15 September 2019

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Commentary

Tuesday January 15, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Although the political efforts have been accelerated for peace negotiations, but   the process requires more time so should not expect early results.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes in recent days political efforts for accelerating peace process in Afghanistan have increased.
Hamdullah Muhib the national security advisor of presidency visited India, China, Saudi Arabia and United Arabic Emirates. US Secretary of state went to Qatar, and the foreign minister of India and the Enteral Asian countries foreign ministers visited each other in Samarkand City Uzbekistan, Zalmay Khalilzad US special envoy for Afghanistan came to the region and Mullah Brother the moderate member of Taliban and pro – peace negotiation figure detained by Pakistan intelligence service for several years, after release joined Taliban’s negotiators delegation in Qatar.
All above activities indicate the acceleration of political efforts for the solution of Afghan problem. In all these efforts the Afghan problem raised and discussed.  The involved countries all made their efforts to achieve their own interests in the process.
The discussions on war and peace in Afghanistan were accompanied with hope, but what is the most important is lack of precise awareness of people from the details of talks. Therefore, it is required the state authorities knowing their responsibilities against nation and share these good and bitter facts and realities with people in order to prevent psychological sufferings among the people.
The hard stance of Taliban and coming new foreign players in to Afghan issue has made the way of peace difficult.
What is seems more outstanding in process of peace negotiations is the competition of foreign countries who want to drive each other to the margin and the establishment of divergent groups of Taliban has caused  further differences among them.
Differences among Taliban, provided the ground, the group to be used as a means in proxy war launched by certain foreign countries and caused the prolongation of peace negotiation process in the country.
Many believe that peace efforts as a massive process requires the unity of Taliban, therefore without their unity and without coordination of Afghans’ efforts for keeping away their country from the competition of the countries of the region one should not expect early peace in the country
Therefore, it is required for Taliban to think about the national interests and concentrate their efforts for saving Afghanistan from the competition of the countries of the region even the world.
 

Monday, January 14, 2019

Kabul (BNA) High Peace Council sources say that a joint session of Afghan and Pakistani religious scholars would be held very soon
BNA religious affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes recently M. Omer Dawodzai the head of secretariat of high peace council and the envoy of the president for regional gatherings visited Pakistan to attract regional cooperation for the victory of peace process in Afghanistan and bringing Taliban to negotiation table.
The visit took place at highs of efforts for political solution of Afghan problem and Pakistan’s new commitments at that end. Close sources to peace high council have considered the results of Dawodzai’s trip to Islamabad and his meetings with political, religious and ethnical leaders of that country full of achievements.
One of the achievements is the agreement of Afghanistan and Pakistan on holding the joint session of the religious scholars of the two countries in near future.
Agreement on holding the joint session of religious scholars of the two countries could be a concrete step toward the solution of Afghan problem, because the current fighting has been imposed on Afghan people from the address of religion. This is, there were the seminaries and spiritual circles in Pakistan who called the fighting jihad while all other centers, organizations, religious and political parties and religious figures not considering the fighting Jihad but fratricide and called suicide attacks utterly illegal from Islamic point of view. Among these credible sources there were only Pakistani religious scholars who called the current war in Afghanistan against all Islamic values and standards jihad.
Although the religious scholars in Afghanistan, Indonesia and other places have called again and again Pakistani religious scholars reassess Afghan problem at light of religious instructions and reach a final decision for settling the problem of Afghan Muslim   people and to end their sufferings. Unfortunately, the answer of Pakistani scholars was negative. However the last agreement can be considered a good start.
The current war has been imposed on Afghan people from the address of religion. Most of the Taliban who are fighting against Afghan government have trained and came from Pakistani seminaries and have received Jihad incentive from there. Spiritual figures and religious parties are all strong supporters of Taliban and remained as financial and recruiting sources for them so far. 
Religious circles in mosques, seminaries and religious gatherings openly supporting Taliban still call the barbaric fighting in Afghanistan Jihad.
As the Afghan people sustain most of the suffering from this so called jihad welcome any move for peace.  How much it be better for settling Afghan problem to reach a single view and act as real Muslim and put aside all other differences, egoisms and self – interests,
Our people welcome the recent agreement and consider it useful for bringing together and friendship   the people of the two countries. We have not encouraged too much from the agreement, we expect Pakistan to take practical steps in that end.
 

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Ministry of Economy says” out of 15 million work eligible people in the country about 9 million of them are unemployed.” 
BNA financial affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes the authorities of ministry of economy have said that only 6. 8 million work eligible people in the country are employed and about other nine million are utterly unemployed or partially busy.
The statements expressed in a time, while the most crucial problem in Afghanistan is unemployment caused the other most complicated problems in the country.
If today the youths of the country are forced to migrate or leave the country it has economic incentives. If armed oppositions successfully recruiting among the community, they use this incentive this is unemployment. Also the big reason for the increasing crimes in the country is also unemployment.
Also, other problems such as mental and some social problems closely linked in to unemployment or collapse economy of the families.
Relevant state organs are chanting slogans for years for creating job opportunities but not succeeded yet. State organs have so far succeeded to recruit some people in administrative, operative and military sections, while the activities of state organs in productive, industry and commercial areas are in low level and cannot meet the expectation and the need of the community.
Likewise, state run organs have not fulfilled their commitments on revival projects which were a good source for employment in the past, like textile factories, agricultural projects and bakeries. If the relevant authorities really want to create jobs, they should hurry for reconstruction of those factories and industries.

During the period, some plans and programs prepared for the growth of private sector but the process not managed properly so this sector against all expectations not succeeded to decrease unemployment.

Today the number of higher education institute is outstanding in the country and annually add four hundred educated people in to work force. Unfortunately these educated workforces with university certificate not settle the problem but add to the problems.  In short, we worked little to create employment opportunities but chanted a lot.
In the meantime, we always accused fighting as a preventive factor for slow grow economy and justified our weak economy. While other countries like Iran suffering world severe sanctions and War –hit Vietnam never forgot their economic growth.
We had and have good opportunities for creating jobs but not used it as required. Therefore, for achieving this great aim and curbing unemployment practical and precise planning and proper management is needed.
If we look carefully at unemployment problem, it is more sensible at rural areas.   The problem has caused the rural people rush in to the cities or joins the ranks and files of armed oppositions. To prevent this need for agriculture growth in rural areas would be an urgent task of the government particularly the ministry of agriculture. Agricultural products should be increased and cultivating of Zofran and other medical bush should encourage replacing poppy and other drugs. This will provide the ground for employment.
Investment in agriculture and animal – husbandry sections needed not huge sums of money. With just precise management one can do a lot of work. Supporting rural productions as an agricultural, animal products, handicrafts we can provide work opportunities. On the other hand sending the working eligible youth abroad to work there is a good way for finding employment opportunities; however the ministry of public work concluding several agreements with other countries has not taken a practical step at that end so far.
What mentioned above indicates that improving the rural economy this is agriculture and animal – husbandry is the most important sections that provide employments and lead to eradication of poverty in the country.  

 

Tuesday, January 08, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Peace High Council will not repeat the bitter experience of Abu Dhabi in Jeddah
Taliban have said that they would not attend Jeddah session but continue their political affairs through their office in Qatar.
BNA reporter reporting the issue writes a senior member of Taliban has said to an Arabic news agency that the representatives of the group has plan to continue peace contacts via their office in Qatar.
This Taliban member has said that they were under pressure to visit Afghan state representatives in Jeddah, but they are not ready to meet the representatives of Afghan government.
Zabihullah Mujhid   the spokesperson of Taliban has been said to be in Karachi also confirmed that Saudi Arabia session has been cancelled but gave no details about upcoming sessions.
The representatives of Taliban so far have visited Zalmay Khalilzad the US special envoy on Afghanistan three times, but denied holding direct talks with Afghan government.
It was due to the representatives of Taliban and US in January first days in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Jeddah session is the continuation of Abu Dhabi session which was held a month ago and Taliban representatives were not ready to meet the representatives of Afghan government.
The Afghan government a twelve member delegation headed by the head of presidency affairs office to Abu Dhabi.
Although denying of Taliban to meet and talk with the Afghan government delegation had severe reactions among the countries of the region even among the patrons of the group, Afghan government criticized why it sent a delegation to Abu Dhabi under such a vague program.
A number of political elites and civil society activists calling the attendance of state representatives scornful while the stance of Afghan government is stronger both in political and fighting fields than Taliban who have been accused for terrorist activities.
These political elites warned that in Jeddah session, the bitter experience of Doha or other sessions should not be repeated.
The peace high council also confirmed that so far it is not set up a precise time for holding Jeddah session.
The deputy spokesperson of high council confirmed that the session hosting by Saudi Arabia and so far that country has not consulted with the participants of the session.
The deputy spokesperson added, Jeddah session is the continuation of Abu Dhabi holding by countries like American and United Arabic Emirates and these countries continuing these sessions end inter Afghan negotiations.
He insisted on carrying out direct peace talks with Taliban in any time.
In the meantime, political elites say that avoiding of Taliban to hold talks with the representatives of Afghan government clearly indicate that the group has no any interest for restoring peace and stability in to Afghanistan.
According the elites the differences among Taliban, have caused different views among the group.
Sometimes ago Mullah A. Hanan Nayazi a separated leader of Taliban severely criticized why did not the group meet the government representatives in Abu Dhabi. Also Sayed Akber Agha once an important member of Taliban reacted against the action of Taliban’s leadership stationed in Pakistan.
Also, a number of Kuita council and some commanders of the group inside Afghanistan insist on holding talks between Taliban and the representatives of Afghan government.  They say Taliban will finally meet the representatives of Afghan government.  Therefore it would be better for preventing further bloodshed, the process should become shorter.