22 October 2019

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Commentary

Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Election is a national process; the people find an opportunity to renew their commitment to democracy and establishing a democratic system, the opportunity should be valued and improved.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes according to election schedule, presidential elections would be held on September 28 of the current year.
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan considering holding election and peacefully transmission of power as a main principle for improving democracy and a need for extension of the rule of law, believe that holding election, strengthens the process of peace negotiations in existence of an elected government.  
But since negotiations between America and Taliban have started under the title of peace negotiation, contradictory words have been heard about presidential elections in Afghanistan. 
A number of people give priority to peace while some others insisting on election consider it necessary for boasting a democratic government.
Mohammad Ashraf Ghani president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan believes that election is important because according to the law election is a necessary process.  He says, either he be the next president or somebody else should have commitment for peace, because, this process needs severe decisions to be made in order the people be satisfied and just Afghan government has the authority to decide regarding to peace with Taliban.
He has said that he wanted to reach consensus with Taliban in two phases, first, primitive consensus earlier to presidential election and the second phase after the election would be an overall agreement   
The president expressing the above wants to say that an elected government can decide about peace and political future of Afghanistan not a government that would remain just for less than a month.
But a number of countries and foreign diplomats in Kabul prefer peace to election. Among them the Russian ambassador to Kabul in a private TV interview has said that Russia gave priority to peace than election
The US ambassador to Kabul, while visiting Balkh province also expressed a view similar to Russian ambassador.
Talking about peace and election take place in a time, America is involved in negotiation with Taliban who not believe in to election and civic life.  In any peace negotiation, the issues related to freedom and democracy should also be discussed.
In peace negotiation where democracy and rule of law be ignored, such a peace would not be sustainable and respectable.
Afghan people and state while consider peace as a need, but prefer peace with honor where democracy and values achieved so far be protected.
Altimetry, peace runs through the state’s canal and this elected government can decide about political future of the country.

Monday, August 26, 2019
Kabul (BNA) National security advisor says that IS, is a threat for Afghanistan but cannot be a strategic threat for this country.
BNA military and security affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes, Hamdullah Muhib the national security advisor of the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan an interview with a foreign radio has said that IS, is a threat for Afghanistan but considering the relationship of the group with Afghan people cannot be a strategic threat, because the group cannot get the support of people. Currently the group carries out suicide and destructive attacks which can be called technical threat.
The national security advisor estimates the number of IS personnel in Afghanistan between 700 and 1200 people, most of them are Pakistanis and militants from other countries.
The statements have been expressed exactly in a time, a number of countries like Russia, Pakistan, and America have expressed concern over the extension of IS activities in Afghanistan. They claim that the members of IS who have sustained serious defeat in in Iraq and Syria are coming in to Afghanistan’
The concerns over coming of IS members from Iraq and Syria in to Afghanistan expressed while Afghanistan has no joint borders with the two countries. Unfortunately nobody says how did they come in to Afghanistan?
Some believe that certain countries using IS as a means for their propagations are seeking to return in to the territories once they controlled or justifying it for their presence in the region. 
If we pay attention on statements of big and small countries on that regard, IS, is a new project that a number of countries are trying to bring IS in to Afghanistan to provide an opportunity the ground for a proxy war among certain countries in Afghanistan and fighting continue as before.
In such a situation there is a need the countries involve in Afghan problem, particularly international union against terrorism and other countries truly seeking security and stability in Afghanistan precisely assess the situation and wisely make a decision.
At the end we draw the attention of the authorities of the country that there are certain countries with magnifying IS trying to achieve their own objectives and carry out their own plans and programs.
Therefore, for preventing and neutralizing these conspiracies and programs, we should have our own plans and programs and in our political assessments not consider the enemy weak. 

Sunday, August 25, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The 9th round of negotiation between America and Taliban with two different views, America talks about the presence of its intelligence even military in Afghanistan while Taliban insist on complete withdrawal of foreign forces from the country.
BNA military and social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes the 9th round of negotiation between US and Taliban has started without the presence of Mullah Ghani Brother the political envoy of the group. At this round of negotiation the Taliban team is led by Sher Mohammad Abas Stanukzay while Zalmay Khalilzad and General Escort Miller the foreign forces commander in Afghanistan led American team at this negotiation. But Mullah Abdul Ghani Brother the political deputy has no presence in the new round of negotiation. Some Pakistan media have said that Mullah Brother without consulting the leader of Taliban had agreed on schedule of ousting American forces within 14 months. This lost the confidence of the leader on him.
This indicates that the leadership of Taliban is suffering from severe differences and in another hand political office of them in Doha has no required authority.
The 8th round of negotiation between the two sides ended with an agreement. Even it was expected an agreement to be signed but now it has been heard that America wanted to bring changes in some items of the agreement.
Withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan is a main demand of Taliban from America based on a schedule, while Donald Trump the president of United States insists on existence of intelligence of his country in Afghanistan and some authorities of that country consider the withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan to the situation.
Mr. Trump considering the 19 years presence of US forces in Afghanistan ridiculous has said that a number of US forces are ousting from Afghanistan but a number of them should remained there.
He has also said that there is no any confident that Taliban be loyal in to their commitments.
America wants Taliban to guarantee that they would not use the territory of Afghanistan against America anymore.
On the other hand there are countries and circles that do not want American forces to be ousted from Afghanistan. Those countries to keep American forces busy in Afghanistan as before. For this reason they spare no any pressure on Taliban to have a firm stance on negotiation.
These stances demonstrate that peace process in Afghanistan is passing through a complicate path and accessing to peace still needs time and establishing new opportunities.
The Afghan people expect the two sides to be honest and politically deal properly and let the Afghans to be engaged in negotiation because only Afghans can settle the longest problem in the region and Afghan people take firm steps to restore peace and stability in to the region.    

Saturday, August 24, 2019
Kabul (BNA)   August twenty first is world day for commemorating the victims of terrorist incidents in the world.
BNA social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes based on proposal of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan envoy in United Nations organization and supporting by other 95 countries, August 21st named as a world day for supporting the victims of terrorist events in the world.
The existence of such a day in world schedule can mobilize the world in war against terrorism and provide a better situation for supporting the victims of this evil phenomenon and also accelerates the war against terrorism.
Afghanistan has been a victim of Terrorism for a long time, just during the last three months of 2019, more than 1700 people have lost lives or injured as a result of terrorist incidents. Terrorist activities have badly affected the life of people and many Afghan people are suffering from depression and mental diseases. 
Today, there are more than six hundred thousand widows, more than two millions women and children in Afghanistan who are suffering from social and economic problems and due to terrorist activities the number of disabled people is increasing in the country.
Terrorism is not only a horrible phenomenon in Afghanistan, terrorists since a long time casing casualties and destructions in Afghanistan and other countries. Unfortunately, the victims of terrorism with their all pains and agonies have been forgotten and the criminals who committed such heinous crimes not punished as they are deserved.
The problem is this, also the world knows about the evils caused by extremism and terrorism but not yet reach a single definition of terrorism. The different countries make the definition according to their own interests.
Unfortunately supporting extremism and terrorism is a part of official policy of certain countries such as Pakistan and Israel, but big countries and international
Organizations ignore this bitter reality and consider not the violence activities of intelligence services of those countries. Because of such policies, terrorist and extremists continue their evil actions all over the world.
The victims of terrorist incidents need help and cooperation. The first urgent cooperation for them would be drawing the culprits of terrorist incidents to the court and punish as they are deserved.
Just by curbing terrorism practically can condole the victims of these brutal and barbaric incidents.  

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