22 July 2019

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Commentary

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Water World Day celebrated in Afghanistan this year under the Tittle of Water for All, while reduction of surface and underground resources, and persistent draught years have change management of water in to a sever need.
BNA natural resources affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes Afghanistan is one of the countries that enjoys of having rich water resources. If the country’s water resources managed in a proper way and prevented from wasting, Afghanistan as oil – rich countries enjoyed of having a happy life and there no poverty in the country.
There are more than 70 billion cubic meter of water, in water resources of Afghanistan , but uses only from 25% of the resources and  great amounts runs to other countries .
Improper management of water has made Afghanistan economically poor and environmentally dry and deserted.
Although Afghanistan has several agencies for organizing and management of water resource of the country such as Ministry Energy and Water and Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry but unfortunately a great portion of waters of the country freely runs in to our neighboring countries. Mismanagement and lack of coordination in water sector has reached in such a level that the neighboring countries consider t the water resources as their own property and expect huge rights from the resources.
Afghanistan is water – rich country, unfortunately remained dry and deserted. The surface waters of the country runs in to other countries and the level of underground waters due to improper and nonstandard use has reach in to its lowest level.
Tyrannical use and improper of digging wheels have cause severe environmental problems and badly affected the lives of living things including plants and animals.  Shortage of water has faced agriculture sector in to serious problems and formal sources have acknowledged that due to shortage of water half the country’s  lands remained uncultivated, while agricultural economy lays the foundation of national economy in Afghanistan.
It should be repeatedly said that one of the ways that reduces Afghanistan’s dependency to foreign countries and poverty is proper management of water resources of the country, with proper management can improve the capabilities of the families’ economy and increase the level of national revenues
Today, there are many countries that have made the base and foundation of their economy via selling water, but the Afghanistan’s water freely running in to our neighboring countries and still they are not pleased.
Water management water resources should be focused as a national strategic program, because as the previous experiences show jus celebrating Water World Day, presenting reports and expressing regret have settled no any problems, just with proper management of waters our people particularly the farmers can achieve their aims and objectives. 
 

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Kabul (BNA) European Union declaring its support from inter – Afghan negotiations, insisted on starting Afghan government and Taliban talks.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes Mrs. Federica Maharini the representative European Union for foreign policy arrived Kabul yesterday and visited Afghan senior officials including President Ashraf Ghani and Dr. Abdullah Abdul the head of executive of Afghan government.
The visit of this high ranking member of European Union from Kabul indicates that Afghanistan despite of experiencing many problems is at focus of world attention due to active policies of its government.
Mrs. Maharini in her visits with Afghan leaders talked about many issues among them peace negotiation process with Taliban, the future policy of Afghanistan, EU stance over Afghanistan and prospect of EU cooperation with Afghanistan were the basic and main issues discussed.
It should be said that EU has a five article agenda on Afghanistan that includes helping Afghanistan to provide an extensive peace process, reforming all state and security organs, providing financial assistance for militias who join peace, increase trade among the countries of region and increasing the level of economic to Afghanistan. 
The agenda confirmed and supported by the leadership of Afghan government.
The statements expressed by High Representative of EU for foreign affairs and security policy clearly show that peace in Afghanistan and determining the future policy of that country is of great importance for that organization. They want to assess the complicated dimensions of peace in Afghanistan and seek the logical ways for going out from the war.
From EU point of view  extensive negotiations among Afghans and starting talks between Taliban and Afghan government is the first step for settling Afghan problem,  the continuation of which challenging the stability of the region , beyond the region and even Europe.
There are many similarities between EU view points and the view points and programs of President Ghanis’ led government.
The president links the solution of the ongoing Afghan problem to inter- Afghan peace talks and direct talks with Taliban and consider the role of feigners as a facilitator
As, President Ghani in his talks with EU high ranking official made clear that the stability that  comes through bullets, force and intimidation, would not be stability but it would be a new chapter for another unrest.  Afghanistan suffering a violence that is not only the product of interior situations but it is the product of regional and international conditions. Therefore, it would be a need to assess every dimension of the problem and propose a practical way for the solution of the problem.
The above statements has a clear message for Taliban who want with support of certain foreign countries trying to impose their policy   on our people, while they are a part of foreign policy designed to achieve the foreigner’s interests.
Today it is becoming clearer that Afghan government is representing Afghan people. EU, US and other countries around the world consider the process of peace negotiations as an ownership of Afghans and insist on directs talks of Taliban with Afghan government.  This stance finally finds the way of solution and Afghan government will achieve its humane goal and restore stability in to the country. 
 

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Education lays the foundation of every advance and progressive   society as a professional architect.
BNA educational affairs commenting on the issue writes the new education year, started with slogan of better education for future.
The slogan has a great and extensive meaning, which guarantees the advance of a progressive education in future and further clears the prospects of life in upcoming societies.
This is deserved to repeatedly mention that education lays the foundation of every society and an advanced education is the architect of the society. Today the countries that enjoy of having a tranquil and progressive life, the have already laid a concrete and constrictive education foundation.
Unfortunately, education in Afghanistan is facing many problems and challenges, such as shortage of buildings and books, lack of professional teachers and equipment, insecurity and poverty that have made the atmosphere of education dark and affected it badly.
Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently pointing to some basic problems of education, showed the ways of their solutions. The president talking on occasion of inaugurating education New Year talked about the main problems exist in education and showed the ways of their solutions. He said shortage of land for building schools, shortage of text books, lack of professional teachers and shortage of working capabilities are the basic problems that suffer our education system. Meanwhile, the president to overcome those problem and challenges pointed to five year plan of education, the implementation of that provides the ground for training and capacity building of teachers and printing 37m new textbooks.
The president mostly emphasizing on education quality made it clear that a qualitative education will provide and present a prosperous future for our society as a gift.
Afghanistan is one of the most ancient countries of the world and enjoys of having thousands years culture. Unfortunately continuation of war and insecurities, have taken all opportunities from us and we can’t compare our present to the past.
The problem is this that a number of our people are suffering from shortage of having religious, secular and political knowledge that prevent us from knowing about present and predict about future.  If we had an education with high quality, we enjoyed a better the situation. For this reason says,” stability is a great thing that we have lost, for finding it we need a qualitative education to train a human force to build a society according to the needs of the time.”
Education, literacy and knowledge are the mirror of a society. There is no doubt that our state authorities have plan and incentives, but these plans and programs could not be implemented in practice without people’s support. Therefore, attracting the support of people in that regard is an urgent need of the time.
The pulpits of mosques, media, dignitaries, civil society activists, landowners and rich people are the proper sources that can support education. It is a need for all of our people to cooperate and coordinate their efforts in order to save our education from these problems and challenges. 
 

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan says that the government tries hard the people of Afghanistan access to a real peace and they want a honorable and sustainable peace.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes President Ghani talking on a ceremony held for March 8 the women’s international day focused on peace process and political developments in the country. He made it clear that now peace process is the word of the entire world community, but the government tries its best the Afghan people access in to a real peace. Afghan community, the region and the world are all talking about peace. But it should not be forgotten that we have provide such a situation peace process to develop to this phase, we are responsible to consider the demand of people which is an honorable and persistent peace. 
The statements expressed in a time, for two weeks negotiation between the representatives of America and Taliban continuing in Doha the capital of Qatar. Earlier they have carried out four rounds of talks. What is important is that the Doha talks are very secret, until now no word leaked out. While the Afghan people, political activities and senior government officials want Doha Talks get out from this situation. The talks are continuing for fourteen days but political activities and the government high ranking officials have talked less about it. 
The US representatives only have said that they try to compel the other side of negotiations to enter negotiations with Afghan government. However Taliban side talks more clear, they say they want withdrawal foreign forces from Afghanistan.
The official news says that America in existence of Taliban in political field of Afghanistan, that country is no a thread to that country anymore, they cut their links with terrorist groups, while making commitment and guarantee is the job and responsibly of the state. Therefore such issues should be discussed with the government of Afghanistan not Taliban.
The people say that the current situation of negotiation in Doha indicate that political activities even high ranking government officials do not know about Doha negotiations. But finally the result of the negotiations will become obvious; does it not trap the Afghan People?
The people also want the Afghan government to inter with a more serious stance in to Doha developments and end to suspicions that says that the state is driven out to the margin of the talks. The state carrying its responsibility should inform the people from what is going on in Doha negotiations.
The other issue is that Taliban is not an ideological power, they are also a part of a big intelligence project that presently links the interests of many countries in to own self, the fact that the United Sates should not ignore.    
 

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