29 April 2017

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Health

Tuesday, July 19, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Minister of Public Health Dr. Ferozuddin Feroz on Monday laid down the foundation stone of the National Emergency Action Plan for Polio Eradication (NEAPPE) center, which would be put for public use in the next three months, BNA reported.
The Minister of Public Health said the construction of a building for the center would cost $2.6 million at the area of 400 square meter of land and would take three months to complete.
Dr.Ferozuddin Feroz told a gathering in Kabul that the center would be responsible for coordination and national solidarity on the issue of dealing on an emergency basis with polio cases.
“The center would address emergency cases of polio and would focus attention on other diseases later on,” the minister said, adding that construction of the NEAPPE building will be financed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the said institution was among key health donors, particularly child and mother health.
The construction of the four-story building would be implemented by the United Nations Office for Project Service (UNOPS) and the MoPH would supervise it, the minister further said.
Minister of Public Health went on saying that six positive cases of polio were registered in the beginning of the current year in Afghanistan, where four cases were recorded in Kunar, one in Helmand and another in Kandahar. According to the minister, twenty-eight cases of polio were registered last year.The polio virus exists only in Afghanistan and Pakistan, but efforts are underway to eliminate it until the end of the current year.

Saturday, July 09, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Forty years of unrest in Afghanistan left wildlife ecologists uncertain whether one of the region's rare sub-species of red deer, the Bactrian deer (Cervus elaphus bactrianus), had survived in the country.
But recently, for the first time since the 1970s, a survey team led by Wildlife Conservation Society, ecologist Zulmai Moheb with colleagues in Afghanistan confirmed that a small population exists. They say the animals urgently need conservation. Moheb, a Ph.D. student in environmental conservation at the University of Massachusetts Amherst who is currently in Afghanistan studying snow leopards, says that in the 1970s the Panj River in northern Afghanistan was known to have a population of Bactrian deer, and a protected area was proposed. But fighting and disruption intervened, and more than 40 years later almost nothing was known about the area and its wildlife. As Moheb and colleagues explain in a recent article in the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Deer Specialist Group newsletter, the Bactrian deer prefers a rare habitat known as Tugai forest, shrubby thickets of tamarisk, willows, grasses and tall reeds growing along river valleys and flood plains of the Central Asian region. The deer's global population has fluctuated since 1950, with animals disappearing from a number of areas, the authors note. They faced pressure from hunting, habitat loss from gold panning and the pet trade. By the 1960s, Bactrian deer were believed to number only about 350 to 400, with populations limited to wildlife sanctuaries.
In November and December 2013, Moheb and colleagues conducted a field survey and confirmed that Bactrian deer are still present in Afghanistan by direct observation of a single live animal, indirect field evidence of others and reports by local people. For the latter, they used photos of large mammals known or suspected to have been historically present in each area. The researchers interviewed 77 men in 38 villages in the Darqad district of Takhar province in the northeast Afghanistan, and visited forests, rangeland and riverside habitat throughout the area. They say the global population of Bactrian deer is believed to have increased from 350-400 in the 1960s to about 1,900 free-ranging animals in 2011, "thanks to conservation efforts in the former Soviet Union territory in Central Asia," but the animals in Afghanistan are in critical need of conservation efforts.

Wednesday, June 15, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Though the people of Afghanistan are facing challenges in the field of being treated free of charges, but the government ran hospitals are treating wide number of patients based on the health standard, by the Afghan specialists.
All surgical operations, including disfigurement, muscular ailment etc are treated easily in the Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan hospital, Associate Professor, Mohammad Nazir Shirzai working in the orthopedic and traumatology branch of the hospital adding the treatment would have been successfully done based on the health rule of the society.
Shirzai who is able to do this by the use of textboxes, new journals and internet instructions as well as by help from other doctors of the hospital, have gained high success in the field of modern medication.
“I could successfully go ahead with the treatment method considering the [Evidence Based Medicine], which is more effective and could suggest the up-to-date method and how to operate surgery in the medication procedure to my colleagues,” said Shirzai who didn’t reject challenges faced by them on the medical affairs, as he said considering the ongoing different fragile changes since the last more than three decades.
Despite good development in the health private sector, in the last more than ten years, during which the public health sector had been included in the development, nonstandard health educations of some governmental and private institutions and the irresponsible governmental and trade methods in construction of nonstandard medication centers have badly affected the medication results, he said.
He asked the ministry of public health to offer an internationally based health services to the people in order to prevent them refrain from going abroad for treatment.
About, if he had made the needed artificial legs and arms to the people, Dr. Shirzai said, “Yes. I have made many artificial legs and arms to the crippled individuals, in cooperation with Orthopedic Center or K.O.O and in contact with other services centers like I.C.R.C.” But it is not enough, he said adding he has had to do more under a national commitment requiring more efforts in this field.
Despites this the people complain about nonstandard treatment in the country, so most of patients are made to leave for other countries, specially, India and Pakistan for their closeness with Afghanistan, despites facing harsh challenges in term of time, money and security.
Kabul based Indian Embassy, each day, issues some 280 visas for the Afghans leaving there, about 189 of them health visas, according to previous investigation.
Meanwhile, some experts believed leaving the Afghans for treatment to other countries, would harm the fragile economy of the country asking the government for providing the patients with effective treatment inside the country.
A university professor, Saifuddin Saihoon said the ministry of public health has committed to do more to provide standard treatment in the country to may help thousands of patients remain medically treated in the country.
But, the ministry of public health said by the rapid current development of equipped hospitals, the problem would be removed helping the citizens not to be made to leave for abroad for treatment.
About 70 percent of the people have no access to health centers and large number of them is leaving for other countries, particularly India and Pakistan for medical treatment.

Tuesday, June 14, 2016
Kabul (BNA) The Global Fund pledged 8.6 million USD for fight against HIV to Afghanistan, a statement from Ministry of Public Health said here yesterday, adding that the cooperation MoU was signed between the Ministry of Public Health, the Global Fund and the UNDP, through which the amount would be spent through United Nation’s Development Program – UNDP in Afghanistan.
“Afghanistan remains among the lowest level of HIV threats in Central and South Asia. But the threats might be increased due to usage of the injections by the addicts, while the access to information on HIV is also limited,” Dr. Najibullah Safi general director of the preventive medical department of the MoPH said, adding that preventive measures should be taken to avoid spreading of such disease.
According to the report of the national HIV control center, there have been 2086 cases registered in 2015, where 133 affected people have been died. Most of the cases were registered in urban areas where there are many HIV control centers.
Based on the statistic of the HIV center of the UN, 6700 HIV affected people were living till end of 2015, among which 945 were the newly registered cases, including 262 pregnant women with ages of between 15 – 49 years.
“For implementing of the HIV strategy (2015 – 2020), approximately 53 million USD has been predicated, that for the period of July 2016 to December 2017, amount of 15.86 million USD, where 57 percent of which would be paid by Global Fund, 25 percent by World Bank and 4 percent by the Afghan government,” Jocelyn Mason deputy to UNDP in Afghanistan said, as quoted by the MoPH statement.

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