13 November 2019

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Commentary

Tuesday June 18, 2019

Kabul (BNA) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in the 19th session of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member countries in Bishkek city proposed proposals, the acceptance of which by the members of the organization can accelerate the process of peace in Afghanistan and provides the ground for the solution of other problems. BNS political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes Afghan president understanding the current realities in the region and the role of the countries of the region in solving the problems particularly the peace process in Afghanistan, presented effective and reasonable proposals in 19th session of Shanghai member countries. He has proposed, (to overcome the threats on way of peace, work with Afghan government to establish a regional and international coalition in order to create an organized and concrete framework for holding negotiations, because such a framework accelerates the process. A regional working group should work with Shanghai group to establish successful programs and projects to further connect the region and reduce poverty. Narcotic drugs should be focused as a factor of war and crimes; without doubt such a deal strengthens peace and accelerates peace process.
Terrorist networks are seeking to disrupt our future; therefore, agreement on a regional framework would be in to vital interests of us). The proposals were presented in time; narcotic drugs, terrorism and war are threatening the security and tranquility of the countries of the region among them Shanghai Cooperation Organization member countries. Today, the security and economic situation of the countries of the region is very complicated and seriously bad, terrorism and extremism have been remained potentially a threat to the region as world as a whole. The problem is this that there is no a specific definition from terrorism and the countries define the phenomenon according their own interests, that makes the campaign and organizing the region and the world against terrorism more difficult.
The Afghan people and government seriously believe that the current problem in their country mostly rooted abroad and affected by foreign rivalries, because of this insists on forming an international gathering on Afghan problem. Shanghai Cooperation Organization has been constituted from world powerful countries and allocated a large area to it and a number of its members are among the countries with high economy in the level of the world. Shanghai cooperation organization is following high political, security and economic objectives such as struggle against separatism, extremism and terrorism.
Also, expansion of economic cooperation especially in field of energy is among the most important goals of Shanghai cooperation Organization. While fighting continuation in Afghanistan takes the most opportunities from the organization and one can provide the opportunities only by respecting general interests and removing distrusts. Therefore, establishing a general gathering is an urgent need for the security and tranquility of the region.
 

Monday June 17, 2019

Kabul (BNA) The continuous tension among the members of the lower house of parliament over the election of new speaker of the parliament has faced parts of the activities depend on members of the house to certain problems. BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes passing almost two months from the commence of the work of 17 round of work of parliament, the members of the lower house have not reached consensus over the election of the new speaker of the parliaments. This caused the activities of the parliament become standstill while many legislative documents have been sent to the house not yet approved. In addition to that the parliament should make a decision over the determination of 9 candidate ministers.
More acute than all, insecurity is spreading unprecedentedly to all over the country especially to north and north east regions of the country that should be dealt carefully and cautiously. The members of the lower house of parliament believe that until an acting head not elected to lead the sessions, the deputies cannot make any decision. Differences among the members of the house not only faced the election of the new speaker to problem but also caused non –s electing of acting head, at least manage the sessions of the parliament. The efforts of a number of impartial members of parliament who want settle the problem of two rival groups who are trying to implement their own interests so far not reached any result.
The problem of electing the new speaker of parliament depends on voting, although the bill of inner duties of the house and beyond that judicial organ can settle the problem, but these two sources have been ignored. Selecting the new speaker has its own problems. Some members of the parliament complain from the interference of outsiders in the process of their activities and claim that certain circles are seeking to impose their will and views on parliament and disrupting the process of election of the new speaker. The claims and statements of some members of the parliament may be a fact but cannot satisfy the people. The members of parliament have been committed to serve the people and swore in that regard. They can fulfill their commitment via ignoring all discriminations and working honestly observing public interests.
If they today faced in to such crisis over selecting the new speaker, how they can settle more acute problems? It should not be forgotten that what have been passing in the lower house of parliament are all against the expectations of people. The people hope the lower house which named itself the house of nation to truly represent national unity and be a source for solving people’s problems not adding to their problems. Our honor depends to the house of nation and this returns to the people’s deputies how to protect the honor of their people in the house of nation.

Sunday, June 16, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani the president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan for achieving peace insists on forming an international gathering and cooperation of all Afghan allies.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes president Ghani recently delivering a speech on 19th session of the leaders of Shanghai member countries at Bishkek the capital of Kirghizstan insisted that for securing peace in Afghanistan there is a need for holding an international gathering and coordination of Afghan partners.
He considered a peaceful Afghanistan in to the benefit of the region, Shanghai Organization member countries and the world as a whole. The Afghan president has said that forming a regional and international union for cooperation with Afghan government to establish a framework for peace negotiations could be effective.
The Afghan president insisted on forming an international gathering and regional coordination for settlement of Afghan problem in which the outsider dimensions are very important, passing each day it becomes clearer that the problem mostly rooted outside the country. If it is not so, why the diplomats In Washington, Moscow, Begin, Jada, Doha, Islamabad, Oslo and Berlin have become active for settling Afghan problem.
The reality is this that the current Afghan problem deeply depends to the benefits of a number of countries and this caused a protracted proxy war among those countries.
The peace processes in Afghanistan during the last 18 years have been joined with certain optimism and pessimism and experienced rise and downs. The problem is this that the peace process mostly faced foreign rivalries and not focused on its inner dimension as it required.
Passing almost two decades from the existence of law rule government in Afghanistan, supported by international community, unfortunately still suffering from certain challenges imposed by certain countries.
The sensitive geopolitical location of Afghanistan has caused the crisis, fighting and violence become endless because the foreign countries have no similar definition from terrorism but dealt to problem according their own interests.
Afghan people need peace, while ensuring peace in Afghanistan can lead to solution of many regional problems.
Therefore, it would be necessary for regional and beyond regional countries to recognize all factors that caused tension and differences In Afghanistan and in region and remove them. This is only possible when the foreign countries don not consider the problem from a rivalry viewpoint but to have a coordination and cooperation view point on that regard.
Afghanistan due its location provides a good ground for regional trade, economic growth and cultural exchanges while the protracted war in the country destroys all opportunities.
The recent developments at level of the region and world indicate that efforts are underway for holding an international gathering on Afghanistan and many countries are seriously working for that. We hope the gathering meet its objective this is restoring peace in Afghanistan, which without doubt will lead to peace in entire region.

Saturday, June 15, 2019
Kabul (BNA) June 14 is the mother day, the mother who lays the base of the family and exercises of having high spiritual value.
BNA social affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes June 14 as a mother day is a good opportunity for valuing the services of a creature full of patience, compassionate and kindness.
Determining a day in a year to honor the mother does not reflect correctly the rights and services of this heavenly creature deserves.
Although a day in a year has named after mother for honoring the status of mother but cannot explain truly the devotions and the services the mothers carry out for training and bring up their sons and children.
In Afghan community, the mothers are facing numerous problems not justifiable among them is continuing war that daily takes the lives of dozens of the citizens and makes   a number of mothers mournful and deadly sad.
There is no bitter incident than this that the Afghan mothers daily receives the coffins of their children who lose their lives in defense of homeland or martyred in terrorist attacks in the city or in the offices. 
The reality is this that the mothers, sisters and couples in Afghanistan are carrying the heavy weight of problems and are the main victim of fighting and other problems of Afghan community and just naming a day after mother cannot reduce the pains and agonies the mothers daily sustained.
Official sources say that presently there are about two million women and girls without Gardiners and six thousands widows in Afghanistan.  Have we really helped these people in the framework of Mather Day as they deserved? 
In addition of war, terror and explosions which have made the mothers in Afghanistan mournful, they are also suffering from other social problems such as violence, poverty and social injustice. The mothers and women in the country are the most oppressed strata in our community that is not just.
There are many mothers and women in Afghan community, suffering from social and family problems and the main victims of social injustice.
We should seek proper ways according to Afghan traditions and Islamic law for pleasing the mothers, because just saying them congratulation for the occasion of mother day is not enough. The day cannot reduce the persistent pains and agonies that are insecurity, daily slaughtering children, poverty and social and economic problems. We can overcome the above problems only when we remove the mother day from its symbolic way and change it in to a means for knowing the realities of women’s life in the country.