20 September 2018

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Health

Saturday, April 21, 2012
Maidan-Shaher (BNA) The Turkish PRT donated six Ambulances with medical equipments to public health Dept. of Maidan-Wardak province yesterday. 
It is said that these ambulances were equipped with modern facilities and will be used during emergency events. 
Dr. Ghulam Farooq Mokhlis Wardak head of public health of Maidan-Wardak said that existence of these ambulances is necessary for medical services in the center and districts of that province. 
Mohammad Halim Fedai governor of Maidan-Wardak appreciating from Turkish PRT, requested in charges of public health of that province for well keeping of these ambulances. 
It is said that the total cost of these ambulances sums $ 450,000 and it is due that 5 other vehicles to assist in that Dept. as well. 
T. Suraya-Yarzada

Saturday, April 14, 2012
Kabul (BNA) President Hamid Karzai in an order approved creation of the heart institute of Afghanistan jointly invested by the government of Afghanistan and Qasemi Group Company. 
At the meeting that took place with the president by the doctors of the heart Institute of Kabul Medical University in which Dr. Suraya Dalil was also present, views were exchanged on the creation of this institute and it was approved by president Karzai. 
A ceremony was held at the heart hospital of Afghanistan where initially Dr. Suraya Dalil said that we inform our countrymen on the first steps of establishment of this hospital and that initial steps have been taken for this very purpose. 
She added that the president after approval of this institute has issued instructions to the ministries of economy, finance, commerce and industries and the public health to start work on the protocol and charter of this institute. 
She added that creation of the heart institute of Afghanistan is a new experiment in health sector in Afghanistan and this institute shall work on diagnosis, treatment and training of personnel in the second steps shall be the center for research of heart diseases in the country. 
Dr. Esmatullah Nayebkhail in charge of the institute and heart diseases of Kabul Medical University said that the president in several meetings expressed his interest for creation of such a center in Afghanistan and now we succeeded in its establishment. 
He hoped that this center start its practical activities in another six months and become a place that we treat heart patients and prevent their going to foreign countries. 
He also invited heart physicians in foreign countries to come to Afghanistan and with their advice we can create other departments of this institute on international standards. 
Hamidullah Qsemi head of the Qsemi Group said that this specialized institute’s building has been constructed on modern engineering lines in six storey’s and has 100 beds for patients at the cost of USDI10 million.

Saturday 14 April 2012,

NEW YORK: Among smokers, people who prefer mentholated cigarettes tend to have more strokes than non-menthol smokers - and this seems to be especially true for women and non-African Americans, according to a North American study.

The author of the study said that while no cigarettes are good for the health, the findings - published in the Archives of Internal Medicine - suggest people should especially stay away from mentholated varieties.

"They're all bad, but having said that, from a harm-reduction perspective this study does lend to the view of avoiding - at a minimum - mentholated types," said Nicholas Vozoris, a clinical associate at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.

For the study, Vozoris used information taken from U.S. health and lifestyle surveys that included 5,028 adult smokers. The surveys were conducted from 2001 through 2008.

Overall, about 26 percent of those participants said they usually smoked mentholated cigarettes, and the rest smoked non-mentholated ones.

Some experts say menthol makes it easier to start smoking and harder to quit because its taste masks the harshness of tobacco.

Of menthol smokers, 3.4 percent said on the surveys they'd had a stroke. That compared to 2.7 percent of the non-menthol smokers.

After taking into account smokers' age, race, gender and number of cigarettes smoked, Vozoris found mentholated cigarette smokers had more than double the risk of stroke compared to those who opted for non-mentholated cigarettes.

The difference was especially clear in women and people who reported a race other than African American on their surveys. Among those study participants, strokes were over three times more common in menthol smokers.

Vozoris told Reuters Health that the study couldn't prove that the mentholated cigarettes themselves caused the extra stroke risk, rather than some unmeasured difference between menthol and non-menthol smokers.

He added that women and non-African Americans seemed to be driving the link between mentholated cigarettes and strokes, but he wasn't sure why and the study didn't answer that either.

Choosing mentholated cigarettes wasn't tied to an increased risk of high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, chronic lung disease or heart attack compared to standard cigarettes.

Gordon Tomaselli, president of the American Heart Association and chief of cardiology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, said it was interesting that the study showed an association between smoking mentholated cigarettes and strokes but not high blood pressure.

Vozoris said it's possible the menthol in cigarettes has an effect on the blood vessels that supply the brain in particular.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking any type of cigarettes increases a person's risk of heart disease two- to four-fold compared to non-smokers.

Tomaselli, who wasn't part of the study, added: "(This) reminds us that the effects of cigarette smoke is pretty broad-based and (it affects) a number of organ systems

 

Friday 13 April,

 

WASHINGTON: People worldwide are living three years longer than expected on average, pushing up the costs of aging by 50 percent, and governments and pension funds are ill prepared, the International Monetary Fund said.

Already the cost of caring for aging baby boomers is beginning to strain government budgets, particularly in advanced economies where by 2050 the elderly will match the numbers of workers almost one for one. The IMF study shows that the problem is global and that longevity is a bigger risk than thought.

"If everyone in 2050 lived just three years longer than now expected, in line with the average underestimation of longevity in the past, society would need extra resources equal to 1 to 2 percent of GDP per year," it said in a study to be released in its World Economic Outlook next week.

For private pension plans in the United States alone, an extra three years of life would add 9.0 percent to liabilities, the IMF said in urging governments and the private sector to prepare now for the risk of longer lifespans.

Demographers for many years have assumed that the lengthening of lifespans would slow in developed countries. But with continual advances in medical technology, that has not happened as acutely as expected. In emerging economies, rising standards of living and the expansion of health care also are adding to lifespans.

To give an idea of how costly this could prove, the IMF estimated that if advanced economies were to plug the shortfall in pension savings of an extra three years immediately, they would have to stash away the equivalent of 50 percent of 2010 GDP, and emerging economies would need 25 percent.

These extra costs fall on top of the doubling in total expenses that countries can expect through 2050 from an aging population. The faster countries tackle the problem, the easier it will be to handle the risk of people living longer, the IMF said.

These estimates cover only pensions. They do not account for healthcare costs, which also rise the longer someone lives.

In a December 2009 study, the MacArthur Research Network on Aging estimated that Americans are living between three and eight years longer than commonly expected, adding $3.2 trillion to the Medicare and Social Security, the government-backed healthcare plan for the elderly and pension program.

In North America and advanced Europe, lifespans increased by eight years between 1970 and 2010, and are projected to increase by an additional four years through 2050 -- that's about five weeks more per year.

At the same time old-age dependency, or the ratio of population over 65 to those in the prime working ages of 15 to 64, is expected to increase from 24 percent to 48 percent of the total population in advanced economies by 2050 -- in other words roughly one worker for every retired person.

Emerging Europe has seen lifespans grow more slowly by 1.1 years in the 40 years to 2010 but can expect longevity to rise sharply by 6.8 years in the next 40 years, the IMF said. For emerging economies, their old-age dependency ratios are expected to rise from 13 percent today to 33 percent by 2050.

Steps governments can take to manage the risk of people living longer are to raise the retirement age, increase taxes to fund public pension plans and lower benefits -- all steps most advanced economies are already considering.

They also could help the private sector by educating citizens better on how to prepare for their retirements and by promoting retirement products that protect people against the risk that they outlive their assets.

"Although longevity risk is a slow-burning issue, it increases the vulnerability of the public and the private sector to various other shocks," the IMF said in its study