13 November 2019

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Saturday, 09 November 2019 10:29

Who is the Prophet Muhammad?

Saturday November 9, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Muhammad   was born in Makkah in the year 570.  Since his father died before his birth and his mother died shortly thereafter, he was raised by his uncle who was from the respected tribe of Quraysh.  He was raised illiterate, unable to read or write, and remained so till his death.  His people, before his mission as a prophet, were ignorant of science and most of them were illiterate.  As he grew up, he became known to be truthful, honest, trustworthy, generous, and sincere.  He was so trustworthy that they called him the Trustworthy.1  Muhammad   was very religious, and he had long detested the decadence and idolatry of his society. At the age of forty, Muhammad   received his first revelation from God through the Angel Gabriel.  The revelations continued for twenty-three years, and they are collectively known as the Quran.
As soon as he began to recite the Quran and to preach the truth which God had revealed to him, he and his small group of followers suffered persecution from unbelievers.  The persecution grew so fierce that in the year 622 God gave them the command to emigrate.  This emigration from Makkah to the city of Madinah, some 260 miles to the north, marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.
After several years, Muhammad   and his followers were able to return to Makkah, where they forgave their enemies.  Before Muhammad   died, at the age of sixty-three, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim, and within a century of his death, Islam had spread to Spain in the West and as far East as China.  Among the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the truth and clarity of its doctrine.  Islam calls for faith in only one God, Who is the only one worthy of worship.
The Prophet Muhammad   was a perfect example of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being.  Though he was a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter.  Moreover, in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of God.

Saturday November 9, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Milad al-Nabi or the Prophet Mohammad’s birthday is observed at a time when religious ulama consider the Prophet (PBUH) as bright history for all Muslims, saying that ‘the teaching of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was to promote peace and tolerance in Islamic societies.
Rizwani Bayani, head of ulama council of Shia, in an interview with The Kabul Times correspondent while congratulating the auspicious Milad al-Nabi to all Muslims of the world said: “The teaching and behavior of the Prophet of Islam was to promote peace, tolerance, brotherhood and unity among Muslims in Islamic society; therefore, the birthday of the Prophet is a bright history to the Muslim nations.”
“The life of the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) was very simple and sincere as historians even those who were not Muslims have said that behavior and treatment of the Prophet of Islam was full of affection, kindness, tenderness and peace and was inviting all Muslim nations to peace and brotherhood,” Bayani added.
The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) though initially not welcomed, gradually gained such an abrupt momentum that people started converting to Islam in form of societies and delegations. The main reason behind the swift of flow of this divinely message was its basic principle Justice. It had been long since the last prophet on the earth that the people had been suffering from all sorts of injustices.
The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) brought them what they desperately desired. And this was sheer form of ultimate equality. According to the saying of Muhammad (PBUH): “O People! Indeed your Lord is same; you are all the offspring of the same father (Adam); neither an Arab has any priority over a non-Arab, nor a non-Arab is superior to an Arab; Being white or black in skin earns you no privilege; in the eyes of your Lord the best among you is the one who fears Him most.”
An Afghan Sunni scholar and advisor to chief executive on religious affairs Abdul Malik Ziayee says when the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) was born, all the people were living in ignorance and infidelity and it was the blessing of the Prophet of Mohammad (PBUH) that the people started to prefer to live in peace and brotherhood than live in ignorance and violence.
“We should follow the path of our Prophet, end all kind of enmities with our people and live in peace as the teaching of our Prophet (PBUH) was to promote peace and tolerance among the people rather than violence,” Ziayee added.
He further said that spiritual equality, human brotherhood, coupled with the teachings of the earlier prophets was what Mohammad (PBUH) had been ascended with, adding that these precious and heavenly gifts were for all as kindness, justice and brotherhood were the basic necessities of all, Islam brought for all without any discrimination.
The Prophethood of Mohammad (PBUH) was free of the discriminations of ethnicity, nationalism and language. People from different countries, speaking diverse languages attended the gatherings of Mohammad (PBUH) as the migrants of Makkah and the Ansar of Medina were the audience of the prophet.
It is worth mentioning that there are mixed beliefs on how one observes Mohammed’s birthday. Some people see the Prophet’s birthday as an event worthy of praise. Others view the celebration of birthdays as contradictory to Islamic law.  Both sides cite the Hadith (narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Prophet Mohammed) and events from Mohammed’s life to support their views.
Suraya Raiszada

Saturday, 09 November 2019 10:27

The Prophet Muhammad and The Origins of Islam

Saturday November 9, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus. Because Muhammad was the chosen recipient and messenger of the word of God through the divine revelations, Muslims from all walks of life strive to follow his example. After the holy Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet (hadith) and descriptions of his way of life (sunna) are the most important Muslim texts.
Early Life
Muhammad was born into the most powerful tribe in Mecca, the Quraish, around 570 A.D. The power of the Quraish derived from their role as successful merchants. Several trade routes intersected at Mecca, allowing the Quraish to control trade along the west coast of Arabia, north to Syria, and south to Yemen.
Mecca was home to two widely venerated polytheistic cults whose gods were thought to protect its lucrative trade. After working for several years as a merchant, Muhammad was hired by Khadija, a wealthy widow, to ensure the safe passage of her caravans to Syria. They eventually married.
Divine Revelations
When he was roughly forty, Muhammad began having visions and hearing voices. Searching for clarity, he would sometimes meditate at Mount Hira, near Mecca. On one of these occasions, the Archangel Gabriel (Jibra'il in Arabic) appeared to him and instructed him to recite "in the name of [your] lord." This was the first of many revelations that became the basis of the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam. These early revelations pointed to the existence of a single God, contradicting the polytheistic beliefs of the pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula.
Initially overwhelmed by the significance of what was being revealed to him, Muhammad found unflinching support in his wife and slowly began to attract followers. His strong monotheistic message angered many of the Meccan merchants. They were afraid that trade, which they believed was protected by the pagan gods, would suffer. From that point forward, Muhammad was ostracized in Mecca. For a time, the influence and status of his wife and his uncle, Abu Talib, the chief of the clan, protected Muhammad from persecution. After they died, however, Muhammad's situation in Mecca became dire.
The Hijra
Emigration became the only hope for Muhammad and his followers' survival. In 622, they headed to Medina, another oasis town, where they were promised freedom to practice their religion. The move from Mecca to Medina is known as the hijra—the flight—and marks year 1 of the Islamic, or hijri, calendar.
Spreading the Message of Islam
In Medina, Muhammad continued to receive divine revelations and built an ever-expanding community around the new faith. The conflict with the Quraish continued, but after several years of violent clashes, Mecca surrendered. Muhammad and his followers soon returned and took over the city, destroying all its pagan idols and spreading their belief in one God.
The Night Journey and Ascension of the Prophet
Accounts of the ascension (mi'raj ) of Muhammad have captured the imaginations of writers and painters for centuries. One night, while the Prophet was sleeping, the Archangel Gabriel came and led him on a journey. Mounted on the heavenly steed Buraq, Muhammad traveled from the Ka'ba in Mecca to the "Farthest Mosque," which Muslims believe to be the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. There he prayed with other prophets such as Moses, Abraham, and Jesus, and ascended to the skies, where he was led by Gabriel through Paradise and Hell, and finally came face to face with God. He then returned to earth to continue spreading the message of Islam. According to Islamic belief, Muhammad was the only person to see Heaven and Hell while still alive.
After the Prophet's Death: Emergence of Shi'i and Sunni Sects of Islam
When Muhammad died in 632, he had not named a successor. One faction, the Shi'a, believed that only individuals with direct lineage to the Prophet could guide the Muslim community righteously. They thought that 'Ali, Muhammad's closest surviving blood male relative, should be their next leader (caliph). The other faction, the Sunnis, believed that the Prophet's successor should be determined by consensus and successively elected three of his most trusted companions, commonly referred to as the Rightly Guided Caliphs (Abu Bakr, 'Umar, and 'Uthman), as leaders of the Muslim community; 'Ali succeeded them as the fourth caliph.
Today the Islamic community remains divided into Sunni and Shi'i branches. Sunnis revere all four caliphs, while Shi'is regard 'Ali as the first spiritual leader. The rift between these two factions has resulted in differences in worship as well as political and religious views. Sunnis are in the majority and occupy most of the Muslim world, while Shi'i populations are concentrated in Iran and Iraq, with sizeable numbers in Bahrain, Lebanon, Kuwait, Turkey, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Depictions of the Prophet Muhammad
Featured in this unit are several depictions of the Prophet Muhammad. These portrayals, while somewhat rare, are not unheard of as there were (and still are) many different attitudes toward depicting the Prophet, and humans in general, in the Islamic world. These attitudes varied dramatically from region to region and throughout history; the societies that produced the works discussed here are among those that allowed the depiction of the Prophet. Commissioned by Muslims for Muslims, these images appear in biographies of the Prophet and his family, world and local histories, and accounts of Muhammad's celestial journey (mi'raj), as well as in literary texts. In each context, they serve a distinct purpose. They illustrate a narrative in biographies and histories, while in literary texts they serve as visual analogues to written praises of the Prophet. An image of the Prophet Muhammad at the beginning of a book endows the volume with the highest form of blessing and sanctity. Thus, illustration of him was a common practice, particularly in the eastern regions of the Islamic world.

Thursday November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan’s Bactrian treasures exhibition was opened in Hong Kong Museum of History here on Tuesday with participation of the officials of the two countries.
Addressing the inauguration ceremony, deputy minister of culture, Prof. Mohammad Rasoul Bawari pointed out to Afghan-China friendship and cultural ties, adding holding of such exhibitions would further bolster the bilateral cultural ties as well as would help introduce Afghanistan’s riche cultural heritage to the world. The Hong Kong Museum of History is hosting an exhibition of 231 items/sets of rare artefacts including goldware, glassware, bronze sculptures and ivory carvings, unearthed from the four famous archaeological sites of Tepe Fullol, A? Khanum, Tillya Tepe (Hill of gold) and Begram, now in the collection of the National Museum of Afghanistan. The artifacts include a crown from AD 25-50, and a statuette of a goddess and a glass fish, both from the 1st century AD.
The exhibition is co-presented by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department and the National Museum of Afghanistan, and it will run until February 10, 2020.

Thursday, 07 November 2019 06:16

Commentary

Thursday, November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) China and Afghanistan insist that the peace process in Afghanistan should be people - government pivotal and relation between Afghanistan and China is based on government and people relations.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes: it is due to China be the host of a session between Afghan political experts and Taliban.
The session was planned for the early current Afghan month, but the host country due to the holding four partied among America, Russia, China and Pakistan in Moscow, the session postponed.
The presidential palace has announced that Mohammad Ashraf Ghani president of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has talked to the Chinese foreign ministry via telephone. At this telephone call the two sides discussed on successfully conducting presidential elections, peace process in Afghanistan, cooperation between the states and negotiation between Afghans and Taliban due to be held in China.
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan welcomes any session or program that is able to lead peace and stability in to the country and praise the efforts of countries that have a facilitating role in this humanistic move.
Previously Afghans were also witnessing of holding sessions among Afghans in Moscow and Doha which were mostly on Taliban’s demands.
In fact those sessions were mostly designed for identifying Taliban, even a number of participants as political experts from Kabul attended the sessions have been affected by events of the time and made no any effective work.
But the time has changed the political atmosphere also changed and Taliban cannot ask for more privileges and obliged to move according to the current facts and realities. Previously Taliban were against the attendance of Afghan state delegation in any program and session. While there is no need for imposing sanctions for reaching peace, specially one side cannot deny the presence of the other side.
The people who want peace should say no to all adventures, show good well and political moral and have a strategy for peace the strategy that be based on realities of Afghan community and no section should be placed in the margin
In previous sessions a number of countries tried to keep Afghan government in margin of peace process and insured relation with Taliban once called them terrorists and insurgents
What is important for Afghan government is this that the states in insuring their relations should observe the national interests of Afghanistan and should not forget that Afghanistan credits their role as a facilitator of peace process not their goals and programs.
The stance of China is appreciable. We hope the efforts of that country lead to peace and in to a comprehensive accord among Afghans.

Thursday, 07 November 2019 06:15

ISIS Affiliates Arrested in Nangarhar

Thursday, November 07, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The local officials of Nangrhar said that four ISIS affiliates were arrested with women cloths in Achen District, Nangrhar province yesterday.
According to BNA report, the security officials of Nangarhar said that the ISIS fighters with women cloths attempted to flee the area, were arrested by police forces from outskirt of Achen District.
Shah Mahmood Maykhail governor of Nangarhar also confirmed the arresting of the terrorists said, the fighters wanted to leave Afghanistan with women cloths to abroad.
It has been several times that militants have detained the terrorist with women’s clothing in the province.
T. Yarzada

Thursday November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani met with officials of the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) here at the presidential palace on Tuesday evening and discussed purchasing of modified crops and seeds for the farmers. According to BNA report, President Ghani instructed Nasir Ahmad Durani, Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock to prepare a proposal in coordination with National Procurement Authority on purchasing of modified crops and seeds for farmers and present it to the upcoming National Procurement Commission meeting.

Thursday, 07 November 2019 05:51

Pine Nut Day Marked in Kabul

Thursday November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Addressing a gathering at the presidential palace marking the Pine Nut day, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani said the country’s treasures were no longer hidden and Afghanistan was ready and able to export them. The President said Afghan nation was well aware of the importance of Pine Nut and it was not limited to Paktia province, but belongs to all Afghan people. “Our vision is to turn Afghanistan into sustainable agriculture and exporting country,” the President told the gathering. He said there were no lack of market and it was needed for Afghans to open their minds and increase exports. The President called regional market as the biggest one for Afghanistan, saying it was needed to study the region. “Pomegranate of Kandahar and Kapisa provinces are known worldwide. I would like to see government and private sector partnership in exporting of Pomegranate to abroad,” he said. The President also asked the Afghan embassies abroad to work for marketing of the Afghan products, adding the number of diplomats would be decreased in those embassies that fail to do so. Concluding his remarks, the President asked for increasing role of women in trade and economic affairs. Afghanistan exported 1300 tons of Pine Nuts last fiscal year, and according to officials, the value of exports could reach above one billion US dollar if needed steps are taken.

Thursday, November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Aziz Ahmad Panjshiri, a professor at Kabul University was martyred by Taliban militants in Baghlan-Kunduz highway, Baghlan police official said on Wednesday.
According to provincial police spokesman Ahmad Jawed Basharat, Panjshiri’s body has been transferred to a local hospital in Baghlan Markazi district.  Meanwhile, Khalil Narmgoi chief surgeon at Baghlan Markazi Hospital told media that their investigations show that Panjshiri was almost 70 years old and killed by gun shot.
National Unity Government leaders condemned assassination of Kabul University lecturer, Professor Aziz Ahmad Panjshiri in Baghlan-Kunduz highway, saying Taliban terrorists cannot prevent expert and penmen’s determination for glorifying of culture and education in the country.
“President Ghani was saddened by martyrdom of Prof. Panjshiri, who have spent 70 years of his life for serving culture and education affairs of the country.  He has trained many students and many academic researches and works left from him.” The presidential statement quoted the president as saying.
President Ghani extended his condolences to family, friends, academic and cultural societies of the country, adding Taliban could not prevent people and penmen’s will for glorifying of the culture and education in the country the statement added.
Meanwhile Chef Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah sympathized assassination of Prof. Panjshiri, calling him as one of the prominent cultural and academic figures of the country.
“Prof. Panjshiri’s martyrdom would be a great loss to the country and the terrorists once against showed their enmity with education and culture,” Dr. Abdullah was quoted in a statement released by his press office yesterday.
Dr. Abdullah also extended his condolences to the family and friends of Shaheed Panjshiri and prayed for the departed soul.
The leading body of the Ministry of Information and Culture also condoled death of Aziz Ahmad Panjshiri, saying his martyrdom did not mean end to his life and works.
“Historic Geography of Ghor, silk road, landscape of the cities in Naser Khesraw Balkhi logbook, Panjshiri the land of heroes and chronology of Kabul incidents are the popular works of Aziz Ahmad Panjshiri,” the ministry said in a statement.  The ministry went on saying that Panjshiri was the member of the commission and was working hard for promotion and preservation of culture in the country.
Panjshiri retired from teaching at Kabul University almost four years ago and was currently working with Kabul Municipality and Ministry of Information and Culture.

Thursday, November 7, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah chaired the displaced and returnees’ executive meeting here at the Sapidar Palace on Tuesday, a statement said.
Addressing the session, minister of refugees and repatriates Sayed Hussain Alemy Balkhi said his led ministry could register around 95 thousand of displaced families, where 52 thousand of which being supported by the international donor agencies and 12 others by the Afghan government. “We are trying to attract more support for remaining 31 thousand displaced families,” the statement from Chief Executive Press Office said.
The representatives of the ministry of refugees and repatriates and UN high commissioner for refugees briefed the session on upcoming international meeting of migration which would be held in Geneva from 17 to 18 December, calling the meeting a good opportunity for attracting more support to the displaced and returnees, according to the statement.
Thanking the ministry of refugees and repatriates as well as the UN high commissioner for refugees’ efforts, Dr. Abdullah instructed them to speed up their winter support programs for the returnees and displaced families.
The Chief Executive said a technical committee should be established to specify those in need and prioritize their works accordingly before the arrival of winter session, the statement added.

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