26 April 2017

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Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) However, Afghanistan enjoys good weather and majority of its people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods and their family’s sustenance, but still 5 million hectares of lands face with water shortage in the country. 
Officials of the ministry for water and energy said inattention of the governments and lack of necessary facilities over the last years have caused the country’s waters to be flown to neighboring countries of Iran and Pakistan.
Despite enjoying 7 million hectares of agricultural lands, deficiencies in different fields such as, substandard agriculture method, lack of reformed seeds and inattention of farmers have caused only 2million hectares of lands to be used for agricultural crops.
This is while that the proposal on saving Afghanistan’s waters and building water dams has been the issue discussed by the government officials several times, but it has not come into effect so far.
Abdul Matin Salihi, the in-charge for horticulture sector of the ministry of agriculture, irrigation and livestock said lack of water was the great challenge before agriculture growth in Afghanistan.
He believes that importing 80 percent of agricultural supplies is really concerning for a country where 70 percent of its exports are agricultural goods.
He stressed much investment should be considered to save the country’s waters, because, there is no doubt that agricultural expansion is the only way that can positively affect economic development of the country.
“Afghanistan needs 100,000 tons of reformed seeds annually, but currently, the farmers are provided with only 20 percent of the figure,” he added.
He said importing low-quality chemical fertilizers and agricultural medications are among other problems which bring down the country’s agricultural products.
A number of experts said there was no doubt that Afghanistan was among the countries enjoying good climate and enough water, but unfortunately, the government of Afghanistan could still manage the waters properly. Shir Ali Tazri, an expert said, “despite having necessary facilities, still the people of Afghanistan face with water shortage particularly in agriculture sector, thus, I hope the government could prevent flowing waters to neighboring countries and build dams in some parts of the country to help improve agriculture.” According to the spokesperson of the ministry for water and energy, building dams play imperative and strategic role in balance and stable development. In fact, construction of dams can create a great change in agricultural sector, he added. The agriculturists of the country say that water plays vital role in agriculture area and they ask the government to pay attention in building dams in different parts of the country so the water shortage problems are met or the country will face a worse situation.
Shukria Kohistani
 

Tuesday, 04 April 2017 06:01

Int’l Mine Awareness Day

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The number of mines planted across the world is not clear, but it is said more than 110 million mines might have been planted in more than 70 world countries until the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.
4th April is marked each year as International Mine Awareness Day. On this day, world countries remember the convention ‘Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention’ signed by 162 countries to protect life of hundreds thousands of people across the world. Moreover, on this day the UN is asking all countries to support the mine action program.
According to UN reports, 40 million mines have been foiled so far around the world where the number of victims was down by 4,000 last year comparing to 1997 when the number of victims was 26,000. But, more mines should be foiled in Somalia, Congo, Cambodia, Iraq and Afghanistan.
UN and other international organizations have invested more than $ 600 million for mine action and mine clearance program since 1994. Nearly 3000 people are injured annually due to mine explosion only in Afghanistan, a country where death toll is in high level due to mine and other explosive-related explosions. During the past year, home-made landmines and roadside mines have changed to key causes of innocent casualties in Afghanistan.
Planting landmines are attributed to insurgent groups in Afghanistan as responsibility of most of such incidents is taken by the terrorist groups. In most countries of the world, explosive remnants of war are even more dangerous for people. Explosive remnants of war include unexploded artillery shells, bombs, grenades, mortars, explosive ordinance as conventional munitions containing explosives, with the exception of mines, booby traps and other devices and unexploded ordnance as explosive ordnance that has been primed, fused, armed, or otherwise prepared for use and used in an armed conflict. Most of them may have been fired, dropped, launched or projected and should have exploded but failed to do so. What organizations are responsible for action against mine? Governments and those countries polluted in mines are first responsible for taking serious action against mines and mine action program. At least 30 countries receive assistance provided by UN and more than 14 UN-related and international organizations are providing various services in demining and mine clearance programs. The main aim of a number of the international organizations are to deliver services to people in particular refugees, or in particular situation as humanitarian crisis, while a number of others focus on particular section of demining-related program in various countries of the world.

Lailuma Noori
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Upon advent of spring, the bazaar of sapling suppliers have been unfading than before and more crowded by sapling buyers and sellers.
These saplings have made the bazaar more fascinating as no one returns home empty hand as if everybody knows the vital value of greenery in daily life.
Mohammad Ghulam a resident of Kabul who had bought a sapling of weeping willow said, “Sapling is very good thing when they grow, they have several and advantages to people as they use its shadow, fruit, make environment green. I have bought this sapling Afs 300 and want to plant it in front of my house. I request all countrymen to plant a sapling in their locality.
Mohammad Alem another resident of Kabul who had bought saplings of Peaches and Apricot, said, “I bought these saplings Afs 150-200. Saplings are cheaper this year than last year. Last year every sapling cost Afs 300. Everybody should buy and plant a sapling and take part in our environment protection and greenery. With planting of a sapling we should take part in environment protection.
Mohammad Nazar a farmer who has been involved in nursery since 30 years, said, “Every year, I supply and sell thousands fruitful and ornamental saplings. Sapling are cheaper than last year. One sapling of apple or Pear was supplied Afs 120 while now it cost Afs 60.
He added, the goal behind my involvement in nursery is not only my private benefit but I want to take part in my homeland greenery. Because our homeland is like our mother. So we should keep it clean and green with planting of saplings. I have established, he added nurseries with the cooperation of the ministry of agriculture and sell 50 saplings every day. My sold saplings produce fruits in three years.
Dr Darwish Mansoor who had purchased saplings of apple, pomegranates and apricots, said, we need a green and clean environ because greenery prevents pollution. Saplings reduce pollution. We should generalize plantation of saplings as a culture. It is accepted tradition of our ancestors. Everybody should take care of planted saplings.
Karima Malikzada
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) A least thirty thousand kilograms of potent C4 explosives have  been seized by the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) personnel from northern Parwan province.
The explosives were placed inside 200 sacks and were buried in Shaka village of Bagram district, according to the local government officials.
Confirming the report the district administrative chief of Bagram Abdul Shukoor Qudosi said that the explosives were discovered and seized during a joint special military operation conducted by the Afghan intelligence operatives and personnel of the other security institutions.
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Eklil Hakimi, Minister of Finance met Ismail Jaroudi, Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa at MTN Group in his office here yesterday, a statement from the ministry said.
Both sides discussed government cooperation for support of the telecommunication sector, improving and solving the problems of this sector as well as the suggestion made by this company for its development.
Some other important subjects were also taken into consideration in the presence of the officials of this company, the statement added.
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The Second Vice-President Mohammad Sarwar Danesh met with the former employees of the E-Tazkira department here yesterday.
The former employees of the E-Tazkira department told the Second Vice-President that a total number of 321 people were hired in the department through open competition in the year 2015 for three years, adding with re-starting of the E-Tazkira department’s activities these employees should be recruited again with no entry exam.
Thanking the former employees of the E-Tazkira department for sharing their problems, the Second Vice-President promised justice and said recruitment process being conducted in according to the law, saying their demands would be considered and followed through the proper channels.
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Chaired by Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, economic committee of council of ministers was held yesterday.
In the economic committee’s session, various issues such as information in connection with procurement process, reduction of products of coal industrial company, modality of city transport management in capital and provinces, report of delegation tasked to pay a visit Farooq Azam fuel company, procedure for addressing losses caused by fire in markets and manufacturing companies and addiction-related issues to narcotics and its social and economic consequences were discussed.
In the session, officials for ministry of water and energy by briefing related to national procurement system and its shortcomings, consequences and ways of solution considered fundamental amendment in the system as one of the dire needs, adding that projects would face serious problems in various sections unless amendment is brought to the system.
The country’s chief executive by confirming the report instructed head of secretariat for council of ministers to hold a joint session with participation of deputy ministers, representatives of national procurement and private sector until Thursday so that necessary reforms would be brought in this regard.
Meanwhile, in connection with proposal of coal industrial company, chief executive instructed that a join session should be held with participation of minister of mines, representatives of ministries of finance and economic, industrial union, chamber of commerce and officials of the company until Thursday and a final decision should be made after overall discussion in this regard. After delivering briefings by officials of ministry of transport and civil aviation and visions and suggestions of the committee’s members, chief executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah declared that city transport and addressing the issue needed serious review and asked officials of the relevant organs to share their particular plans and suggestions in coming session so that practical steps would be taken in this regard.
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah inaugurated national emergency operation center for anti-polio.
In a ceremony held yesterday on this occasion with participation of minister of public health, representatives of Bill Gates Foundation, World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and UNDP to Afghanistan, the country’s chief executive considered eradication of polio as big human and national responsibility, adding that eradication of polio program was in top priority of the Afghanistan government which was committed to eradicate the menace.
In the session, representative of Bill Gates Foundation by stressing on the foundation’s continued assistance to the people and government of Afghanistan regarded construction of the center as a big step towards improvement in polio eradication services, adding that this was not the end of work, but it was the start of joint cooperation in connection with eradiation of polio virus in the country.  
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Chief Executive (CE) Dr. Abdullah Abdullah has reviewed the security situation in central Uruzgan province during an extra ordinary meeting and ordered policemen salaries to be paid till tomorrow, said a statement from the CE office on Monday.
National Security Advisor, Defense and Interior Ministers, Army chief, Uruzgan governor, provincial council members, elders and other high ranking security officials attended the meeting, the statement said.
Provincial government officials and local representatives briefed CEO over situation in the province and discussed the problems they are faced with.
Uruzgan governor explained the deteriorated security situation in the province and demanded the security situation, banking and telecommunication services to improve.
The governor also demanded reopening of roads that connected districts with Tarinkot, the provincial capital, reforms in local governance, better coordination among different security institutions.
They also urged the government to launch crackdown against the Taliban as the group was behind terrorist attacks in the province and halted the transfer of food items to the districts.
Dr. Abdullah tasked the high ranking officials to review the problems of Uruzgan as soon as possible and respond to the expectations of the residents of this province. He also insisted on the salaries of Uruzgan provincial police to be given in the next day.
Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah ordered the Interior Ministry to bring necessary reforms in the police force in Uruzgan province and to meet the needs of the security forces.
During the meeting CE asked for report over the activities of local policemen and said there was need for proper strategy to organize the local security forces.
According to another report, Dr. Abdullah met with a number of Zabul elders, provincial council members and lawmaker and discussed security situation of the said province. In the meeting Chief Executive ordered Ministries of Defense and Interior to take necessary measures for improving of the security situation in the said province.
 

Tuesday April 4, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Australian Governor-General Peter Cosgrove has welcomed President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani to government house in Canberra of Australia yesterday, a statement from the presidential press office said.
Governor General Peter and President Ghani, flanked by senior officials and ministers, inspected Australia’s military guard before stepping inside for formal discussions.
Welcoming the first Afghan president to Australia, governor general pointed to his last year’s trip to Afghanistan and praised the bravery and sacrifices of the Afghan security forces in war on terror, adding his country would remain committed to its cooperation with Afghan government.
Pointing to Afghanistan’s achievements in different spheres, Australian governor general said eye-catching achievements have been made during the recent years in women’s education and their role within society and easing education facilities to Afghan children, adding Australia would further assist the Afghan government in building the life of Afghan people.
Thanking warm hospitality of the Australian government and people, President Ghani praised Australian cooperation with Afghan government in war on terror and paid tribute to 42 Australian soldiers who have lost their lives in war on terror in Afghanistan, calling Australia and Afghanistan two friends and old international partners.
Pointing to imposed war, President Ghani said Afghanistan has been in the front line of combat against terrorism, adding Afghan security forces fighting terrorists in order to keep stable the region and the world as a whole. He also called for joint counterterrorism efforts in the region.
Hinting to increasing role of women within government, the president said there are many women working in the cabinet, appointed as the ambassadors and working in other different civil and military organs.
According to another report, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani met Australia’s Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull at Parliament House in Canberra on Monday, April 3, 2017. Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull in a separate meeting has pledged Australia’s ongoing support for Afghanistan and signed a $320 million development agreement, during an historic visit by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani.
Turnbull turned on a warmer welcome saying Australia would remain focused on helping Afghanistan in its efforts to become more prosperous, secure and self-reliant. The pair signed a memorandum of understanding for the Afghanistan-Australia development partnership worth $320 million over four years to 2020.
The two countries will co-operate on infrastructure, education and employment of women and girls, agriculture and water management, training of Afghan civil servants and anti-corruption initiatives.
Also, Geoscience Australia will work with the Afghan mines ministry to improve the management of energy, mineral and water resources.
The leaders also discussed the security situation in Afghanistan.
In a separate meeting President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani met Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop at his residential on Monday, the presidential press office said, adding two sides discussed enhancing bilateral ties.
Australian Foreign Minister condemned terrorist attack on Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan hospital, saying his country would remain committed to support Afghan government and people.
Praising Australian cooperation with Afghanistan, President Ghani said such cooperation and assistance have left positive impact on routine life of the Afghan people.
President Ghani’s four-day visit to Australia - the first by an Afghan president - will wrap up on Wednesday April 5, 2017.

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