22 January 2020

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Tuesday, 26 February 2013 10:10

Editorial

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The mines as a national capital and strong supporter of economic growth in Afghanistan need an effective management. This is only possible in existence of an extensive law to protect the mines and to prevent the illegal and substandard extractions and to end the misuse of this national wealth.
BNA economical analyst writes on that regard:
The council of ministers of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,   in an extraordinary session discussed the draft law of mines which was presented by justice and mines ministries to the session. Enacting such a law is an urgent need of the time because Afghanistan as a country rich of underground sources, water and forests worth millions of dollars, still suffering poverty. One can say, in spite of having such huge natural resources most Afghan people have no sufficient food to eat. Therefore, there is an urgent need, to provide the ground for the proper use of all natural resources among the mines.
Currently due to lack of an applicable law, the mines of the country are in a concerning even horrible situation. Because of the situation the external and internal investors have no interest to invest on mines sector. According to the provisions of the constitution, the mines are the state property therefore; the mines should be used and extracted according to the permission and license of the relevant state organ. But regretfully, ignoring the provisions of the law, a number of mines are extracted illegally and particularly, precious and semi-precious stones mines are at great risk.
Using the mines, this public property illegally by influential and satanic forces is considered a severe blow on national economy and also, provides the ground for further illegal activities. Due to this grave situation, Pakistan has been changed in to a market of chromite and other precious and semi- precious stones, smuggled from Afghanistan in to that country. Daily, tens of vehicles packed with chromite and other minerals used in military industries and constructional materials are smuggled from some Afghan provinces to Pakistan. Chatral’s mountainous way and other borders of the country have been changed in to a safe route for smuggling Afghan precious stones to the neighboring countries.
Also the coal mines are not in a good condition. Besides, the coal mines have been used illegally, the unprofessional and unhealthy excavations of the mines threaten the lives of hundreds of people who work as workers there. To overcome all these irregularities, there is an urgent need for enforcement of an extensive and applicable law.
The economic experts believe endorsement of the draft law, which is currently under discussions, will guarantee the proper use of the mines and provides the ground for investment on mining sector which is now at the focus of international community.
The council of ministers in its recent session, insisted that the new law of mines, should guarantee the proper use of the mines and to meet all international standards regarding to extraction of the mines. 
Processing of mines law could be a herald for the better management of mines affairs, which certainly leads to the development and the prosperity of the economy of the country; but the economists suggest, beside the mines, other natural resources like forests and water resources which have a great role in economic progress of the country should be protected and be used properly by enforcing new laws.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) Insider attacks by Afghan security forces on their international counterparts have dramatically reduced in 2013 following “substantial” changes in tactics by Afghan and US forces.
The number of green-on-blue attacks by Afghan security forces reached record levels in 2013 however the attacks largely dropped in 2013 as coalition and Afghan commanders bolster security and improve screening of troops who might be a threat.
According to reports at least 62 coalition security forces were killed by their Afghan counterparts following 47 attacks last year but in 2013 only one insider attack was carried out.
Marine Maj. Gen. Charles “Mark” Gurganus, who commands coalition forces in south- west Afghanistan, told USA today, “I don’t think that threat ever goes away.”
Stilll, Gurganus said, changes made by both coalition and Afghan forces in his region have helped reduce the threat.
In the meantime an overall and sharp reduction in US forces fatalities have been noted in Afghanistan as compared to last year where 39 US troops were killed during the same period while  only 3 service members have been killed this year.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) Senate Chairman Fazal Hadi Mulimyar after listening to the complaints of officials with the industrial parks in Kabul, said it is government’s responsibility to prepare the ground for attracting national and foreign investors and encouraging private sectors for investment.
Some of the officials with the industrial park complained that concerned authorities had issued two ownership documents to two people on one land which creates dispute saying the decision by judiciary would affect opposite side, Senate chairman called on the government to encourage national and foreign businessmen to invest in the country and check the import of unnecessary goods.
 

Tuesday, 26 February 2013 07:03

Interior Ministry Rejects BBC Reports

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The ministery of interior has rejected a report of BBC in which it accused police of involvement in malpractice and misusing authority in Sangin district of Helmand province.
In a sharp reaction yesterday, the interior ministry described the report as mere rumors, saying the allegation against police in Sangin district will be investigated.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen Minister of Information and Culture strongly condemned the unpleasant behavior of Nangarhar security forces with the reporters.
He added that “access to information is the legal rights of reporters and this should not be put in question.”
He stressed that the security authorities of Nangarhar are required to legally pursue this issues and issue instructions to the security forces to behave with reporters in good manner.
According to reports, the reporters of Pajwok, Ariana TV, Heywad, Shamshad and France Press were beaten by the security forces when they wanted to cover up the process of an explosion that had taken place in Jalalabad city.
Dr. Raheen added that the problems of two local radio stations of Daikundi were also addressed.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The second vice president Mohammad Karim Khalili attended the oath taking ceremony of S. Korean new president Park Jon Hi, in Seoul yesterday.
In the ceremony, according to the press office of foreign ministry, Daud Ali Najafi the minister for transport and Afghan ambassador to S. Korea, Mohammad Yunus Frman also attend the ceremony.
The second vice president also attended a banquet, arranged by the new S. Korean president in honor of the delegation and guests attended the oath taking ceremony.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The spokesman of the Defense Ministry General Zahir Azimi stated the Ministry of Defense has asked the Special Forces to leave Maidan-Wardak area in due date.
This stated by General Azimi following the decision of the National Security Council that emphasized that the Special Forces should leave Maidan-Wardak in two week time.
He added that ensuring the security, good governance, separation of opposition forces from the people and creation of a secure working atmosphere and better living condition for the residents of Maidan-Wardak and Logar is a priority of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Ministry of Defense and other government security organs.
For this very purpose several delegations were dispatched to those provinces and meetings were organized with the participation of the leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the civil and military officials of Maidan-Wardak and Logar provinces and at the Defense Ministry which yielded its results.
On Sunday 6th of Hoot 1391 the security issues of these two provinces were discussed at the National Security Council during which the governor of Maidan-Wardak said that in case the security of the province is delivered to the Afghan security forces, they can better ensure security and will play a better role in ensuring peace and stability of the area.
President Hamid Karzai and the General Commander of the Armed Forces of the country on the basis of a decision of the National Security Council instructed that in two weeks times the foreign Special Forces should leave the provinces.
 

Tuesday, 26 February 2013 06:48

Senate Slams Afghan’s Execution In Iran

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The Upper House of Parliament members on Monday strongly condemned the execution of Afghans in Iran, asked the Afghan government and international human rights institutions to prevent such incidents.
Five people of the Glifgan district of northern Takhar province were recently executed in the neighboring country and their bodies were transported to their native villages three days ago.
A statement from the Senate Secretariat said Iran had promised all Afghan death-row prisoners in that country would have their penalties commuted to life imprisonment.
“Unjust execution of Afghans by Iran has fuelled concerns among the people,” the house said, calling Afghans the victims of overt and covert plots of their neighbors.
Hundreds of thousands of people had been killed over the past three decades, it added.
The House asked international human rights watchdogs to highlight the execution of Afghans in Iran and take urgent steps for putting an end to the process.
President Hamid Karzai recently tasked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to investigate the killing of Afghans in Iranian prisons.
 

Tuesday, 26 February 2013 06:47

CM Adopts Framework For Dissolution of PRTs

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) President Hamid Karzai chaired plenary meeting of the council of ministers at the presidential palace yesterday. 
To start with the CM discussed usage of foreign aid and assigned the ministries of finance and foreign affairs to reach understanding in coordination meetings with the donor countries so that they render their assistance considering the principles of the national sovereignty of Afghanistan and they should expend their commitments made at the international conferences, through the national budget of Afghanistan. 
The CM also advised all the government organs to channel attraction of the aid of donor countries through the ministry of finance and avoid direct contracts with the foreign donor countries.
The meeting also instructed the Ministry of foreign affairs and the national security council to pursue the issue of hanging of six Afghan refugees in Iran and other Afghan nationals passing prisons terms who either are sentenced to capital punishment of long term imprisonment through the diplomatic channels with the Iranian side and exert all possible efforts for solving those issues. 
Meanwhile, the framework for dissolution of the provincial reconstruction team (PRT) was taken up by the local organs department chairman and he stressed that in the light of the decree No. 45, this frame has been prepared with the cooperation of ministries of finance, economy, interior affairs and other related organs that aim of which preservation of security gains and development projects at local level, attaining of assurance for creation of no problems after their withdrawals, replacement of the structure to the permanent government entities and specifying the role of the ministries in the provincial projects  based on four main activities like the infrastructural projects, support towards preservation of logistical and maintenance, technical support and transfer of equipment of the PRT teams. 
The CM adopted the prepared framework and instructed the ministries of economy, finance and the independent local organs to implement the framework.
The CM also discussed the resolutions No. 19, 20, and 21 of the Economic committee of the council of ministers in the following manners. 
Initially, Minister of Urban development presented the Master plans for the cities of Kabul, Herat, Bamyan, Jalalabad, Mazari-e-Sharif, Kunduz and Kandahar. 
The CM called the master plans as preconditions for socioeconomic development for the coming generations and assigned the urban development ministry to specify the main points within the plans including all requirements of a modern city and present them to an extraordinary meeting of the CM that will be held in the coming week. 
Minister of Finance presented the draft of the proposal for struggle against economic crimes and stressed that this is the draft strategy in the light of which Afghanistan will be enabled to detect, prevent, investigate and follow up even complicated economic crimes. 
It should be noted that the economic crimes include banking fraud, money laundry, avoiding payment of taxes and custom duties, illegal trade, administrative corruption and terrorism. 
The council of minister adopted the proposal and assigned the finance ministry to implement the proposal. Three international conventions presented by foreign minister were also adopted.
 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Kabul (BNA) The special envoy of Germany on Afghanistan and Pakistan, Michael Kukh called on President Hamid Karzai in presidential palace yesterday. 
In the meeting, according to the press office of the palace, matters pertaining peace process in Afghanistan and bilateral relations came under discussion. 
The president, besides describing Germany as an old friend of Afghanistan stressed for enhancing cooperation between the two nations.