24 January 2017

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Culture

Saturday December 31, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Dr. Kamal Sadat, acting minister of information and culture and deputy minister of youth affairs chaired a session of the ministry’s publication directorates here on Wednesday morning, BNA reported.
According to the agency, the session was attended by editor-in-chiefs of The Kabul Times, Anis, Hewad and Islah dailies, adding the session reviewed the problems ahead of the government media,and the acting minister of information and culture vowed to solve them. Inactivation of the ministry’s website, distribution of the dailies across the country and low circulation were the main issues discussed during the meeting, the agency added. Hamidullah Arefi, Editor-in-Chief of The Kabul Times briefed the minister on activities of the daily, adding establishment of the website, social pages of the Facebook and Twitter are the main achievements of the daily which has made The Kabul Times to be the leading government newspaper in the country. Praising The Kabul Times activities, Dr. Kamal Sadat instructed the officials concerned to address the dailies problems as well as consider their timely publication in five zones of the country.
 

Thursday December 29, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Cinema is a technological audiovisual media by which economic activity take place with capability of artistic use.
A cinema work is called cinematographic film composed of picture elements (in form of collection of frames) and sound (dialogue, sound and music). A film is made based on scenario and by a collective of players, directors’ film makers and other factors. As the newest branch of art, cinema is known to 7th art as today it offers one of the most general and popular artistic products. A building in which a film is screened is also called cinema. For the first time, in early 20th century cinema arrived in Afghanistan. But due to disagreement of some ruling political circles as well as conservative clergymen, it failed to develop. In 20th century, film making had many fluctuations and in 40s and 60s solar decades it culminated but in the subsequent government it set down and less films with high quality were made in Afghanistan. Beside his other progressive measures, late king Amanullah for the first time imported a cinema projector in 1922 and the first film was screened in that year to public in Paghman public garden. The first cinema Building was called cinema Behzad that unfortunately was completely closed under the pressure of clergymen between 1307-1311 solar years. In the wake of collapse of Bacha-e-y-Saqawa, King Nader Shah also followed a conservative policy of clergymen and until the end of his monarchy, cinema was forbidden. Following the taking over of Zahir Shah in 1312, cinema were reopened and screened Indian, Iranian, American and Russian movies. In 1964, the first Afghan film was made known as “A daughter with white shirt”. Later on in 1968 the Afghan Film Agency was established by Eng Latif. The 40s and 60s decades were the peak of Afghan cinema ascension that covers the period of prime minister-ship and republic of Daud Khan in which several films including rabiu-y-Balkhi, Hakim Jamhouri, Jenayatkaran, Sculptures lough and oqab in which late Zaher Howida had played the central role. With the establishment of democratic republic of Afghanistan particularly the beginning of 80s works were intensified towards growth of cinema art and production of cinematographic and televised films.
We can mention the films of Saboor-e-Sarbaz, Da Kondi Zoi, Mardharaqowlas, Farar, noqta-e-Nairangi and talash which were encouraging. In these years, acknowledged Balleywood stars including Feroz Khan, Hema Malini , Amitabh Bachchan visited Afghanistan at the invitation of cultural authorities and late president Najeebullah and recorded tapes of our beautiful natures. In these years grounds were paved for professional education of young Afghan in abroad like India, GDR, Czech and the then USSR. As a result of collapse of Dr. Najeebullah regime in 1992 the art of cinema and theatre like other artistic branches similar to king Amanullah period were stagnated and destroyed due to bloody imposed factional wars and conflicts and over shadowed by black cloud of ignorance and devastation and ultimately during the Taliban rule, art was absolutely forbidden and unlawful. As a result of coseqcure wars and conflicts majority of artists fled to other parts of the world and they made many high quality Afghan films including the comedy film of Sher Agha and Shirin Gul, Daawat wa Adawat, As Salman ta Sultan, Shetab wa Shekast, Khak and khakester etc. In current situation, our cinema has not developed unfortunately due to free market system and lack of investment in this sector as well as plenty of privation TV channels.
Lailuma Noori
 

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Kabul (BNA) In a meeting with the Acting Minister of Information and Culture and Deputy of the Youth Affairs, Dr. Kamal Sadat, chief and some member of Nayeb Aminullah Khan Logari council asked him of naming Beni Hesar Avenue after him, BNA reported the other day.
Dr. Sadat said Nayed Aminullah Khan belonged to the entire people Afghanistan and his office planned to hold a seminar related to him and the activities he has done, quoted the agency.
He said their suggestion would be taken to the Road Naming Commission.
 

Tuesday December 27, 2016

Kabul (BNA) The program to help those having optical problems has been conducted by Bayat Foundation in cooperation with human resources department of the ministry for information and culture at the beginning of the year.
It aims at helping those government employees who are not financially able to treat their vision problems. Dr. Salih Samimi, an optometrist working in Bayat Foundation told that the foundation’s health services have been implemented in nine ministries so far. “We have checked the eyes of many employees who had visual problem. Then we have registered them and after one month, they will receive their glasses,” he further said. Currently, our programs are going on in other government administrations, he added. Then we plan to implement our programs in city schools and will finally cover all provinces of the country, he went on to say. On children optical problem, he said, ‘children don’t know they have visual problem unless they are taken to an optician. Therefore, it is the responsibility of their parents to take them to an optician so they don’t face any problem when they become young.’ Right now, we have covered 50 employees of each ministry, he continued. The human eye is the organ which gives us the sense of sight, allowing us to learn more about the surrounding world than we do with any of the other four senses.
We use our eyes in almost every activity we perform, whether reading, watching, television, and in other countless ways. Nowadays, good vision is critical and essential to conducting activities of daily living easily. It is important for language, and affect developmental learning, communicating, working, health and quality of life. Sayed Mirwais Hashimi, who works in ear section of the foundation said, ‘it should be mentioned that our project names ‘Afghans Optic Section’, as we have already covered many ministries including information and culture, water and energy and economy.’ Likewise, we have another project names ‘Helping to Deaf People’, he said, adding we have implemented this program in Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif and Parwan provinces. “All those having hearing problems, after checkup, will be provided with ear-devices free of charge to help them hear appropriately,” he added. This program has been conducted by Bayat Foundation for the first time, through which the government employees will be provided with optic treatment free of charge.
Karima Malikzada
 

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