24 October 2020

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Saturday January 18, 2020

Kabul (BNA) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan emphasize that talks, direct negotiations between Taliban and Afghanistan government and ceasefire are the main key mechanisms of peace process.
BNA political analyst commenting on the issue writes, President Ghani during meeting with Niels Annen, the German State Minister at the Federal Foreign Office discussed mutual interests, particular Afghanistan peace process the other day.
During the meeting President Ghani called significant peace process led by government of Afghanistan, adding Afghan-led and owned-peace process and peace is the top priority and a milestone of the government and people of Afghanistan, he underlined that dialogue, direct negotiations between government and Taliban and ceasefire are the essential components of peace process.
President Ghani added that Afghan government is working closely with the United States, Germany and other allies to put an end to the four-decade conflict in the country.
During the meeting President Ghani further added that annihilating terrorists safe hideouts, break up Taliban ties with other terrorist groups, fighting against narcotic drug and economic crimes are the other components that paves the way for ensuring peace in Afghanistan, government of Afghanistan is working with the countries in the region to build regional consensus on peace, Ghani added.
Recently, some media reported that Taliban group after several months consultations agreed on seven-day violence reduction in Afghanistan.
Sources said that Taliban political delegations share their decision with American delegations in Doha.
Before that, US delegations asked from Taliban to reduce violence and being prepared for direct negotiations with Afghanistan government.
Already, Taliban leaders called that we are ready to announce long-term ceasefire with US troops in Afghanistan, but the group rejected ceasefire with Afghan National Defense and Security Forces, while Afghanistan government emphasize on ceasefire before starting peace talks, but Taliban considers short-term violence reduction.
Presidential spokesperson, Sediq Seddiqi last week tweeted, “A ceasefire is the Afghan government’s plan for beginning peace negotiations, reduction of violence does not have an accurate meaning in legal and military terms, and it is not practical, by ceasefire, we mean a ceasefire like the one established in the country two years ago, during the Eid days--it had a clear definition.”
Taliban group fears from ceasefire announcement, leaders of the group know that by declaring ceasefire the group will lose its power in US peace negotiations in Doha.
Taliban leaders for their political future and benefits are busy on bargaining with US representatives since a year in Qatar.
Afghans have endured four decades of conflicts and burn in external political games, so reduction violence in a week is a surface discussion and dose not respond the current situation.
Afghanistan people completely and permanently want to end war and violence in the country and demanded from parties involved in conflicts that by considering national interests move toward a permanent and comprehensive peace.
Reaching a durable and dignity peace is possible only by announcing ceasefire and trust on each other.

Friday January 17, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan already suffering the tyranny of its geostrategic location generating Major Powers’ conflicting rivalries and if the decades-long disruptive strategies against it by its meddlesome neighbor Pakistan were not enough now stares at a turbulent Islamic neighborhood with implications of pushing distant any chances of peace and stability.
Afghanistan’s neighborhood at the commencement of 2020 comprising Islamic nations of Pakistan, Iran and the Western-most Chinese controlled Muslim majority Xingjian Region find themselves in agitated turbulence induced by a mix of domestic and externally induced factors—all of which impinge one way or the other on peace and stability of Afghanistan.
Pakistan which has been incessantly meddling in Afghanistan for nearly forty years now is today itself in a state of marked internal political and economic turbulence. Pakistan’s provinces bordering Afghanistan have seen continuing incidents of violence against Pakistan Army violent suppression in Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunwa. Gilgit-Baltistan regions bordering Afghanistan and Chinese Western Region of Xingjiang are also in ferment demanding self-determination.
Pakistan as pointed out in my earlier writings stands besieged internally and externally affecting its credibility to continue as a viable Nation State. Politically, Pakistan Army-selected Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government has failed to deliver good governance. Political dynamics within Pakistan in 2020 suggest that people of Pakistan have become resentful against PM Imran Khan failing to deliver on his political promises and that resentment will be exploited by Pakistani Opposition parties. Economically, Pakistan in 2020 continues to exist on economic life-support systems funded by countries like China and Saudi Arabia. Pakistan had to seek billions dollar loans from World Bank to service its external debts.
Such disturbed political and economic conditions provide a ready recipe for Pakistan’s ruling regime propped by Pakistan Army to be easily tempted to divert domestic attention by increased military adventurism against Afghanistan. Moreso, when in 2020 when the restraining hand on Pakistan Army of the United States stands weakened by Pakistan Army’s buoyant dependence on China.
Iran is in a state of ferment in the wake of United States targeted killing of IRGC’s iconic military leader General Solemani commanding the elite Quds Force of the IRGC. It has set in motion increased levels of US-Iran conflict escalation where a small unintended incendiary spark could throw the whole of South West Asia with Iran and Afghanistan as major constituents in unimaginable spiraling of violence and war. Afghanistan sharing long contiguous borders with Iran can hardly escape the adverse effects of conflict and war between United States and Iran.
What adds more disturbing contours for Afghanistan’s stability and security is that with the United States militarily embedded in Afghanistan it would be logical to assume that in the event of United States-Iran conflict escalation the United States would be tempted to use Afghanistan as a springboard for additional flank of military operations against Iran. In such a scenario, would Afghanistan have any alternative option to stop United States use of Afghan territory for military operations against Iran?
Afghanistan’s third neighborhood of Islamic turmoil is the Xingjiang region of China. Xingjian is a Muslim majority region of China where the Uighurs have been waging an independence movement to free themselves from Chinese occupation. In 2020 widespread reports suggest that China has imprisoned nearly a million Uighurs in reorientation camps. This has increased violence to greater levels with possibilities of more violence in response to Chinese latest ethnic and religious repression.
With Pakistan in strategic connivance with China and pushing out Uighur rebels earlier ensconced in Frontier Areas of Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, it would be logical for such elements to move into Afghanistan’s remote areas of North East. This would invite Chinese and Pakistan wrath against Afghanistan unwittingly caught in a conflict not of its making.
Afghanistan’s future prospects of peace stability and security primarily hinge on policy acts of commission and omission of   the United States as the global predominant Power and also as the Major Power firmly embedded in Afghanistan militarily for over seventeen years now,
Contextually, for the record it needs to be highlighted that while the United States could not be defeated in Afghanistan by a combination of Pakistan Army’s duplicity with United States and Pakistan Army’s Taliban proxies, it also needs to be highlighted that it was the United Sates own permissive political expediencies in relation to Pakistan Army that led to a military stalemate.
Keeping in mind that Afghanistan has defied all possible solutions for restoration of peace and security mainly due to United States policies being permissive on Pakistan Army’s delinquencies and disruption strategies with end-aim to ensure that any Government in Kabul should be of Pakistan Army’s selection, the United States has no choice but to continue its military embedment in Afghanistan. The alternative easy option is to militarily disengage from Afghanistan and leave it to its fate of repetition of another civil war generated by Pakistan Army.
The United States has to recognize that since Afghanistan’s future is no longer confined to the triangular state of relations between United States, Pakistan and Afghanistan but has become more global in character by renewed interest of Russia and increased interest by China, the United States has to consider strategic perspectives of Afghanistan falling under dominant influence and control of Russia and China and in that eventuality what would be the effect on United States national security interests in Greater South West Asia?
With Afghanistan’s neighborhood of Islamic nations in increased turbulence as per situation obtaining in 2020, the United States has to factor this contextual development also in its analysis on the strategic desirability of abandoning Afghanistan for a second time, yet again.
The United States so far has baulked at disciplining the Pakistan Army for its disruptive strategies on Afghanistan through its military proxy—the Taliban. In utter strategic contradiction, the United States persists in dialogue with the Taliban whose avowed aim is to pressurize the military abandonment of Afghanistan by the United States and re-assuming political power and control in Kabul.
Ironically, the United States policy establishment is oblivious and blind to the prevailing reality which stands pointed in my writings for some time that the United States much favored Non NATO Ally-Pakistan is no longer United States’ Frontline State but has morphed into “China’s Front Line State in South West Asia” and a committed vanguard protector of China’s military aims and objectives in the region
If the above is a correct assessment, and it is very much so, then do any plausible justifications exist for the United States to persist in being mindful of Pakistan Army’s sensitivities over Afghanistan and should the United States persist in its peace dialogues with the Taliban when it is clear to everyone that the Taliban’s stances adhere to the script laid down by Pakistan Army GHQ in Rawalpindi?
Concluding, one cannot but help re-emphasizing ad-nauseum what stands repeated in my writings so far that the United States for its own strategic good and safeguarding of its national security interests in Greater South West Asia should not consider military abandonment of Afghanistan whose security is further complicated in 2020 by a turbulent Islamic neighborhood but that the United States should plan for a Forward Military Presence permanently embedded in Afghanistan on the lines of US Forward Military Presence in Japan and South Korea.

Wednesday January 15, 2020
Kabul (BNA) As the winter arrives, the price of liquid gas unprecedentedly increasing day-by-day in capital Kabul city.
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, following the snowfalls and cold weather, the price of liquid gas and fuel jumped high within the past couple of weeks in central Kabul.
While residents of Kabul city are facing with numerous problems, the price of liquid gas, fuel and woods unprecedentedly has been increased in the city than past years.
By arriving winter season, for preventing air pollution officials in Afghanistan Environment Protection Authority demanded from Kabul’s resident to replace liquid gas with coal in warm-up their houses.
But, how residents of Kabul city provide liquid gas with high price and observe the demand of Environment Protection Authority?
It is questioned that despite of numerous liquid gas companies why the price of gas massively increased among the private gas sellers and distributors in Kabul city?
People and relevant officials know that winter season is full of challenges and problems and fighting such problems need precondition plans that already must take by relevant organs.
While officials talking about exist of several liquid gas reserves in Kabul city, but why residents are facing with lack of liquid gas and increasing gas price?
Some sellers and contributors of liquid gas in capital Kabul claiming that the main cause of increasing gas price are producers and wholesaler of gas.
Because of free market no government organs has taken responsibility regarding the issue, government officials believe that trade supports in free market.
It has been said, 14 producers and suppliers of oil and liquid gas companies exist in Kabul that determine the price of gas and oil among themselves.
Recently, Afghanistan Oil and Gas Enterprise Department has active dozens of branches for supplying liquid gas in Kabul city by half price considering the market, but the number of branches are less and cannot meet the needs of a city with several millions population.
There is need to increase the number of gas suppliers branches in Kabul city. 
This a fact that we fight against seasonal cases, officials and relevant organs by predicating future should act responsibly, if do not eliminate we should minimize the challenges and problems in the future.

Thursday January 14, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Transportation situation in capital Kabul city has increased concerns among residents of the city, if relevant officials do not pay keen attention in this regard the problems will become more serious.
BNA analyst commenting on the issue writes, with arrival of winter season and downfall of snow and rain the challenges of Kabul’s residents become more serious. There are many factors that contribute to transportation congestion in Kabul city. The insufficiency and inefficiency of public transportation system along with the increase of private vehicles can be considered among the most important contributing factors in the city.
Kabul Municipality, traffic department and ministry of transport have repeatedly made pledges that they would bring fundamental changes in the transportation infrastructures of Kabul city. However, they have not been able to deliver their promises. As a result, the people are disappointed with the promises in terms of improving the transportation infrastructures.
At the same time, Ministry of Transportation has newly revealed a plan providing improved transportation facilities for women by mobilizing 20 buses driven by female bus drivers and also providing cheap transportation service to the students.
As people are fed up with the unrealistic pledges, the Ministry of Transport shall have calculated its initiatives very well and shall have planned them based on the realistic resources available in order to realize them in practice. Kabul citizens hope that these initiatives will not have the same fate as the “first metro bus” that the Kabul Municipality promised to build it last year.
Establishing improving infrastructure committee, reforms in infrastructure departments, establishing standards for city transportation, preparing master plan for general transport, determination of metro buses in Kabul city, creating instruction and management for Taxi drivers, installing and maintain traffic signs, decreasing 5 percent air pollution annually in Kabul city, creasing green areas and launching short, mid and long-term public awareness programs were the main programs of Kabul municipality in the past years.
Most drivers do not observe traffic law and regulations in Kabul city, Lack of an accessible, affordable, safe and secure, clean and environmentally friendly transportation system is one of the biggest challenges of Kabul city.
Most people working in private vehicles create problems for Kabul residents.
Their services not but, in a city that there is no urban regular city, with less buses and Taxi vehicles, but their cruelty injustice.
Weak transportation infrastructure is one of the biggest challenges that Kabul is faced with it.
Unfortunately, relevant organs do not fulfil their responsibilities and duties honestly, transportation system in Kabul city need more serious attention, otherwise, the transportation problem will become a serious social problems.

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