26 June 2017

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Culture

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Deputy Minister of cultural affairs and Acting Minister of Information and Culture, Prof. Mohammad Rasoul Bawari met chairman of the Russian Center of Sciences and Culture (CSC) to Kabul here yesterday, BNA reported.
At the outset, the chairman of Russian Center of Sciences and Culture briefed the acting minister on the activities of the center, including participation of a number of Afghan youth in 19th Global Youth Festival in Russia, inauguration of the center in Kabul, easing of touristic trips to Russian tourists and organizing of a number of cultural events in Kabul.  He also asked for the ministry’s cooperation.
Hinting to importance of cultural cooperation, Prof. Bawari said cultural relations was the priority of the government, adding Ministry of Information and Culture was seeking to enhance cultural ties with Russian Federation.
He also assured of the ministry’s cooperation with the center.
 

Sunday May 21, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Praying ceremony of four employees of the national Radio & Television of Afghanistan who were martyred during a terrorist attack on their office in Nangarhar was held here in Wazir Akbar Khan mosque yesterday, BNA reported.
In the praying ceremony which was organized on behalf of the martyred families and the leading body of RTA, a number of senior government officials, MPs, employees of the ministry of information and culture and media outlets’ representatives were attended. During the attack on RTA office in Nangarhar, four employees and two security personnel were martyred and 23 others were injured.
 

Saturday May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Book is a vital factor for development and progress of societies and an important means for conveying conceptions, thoughts and information and culture. Therefore, it would be high importance to popularize the culture of reading book among our communities as much as possible.
BNA analyst of social affairs commenting on the issue writes the Week of Book celebrated in Afghanistan every year, aiming to draw the attention of people specially the youths to book and reading book, since this ancient culture because of tense situation of the country is fading during the last years and almost forgotten. Reading book is called the mirror of every civilization and progress so far the countries experienced and directly linked to the consequence of their studies and researches they have launched. Book is a suitable means for conveying, opinions, thoughts, information, and knowledge from a person to a person, from community to community and finally from generation to generation.
The scholars consider Book as an outlet, through which the societies illuminated and a source for obtaining information about ancient and others civilization and developments. If we look in to our past and glorious civilization from ancient Arianna to Khurasan up to present Afghanistan, this grand land has introduced great and well-known men of sciences, writers, and literature to humanity. These great men have played an important role in serving in development and prosperity of the society via their pens and books.
Unfortunately, today Afghanistan contrary to its past, has no any interest in book and reading book and such a situation could be a fatal threat for a nation that experienced a high culture and  sciences in the past. Although, the new generation in our country especially in the cities, have access to information technology as a useful means for obtaining knowledge and information, but no used as the people and the community expect. This trend has badly affected the culture of using book as a source of knowledge and information.
Today, the culture and tradition of reading book is descending in our society, besides using IT lack of modern libraries is a big barrier on the way of researchers and other people who interested in reading and studying. In addition, lack of standard printing houses has severely undermined the process of printing and has made the writers and authors to go abroad. Lack of printing industry in the country has caused thousands of low quality books smuggled from Peshawar markets in to the country. Today our citizens are also suffering from the existence of thousands of low quality textbooks in the markets.
Celebrating the Week of Book is a good move in understanding the gaps, problems exist on the way book, and reading book, encourages the literate people especially the youths for reading book and bans them from using IT in a wrong way. 
Abdul Khalil Minawi
 

Saturday May 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Despite of low level literacy rate of people in traditional society of Afghanistan and lack of sufficient reading and writing skill, people have poetical style and have plenty of enthusiasm to reading and hearing of fictions and epic books which was extensively common in the past in Afghanistan.
Shahnama-e- Ferdosi collection of Hafiz, Bedel, Yousuf and Zelaikha, Laili and Majnon, Shirin –o-Farhad. Warqa-o-Gulshah, Amir Arsalan etc were among the books which were often used in most evening parties and read. Skilled readers were asked and invited to attend these parties and please the participants. These readers were those rare people who had enough skill in book reading. Traditional book reading is still common in some provinces.
In the wake of development of modern technologies, the night book reading tradition and evening book reading parties were gradually fading as today there are only few enthusiasts. Modernization of connections played great role in slow downing of book business market and people acquaintance with culture of book reading. Because in the past if people wanted to attend evening book reading parties, spend their leisure time and enjoy, they had no other option to fill this gap. But today, due to development and progress of information technology in the world and Afghanistan, people are less enthusiast of evening book reading parties and prefer to listen radio, watch TV or use internet and facebook etc. But for most of those who take studying serious, book is the best means of gaining knowledge.
Economic constraint is another reason behind non-growth of book reading in Afghanistan. In most families whose members are always involved to meet the most essential requirement such as piece of bread, rent of house etc, there is no room for book reading. Because these people have no time to think on book.
This problem has caused slow growth of book industry in Afghanistan. Those who manage and capable to write, cannot support their families in this way. The chain of poor reader, destitute writer and no customer printing industry is due to economic backwardness of our country.
Like other fields, Afghanistan is dependent to imports in the field of culture. Majority of available books in our domestic markets are imported from abroad specially Iran and Pakistan. According to some book traders, the Afghan government has levied high taxes on book business and as a result prices have increased that causes its supply. But in recent years, book industries have been quickly growing and we have been witnessing publishing of hundreds books inside the country and imports of hundreds thousands books from outside.
Although Afghanistan has gained membership of world organization of international standard book number and the MoIC considers it as an achievement (International Standard Number of book has legalized book printing and publishing and the books published inside the country, enjoy international reputation) but only membership in this organization is not sufficient and book production development process is the basic issue and there are a lot of problems and shortages in publishing of high quality books.
Printing press have their own problems. At the moment due to free market, this problem has been removed to an extent. In the last over one and half decade unprecedented number of books have been published.
In few recent years, several book fairs have been organized by MoIC that play useful role in promotion of people cultural level and majority of audiences of these book fairs were university lecturers students not ordinary people.
L. Noori    
 

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