07 December 2019

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Thursday, September 12, 2019

Maimana (BNA) From September attacks that killed almost three thousand people in United States 18 years passed, but US authorities say still the danger of attack on that country exists.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes  18 years ago on September 11, 2002 the US territory was the scene of  the most deathly terrorist attacks that the worst political, economic, security and military consequences for that country and badly affected Afghanistan and some other countries of the world.
On September 11, 2001 Al- Qaeda terrorist group carried out a series of terrorist attacks on US territory attacks the most horrible attacks were carried out on international trade towers that claimed the lives of 2977 people.
The attacks were carried out by 19 Arab origin men, shocked Americans, because they considered themselves unrivaled in the world after the collapse of Soviet Union in early 1990s. But the incidents of September 11 indicated that that country is facing Islamic movements and organizations that America called them terrorists and extremists.
Al- Qaida that carried out the attacks of September attacks, their lead Asama bin Laden lived in Afghanistan supported by Islamic Emirate of Taliban.
Islamic Emirate of Taliban that officially recognized by the three American allied countries (Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and United Arabic Emeries) avoid handing over Asama to America. This made America at head of an international counter terrorism coalition invaded Afghanistan to arrest Asama the designer of the attacks of September 11 and punish him. Finally, they found him in Pakistan in 2011 and killed him.
America since 2001 is fighting against terrorism and extremism calling it international mission against terrorism sustained heavy casualties and losses but Afghanistan has been the main victim of war against terrorism.

After the collapse of so called Islamic Emirates the leaders of the group and Al- Qaida leaders returned in to their hideout in Pakistan and again welcomed and supported by Pakistani and a number of Gulf countries intelligence services and again has  been causing sever pains and problems in Afghanistan and in the region.
The Afghans have lost their best sons in this heinous conflict, their economic infrastructure collapsed and this is the Afghans who are fighting against terrorism as world proxy.

Today America and the west are talking about revival of Al- Qaeda and express concern over carrying terrorist attacks on America and on its allies once again.
Afghans believe that until America not inter in to the war against terrorism honestly with a precise and practical program and not focus  on funding sources and the countries that equip  and support terrorists and if spend billions of dollars  will not achieve its objectives in war again terrorism.

Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Peace Can Be Secured in Afghanistan Only Through a National Consensus
BNA social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: peace process is more complicated in Afghanistan than any other time. The problem is this that the peace issue in Afghanistan is mostly affected by the endeavors of foreign countries that follow their strategic programs in Afghanistan and each of the countries has its own interests and the Afghans have lost their interests among foreign countries’ interests.
The political developments in last one or two year indicated that the outsiders in their efforts under the name of peace process or political negotiations mostly wanted to impose their demands and this caused to further complicate peace process and our people still looking at it as their long  hope to access.
During a year, negotiation between America and Taliban continuing, many Afghan soldiers and a great number of citizens have become the victim of violence and fighting in the country and at least one thousands of armed Taliban lost their lives in the conflict during the same period, caused no any development toward ending war in the country, but the killing of foreign soldier changed everything.
It Taliban acquiesced in to peace negotiation among Afghans that could led in to ending the violence and fighting in Afghanistan and ensured the Afghans’ interests.
For this reason the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan insists that peace process is the ownership of Afghan people.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghany in his recent statement has said that the ownership of peace process belongs to Afghan people not belongs to any ethnical group or party but it is the demand of Afghan people and presented by Afghans and its implementation is also one of the major duties of Afghan people.

Afghan president insists on ensuring a permanent and honorable peace and warns that Afghans never return back.
Ensuring peace is a need in Afghanistan and the Afghans are determined to meet this need. Foreigners can do nothing in that regard and if they do something it would be for their own interests.
There are many reports that indicate that Doha session (negotiation between America and Taliban) has mostly ended in to further closeness of America and Pakistan and unfortunately Taliban have been used as means for that purpose.   
Then, it would be better Taliban to leave aside military slogans and violence and join their people that would lead to peace. It would be possible only via conducting intra Afghan- negotiation.
Therefore, it would be better, Taliban instead of negotiation with outsiders and meditation of aliens who are following their own interests and objectives, referring to the Afghans’ old traditions, conducting and participating in Jergas settle the problem and save their suffering people. 

Sunday, September 08, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Another round of negotiation between the representatives of America and Taliban will start in Doha in time, the Afghan people do not know about the results of the previous nine rounds.
BNA political and social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes, Zalmay Khalilzad the special envoy of US foreign ministry for Afghanistan after carrying out the 9th round of negotiation with the representatives of Taliban last week came to Kabul and informed the authorities of Afghan government from the details of the agreement that the draft of it finalized and it will be signed very soon.
Afghan government has said that after assessing and analyzing the draft, it would share its views with Khalilzad.
In the agreement, ousting foreign forces from Afghanistan and guaranteeing that Afghanistan would be no a threat to America anymore are the main issues of the consensus.
Afghan government insists on assessing and reviewing the draft of agreement between America and Taliban in time, Afghan people and government have expressed their concern due to the existence of ambiguities in the draft and said that any peace agreement should be extensive and could be end with rapid reduction of violence in Afghanistan,
So far, the representatives of America and Taliban have carried out nine rounds of negotiations which have led to preparing a draft of agreement, still nobody knows about the text and terms of that.  Even high ranking officials of trump’s government, American allies in NATO and other players involved in Afghan problem like Russia and China no nothing about the draft.
America is talking about peace with Taliban in a time, the group after the end of ninth round of the negotiation and announcing an agreement between the two sides, has become more violent, as during just a week, they carrying out three suicide attacks in Kabul. The majority of casualties were civilians. 
While the agreement between America and Taliban has created basic questions in public minds, one of the questions is how America became ready to inter a deal with Taliban once called terrorist group?
Many believe that the consensus that Afghanistan does not have its ownership cannot lead in to a peaceful life in Afghan community.
Afghan people ask, Taliban since the beginning until now are involved in carrying suicide attacks, violence and killing people and America and its allies came to Afghanistan to beat this terrorist group and establish a democratic government in Afghanistan, fought against them for years, sustained heavy casualties and destructions.
In such a situation, while Taliban have increased their savageries what does making peace with them mean?
The Afghan people believe, America could not reach its objectives, now seeking to raise new friends in order to achieve its objectives.
Our people are witnessing a turn in political games that are different from the slogans chanted by anti – terrorism allied which are dangerous not only for Afghans but for the entire region.

Saturday, September 07, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Taliban beside China and Japan have asked Russia to be a guarantor of agreement between America and Taliban but Russia has asked the text of the agreement.
BNA reporter reporting the issue writes America and Taliban in 9th round of their negotiation in Doha finalized the draft of an agreement, but nobody knows about the details of it. Even in White House except president Trump and a small number of his colleagues have no access in to the text of the agreement.
It has been said that Zalmay  Khalilzad the US Foreign Ministry specially envoy for Afghanistan who has interred Kabul after the end of the ninth round of negation with Taliban has only informed the Afghan authorities from the details of the agreement and not given the text of it.
Although Afghan authorities have said nothing in that regard, but assessing and analyzing of the draft requires the existence of original text.
The Russian permanent envoy in United Nations has welcomed the agreement between America and Taliban it be in to the interests of Afghan people.
On the other hand, passing each day, disbelieve is increasing regarding to the agreement between America and Taliban.
At the most new development the US foreign minister, has expressed his disagreement to sign the agreement between America and Taliban.
Time Magazine quoting high ranking resources in US has written that the US secretary of state is against signing the agreement that Zalmay Khalilzad the US special envoy for peace in Afghanistan has offered to Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Afghanistan.
According to Time certain important issues such as non – guaranteeing the opportunities for American forces in anti – Al – Qaeda terrorist group operations, a prospect for safeguarding a pro American government in Kabul and also ceasing military measures are among the conditions American foreign minister insists on. For this reason US foreign minister avoid signing the agreement.
Time says, it would be possible Zalmay Khalilzad representing America sign this agreement with Taliban, while Taliban want the agreement to be signed by a high ranking member of US cabinet, particularly foreign minister, in order to legalize so called their Islamic Emirate.
This magazine also points to another possibility; this is issuing a joint declaration by US and Taliban that would be welcomed by a number of countries.
US Defense Minister has warned that with hurried withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan should not repeat the bitter experiences of Iraq.
Also, a former US ambassador to Afghanistan issuing a declaration has warned against ousting American forces from Afghanistan.

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