26 May 2017

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Saturday May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Book is a vital factor for development and progress of societies and an important means for conveying conceptions, thoughts and information and culture. Therefore, it would be high importance to popularize the culture of reading book among our communities as much as possible.
BNA analyst of social affairs commenting on the issue writes the Week of Book celebrated in Afghanistan every year, aiming to draw the attention of people specially the youths to book and reading book, since this ancient culture because of tense situation of the country is fading during the last years and almost forgotten. Reading book is called the mirror of every civilization and progress so far the countries experienced and directly linked to the consequence of their studies and researches they have launched. Book is a suitable means for conveying, opinions, thoughts, information, and knowledge from a person to a person, from community to community and finally from generation to generation.
The scholars consider Book as an outlet, through which the societies illuminated and a source for obtaining information about ancient and others civilization and developments. If we look in to our past and glorious civilization from ancient Arianna to Khurasan up to present Afghanistan, this grand land has introduced great and well-known men of sciences, writers, and literature to humanity. These great men have played an important role in serving in development and prosperity of the society via their pens and books.
Unfortunately, today Afghanistan contrary to its past, has no any interest in book and reading book and such a situation could be a fatal threat for a nation that experienced a high culture and  sciences in the past. Although, the new generation in our country especially in the cities, have access to information technology as a useful means for obtaining knowledge and information, but no used as the people and the community expect. This trend has badly affected the culture of using book as a source of knowledge and information.
Today, the culture and tradition of reading book is descending in our society, besides using IT lack of modern libraries is a big barrier on the way of researchers and other people who interested in reading and studying. In addition, lack of standard printing houses has severely undermined the process of printing and has made the writers and authors to go abroad. Lack of printing industry in the country has caused thousands of low quality books smuggled from Peshawar markets in to the country. Today our citizens are also suffering from the existence of thousands of low quality textbooks in the markets.
Celebrating the Week of Book is a good move in understanding the gaps, problems exist on the way book, and reading book, encourages the literate people especially the youths for reading book and bans them from using IT in a wrong way. 
Abdul Khalil Minawi
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Mahmoodraqi (BNA) 12 armed Taliban rebels were killed by Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) in Kapisa province.
Malik Azizi spokesman of Kapisa security directorate told BNA, the ANSF clashed with armed Taliban rebels killed 12 insurgents including three commanders of them and injured 13 others.
According to him, in the conflict, six policemen were also martyred, three injured and three rebels were detained.
He added, Mullah Ihsanullah shadow governor of Taliban for Tagab district was also among the injured.
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Based on Khan Mohammad Baz’ head of currency exchangers in Kabul, Shahzada market report the exchange rate of Afghani as a follow:
                                                                                   
One Dollar                                            68/15 afgs                           
One Pound Sterling                              87/40 afgs                         
One Euro                                              76
One Emirate’s Dirham                         18/50 afgs                          
One Thousand Pakistani Rupees          638afgs                        
One Thousand Indian Rupees               1040 afgs             
One Thousand Iranian Rupees              17/90 afgs                       
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Ghazni (BNA) 25 armed oppositions were killed in various parts of Ghazni province last night.
General Aminullah Amarkhail police chief of Ghazni told BNA correspondent, armed insurgents attacked on Waghez, Zanakhan and Dehyak districts of Ghazni province, which were faced with severe resistance of joint security forces.
He added, at least 25 armed insurgents were lost their lives and dozen others were injured.
Amarkhail added, two soldiers were also martyred and four others were injured in the conflicts. 
 

Saturday May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) China is trying to take the initiative of “One Belt, One way” in the region, specifically in Afghanistan and through this expand its role in the Middle East.
All these developments, are taking place while, US is also trying to strengthen its presence in Afghanistan, by sending more troops, for apparently, to curb escalating violence in this ravaged country.  From the other hand, China is a global economic and military power and is due to increase as a major player in all regional and international issues.  While Afghanistan is still burning in the flame violence and day by the security and economic situation in this country is getting deteriorated, China as a one of the key players in Afghanistan´s security and economic issues, may eventually involve either direct or indirectly, while the US like a superpower has had a remarkable presence in this country and in addition of having more than 8000 troops, is heavily involved in the issues related to Afghanistan such as economic, political, security and so forth. While China despite having low scale of involvement in Afghanistan, has recently showed enthusiasm for further involvement in this country. The One Belt, One way strategy makes the Chinese politics to get further involved in the region and specifically in Afghanistan´s issues.
As we are well aware that economic issues are as a main component in China´s global policy and it is possible that in the long term, China may plan to fill the gap left by US in the region. As it has dealt with regional player of Afghanistan´s issue such as Pakistan and Iran. However, China and Russia ties have been so friendly after collapse of the Soviet Union, but there is still some differences of opinion in terms of security and economic issues between these two strategic allies. As both allies are pursuing their own agendas, regarding many different things. Meanwhile, Afghanistan possess a great and unique geo-economic and geo- political location and it could be the main point of involvement of every key player to get in touch either direct or indirect in this country issues. As most of today‘s wars and conflicts around the world is due to economic reasons, in this case China´s economic lucrative corridor via Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan is part of a long term initiative step called “ One Belt, One way” that connects Pakistan through Afghanistan to central Asia and eastern Parts of Iran. This project needs to some pre- time measure such as construction of railways, as it already been finalized between China and other contributors of this plan. But in terms of Afghanistan, it is so valuable for the economic and security situation of this war-torn country. Construction of two railways from Landi Kotal to Jalalabad eastern province of Afghanistan and Chaman to Spin Boldak, as well as the construction of a dam of “Big Blue” over the Kunar River and many large-scale projects by China are is expected to be implemented in Afghanistan. But unfortunately, such a country like Afghanistan with its unique location as lucrative corridor that connects south Asia with the Central, is being used not for economic purposes but for strategic military depths.  According to analysts, this indisputable and securing project will cost $50 billion which eventually have benefits for the security and economic situation of both Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the eyes of the experts, implementing of this huge plan by China, rooted on its foreign policy goals and is due to its insistence on trying to become a great power.  Therefore, Beijing is trying to show up the world community that whatever, the Soviet Union and now the US is failed to accomplish, it is able to do it not by military means, instead by economic strategies.
After all, China wants to quell the violence and stabilize Afghanistan, and it is hardly working in the interest of its own safety as well, because Uighurs Separatist Muslim in the province of Shynzhyang of China, have close relations with the Taliban movement and other extremists groups in Pakistan and Central Asia. This is quite terrible for the national security of China to let the growing spirit of Separatism inside its soil and let the gap for spreading violence and terrorism inside the country. In addition, natural resources of Afghanistan worth trillion dollars and this itself has attracted China’s attention toward Afghanistan because if once this project is implemented, Afghanistan’s natural resources will flow to the Chinese economy. From a different perspective, China’s main objective of this project is strategic goals and meeting its security behind offering economic opportunities. Beijing believes that by offering economic benefits it can replace the violence with stability something that has numerously been proved wrong, however, Beijing pretends to accomplish it. But we cannot simply deny Afghanistan’s current position as a platform for competition instead of cooperation, as many key players in Afghanistan’s crises seek their own interest in continuation of war and instability in this war-torn country. It itself raises the level of threats and challenges to the regional countries. As most of Afghanistan’s neighbors are seriously faced with growing issues of separatism and religious fundamentalism and it should be taken seriously into consideration that unless Afghanistan is not safe and secured from terrorism as an instrument by some regional players, no regional country and as a whole the entire global community will be in peril. Among these countries, China, an immediate neighbor with a growing economic footprint in Afghanistan and the wider region could become a key player in the efforts to revive the war-torn country to a hub for wider economic purposes which from side paves the way for broader economic interests and from other, boost security in Afghanistan and the entire region. Fortunately, since the beginning of third millennium, China has been seeking to boost its global influence under its ambitious and economic initiative such as trader-boosting infrastructure projects. It automatically gives Afghanistan the opportunity to be the focal point of this growing economic power. It will help Afghanistan in the field of counter terrorism efforts, but also in the area of the efforts towards peace talks, which the US and China both have been massively involved. This is for the Afghan state-men to see both major and key players such as China and the US important and gain their support and pave the ground for further exploring the cooperation. At the moment, China is member of trilateral and Quadrilateral mechanism, which its aim is restoring the lasting peace in this war-ravaged Afghanistan and it definitely indicates that from one side the importance of Afghanistan as a strategic hub for China’s future economic projects with its unique natural resources possession and from other China’s role and its influence on Pakistan to make this country ease peace talks with the Taliban movement.
All these come after a profound shift took place in China’s foreign policy as a key player in the region. However, China unlike the US and other western powers has been reluctant in the past to become deeply involved in the ground especially in Afghan-War, based on its traditional practice of non-interference in other nations’ internal affairs, but with growing security challenge and the gradually fall of western dominance in most of the global countries, now is trying to ensure its policy of filling the gap in the case of absence of the US as a superpower in the region, mostly in those areas wherever, most of the things are going wrong instead of becoming better. As now, most of the countries supported by the US under the pretext of ensuring democracy, human rights … are war zones, but in most cases failed and escalated the tensions, caused to defame US’s prestige a superpower. While, China with its soft and economic policies has paved the ground for better ensuring relation with the world nations such as South Africa, central and south eastern of Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and so forth.  This could eventually, put Afghanistan at the center of Chinese policy to pay attention on Afghanistan’s situation for gaining better economic benefits and make this country prosper as well.
Abdul Naser Noorzad, Kabul University lecturer
 

Saturday, 20 May 2017 06:26

Book Reading Culture In A Civic Society

Saturday May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Despite of low level literacy rate of people in traditional society of Afghanistan and lack of sufficient reading and writing skill, people have poetical style and have plenty of enthusiasm to reading and hearing of fictions and epic books which was extensively common in the past in Afghanistan.
Shahnama-e- Ferdosi collection of Hafiz, Bedel, Yousuf and Zelaikha, Laili and Majnon, Shirin –o-Farhad. Warqa-o-Gulshah, Amir Arsalan etc were among the books which were often used in most evening parties and read. Skilled readers were asked and invited to attend these parties and please the participants. These readers were those rare people who had enough skill in book reading. Traditional book reading is still common in some provinces.
In the wake of development of modern technologies, the night book reading tradition and evening book reading parties were gradually fading as today there are only few enthusiasts. Modernization of connections played great role in slow downing of book business market and people acquaintance with culture of book reading. Because in the past if people wanted to attend evening book reading parties, spend their leisure time and enjoy, they had no other option to fill this gap. But today, due to development and progress of information technology in the world and Afghanistan, people are less enthusiast of evening book reading parties and prefer to listen radio, watch TV or use internet and facebook etc. But for most of those who take studying serious, book is the best means of gaining knowledge.
Economic constraint is another reason behind non-growth of book reading in Afghanistan. In most families whose members are always involved to meet the most essential requirement such as piece of bread, rent of house etc, there is no room for book reading. Because these people have no time to think on book.
This problem has caused slow growth of book industry in Afghanistan. Those who manage and capable to write, cannot support their families in this way. The chain of poor reader, destitute writer and no customer printing industry is due to economic backwardness of our country.
Like other fields, Afghanistan is dependent to imports in the field of culture. Majority of available books in our domestic markets are imported from abroad specially Iran and Pakistan. According to some book traders, the Afghan government has levied high taxes on book business and as a result prices have increased that causes its supply. But in recent years, book industries have been quickly growing and we have been witnessing publishing of hundreds books inside the country and imports of hundreds thousands books from outside.
Although Afghanistan has gained membership of world organization of international standard book number and the MoIC considers it as an achievement (International Standard Number of book has legalized book printing and publishing and the books published inside the country, enjoy international reputation) but only membership in this organization is not sufficient and book production development process is the basic issue and there are a lot of problems and shortages in publishing of high quality books.
Printing press have their own problems. At the moment due to free market, this problem has been removed to an extent. In the last over one and half decade unprecedented number of books have been published.
In few recent years, several book fairs have been organized by MoIC that play useful role in promotion of people cultural level and majority of audiences of these book fairs were university lecturers students not ordinary people.
L. Noori    
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani denounced attack on National Radio Television building in eastern Nangarhar provinces, calling it against the freedom of expression, a presidential statement said.
The president as quoted in the statement said terrorists have always been trying to extinguish the voices of those working for the media and trying to reflect the true information. He said terrorist would not reach to their vicious goals of preventing Afghans from reaching freedom and experiencing democracy.
Besides extending condolences to families of those martyred, the president vowed to do more for security of the media men.
According to Attaullah Khogyani, the governor’s spokesman, ten people, including four attackers, were killed and 17 others wounded in militants attack on the National Radio Television building in eastern Nangarhar province on Wednesday morning. He added four assailants were involved in the attack — two blew themselves up and the two others were gunned down by security forces during an exchange of fire.
Khogyani explained most employees of the broadcaster were rescued. Health officials confirmed six injured people had been transferred to hospital. They are said to be in stable condition.
Daesh or the Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the assault on national broadcasting facility. Meanwhile, a number of media advocacy groups and journalists on Thursday denounced yesterday’s attack on the Radio Television of Afghanistan (RTA) office in eastern Nangarhar province as ‘a war crime.’
Seddiqullah Tawhidi, head of Nai, an organization that supports open media in Afghanistan, told a press conference in Kabul that the governor and security organs of eastern Nangarhar province had been informed four days in advance about a possible attack.
He said security organs had committed negligence in protection of the RTA building in Jalalabad, saying local officials should be interrogated about the incident.
“Terrorists once again targeted media and journalists who are neutral and exhibited their enmity with innocent and non-military people,” he said. Afghanistan Journalists Center (AJC) also in a statement called the incident a criminal and terrorist act, asking security officials to prioritize ensuring security of media facilities and journalists and prevent such incidents in future.
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah in a gathering held on the occasion of commemoration the fourth martyrdom anniversary of chief for Baghlan provincial council Mohammad Rasoul Muhsini said he would not let postponement of holding parliamentary elections in the country.
In the gathering, the country’s chief executive asserted that he wanted no delay in holding presidential elections and would not let this happen, stressing on holding timely and transparent parliamentary and district councils elections.
According to another report, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah met members of Pakistan Track II delegation here in Kabul. This delegation is composed of some former ministers of Pakistan, retired military men, experts and influential figures of that country.
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Chaired by Vice President Sarwar Danesh, a session was held with participation of representatives of the people of central provinces and minister of public works to review problems on transit route and road construction projects.
Praising leading body of national unity government for its attention to road construction programs in central areas and establishing transport link between provinces and districts of central areas, Vice President expressed hope that by completion of the key project, the people of central areas would reach their justified and historic demands.
Danesh considered road construction projects in central areas as particular to central areas, stressing that the projects are part of national unity government’s projects to be implemented for creating transit link between provinces.
In the session, road construction projects of various provinces such as Bamyan, Daikundi, Ghazni, Ghor, Samangan, Maidan Wardak, Uruzgan, Balkh, Sar-e-Pul and other areas were discussed and reviewed.
 

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) A workshop titled ‘Diabetes and fasting’ was held by initiative of deputy ministry of financial, administrative and tourism for information and culture and cooperation of Afghanistan Diabetes Association here in Kabul.
In the workshop held with participation of acting minister of information and culture Prof. Mohammad Rasoul Bawari, deputy ministers and directors of the ministry, an official for Afghanistan Diabetes Association Dr. Emal Munib briefed related to diabetes, signs and causes and ways how to prevent from the disease, adding that it was a durable disease, but could be controlled. He further said that if the disease was not controlled, it would put bad impacts on eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, legs, teeth and all other limbs.
 

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