24 March 2017

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Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The government of Pakistan has recently decided to use any means to expel the Afghan refugees.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Afghans living in Pakistan are not able to step out of their homes for work. The Afghan refugees don’t have physical and mental security, however, forced returns of migrants is an illegal act and in contrary with international conventions, UNHCR added. The Pakistan police nightly enter the Afghans’ homes and forcibly take money from them. Afghan refugees told Human Rights Watch that a toxic combination of insecure legal status, the threat of deportation during winter, and police abuses – including crippling extortion, arbitrary detention, and nocturnal police raids – had left them with no choice but to leave Pakistan. Pakistani authorities have carried out a campaign of abuses and threats to drive out nearly 600,000 Afghans since July 2016, Human Rights Watch said in a report. The returnees include 365000 registered refugees, making it the world’s largest mass forced return of refugees in recent years. They now face spiraling armed conflict, violence, destitution, and displacement in Afghanistan. Therefore, the UN and international donors should press Pakistan to end the abuses, protect the remaining 1.1 million Afghan refugees in Pakistan, and allow refugees among the other estimated 750,000 unregistered Afghans there to seek protection, Human Rights Watch said. Those refugees face any threat in Afghanistan should be supported by Pakistan and UN. Furthermore, police bad behavior with them should be prevented. UNHCR asked Pakistan to stop such a prejudicial way and extend the refugees cards.  This is while that there are hundreds of thousands of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Afghanistan in urgent need of humanitarian assistances and tens of thousands of Afghan refugees are waiting to return from Europe.
Pakistan’s forced return of Afghans has come at a particularly dangerous time, with the conflict in Afghanistan killing and injuring more civilians than at any other time since 2009, displacing at least 1.5 million people, and with a third of the population destitute.  Thus, if such a move is not prevented, hundreds of thousands of Afghan refugees will flow into Afghanistan by next month, an action which will result in great social challenges. Likewise, the Pakistani government should avoid recreating in 2017 the conditions that coerced Afghan refugees to leave in 2016, Human Rights Watch said. It should end police abuses and deportation threats, and extend refugee permits until at least March 31, 2019.  UNHCR should publicly challenge any further pressure Pakistan places on Afghan refugees to leave. International donors should help Pakistan to properly assist and protect Afghan refugees until it is safe for them to return home, and support UN emergency operations. Afghanistan is a country where has been faced immigration, narcotics, IDPs and terrorism challenges since long and the government is not able to solve them all. Immigration is the legal right of anyone and everyone can settle in any part of the world, but based on special standards and international conventions. The countries don’t have the right to compulsorily expel the refuges but should pave the way for their volunteer return.
Lailuma Noori
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) There are over 5000 historical monuments in the country most of posing to danger of destruction including 28 in Baghlan requiring rebuilding urgently.
Head of Baghlan provincial information and culture department Shukria Asil said, “Baghlan province is area with ancient treasuries due to its historical background which is indicator of cultural and ancient identity of this territory this land has been the heir of the biggest pre-Islamic religions including Budhism, vidi,, Zoroaster and Brahmanism each with a 5000 years background led by powerful sultans, leaders and rulers like Yema, Kadfizos, Kanishka etc. She added, historical sites of Baghlan province included Tapa Sorkh Kotel, Cheeen Qala, Shemorque, Chaharshanbe Tapa which all of them located along the silk route. Two historical monuments have recently been discovered in Shemorque site by domestic and foreign archeologists that are the most important relics after Bamyan idles. The second monument has been discovered in Chehel Qala and according to archeological researches belong to Koshanids ear. This monument has been considered as the Koshanids cultural center Historical bricks in this site show that its very priceless work.
Ms. Asil went on to said, “This site was manuscript is one of the most important relic. A sculpture without head was discovered in Sorkh Kotal and is currently in Kabul museum, might have been belonged to the first koshands king. Touching the situation of Baghlan historical monuments, Ail said, “Its situation is very disturbing particularly the monument in Shemorque which is being collapsing due to natural disasters. We have so far sent several official letter to the HQ MoIC but so far no attention has been invited for its rehabilitation. There is a huge rock on the top of this relic that if it collapses, the relic will be destroyed after the discovering, the French, British and Afghan experts determined its background and amounted that it’s the second important ancient relics after Bamyan. Ms. Asil said, unfortunately no historical monument has been repaired in Baghlan so far. The ex-deputy MoIC for culture affairs had also visited this site three years ago and promised to send a team for repairing but nothing was happened. We have prepared a development plan for 2017 on touristic sites and sent a clear proposal.
Karima Malikzada
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Eight armed oppositions were killed and eight others were wounded following air attack carried out by Afghan air forces in southern Kandahar province last night.
BNA quoting from Ministry of National Defense, the air raid launched in the framework of a military operation in insecure areas of Nish district of Kandahar province, in which 16 anti-government militias have been killed and wounded.
According to another report, 10 rounds of different type of mines have been discovered and defused during military operations conducted by Afghan security troops in relevant areas of Kandahar province.
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) At least 30 people including two military personnel have been rescued from Taliban jail by Afghan security personnel in southern Helmand province last night.
Ministry of National Defense press office issued BNA, the people were imprisoned by Taliban militants in Nad Ali district of the province and have been rescued during a special operation carried out by Afghan Commando and National Army soldiers. 
Two rounds of mines have been discovered and neutralized during the operation as well, the source added.
It is mentionable that already dozens people who were imprisoned by Taliban militants have been released during special operations conducted by Afghan security forces in different parts of the said province.
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Over 21 ISIS loyalists were killed and 9 wounded during a special operation led by Afghan National Army troops in eastern Nangarhar province.
Press office of Ministry of National Defense reported BNA, the operation was conducted to suppress ISIS terrorist group, ensure peace and stability and protect the lives and properties of people in restive areas of Koot district of the province.
Some have and light weapons belonging the terrorist group have been destroyed during the operation as well, the source added.
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Violence against women in addition to physical harms also causes mental trauma to its victims.
The annual report of Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission released a couple of days ago indicates that violence against women in Afghanistan has increased. The report says violence against women in Afghanistan in 2016 has increased 8.6% than the previous year. BNA reporter regarding the issue reports, the findings of the report suggest that the increase of the figures of violence against women indicate that coming of violence stricken  women to legal and judicial organs have increase, but due to lack of rule of law has caused dissemination of immunity from punishment and increase of violence against women. The report claims that illiteracy, addiction, lack of security, the culture immunity from punishment, lack of trust to justice and judicial organs and unfavorable traditions and custom are the main factor behind the increase of violence against women. The authorities of Afghan Independence Human Rights Commission for reduction of violence against women suggest matters as follow:  public awareness from their rights, providing the ground for the employment of women, ending the rule of unfavorable traditions and customs, amending and reviewing certain laws in that regard and establishing facilities for access of women to justice and judicial organs.
Increase of violence against women rights in Afghanistan, even dealing with this socially deprived class in our community as a commercial good, takes place in time in a time where the women enjoy the support of democratically government and international community in the last decade. The hopes for the equality of gender have increase and ensuring women’s rights has committed in constitution, unfortunately these commitments have remained on the paper and not yet employed in practice, the recent report of  Independent Human Rights Commission is a clear evidence of  our claim. Still the women are deprived even from their basic rights. The main concern of world community regarding to the women rights in Afghan community especially in remote areas is the existence of old traditions and customs that threat the women’ rights the most. It should be note that violations against women rights in Afghanistan take place while the Islamic teachings have clearly showed and emphasis on observing the rights and obligations of women in the community. Lack of religious knowledge, illiteracy, prevail unfavorable traditions and custom and man rule in the community are the major factors of violence against women in our country. Therefore, to rid the women from violence, providing religious knowledge, eradication of illiteracy and ending to unfavorable traditions and customs are severely needed.
 

Monday, 13 March 2017 06:21

ANSF Kill 31 Insurgents In 24 Hours, MoI

Monday, March 13, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) have killed 31 militants during series of operations across the militancy-battered country over the past 24 hours, said the Interior Ministry in a statement on Sunday.
During the operations that covered parts of Wardak, Nangarhar, Daikundi and Uruzgan provinces, according to the statement, two other insurgents have been injured and another 12 captured. The statement did not say if there were casualties among security personnel.
However, it added that the Defense and Security Forces have stepped up counter-terror operations to curb insurgency in the country.
The hardliner Taliban and Islamic State groups have intensified anti-government activities elsewhere in insurgency-hit Afghanistan.

Monday, March 13, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Under the presidential decree Amrullah Saleh has been appointed as state minister for reforms in security sector and Sancharaki as deputy minister for information and culture on publication affairs, Bakhtar News Agency said Sunday.
The Presidential Press Office said in a statement that under a special decree by President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, a ministry has been established for reforms in security sector.
According to the statement, Amrullah Saleh the ex-NDS chief was appointed as minister for the new ministry and as head of the high board for appointments in the security and defense sectors.
According to another statement from the presidential office another decree issued appointing Sayed Fazil Sancharki as the deputy publications minister for the Ministry of Information and Culture (MoIC) replacing and Sayeda Mojgan Mostafavi as finance and administrative deputy minister for the MoIC, replacing Zardasht Shams.
Another presidential decree, a separate statement said was issued by the presidential press office appointing Ahmad Sayed Mahjoor as finance and administrative deputy minister for the Ministry of Higher Education and Tafsira Hashimi as deputy chancellor for the Kabul University on Students Affairs.

Monday, March 13, 2017
Kabul (BNA) A conference was held to mark the county’s cultural heritages, in which messages of the leaders of the national unity government had been read out, BNA reported the other day.
President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah extended their messages hailing a conference held by the ministry of information and culture on protection of historical heritages, a statement said BNA reported the other day.
The country’s president said Afghanistan, with multi-millennium historical background was one of the regional and world most ancient countries, said the agency.
“Cultural work of our country is the indicator of magnificence and glory of our ancestors’ works”, said the president emphasizing on full efforts to protect them.
Smugglers and opportunists, during the last several decades of disorders and mayhems spared no effort to blow heavy slap to the country’s cultural heritages, the statement regretted lauding the ministry of information and culture for doing more to hold 2thd Hoot as the cultural Heritages Protection Conference.
The president asked both the ministry of information and culture and the international partners for making effort to protect thousands of precious cultural heritages through a firm and specific program, according to the agency.
Chief Executive of the National Unity Government, Dr. Abdullah also extended his good will on the occasion of the ministry of information and culture to hold the conference for protection of the country’s cultural heritages said: “This wasn’t enough to hold only conference on the occasion and remain proud of the country’s ancient cultural heritages, but they should protected well and work for their enrichment.”
The CE blamed the last decades-long war of helping unexpected incident to inflict heavy blow to the country’s cultural and historical heritages, the statement quoted.
He said the government was firm to do more for protection of the country’s cultural heritages and asked the ministry of information and culture to provide exact report about the country’s entire historical and cultural heritages and submit to the leadership of the national unity government.
According to the Bakhter news agency, acting minister of information and culture, Prof. Mohammad Rassoul Bavari said messages of the country’s leaders indicted that they are committed to help protect and preserve the country’s cultural heritages and that signing contract between his led ministry and the ministry of rural rehabilitation and urban development would provide the ground for better protection of the country’s ancient relics and historical heritages. He said protection of the cultural heritages of the country was the responsibility of all Afghans and asked the mass media to enlighten the public minds about the protection and preservation of the country’s ancient relics and historical monuments.
The acting minister, during the meeting signed a contract with the minister of rural rehabilitation and urban development, Eng. Nasir Ahmad Durrani and deputy to the rural development ministry, Mohammad Akbar Ahmadi.

Monday, March 13, 2017
Kabul (BNA) “Rule of law is impossible without an independent justice system, thus, no one is allowed to interfere in justice and judiciary organs’ affairs,” Chief Executive, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah said on Sunday, his office said in a statement.
According to the statement, speaking in a ceremony held yesterday under the name of ‘Rule of Law and Justice”, Dr. Abdullah said that the judiciary system must have its independence against any organ and there must be no interference in their affairs.
Dr. Abdullah also stressed that justice will be applied only when we uproot oppression and corruption from the society, the statement added.
At the same time, the Second Vice President, Sarwar Danish said that bringing reforms in judicial system was a need and complained about bribery.
During the ceremony, Attorney General also vowed to seriously fight corruption within the judicial system.
“The Government of Afghanistan is decisive to fight corruption, our justice system could remove Afghanistan’s name from the index of corrupt countries in six months,” said Mohammad Farid Hamidi, the Attorney General of the country. The seminar was held by Supreme Court of the country.

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