14 November 2018

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Health

Monday 09 April 2012,

 

M NEW YORK: People diagnosed with cancer have a sharply higher risk of suicide and fatal heart attacks immediately after receiving their diagnosis, a Swedish study published showed.

"Previous studies have shown that cancer patients are at higher risk of suicide and cardiovascular disease, which up until now has mainly been ascribed to the emotional strain of living with the potentially fatal disease and the often physically demanding cancer treatment," the Karolinska Institute said in a statement.

"Newly published data on patients with prostate cancer suggest, however, that being given the diagnosis may, in itself, be associated with a marked increase in the stress-related disease and death," it said.

The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, followed more than six million Swedes from 2001 to 2006, including more than 500,000 who were diagnosed with cancer during that period.

"Only a small proportion of patients committed suicide immediately after being diagnosed with cancer. However, the suicide risk during the first week following the diagnosis was twelve times higher than in people without cancer," the Karolinska said.

"Similarly, the risk of cardiovascular death was six times higher during the first week and three times higher during the first month after a cancer diagnosis, compared to people without cancer," it said.

The risk was greatest in malignant cancers with a poor prognosis, such as lung and pancreatic cancers, and least pronounced in skin cancer, it added.

The fact that the risk decreased in magnitude over time "supports the conclusion that the risk increase may be traced to the diagnosis itself rather than the emotional or physical suffering related to progression of the cancer or its treatment," it said.

Doctor Fang Fang of the Karolinksa Institute, who led the study, said the researchers hoped their findings may lead to improvements in the care of newly diagnosed cancer patients

Sunday, April 08, 2012

Kabul (BNA) The Ministry of Public Health marked the World Health Day under the theme of “Better health increases years of life”, at a time that the average of age has reached to 62 years in the country.  The gathering including Minister of Public Health Dr Suraya Dalil was attended by some government authorities, members of National Assembly and the representatives of the public health ministry partners.  The main objective of this slogan has been bringing of change in the life improving of health during the life time so that the average of age goes higher.  Addressing the gathering Dr. Suraya Dalili said that presently the population growth is a warring and in case the governments and the international community do not attach their attention towards the population figures surely this will bring in serious problems.  In our country the mortality rate of 65 years old and over on the basis of death survey report of 2010 is only 30% that is indicating a special situation compared to the three past decades while the international figures are providing the other way round.  She added that on the basis of mortality and morbidity survey of 2010 our findings indicate that life expectations for women in Afghanistan is 61 years and for men 62 years while these 45 for men and 47 for women in the past.  She added that between 2000 and 2050 the percentage of world population in terms of age will greatly change and the percentage of 60 years and over that will increase from 11 to 22 percents.  She noted that long life of course has its health status as well for instance 65% of those having over 50 years of age re having visibility illnesses.  She called healthy people as a valuable source of the families and the society and asked for creation of better health facilities for them.  We should also involve the aged people within the society as well and much publicity should be launched for a better behavior with them at mosques, schools and in the press.  Dr. Shahdul Ahmad representative of WHO in Afghanistan also addressed the gathering and said that mortality rate in Afghanistan indicates that Afghans have longer age than before and individuals of over 60 years make 6% of the population in the country and this figure increasing with each passing day.

Friday 06 April 2012,

VANCOUVER: A product from fir trees and yeast may soon replace ambergris, a kind of whale barf, to make expensive perfume, scientists said Thursday.

For centuries, perfume makers have prized ambergris for its ability to prevent scent from dissipating.

The wax-like substance is secreted by sperm whales to protect their digestive systems from sharp objects. When the animals vomit, the ambergis reacts with salty ocean water and eventually washes ashore in chunks that can look like rocks.

Featured in Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick," it is a stuff of legend that still garners small fortunes for those who find it on the shores of the Atlantic, Pacific and Caribbean.

Scientists have long sought alternatives for industrial uses because ambergris is rare, costly at $10,000 a kilogram, and could "be a factor in whale hunting," Joerg Bohlmann, a professor at the University of British Columbia, told.

Bohlmann says cis-abienol, a component of sage and fir trees, can serve the same purpose as ambergris in scented products - but until now isolating it from the rest of the sage or fir plant has been difficult.

"We've now discovered that a gene from balsam fir is much more efficient at producing such natural compounds, which could make production of this bio-product less expensive and more sustainable," Bohlmann said in a statement.

Wednesday, April 04, 2012

Kabul (BNA) Commemorating World Tuberculosis (TB) Day at the Serena Hotel, Dr. Suraya Dalil, Acting Minister of Public Health (MoPH) with the Chair of the Afghanistan Stop TB Partnership and WHO stressed the importance of continued support for Afghanistan’s TB patients, a statement said.  The Minister reminded that TB was a curable disease, linked to poverty, malnutrition, stress and other psycho-social disorders highly resulting from insecurity, a public health ministry statement said.  According to the statement new Afghanistan statistics for 2011, from WHO were presented as follow:

. Today, 97% of Afghans have access to the DOTS facilities, compared to 14% in 2000.

. 1,197 Health facilities provide TB control services in 2011, compared to 10 facilities in 2000.

. 242,347 TB cases were treated from 2001-2011.

. Estimated 53,000 new  TB cases annually.

. 28,167 TB cases indentified and responded to through DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short) Program, part of the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS).

. 10,500 TB deaths recorded in 2011.

Afghanistan stops TB Partnership and WHO illustrated how women and children are directly affected by TB. 66% of TB patients are women.  Women with TB are twice as likely to girth.  This year a gender research project has so many women in Afghanistan become TB patients, the statement added.  WHO launched the “Stop TB in my lifetime” campaign to highlight the life of children with TB.  WHO estimates that 10% of all estimated TB cases in Afghanistan are children.   Every day a child dies of TB in Afghanistan, but we can save that life with a daily 3 cent pill.  Last year, 670 children under the age of 15 were diagnosed with TB.  The majority are girls (465 cases).  MoPH, Stop TB Partnership and WHO called on donors to sustain this valiant health program.  To support better training for health workers, for example so they can recognize symptoms in children, or automatically also test children when a parent is sick.  Afghanistan needs more support to actively find TB patients.  The TB associations in Afghanistan of rehabilitated patients must be supported to spread the word about curable TB and help indentify TB in their communities.  Only through a communal response, from the international community to local Afghan neighborhoods, can we spread the good news that TB is curable.  The hard work and commitment of the Ministry of Public Health, the Stop TB Partnership, our local partners and WHO have proven that Afghanistan provides quality health-care for every Afghan Woman, Man and Child to “Stop TB in our lifetime”, the statement concluded.