21 April 2019

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Commentary

Tuesday, April 09, 2019

Kabul (BNA) The establishment of a High Reconciliation Council is an important and good move for uniting and organizing peace activities in the country that can strengthen peace negotiations among Afghans. 
BNA analyst of social affairs commenting on the issue writes the first session of high reconciliation council recently held in president’s office.
The aim of the establishment of high reconciliation council where the prominent political figures have its membership is to follow and insure peace process in the country.
Close sources to president have said that the high reconciliation council has been established after two months persistent efforts that can be an example of forming a consensus among Afghans, for strengthening peace negotiations.
Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan at the first session of the council said, “The leadership of the government, political and Jihadi leaders and the representatives of other sections of the society, with unity and consensus alongside with their nation came together to push forward the process of peace.”
The people say that the establishment of high reconciliation council can organize and coordinate the Afghans stance in the process of peace negotiations, while earlier the process was unorganized and non- coordinated and that provide the ground  for foreigners to criticize the non – existence of consensus among Afghan relevant authorities.
The presence of political, jihadi leaders and social personalities and the representatives of people in high reconciliation council give this message that  peace and peace negotiation in Afghanistan have been changed in to a national issue that asks the people to defend the national values in a complete and strong unity.
The council exactly established in a time that the inner and foreign efforts for settling Afghan problem have become more serious and conceptions for political solution of Afghan problem is getting momentum by passing each day.
But regretfully some parties and certain foreign countries are trying to obtain  their own interests in process, while the Afghan people and authorities of Afghan government strongly believe that Afghan national interests is a basic issue that should be focused on. 
The high reconciliation council can improve the process of peace among Afghans and better organize it and give the message that Afghans representing their national will and protecting their national values and the achievements of the last eighteen years are standing on one line and exercise the same view.  
 

Sunday, April 07, 2019

Kabul (BNA) US foreign secretary in NATO’s foreign ministers session has said that America is seeking a peace in Afghanistan that won’t destroy the achievements and sacrifices of the last eighteen years. 
BNA political analyst commenting on the issue writes the session of foreign ministers of NATO members countries late last week hosting by US foreign minister held in Washington, Afghan issue was one of the issues discussed.
American foreign minister made it clear that America is seeking a peace in Afghanistan that would not destroy the achievements of the last 18 years in that country.
He has also said that America asks Taliban to assure that America would never threaten from the soil of Afghanistan.
Earlier to this, NATO general secretary in a meeting with US president had said that NATO was committed to maintaining the achievements of the last 18 years in Afghanistan and inter- Afghans negotiation was they to access peace in Afghanistan.
What have NATO general secretary have said and then US foreign secretary repeated is not a new word, Afghan government repeatedly announced that Afghan people prefer a honorable peace that safeguard of the achievements of the last eighteen years and observing the constitution would be the first and the last word. Afghan people want a peace and stability to be established with participation of all involved political parties, observing the constitution.
When we talk about negotiation and restoring stability, in the process the voice of everyone should be heard, because only one political group cannot settle the problem.
The people who are talking on restoring peace in Afghanistan and prefer talking only with a political party, should not forget that international community and big powers have commitments should be put in practice.
There is hope that in the process of peace negotiations, especially within the efforts carrying out by world community, the interests and the viewpoints of Afghan people and government that is the product of democratic efforts of the people should be strongly and precisely observed. Afghanistan is not a place for insuring the interests of one country or a special group. This is true that the other countries have legal interests and that is not secret to Afghan people, but respecting and observing the national interests of Afghanistan the legal interests of other countries automatically insured. It is also required the solution way of Afghan problem should be find in accordance with Afghans’ national interests.
Taliban in ever negotiation insist on withdrawal of foreign forces and this is the basic agenda in their meetings, while according to Afghan people and international community view, there are many issues required to be discussed, analyzed and finally make a decision.
Taliban should know that Afghanistan never returns to the dark period that was the product of Taliban’s way of thinking, because the constitution and observing national and democratic value guarantees the future of Afghanistan and meets the aspirations of its people. 
 

Saturday, April 06, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan is Among the Countries Which Have the Largest Mines’ fields; monthly 120 persons lose their lives in explosion of unexploded materials
BNA military affairs commenting on the issue writes, April fourth is World Day for Mine awareness. The day is celebrated in Afghanistan while the country is among the countries which have the largest fields of mines. Although the number of cultivated mines in the country has not yet known, but unofficial figures indicate that there would be up to ten million mines and unexploded materials in this country. Ministry of anti-disasters estimates the areas of contaminated with mines and unexploded materials 1700 square kilometers.  
A number of planted mines in Afghanistan are the heritages of fighting against former Soviet Union and some recently planted and covered.
According to statistics publish by Ministry of anti- disaster monthly 120 people lose their lives in explosion of mines and unexploded materials.
Mine Clearance program is active almost for forty years in Afghanistan, however, the country is not changed in to a free mine and unexploded materials but daily planted new mines increased the number of earlier planted mines.
The experts in clearing mines fields point in to two major problems:  first the former Soviet Union forces evacuating Afghanistan gave no the maps of mine cultivated areas to Afghan authorities, beside that there is no any information about mine cultivated areas by former state forces and Taliban.
Mine problem is a complicate problem, although Afghanistan joined Ottawa treaty in 2003 that bans purchasing, planting, and using all kinds of mines and unexploded materials. Signing the treaty, Afghan forces eliminated all storages   of mines and since then never used the mines and unexploded materials in fighting against insurgents. Unfortunate Taliban still use mines and unexploded materials against Afghan forces and people that claim the lives of innocent people.
This terrorist group not only respects Ottawa Treaty, but they leave no any map or evidence about the areas where they have planted mines to save at least the lives of civilians.
Ottawa treaty that bans selling and purchasing all kinds of mines and explosive materials signed in 1997 including Afghanistan, 141 countries are its members. Unfortunately, world’s powerful countries like America, Russia and Italy the biggest countries of producing mines and explosive materials have not yet signed the treaty. Also Pakistan as the main supporter of Taliban is not signed the treaty, while this terrorist group use and plant mines in our country that claims the lives of our innocent people.
While the danger of planting mines in the world is increasing, but supporting financially the programs of clearing of mines and explosives materials in world level including Afghanistan are decreasing and the programs severely suffer from shortage of budget since 2013, if the situation continues like this the number of victims of mines and nun explosive material will increase, psychological and physical pains among the citizens of our suffering nation.     
 

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Water World Day celebrated in Afghanistan this year under the Tittle of Water for All, while reduction of surface and underground resources, and persistent draught years have change management of water in to a sever need.
BNA natural resources affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes Afghanistan is one of the countries that enjoys of having rich water resources. If the country’s water resources managed in a proper way and prevented from wasting, Afghanistan as oil – rich countries enjoyed of having a happy life and there no poverty in the country.
There are more than 70 billion cubic meter of water, in water resources of Afghanistan , but uses only from 25% of the resources and  great amounts runs to other countries .
Improper management of water has made Afghanistan economically poor and environmentally dry and deserted.
Although Afghanistan has several agencies for organizing and management of water resource of the country such as Ministry Energy and Water and Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry but unfortunately a great portion of waters of the country freely runs in to our neighboring countries. Mismanagement and lack of coordination in water sector has reached in such a level that the neighboring countries consider t the water resources as their own property and expect huge rights from the resources.
Afghanistan is water – rich country, unfortunately remained dry and deserted. The surface waters of the country runs in to other countries and the level of underground waters due to improper and nonstandard use has reach in to its lowest level.
Tyrannical use and improper of digging wheels have cause severe environmental problems and badly affected the lives of living things including plants and animals.  Shortage of water has faced agriculture sector in to serious problems and formal sources have acknowledged that due to shortage of water half the country’s  lands remained uncultivated, while agricultural economy lays the foundation of national economy in Afghanistan.
It should be repeatedly said that one of the ways that reduces Afghanistan’s dependency to foreign countries and poverty is proper management of water resources of the country, with proper management can improve the capabilities of the families’ economy and increase the level of national revenues
Today, there are many countries that have made the base and foundation of their economy via selling water, but the Afghanistan’s water freely running in to our neighboring countries and still they are not pleased.
Water management water resources should be focused as a national strategic program, because as the previous experiences show jus celebrating Water World Day, presenting reports and expressing regret have settled no any problems, just with proper management of waters our people particularly the farmers can achieve their aims and objectives. 
 

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