Tuesday December 27, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Improper nutrition has been blamed to be the worst reason behind most cases of children and mothers’ undernourishment in Afghanistan, officials in the ministry of public health said.
Malnutrition affected children fail to normally grow and keep their intelligence intact in a country like Afghanistan, where most of them lacked sound nutrition rising from economic problems in their families, said Dr. Mah Gul working for Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan Hospital, adding children under 5 years of their ages usually suffer from malnutrition. She advised mothers not to leave breastfeeding their newborn babies until they reach two years of their ages, otherwise, they would find them affected with such abnormality. “Taking different types of foods with enough advised vitamins as well as vegetables helps both mother and child remain healthy and fresh and saved of unintelligence, during pregnancy and after birth they both should have normally the same menu,” said Dr. Mah Gul. She also called on mothers to keep themselves healthy during both pregnancy and afterbirth, by usually referring to the related healthcare centers. Meanwhile, according to the ministry of public health, malnutrition cases are expected to be ended by 2030, a priority of the ministry that could echo as good news among the Afghan citizens.
44 percent of under 25 individuals, including women during pregnancy suffer from iron deficiency and anemia and more than 18 percent of children suffer lack of vitamin D, a deficiency would push children towards growing abnormally, said the ministry’s officials. Insufficient nutrition would cause unintelligence in the children that gradually leads to an unsound society, said the official. Meantime, physicians blame some households with newborns for not obeying health advices and failing to distinguish between quality and non-quality milk powders. “They [mothers] usually purchase milk powers packed in colorful cans and believe these types could contain quality stuff. While this approach is wrong, and they should refer to the related physicians and take advice that which one should be prescribed as the most effective food and tunic nutrient for their babies.”
Monday December 12, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Over the last several years, smoking shisha has increased among the youth and teenagers, as a number of the Kabul citizens while expressing concern over the issue said that a number of youth have been addicted while they immigrated to foreign countries.
Obaidullah, a Shahr-e-Naw resident told that there are many hookah bars in Kabul city and unfortunately the youth can easily access shisha. He also added that I am of those youth who daily go to hookah bars with his friends and smoke hookah, although, I know it harms my health, but it is so hard to leave that. Anosh, another resident believes that narcotics must not be used, but unfortunately, he smokes cigarette and shisha since one year. He asked the ministries of public health and interior to close the hookah bars and cafes, so the people never go there. A number of people said if serious attention was not paid by the ministry of public health and other relevant organizations, a huge number of youth would be addicted in the future. This is while that recent World Health Organization (WHO) findings suggest that one person is being died in each 8 seconds in the world due to using narcotics.
It is to be mentioned that the tobacco control law, with five season and 25 article have recently been approved by the lower house of the parliament. Based on this law, smoking is not allowed in general places. Hookahs are water pipes that are used to smoke specially made tobacco that comes in different flavors, such as apple, mint, cherry, chocolate, coconut, licorice, cappuccino, and watermelon. Although, many users think it is less harmful, hookah smoking has many of the same health risks as cigarette smoking. Hookah tobacco and smoke contain many toxic agents that can cause clogged arteries and heart disease. In fact, an hour-long hookah smoking session involves 200 puffs, while smoking an average cigarette involves 20 puffs, and shisha smokers are at high risk of oral cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of the esophagus, reduced lung function, decreased fertility.
Monday, December 12, 2016
Kabul (BNA) President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has said BPHS, Basic Package of Health Services and EPHS, the Essential Package of Health Services against the procurement procedure, his office said in a statement the other day.
In a meeting of representatives from the Public Health Ministry, the National Procurements Office (NPO) and the World Bank (WB) held at the presidential Palace late on Friday, the president said health services were not satisfactory by 27 national and international organizations launched their works in 21 provinces of the country. According to the statement, the president said corruption, incompetency, late payment of salaries to the staff and lack of facilities of for women were threatening live of mothers. Extending the contracts with the organizations for six months, the president was quoted by the statement as saying, “Contracts in the past three years with non-governmental organizations were against the procurement system.” The statement added that the president would assess health services of 27 national and international organizations with the provincial governors through video conferences and directed the ministry to review the implementation process of the projects closely and share reports about with his office. According to him, contracts with non-governmental organizations would be signed based on their performance in future, Ghani added. World Bank representative Shubham Chaudhuri said the performance of non-government organizations should be accurately assessed after their projects were implemented, with the public health minister assuring that work had been done to eradicate corruption within the ministry and any related officer would be brought to justice if found corrupt.
Thursday December 01, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Designated on 1 December every year since 1988, World AIDS Day is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection, and mourning those millions of people who have died of the disease worldwide. Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations and individuals around the world observe the day, often with education on AIDS prevention and control. World AIDS Day is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Malaria Day and World Hepatitis Day. Since 1995, the United States has made an official proclamation on World AIDS Day. Thailand and Uganda tried their best to overcome the outspread of AIDS. As of 2013, the disease has killed more than 36 million people worldwide (1981-2012), and an estimated 35.3 million people are living with HIV, being added with annually 5.6 million other, making it one of the most important global public health issues in recorded history. Between 40to 80,000 people affect the disease each year in the US, mostly through injection, though with other sources like drug addicted individuals.
Prevention programs are not successful on pregnant mothers and their HIV disease could transfer via the affected mothers to the children with possibility of more than 90 percent, with the US having the highest number of up to 7000 children with HIV, each year, through the affected mothers. In Afghanistan, the rate is very low, because the people live under strict religious and traditional conditions and the Islamic law, illegal sexual relation is prevented. But, the disease is feared to break out in the future as the UN/AIDS Organization, and WHO has estimated the number of HIV affected people would rise over 8,000 people until 2020, due to the growing event of illegal sexual and homosexual relationships in Afghanistan. Other problems could help outbreak of the disease are nonobservance of healthcare, using polluted syringes for injection, using unconfirmed health means in healthcare centers, while in Afghanistan, besides these, low awareness of the from the harms of the HIV disease would the case rise among the people, however, the UN has announced 2030 the end of AIDS.