24 March 2017

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Health

Sunday May 15, 2016

Mazar-e-Sharif (BNA) A health training center for training of nurses midwifes and technical and services staffs was inaugurated in Mazar-e-Sharif city the provincial capital of northern Balkh province yesterday.
Head of public health department in Balkh told BNA, the health center with having 24 classrooms, male’ dormitory, kindergarten, kitchen and conference hall was built at a cost of 34 million Afs. by Germany.
Equipment needed of the health center has been provided by America office for international development, which after that health personnel of Balkh, Baghlan, Takhar, Badakhshan, Samangan, Jawzjan, Faryab and Sar-e-Pul provinces can use from the new health skills of the center.
 

Saturday May 14, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) plans to take necessary measures to prevent increasing tobacco in the country.
Officials of the ministry said that after indorsing, the law on tobacco control plays leading role. As well as, a commission and a committee have been established and they have already started activities to prevent increase in tobacco products, the officials further said. An in-charge in mental health department of the MoPH, Dr. Bashir Sarwari said, ‘Law on Tobacco Control has been indorsed by the Afghan government two years ago. According to the law, the ministry has a leading role to create coordination between the organs and the relevant offices to oversight implementation of the law.’ Work has been done on two main priorities so far, first, to raise the tax on tobacco products and second, to ban smoking in public places and the government offices, the officials added. To decrease tobacco products, the government of Afghanistan should impose a particular procedure, as after ratifying the law on tobacco control law, the Lower House of the Parliament has increased tax on tobacco products by ten percent, the officials continued.
Likewise, the MoPH has arranged some procedures for all public places, government and non-government organizations based on which smoking has been banned in the specific areas, but it has not still been seriously practiced, the officials went on to say. Pointing at the tobaccos, Dr. Sarwari said, ‘Tobacco has 4,000 chemical substances and when they are mixed with cigarettes, the harms get increased.’ A Kabul resident, Matin said, ‘Once, I went to a government office, a number of the employees were smoking and the people who were around them were breathing the smoke. Those who smoke should be provided with specific places so they don’t harm others’ health, Matin added.’ Afghanistan is home to one of the world’s highest death rates due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), according to the World Health Organization. The leading attributable risk factor for NCDs—chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases –is tobacco use.
Tobacco is big business in most developing countries, and in Afghanistan it is booming: the country imports 44 tons of cigarettes a day, and the import value is estimated at over $2 billion. It is no wonder, considering the wide availability of cigarettes and that a packet costs just $0.30 in Afghanistan, compared to the average cost of $5-$6 per pack in the USA. The numbers are as sobering as they are alarming, but they may prove to be the tip of the iceberg. Traditional ways of tobacco use in Afghanistan include naswar (moist snuff) and one of the most potent forms of tobacco chelam (hookah), both of which remain popular. A traditional hour of smoking hookah is equivalent to 100 cigarettes. Unfortunately, the ongoing conflict and political instability, along with corruption have made national strategies against all forms of addiction, nearly ineffectual. Therefore, the best way to educate about the harmful effects of smoking is at schools. Nonprofit and religious organizations also have a strong voice to influence their communities’ social and personal behaviors, and this influence can also be harnessed to take a stand against smoking.
Shukria Kohistani
 

Sunday May 1, 2016

Jalalabad (BNA) Around 27 midwives have been graduated from institute of medical sciences in eastern Nangarhar province yesterday.
A source of public health department in the province stated BNA, it is supposed that the graduation midwifes should be sent to remote districts and villages of the province to settle the health problems of women.
The process of midwifes training are continuing in Nangarhar province.
 

Wednesday April 20, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Reducing food waste and changing the way people consume calories will help deliver a sustainable food system and reduce emissions, a study suggests.
The global demand for food could more than double by the middle of the century, yet an estimated one third of produce is lost or wasted each year. By cutting this waste will help food security and reducing agriculture's climate burden, the researchers added. The findings appear in the journal Environmental Science & Technology. As the global human population is set to reach in excess of nine billion people by the middle of this century, up from the current seven billion, the importance of reducing food loss and waste in order to deliver food security is well documented. However, a team of scientists have also considered what steps need to be taken to tackle food production's contribution to global carbon emissions. Lifestyle and die is increasing the global impact of the food sector. Prof Jurgen Kropp from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany, one of the study's co-authors said that previous studies had highlighted that "agriculture was playing an increasingly important role when it came to carbon dioxide emissions".
"We have worldwide lifestyle changes where people are moving towards a meat-rich diet and we need more food, of course," he told BBC News. "The richer a country becomes, there is a move towards more meat-rich diets and, of course, more calorie-rich diets". For one calorie of meat, you have to utilize one to eight calories of cereal. It is an inefficient form of food production," he observed. "On the other hand, rich countries are wasting more food. A lot of the food we are producing at the moment, we do not see on our plates." Prof Kropp added that this trend was projected to have a considerable impact on the global carbon budget by the middle of the 21st Century. They calculated that about 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture could be traced back to food waste by 2050. However, the team examined past datasets and used future scenarios to identify pathways that could deliver improvements in food security and CO2 emissions. The team observed: "The global food requirement changed from 2,300 [calories per person each day] to 2,400 [calories per person each day] during the past 50 years, while the food surplus grew from 310 [calories per person each day] to 510 [calories per person each day]." Over the same period, the team found that greenhouse gas emissions associated with food surplus increased from 130 million tons of CO2 equivalent per year to 530 million tons - an increase of more than 300%.
Future scenarios did not make comfortable reading. They calculated that emissions associated with the food wasted may "increase tremendously" to up to 2.5 giga-tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year. Prof Kropp added: "As many emerging economies like China or India are projected to rapidly increase their food waste as a consequence of changing lifestyle, increasing welfare and dietary habits towards a larger share of animal-based products, this could over proportionally increase greenhouse-gas emissions associated with food waste [while] undermining efforts for an ambitious climate protection.
 

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