23 August 2019

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Commentary

Sunday August 4, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Any peace agreement on Afghanistan should be guaranteed by a credible national and international organ.  The active presence and coordination of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan can guarantee any peace agreement politically, executively a lawfully.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes American media have said that the American and Taliban representatives are on the eve of signing a peace agreement.
The US efforts for ensuring peace in Afghanistan should be welcomed. If we look precisely at realities of the last 18 years, the presence of foreign forces in Afghanistan who had come pretending struggle against terrorism was not void of problem for Afghan people. Our people were experiencing an aimless and unplanned international comparing in Afghanistan which had no any consequence, but exacerbating the problems of our people.
In spite of that, Afghan people insist on accepting responsibility by whom, who used Afghanistan as battle field for 18-year for an aimless and unplanned conflict.
America and its western allies repeatedly have said that a stable Afghanistan is to the benefit of the countries of the region and the world. Afghanistan has mentioned a country suffering from crisis. For settling the crisis first of all foreign factors of the crisis or the problem should be find out and removed. Unfortunately in Afghanistan the foreign factors of the problem have been identified, but stability and peace has not yet restored in the country. The reason is this that there are many countries, particularly Pakistan involved in the conflict and interfere for their own interests. Therefore, discussing peace issue in Afghanistan is not an easy task.
Our people know that until the foreign factors of the problem not removed and cannot talk about peace in Afghanistan and stability in the region. Taliban are working for the interests of foreigners who have following certain objectives in Afghanistan and for achieving this illegal objective and use Afghanistan as a battle field for their proxy wars launched in the country.
Therefore, peace agreement between America and Taliban, pressuring Pakistan and the countries of the region and re-emerging of Taliban in political scene will cause the concerns of other countries. America should respond to concerns of Afghan people and the countries of the region.
Responding to the concerns is only possible via guaranteeing by an international organ and Pakistan, otherwise the proxy war launched by Pakistan and some other countries will continue as before and the Afghans will be the main victims of this brutal conflict imposed on them.
In peace process with national and international dimensions the rights of Afghan government and people should be observed to guarantee the success of the process.   

Saturday, August 03, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Determining the delegation for negotiation by Afghan government and planning for commence of the new round of talks between the representatives of Taliban and America are the new development in peace process of Afghanistan that strengthens hopes.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes the newly established Ministry of Peace issuing a declaration has written that a 35 member delegation which represents all political, social and ethnical groups has been determined by the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan considering all values and achievements of Afghan people talk with Taliban.
In the main time Zalmay Khalilzad the special envoy of US foreign ministry has talked about commence of his new round of talks with Taliban in Doha.
Khalilzad after end a long tour to Kabul recently has written in his tweeter, (I have ended to me the most effective visit to Kabul. Kabul and Washington have agreed on next peace process and determining the negotiation team is finalizing. I go to Doha and before that I make a stance in Islamabad. If Taliban implement their commitment in practice, we will also finalize peace agreement.)
From Khalilzad’s statements and other sources emerge that America and Taliban are closing in to an agreement and probably America a schedule for the withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan and Taliban also will announce a series of commitments. There are also words about a secret dealing between America and Pakistan.
Declaring a schedule for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan is an achievement for Taliban, what compassion do Taliban give for this?
Taliban having military formations are trying to establish an administrative formation. While there are words about establishing a 15 member delegation to hold talks with Taliban, at first step the group should agree to a ceasefire, otherwise Taliban using their old style accelerating war will seek for more privileges that will settle no any problem.
On the other hand, differences of interests and views among the countries of the region are so high that in existence of them it would be difficult to talk about the promotion of political solution of Afghan problem.
There are hopeful words about reaching Taliban and America in to an agreement but there is no any hope for Afghan people who sustain the pains and sufferings emanate from the current conflicts.
Afghan people are seeking a honorable peace.  Today Afghanistan is not the Afghanistan of 1370 decades (Afghan colander) where different groups fighting each other and provided the ground for another group to seize power.  Now Afghanistan enjoys of having a system of government committed to protect the achievements and values obtained during the last 18 years.
Constitution, establishment of national police and army, freedom of speech, activities of political parties, ensuring women’s rights, growth of education and train system are among achievements that Afghan government and people never ignore and do their best for further improving those values.
For settling Afghan problem it is require, US conducting a regional gathering end the strategic adventures of Pakistan that in turn would lead to the ending of terrorist activities of Taliban forever.      

Wednesday, July 31, 2019
Kabul (BNA) A balanced growth of development is the important factor to overcome political problems, poverty and ensuring justice in the country. This would be possible only when the government and people act according to practical plan and program.
BNA economic affairs   analyst commenting on the issue writes it is due to the ways of balanced economic growth in Afghanistan to be discussed in a session of academics and experts held in Kabul University today.
The balance economic growth has always been a controversial issue in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan due to its disorder economy has not succeeded to experience a balance economic growth yet.
The problem is this that still there is no a clear and practical strategy on economic growth so far.
In recent years the issue of lack of balance in development has been changed in to a propaganda achievement for the critic s of the government and many figures presenting this issue have tried to become popular among the people.
While the way of discussing economic growth is a national discussion that lack of it strengthens mistrust and its existence strengthens trust in the community.
Backwardness of the countries has numerous factors that are related to each other and these factors cause delay in implementing construction programs.
Among those factors are: lack of political will, insecurity, terrorists activities, cultivating and smuggling of narcotic drugs, presence of irresponsible armed people  who plunder public resources and lack of market for agricultural products.
Afghanistan to overcome the above mentioned problems and maintaining a balanced growth needs to make a precise and scientific assessment from its requirements in economic, educational, social, politics and security fields and prepare a scientific and practical guideline for each. This is already begun by academic circles implementation of which will show the way of balanced growth in the country. 

Tuesday, July 30, 2019
Kabul (BNA) National flag is the symbol of national unity and demonstrates the pride and power of our nation that safeguarding of it, in reality is protecting the national values.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes, July 29 is national Flag Day in Afghanistan. Celebrating the national day is renewing our commitments for protecting the national values.
In Afghanistan where more than 40 years of war have made everything fragile, discussing national unity is a basic issue. Living and delivering efforts under national flag is of great importance that leads us to national unity and further organizes us.   
National flag is the symbol of coexistence and national unity that should be strictly observed.
The philosophy of existing a flag in a country indicates that there is no ethnical and linguistic differences in that country and its people enjoy of sharing the same destiny.  It is in the existence of national flag that we consider ourselves of having the same identity and the same political geography that causes self-confidence and leads to our national pride and consider ourselves responsible for building the country.
For Afghan people, their three color flag is the symbol of unity and prosperity. The three colors of Afghan flag represent an honor and explain the events that tell us about the bravery and fighting of ancestors made for the cause of freedom and independence and make the present generations to do their best for the prosperity of their homeland and welfare of their people under the flag.
Because of this our people have honestly carried out their obligations for freedom and independence of the country and welfare and prosperity of people deserved, under their three color flag.  

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