22 September 2018

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Commentary

 Sunday, July 29, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Pakistan election commissioned declared Omran Khan the leader of Tahrik –i-Insaf party as the winner of parliamentary elections in that country. He will be the next prime minister of Pakistan.
BNA political analyst commenting on the issue writes Omran Khan leading Tahrik –I – Insaf Party has won the majority of votes in parliamentary elections in Pakistan. The party has obtained 115 among 269 seats of parliament, but not enough to make the government from his party alone.
Therefore the party has to establish coalition governments in states especially in Punjab state and even it should accept a coalition government in the capital.
Although Tahrik – I – Insaf in the political scene Pakistan is a young party but it should form a coalition government with old and experienced parties such as People’s Party or other parties which enjoy of having the most experience politicians.
In any case, now the possibility of Omran khan’s becoming the next prime minister is very high.  This young leader whose critics consider him a man with little experience has to fight and resist against many challenges Pakistan facing inside and outside the country.
The major problem that Omran Khan is facing inside the country is poverty and disrupted economy originated from other problems which draw an ominous picture from Pakistan. The other problem that Pakistan suffers the most is increasing religious extremism and ethnical tendencies. Pakistan since its establishment has never tolerated religious and ethnical differences which harmed it a lot. Even today, there is no toleration for religious minorities especially Shias in the society and politics and for other religious minorities especially Christians. Fundamental parties which are supported by gulf countries have high hand in creating such problems in Pakistan, while there is neither a power for curbing n the problems nor a well intention.
The other of Pakistan is that the politicians of that country have not so far succeeded to stop the army from misusing its power in political affairs of the country. Nawaz Sharif the then prime minister of Pakistan to stop the army but not only succeeded but forced to resign from his job and presently he is in prison.
What have been stated above are a bit of problems in social and political arena that Omran Khan should stand and fight against.
In international arena, Pakistan due to supporting and hosting terrorist groups especially the leaders of Taliban and Al-Qaida is suffering from international isolation, and USA and the west do not think of Pakistan as the Pakistan of 70s and 80s who received billions of dollars to support the war against the then Soviet Unions.
Therefore, the problems that Oran Khan facing in international field is not less than the problems he should fight against within the country.
Omran Khan from the beginning of his elections campaign was reciting attractive slogans that he seriously campaign against corruption, the problem that the two outstanding political families not succeeded to do so. ( Boto’s and Nawaz Sharif’s  families).
In addition, during his elections campaign and now who is close to the prime minister’s house is talking about improving relations with America, Afghanistan and India, even he claimed that he would remove the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan to implement the example of European nations in South Asia.
According political experts probably the Pakistan army will not reject Omran Khan’s word addressing America and the west but Pakistan policy regarding to India and Afghanistan should satisfy the intelligence service and the Generals of the Army.  Therefore, the politicians in Pakistan do not take serious the statement of Omran khan who is experiencing working with the army just now. They suggest it would be better he as a prime minister, instead of using exaggerating words, think about how to manage and rescue the state policy from the monopoly of the army.  
 

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Heavy fighting between Taliban and IS in the Northern provinces is made life very difficult for the residents there.
Reporting the issue BNA reporter writes in conflicts between two hostile groups within a month in Juwzjan and Sur- i- Pul provinces at least 300 people of both sides of the conflicts including their high commanders have lost their lives so far.
In the recent incident Bai Murad the deputy leader of IS in Afghanistan lost his life last Sunday in a conflict with Taliban in Darzab district, Juz Jan province.
Bai Murad was the deputy of Maulawi Habiburahman so called leader of IS in north of Afghanistan. The incident took place in a time, Maulawi Mohammad Aslam the other deputy of Mualawi Habiburrahman recently accused for spying to Taliban and executed.
IS was more successful in killing high ranking personnel of Taliban in the North than its rival group.  For example, they attacked the house of Shir Mohammad so called governor of Taliban in Sayad district, while the family was busy in holding a reciting ceremony.
In the attack Shir Mohammad and 15 other people including Noor Mohammad the brother of Shir Mohammed commanded a group of 40 people were killed. The invaders succeeded to escape.
Informed sources say that Taliban in Juwzjan and Sur- i- Pul provinces are mostly consist of local people, but receive assistance from southern provinces of Helmand and Urzgan provinces.
While IS stationed in Juwzjan and Sur- i- Pul provinces are mostly Chi Chinese, Uzbekistanis, Russians, French, Tajikistanis and Kurghistanis, among them there are some former Taliban commanders who have joined IS.
Acceding to the eyewitnesses Sayad district in Sur- i– Pul province and Darzab district in Juwzjan province are the scene of conflicts between Taliban and IS.
Taliban about ten days ago, captured three women who were the citizens of Chi chin and Uzbekistan fought alongside IS after raping and torture killed. Presently some IS militants are under the siege of Taliban in some villages of Darzab district, Juwzjan province.  Although, they are in a very difficult condition, but still resisting against the invaders.
According to local residents, Taliban receive aids from the other side Amu river, but it is not clear how does IS supplied in the north of Afghanistan. However, they enjoy of having many facilities and equipment there.
Russian diplomats’ claim that IS supported by US, the claim repeatedly denied by US military authorities. 
Political experts believe fighting between Taliban and IS in Afghanistan, is another chapter in political war of foreign countries in the country.
Taliban and IS both are competing and fighting to achieve the regional objectives of their foreign patrons at cost of Afghans lived and destruction of their homeland.  Unfortunately the Afghans in the rank and files of Taliban and IS have so far not understood this open fact.
It should be said that rivalry of Taliban and IS, not only in the north, they are also involved in bloody wars in Nangarhar, Kunar, Zabul and Helmand. 
 

Monday, July 23, 2018

Kabul (BNA) July twentieth is a world day for supporting migrants and refugees. The refugees are the people including men, women and children who due severe problems including war and violence leave their home and country.
BNA social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes every year, July twentieth celebrates as an international day for supporting immigrants and refugees.
The day was established by UN in 2001 to attract the world attention on people who due to domestic harassment, violence and war have no way but    accepting hazardous problems to leave their countries for other countries.
  According to figures released by UN there were 68.5 million refugees across the world who due to conflicts, unrest, violence and other problems have left their countries to live in other countries. In addition there were about 50m displaced people in their own country.
The state of refugees in the course of their tour to Europe and Australia is horrible and painful.  Their tour is costly and mostly lost their lives for reaching their destination. We have heard awful and tragic stories in that regard.
Passing each day, due to increasing regional and international problems, the refugees and immigrants’ problems become more severe and critical. The only way for settling these challenges is ending the regional conflicts.
Regretfully, the countries that play an ominous role in planning and initiating regional disputes, cry more for the problems the refugees suffering. It would be better, they instead blaming and punishing immigrants, take part in decreasing their problems, and to avoid creating a situation that caused further asylums.
There should be a sense of humanism for the refugees’ problem, while there is mostly a political and religious point of view in that regard that cannot meet the human rights objectives.
Therefore, it would be the duties and obligation of every humanist people to prevent the creation of circumstances that make people to leave their own country and migrate in to other countries.
 

Wednesday July 18, 2018

Kabul (BNA) UNAMA recent report talks, about unprecedented casualties among civilians, this indicates that it has not done enough so far to prevent civilians’ casualties in battle fields.
BNA military affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes UNAMA in its report recently released claims that civilian casualties in Afghanistan have unprecedentedly increased.
The report says that during the first six months of the current year, 1692 civilians have lost their lives and 3420 others injured in battle events and terrorist   incidents. According the report, the casualties in the six months of this year shows 1% increase than the first month of 2017.  The report shows 5% increase in number of civilians injured this year than the previous year.
The report released in a time that recently in a suicide attack, Taliban claimed its responsibility caused heavy casualties among civilians. This and other tragic incidents take place day by day across the country by terrorist groups clearly prove that they are behind the heavy casualties among civilians not Afghan security forces.
Suicide attacks, planting roadside bombs and targeting public gathering places are the main factors that cause heavy casualties among civilians, mostly terrorist groups claimed their responsibly with honor and pride.
Taliban claimed the responsibility of the recent attack carried out close to Ministry of Rural Rehabilitating and Development. This and other criminal acts such as panting mines, attacking public place and state offices are the major factors that cause heavy casualties among civilians. As it is mentioned earlier Taliban and other terrorist groups claim the responsibility such crimes with honor and pride.  The acknowledgements of terrorist groups including Taliban clearly show that they are the main source for increasing casualties among civilians. Unfortunately, Afghan and international organization including UNAMA and other UN organs make it enough with condemning the crimes and releasing a report in that regard.
The people suggest that the international community and its related organs should take effective and practical measures to end the killing of civilians and we achieve this aim only by punishing and eradicating the real  perpetrators of crimes without and discrimination.
Afghan political experts and civil society activists suggest UN should establish an effective organism for punishment of Taliban and their patron countries and enforce restrictions against sources and countries that support terrorists financially in this way without doubt the number of casualties among civilians will decrease and provide the ground for peace negotiation and restoring peace and stability in to Afghanistan.
Abdul Khalil Minawi
 

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