Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Foodstuffs and non-foodstuffs have been distributed to 500 war affected families in northern Baghlan province.
Abdul Rahim Qayoumi head of Red Crescent of Baghlan told BNA reporter, the distributed assistances include, meat, blanket and cloth packages.
The aids have been provided by Red Crescent of Egypt.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) About 13 ISIS adherents were perished due to military operations led by Afghan National Security and Defense Forces (ANDSF) in eastern Nangarhar province.
Press office of 201 Sylab army corps stated BNA, the operations were conducted to annihilate ISIS fighters in restive areas of Acheen and Deh Bala districts of the said province.
It has been said, several hideouts of the terrorist group have been destroyed following the operations.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) 17 armed rebels were killed following separate operations conducted by Afghan security forces in southern Zabul and Kandahar provinces.
Press office of 205 Atal army corps with sending a written letter stated BNA, the operations were launched to suppress armed oppositions, ensure security and stability and protect the lives and properties of people in insecure areas of Shah Joy district, Zabul and Nish district of Kandahar province.
Some heavy and light weapons, ammunitions and military mobilization have been seized during the operations as well, the source added.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Over 10 anti-government militias were killed in latest conflicts with Afghan security troops in eastern Nooristan province.
Commander of border police in the east of the country reported BNA, the conflicts happened when the insurgents with passing Durand Line wanted to carry out attack on Afghan border police in Kamdish district of Nooristan.
It is mentionable that damages didn’t suffered to civilians and Afghan security personnel at the end of the clashes.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) At least 9 insurgents were lost their lives in recent clashes with Afghan security forces in northern Faryab province.
Commander of local police in Faryab told BNA correspondent, the clashes took place, while a group of Taliban militants attacked on Afghan security forces convey in Qisar district of the province.
It has been said, casualties didn’t incur to civilians and security personnel following the conflicts.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Freedom of speech and the growth of Media in the country is a great achievement in national level and this achievement owed to the creative work of journalists and public support.
BNA analyst of media affairs commenting on the issue writes March 17 celebrates as the day of journalists; this can be consider as valuing and glorifying the work of journalist who accepting all risks inform the people from the daily events of the country in this horrible situation of the country. Afghanistan is experiencing a nascent democracy that has started with freedom of speech as one of the most important pillars democracy and moving on the right direction. Enforcement of the law of accession to press further strengthened and accelerated the process. Freedom of speech and development of media in the country in spite all challenges and problems facing, is the result of devoted services of journalists who spare no any effort and devotion in that regard. Because of the heroic and the patriotic activities of journalists, they praised by the people across the country. Journalists and media have seen the most deadly incidents that even claimed the lives of some journalists during the last four decades. Currently journalists are facing the lack of safety in their daily working and this has imposed their activities to serious ambiguities, because, there is no any guaranty for protecting the lives of journalists or correspondents who provide storied from the battlefronts. In addition, the owners of media who have the authority of recruiting journalists, do not guaranty the stability of their works. While journalists and media staff in general serving with high commitment expect the support of people, government and public organizations. This expectation should be meeting and the working atmosphere of media and journalist should further improve.
On the other hand, media staff and journalists have certain moral responsibilities, before the public, they should obey them. Unfortunately, there are journalists and media that their activities are based on ethnical, linguistic and religious tendencies and forgotten the key principles of their jobs, while the work of media should be national and meet public requirements. The media and journalists can win the heart and mind of people and introduce press as the fourth power pillar in the society only when they meet their moral and patriotic commitments honestly and consciously in practice. In addition, it is to the state, social, civil society activists’ organs, and public in general further increase their support setting aside all political views from press and journalists.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Introduction: Now-Roz in Persian literally “New Day” is the first day of the Solar Hijri calendar. Although, every morning falling of the sunbeam across the earth brings a new day, yet, it is one of the total of the universal vortex cycle. Since the creator with his engineering has given a start and an end and a restart to every cycle. Similarly, the time has divided into four cycles namely, Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter, which is called a year. Thus, the first day starts at the exact moment of the vernal equinox, commencing the start of spring of this repeating cycle is Now-Roz / new day that comes from Avestan meaning “new day/daylight”.
Although there is no accurate information that traces the entire history of Now-Roz, but as long as some historians could make it yet celebrating the commencement of the New Year is amongst the oldest and the most universally observed festivals, and has a long history in the Middle East and Mesopotamia. The Sumerians, the founders of some of the oldest city-states in ancient Mesopotamia (bain al-Narayan 3000BC, present day southern Iraq), celebrated their new year by growing barley in the first month of their calendar in March/April and, in fact, their New Year was called The Festival of the Sowing of Barley. Some also link the day to King Jamshid / Yama and Zoroastrian, which could only be the history belongs to central and south Asian and Middle Eastern “Kurds”. Yet, before they started celebrating it as a religious day they used to celebrate it as the day of victory and nature “spring”.
Now-Roz a spring festival was celebrated thousands years ago in different parts of the world. China celebrated “Chûn Jié” 2000BC. Although, Now-Roz in central and south Asia was being celebrated for centuries but the history wrapped it in 600BC when Zoroaster exactly in his 30s started his journey from Balkh to central highlands. Since central highlands of Afghanistan have been always covered with heavy snow, he had to rescue himself from the freezing cold and snow in a cave for two years, where he kept expending his philosophical thought and knowledge. But, one morning falling of the sunbeam made him saying “Hey, the largest light! Would you enjoy your being in the absence of creatures benefited by your light and heat? It has been two years that I along with my Eagle and snake waiting for your glimpse, yes, it’s a new day “now-roz”. (Nietzsche, 1883)
There are two different views on celebrating “Now-Roz” during King Jamshid “Yamah”. Some believe that a long lasting battle between King Yamah and Ahriman completely destroyed the agriculture and the remaining plants got dried due to not being cared. But, ending the war and no droughts anymore brought a green spring, which was named a new day “now-roz”. While some other believe that King Jamshid had left for a world tour, he arrived to the eastern part of Azerbaijan just few days before spring came and a Royal throne and celebration was made for him one morning, which he named a new day “now-roz”. (Kriwaczek, 2002)
Celebrating Now-Roz and/or spring festival has a long history in India, which is called Vasant Panchami, also spelled Basant Panchami, is a Hindu spring festival. It is observed on the fifth day of the Indian traditional calendar month of Magha, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of January or February. Although, it has been celebrated since 1600BC 350 years before the birth of Goddess Saraswati. But, it was given an official and huge celebration for the first time when She was worn the Goddess’s Crown. (Vebnita, 2013)
Ionians one of the first civilization used to celebrate new day / spring festival “now-roz” 700BC. Ionians were migrated people from central Greece, Eastern Asia, Middle East and eastern shore of Egypt and France. They were the first people believing in Science, Researches and Experiences, they believed that nature is above everything. Thus, they used to celebrate arrival of spring because it didn’t only bring beauty but provided them meals and an opportunity of study and research. (McClelland, 1996)
Before the arrival of spring is called Now-Roz, Pashtuns used to call it Yakh-Ter “Winter gone” which later changed into “Akhtar”, spring did not only bring them beauty and meal but because of the very deadly winters that time, they had to celebrate for the survival of their selves and their livestock. But, after embracing Islam they started calling “Eid” Akhtar and Akhtar Now-Roz. Omar Khayam, born in May 1048AD did his primary and secondary education in Balkh, Afghanistan and his high and/or professional education from Chief Justice Abo Tahir Abdul Rahman research center in Samarqand. He went on to get further education from Ustad Mufaq a renowned scholar and saint of his time from Herat, Afghanistan. For being extra smart and intelligent he was appointed as an astronomer in the Palace by Kings Shams-ul-Mulk and Malik Shah Saljoqi at the age of 26. Khayam was not only an astrologist and astronomer but a mathematician, linguist, poet and an Islamic Scholar. The King made him a scientific researched center where beside of many other assignments and projects he created the Solar Hijri calendar that fixes the first day “Now-Roz” of the year based on four seasons. It’s worth a mention, that the first day of spring depends on the climate of every region. (Lamb, 1934)
If we look at the long history of Now-Roz “spring festival”, every society, culture and religion across the world celebrate Spring as to thank God for providing the beauty of nature, agriculture, economy and a hope that the half death plants give to human so they too can stand after each fall.
Spirituality / Dignified:
In Islam, Qur’an is the first source not only for dignified and/or prohibition matters but for all laws “actions and inactions”. While Hadith, Consensus, Analogy and Preference are the next sources one after other. Thus, if any subject particularly Dignified is explicitly stated and explained in Quran no other source is accepted. In addition to that, Chapter “SURA” Al-Airaf Verse “Ayah” 32 explicitly talks about the prohibition of things to eat and drink. While, Ayah “Verse” 33 explicitly talks about five prohibited things “inactions”
(33) (7:33) Tell them (O Mohammed): ‘My Lord has only forbidden indecent acts, whether overt or hidden; all manner of sin; wrongful transgression; and [He has forbidden] that you associate with Allah in His divinity that for which He has sent down no sanction; and that you ascribe to Allah things of which you have no sure knowledge that they are from Him.’ (ALLAH, 1997)
Based on the last “5th” part of the verse the act of calling anything HARAM “Prohibited” that is not prohibited by ALLAH itself is HARAM “forbidden”. Thus, prohibiting celebration of Now-Roz itself is a prohibited judgment and/or act.
Furthermore, celebration of Now-Roz is directly encouraging the sacred teachings of Islam. For instance, cleaning homes, eliminating enmity and grudges, free the prisoners, taking showers and wearing new and/or clean dresses, devotion of relatives, render mercy, unity and exchanging gifts. However, prohibited acts explicitly explained in the above verse are not bound by any time and location, they are all time prohibited actions.
ALLAH. (1997). Quran. Mecca: Fahad Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud.
Kriwaczek, P. (2002). In search of Zarathustra. London: Orions.
Lamb, H. (1934). Omar Khayyam: A Life. New York City: Doubleday, Doran.
McClelland, J. (1996). Western Political Thought. California: Routledge.
Nietzsche, F. (1883). Thus Spoke Zarathustra . Berlin: Ernst Schmeitzner.
Vebnita, A. (2013). The Sanskrit. Toronto: Jersi.
Najibullah Azad is an advocate, consultant, critic, writer, poet, political analyst and commentator, researcher and founder of Focus Research & Investigation Center, Kabul.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) For tightening security and stability and anti-terrorism effort, national unity government is making effort to create a joint procedure in the region so that terrorist activities could be ended.
National Security Advisor to President Hanif Atmar on a three-day official visit to Russia met his Russian counterpart and Foreign Minister Segey Lavrov and discussed various issues. Hanif Atmar said Afghanistan highly appreciates Russia’s initiative towards regional consensus in Central Asia in order to promote partnership in various spheres. “Traditionally, Afghanistan carries out a multi-vector foreign policy and Russia is a major factor in our country’s foreign policy,” he said. “Russia and Afghanistan have important common interests and our partnership is playing a major role in achieving these common goals. Our cooperation plays an important role in countering terrorism and drug trafficking, in ensuring peace and national reconciliation in our country and in developing trade-and-economic relations.”
Meanwhile, Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov while stressing on national reconciliation in Afghanistan said that his country planned to take additional steps towards national reconciliation program in Afghanistan.
“It is very important to continue conversation on issues of national reconciliation,” he said. “In the recent months, we have taken a number of initiative steps with participation of a number of countries that are the key foreign players.” The Russian official also said they had full determination towards further developing cooperation with Afghanistan in trade and economic, humanitarian areas and in assisting the strengthening of combat capability of Afghan security forces and army. Although a number of Afghan experts doubt political, economic and trade relations with Russian, but Afghanistan national unity government wants to have good relations with countries of the world and will never let any country use its soil against others.
Afghans believe that anti-terrorism effort is not only the responsibility of Afghanistan but it is also the responsibility of all the world in particular regional countries as terrorist activities are expanding in the region which has caused the world concern. Russia should also cooperate with Afghanistan in counter terrorism effort because terrorists want to expand their activities to Central Asia. It is worth mentioning that recent terrorist attack on Kabul has shown that terrorists respect neither religious values nor have mercy on children and doctors and make use of any kind of crimes to reach their goals. Afghanistan government should try to prevent all acts and activities which harm Afghans, concentrate on joint cooperation of the world and regional countries in this regard and urge regional countries to adopt honest measures in counter terrorism effort.
Afghanistan National Security Advisor to President Mohammad Hanif Atmar has praised Russian contacts with Taliban for reconciliation. Secretary to Russian national Security Council has said his country had contacted Taliban in order to join Afghan-led peace process. Previously Russia had been accused of contacting the Taliban group, which could harm relations of Afghanistan with Russia, but now we see that Russia is willing to work with Afghanistan so that peace and stability is tightened in the region. Afghanistan national security advisor’s visit to Russian has come amid statement of US President Donald Trump, asking most of world countries in particular Russia for creating a common strategy in counter terrorism effort and ending the phenomenon. Besides, Russian President Vladimir Putin has stressed on tightening peace and lasting stability in Afghanistan, saying that Russia was ready to provide any kind of cooperation with Afghanistan in maintenance peace and stability in the country.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) The United States President Donald Trump and the German Chancellor Angela Merkel have agreed to continue to work together in Afghanistan and against ISIS.
“I am very glad that the United States is intending to continue to commit to the Afghan mission as well. Together we fight against Islamist terrorism. Germany is going to step up its work and is going to continue its work in Afghanistan,” Merkel told reporters at a joint news conference with Trump at the White House on Friday. Trump praised Germany’s role in Afghanistan. “I want to thank the chancellor for her leadership in supporting NATO and its efforts in Afghanistan. This has come at significant cost, including the lives of over 50 German soldiers whose sacrifice we greatly honor,” said the US President. Most importantly, the two countries must continue to work together to protect our people from radical Islamic terrorism and to defeat ISIS. “I applaud Chancellor Merkel for Germany’s contributions, both civilian and military, as a counter-ISIS coalition member. We also recognize that immigration security is national security,” he said. “We must protect our citizens from those who seek to spread terrorism, extremism and violence inside our borders. Immigration is a privilege, not a right, and the safety of our citizens must always come first without question,” Trump said.
Sunday March 19, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has promised support for Afghan government policy of durable peace and stability, the National Security Council (NSC) said on Saturday.
Lavrov reaffirmed the commitment during a meeting with National Security Advisor Mohammad Hanif Atmar in Moscow on Friday, a statement from NSC added. During the meeting, bilateral relations, political links, a joint fight against terrorism, regional economic projects and their effective implementation were discussed, the statement added.
“Afghanistan considers Russian a key partner in the region and Moscow’s cooperation on the war against terrorism very important,” the statement quoted the visiting advisor as saying.
In a separate statement, the NSC said Atmar also met the head of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). “We maintain sustained dialogue with our Afghan friends and with you personally. “We communicate with you regularly in your various capacities,” Lavrov told Atmar. “Russian remained in favor of developing further cooperation with Afghanistan in trade, economic and humanitarian spheres and in helping strengthen the combat capability of the Afghan security forces, with a view to ensuring security in your country.”
He added it was important to continue talking about ways to promote national reconciliation in Afghanistan. “In recent months, we have taken a whole number of active moves in cooperation with Afghanistan and key outside players. “We are planning additional steps in this direction, and we hope to mobilize the will of the international community to move along this path,” he said. Organized crime, human trafficking, terrorism and other issues were also discussed. Atmar said being a CSTO observer Afghanistan believed in a joint strategy against common threats.
He said Afghanistan was prepared to jointly work with the CSTO for regional stability. CSTO was established in 1992 and currently Russian, Belarus, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kirghizstan are its full members. Atmar’s visit to Russian comes at a time when Moscow has started taking more interest in Afghanistan. Russian confirmed it has been in contact with the Taliban for the sake of peace in the region.