it with great achievements and Pakistan releasing a statement called it effective and constructive.
Although politicians in Kabul consider the visits of Afghan and Pakistani authorities from each other’s countries useful for removing mistrusts and establishing an atmosphere of cooperation between the two countries, but the experiences achieved during the recent years show that Pakistan uses diplomacy, dialogue and even compromise as a means in sensitive situation to achieve its own interests. During the last years, the authorities of two countries visited the capitals of each other’s many times and Pakistan pledged for cooperation, but in practice did nothing.
Pakistan during the years, supported Taliban’s leaders, provided safe havens for terrorists which were problematic for Afghanistan. These were the main factor for tension in relation of the two countries. Now Pakistan claims that it is seeking to bring changes in its policy on Afghanistan, should prove that it is honest in changing the bitter facts exist in relation of the two countries.
On the other hand it is the army general of Pakistan who says the last word in policy of that country. Has the recent changes taken place in coordination of the army general or Umran Khan acted alone?
If the decision regarding to the improvement of relations has been taken only by Umran Khan it would be in vain. The people of Afghanistan are well aware about the facts of regions and the demands of Pakistan. That country knows how to protect itself in critical situation.
Although, Mahmood Quraishi came to Kabul and created new hopes for the improvement of relation between Afghanistan and Pakistan not should be too optimistic or pessimistic. It would be better to be realistic and determine the policy and action according to the realities.
Therefore, it would be better to give a clear message to Pakistan that it has let no patient for Afghan people any more, if that country evades the realities and again seeking to launch new games, Afghanistan should punish it via exerting pressure through legal means and international organs. 
Abdul Khalil Minawi

Sunday September 16, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Shah Mahmood Quraishi Pakistani foreign minister arrived Kabul yesterday in a time the Afghan people expect practical cooperation of that country in the peace process or at least to end its intervention in domestic affairs of Afghanistan.
BNA political analyst commenting on the issue writes Afghan authorities presently hosting Mahmood Quraishi the Pakistan foreign minister.
The visit of Mahmood Quraishi who has been appointed to the position recently is his first visit abroad indicates Afghanistan is at priorities of foreign policies of the newly formed Pakistan government under the leadership of Omron Khan.
Omron Khan becoming the prime minister of Pakistan pledged that he would try to improve relations with two neighboring countries Afghanistan and India which welcomed by both Kabul and New Delhi. We hope, the visit of Mr. Quraishi to Kabul be followed with the same incentive.
Afghanistan and Pakistan as neighbors which are destined to live in an unchangeable geography no any artificial barriers can separate them. Understanding this fact the two countries should respect the national interests of each other because the previous experiences have showed that hostilities and negative rivalries cannot meet the demands of the two great and neighboring nations.
Kabul always insists on regional cooperation and peaceful co-existence and provided good opportunities for close and friendly relations among the countries of the region. But regretfully there are still hegemonic and adventurous ideas in the region that would be certainly harmful for the region.
Afghanistan that is suffering from imposed and proxy war for about 40 years, considers the role of Pakistan effective in ending this bloody and devastating war, because the leaders of Taliban are living in Pakistan and enjoy the support of certain organizations and circles there.
Pakistani high ranking authorities including the president and prime minister of that country have visited Afghanistan in various times. During the visits, they committed to do everything for solution of the problems but the commitments never fulfilled and the problems remained as before.
We hope the current visit of Mr. Quraishi to Kabul not follows the same scenarios but with new thought and conception help to end mistrusts exist in Kabul – Islamabad relations.   
Abdul Khalil Minawi

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Kabul (BNA) National Unity Government for good governance and passing the current problems and challenges giving great value in to consultations of politicians, knowledgeable people and different public strata and considered as a principal for the improvement of the affairs.
BNA social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes recently a number of politicians with great experiences in current and previous governments gathered at residential house of Mr. Sibghatullah Mujadidi a spiritual and jihadi figure discussing the issues like:  the ways of ensuring peace, the process of negotiations with armed oppositions, the political future of the country and exchanged their views on the issues. The participants also insisted on holding transparent national and fair elections and reviewing the security agreement between Afghanistan and America.
This is of great importance as a consultation for the leaders of National Unity Government that a number of politicians and influential figures gather and express their views about reforming, holding national wide elections and the effectiveness or non- effectiveness of security agreements already  signed with other countries.
It should be said that the participants at session at residential house of Mr. Sibghatullah Mujadidi were people who had enjoyed of having high positions in previous   and current governments.
Today criticizing the state is a common issue but it should not be ignored that the present administration has inherited most of the problems from the previous administration. It the government has charged and accused for less working at the first step are the same government officials are responsible who now criticize the unity government and complaints. These honorable should not forget that they themselves have a great role in less working and reduction of people’s trust to the current government and quitting from public court would not be easy.
Also, the less working of the past is the main factor for today’s problems. Therefore it would be better for previous authorities instead delivering criticism extend the hand of cooperation and exchange of experiences.
Consulting and accepting consultations, honoring the opinions of others even from the critics of state is a principal in Islamic and democratic governments.  For this reason the national unity government persistently and regularly holds meetings with jihadi leaders, political parties’ leaders, civil society activists, spirituals, journalists and various public strata for finding a way for overcoming the current problems. Therefore it would be better instead of criticizing the national unity government in non- official meetings, the participants of such meetings present their opinions and demands in consolatory meetings with the government in order to be assessed in an atmosphere of peace and national understanding. We are certain in this way we can meet the expectations of our suffering people and find the way for solution of the problems that threat the upcoming generations of the country.
Abdul Khalil Minawi
BNA Director General

Monday, September 10, 2018

Kabul (BNA)  Recent developments in security and political situation of Afghanistan is made the need more serious that America as the main player in cases of the region should change its strategy on south Asia.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes recently US defense ministry together with a number of generals of that country came to Afghanistan and discussed the regional issues and Afghan security situation with military commanders of America and NATO there.
The visit of this high ranking official took place in time that just a few hours earlier the US secretary of state ended its visit with Pakistani authorities in Islamabad.
The agenda of US secretary of state was the same of that the defense ministry of that country followed in Kabul.
The visit of the senior authorities of US to the region took place in a time, where the security situation in Afghanistan has become more complicated and security and political situation of the region seems more inflammable than ever.
In spite of that US interred direct talks with Taliban, but this notorious group has accelerated its armed activities. The other players involved in Afghan problem have extended their efforts in various dimensions. But unfortunately these are Afghans who sustain the most casualties and destructions and becomes the victims of proxy war in their country, launched by certain countries. We ask the attention of US to issue. US as a country that has military presence in Afghanistan in pretext of counter terrorism struggle since 2001.  However, the fighting has reached to deadlock. Many believe that US within the framework of anti-terrorism struggle is following other programs in the region and uses anti- terrorism campaign which has formed within a framework of an international coalition as a means for accessing its other objectives. This policy flared up the sensation and reaction of other countries and further lengthened anti- terrorism war program.
The national unity government, in order the process of counter- terrorism struggle reach a favorable result, contrary to previous Afghan government that avoid signing security agreement, signed the agreement. Unfortunately the agreement could not change the situation of Afghanistan in to the positive but further complicate the situation here and the claim of the authorities of previous government who said that the agreement would lead nowhere became true. Some evaluate the policy of US in Afghanistan a defeated one, because fighting terrorism started with commitments and out cries but so far its ending is not clear. The Afghan people, who are the main victims of this ugly war, draw the attention of US to situation, reviewing its strategic programs open a clear horizon for ending the agonies and suffering of our people have endured for a long time.
The Afghans ask for adopting practical measures, because as experience shows just words are no adequate.
We hope the new programs of US are away from all political dealings and giving or receiving wrong privileges and be based on realities and facts.
Abdul Khalil Minawi
BNA Director General