24 October 2017

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Health

Wednesday, January 4, 2017 

Kabul (BNA) Nowadays, vaccination is an effective and cheap way to reduce children mortality, particularly those below 5.
Vaccination is very safe and effective. Vaccines are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists, doctors, and healthcare professionals. Vaccines will involve some discomfort and may cause paint, redness, or tenderness at the site of injection but this is minimal compared to the pain, discomfort, and trauma of the diseases theses vaccines prevent. Serious side effects following vaccination, such as severe allergic-prevention are very rare. The disease-prevention benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the possible side effects for almost all children. Immunization can save the families time and money. In some cases, a child with a vaccine-preventable disease can be denied attendance at schools or child care facilities. Some vaccine-preventable diseases can resumed in prolonged disability and can take a financial toll because of lost time at work, medical bills or long-term disability care. In contrast, getting vaccinated against these diseases is a good investment and usually covered by insurance. One of the most dangerous diseases among the children is polio. Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. In about 0.5% of cases there is muscle weakness resulting in inability to move. This can occur over a few hours of few days. The weakness most often involves the legs but may less commonly involve the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm. Many but not all people fully recover. In those with muscle weakness about 2% to 5% of children and 15% to 30% of adults die. Another 25% of people have minor symptoms such as fever and sore throat and up to 5% have headache, neck stiffness and pains in the arms and legs. These people are usually back to normal within one or two weeks. In up to 70% of infections there are no symptoms. Years after recovery post-polio syndrome may occur, with a slow development of muscle weakness similar to that which the person had during the initial infection. Dr. Farzad, an orthopedist in Wazir Mohammad Akbar Khan Hospital told, that polio is a dangerous decease which causes death and permanent paralysis among the children. “Poliovirus is usually spread from person to person through infected fecal matter entering the mouth. It may also be spread by food or water containing human feces and less commonly from infected saliva. Those who are infected may spread the disease for up to six present,” Dr. Farzad further said. The disease may be diagnosed by finding the virus in the faces or detecting antibodies against it is the blood. The disease only occurs naturally in humans, he added. Therefore, the only way to prevent children below five from polio is two drops of polio vaccination, Dr. Farzad further said. This is while that Afghanistan is one of the three polio endemic countries of the world, where polio symptoms seen among the children.
Karima Malikzada
 

Saturday December 31, 2016

Kabul (BNA) If sometimes we see under the bridge of Kabul river, we see that large crowds of our countrymen including teenagers, youth and old men are at quarters with addiction innocently that immediately attract the astonishing eyes of every visitor.
These our fellow-citizens whom mostly are youth have unfortunately lost peaceful and dignified life of their families and leading a miserable life among garbage and trashes, and ask help from thousands visitors who are watching them and invite them for salvation from the bloody claws of addiction Monster. On the addicts, meaningful silence, no war on addiction and no step for eradication of poppy cultivation is controversial. Passing every day the number of addicts is increasing, poppy cultivation has been astronomically developing and drug trafficking is frankly continuing. The armed-terrorists use opium as a source of income by which they fund and equip their militants. Why, opium is being smuggled from sensitive places of our country? And our security forces are unaware of it, why thousands hectar lands are under poppy cultivation and the area of poppy fields is increasing and our relevant security forces are silent against this catastrophe? Only the government is not responsible before the addicts, our nation is also responsible.
If they don’t contribute beside the government in war on this devastating calamity, we would witness unexpected consequences. If we keep silence against this shameful phenomenon, we should understand that soon the flashes of this fire which has already been ignited under the Pul-e-Sokhta bridge its flames would change thousands innocent Muslims to ashes. So the government, society and families are responsible before addicts to eradicate poppy cultivation and then treat the innocent addicts. The well-to –do compatriots establish addicts’ treatment centers and treat them indiscriminately and rescue them from devastation and return them with healthy body to their families. Unfortunately today many suspect sources and individuals throughout the country supply and distribute drugs for addicts and encourage them. But these type of individuals though all at the moment have been abused by enemies and move towards the interests of our enemies, should understand that what they do is like a fire that they have inflamed by their own hands and blazed their homes and soon or later the black smoke of these devastating flames would penetrate to their families’ eyes, nose and lungs and eliminate them. Our citizens must not be indifferent before addiction to rescue these unlucky mass otherwise there is no guarantee that in the future this fatal disease would not affect us. Essential individual and collective measures are required for salvation of these people. Some people mock addicts and have eyes on their expansive properties to purchase them in low prices. Morally this is irresponsibility and is the sign of their opportunism. Because instead to take hands of these helpless people and rescue them, plunder their properties. As a solution, it should be said that government, people particularly rich countrymen should collectively upraise against this inauspicious phenomenon and eliminate it otherwise all of us specially our children and grandchildren will be destroyed in this fatal fire.
Lailuma Noori
 

Tuesday December 27, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Improper nutrition has been blamed to be the worst reason behind most cases of children and mothers’ undernourishment in Afghanistan, officials in the ministry of public health said.
Malnutrition affected children fail to normally grow and keep their intelligence intact in a country like Afghanistan, where most of them lacked sound nutrition rising from economic problems in their families, said Dr. Mah Gul working for Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan Hospital, adding children under 5 years of their ages usually suffer from malnutrition. She advised mothers not to leave breastfeeding their newborn babies until they reach two years of their ages, otherwise, they would find them affected with such abnormality. “Taking different types of foods with enough advised vitamins as well as vegetables helps both mother and child remain healthy and fresh and saved of unintelligence, during pregnancy and after birth they both should have normally the same menu,” said Dr. Mah Gul. She also called on mothers to keep themselves healthy during both pregnancy and afterbirth, by usually referring to the related healthcare centers. Meanwhile, according to the ministry of public health, malnutrition cases are expected to be ended by 2030, a priority of the ministry that could echo as good news among the Afghan citizens.
44 percent of under 25 individuals, including women during pregnancy suffer from iron deficiency and anemia and more than 18 percent of children suffer lack of vitamin D, a deficiency would push children towards growing abnormally, said the ministry’s officials. Insufficient nutrition would cause unintelligence in the children that gradually leads to an unsound society, said the official. Meantime, physicians blame some households with newborns for not obeying health advices and failing to distinguish between quality and non-quality milk powders. “They [mothers] usually purchase milk powers packed in colorful cans and believe these types could contain quality stuff. While this approach is wrong, and they should refer to the related physicians and take advice that which one should be prescribed as the most effective food and tunic nutrient for their babies.”
Shukria Kohistani
 

Monday December 12, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Over the last several years, smoking shisha has increased among the youth and teenagers, as a number of the Kabul citizens while expressing concern over the issue said that a number of youth have been addicted while they immigrated to foreign countries.
Obaidullah, a Shahr-e-Naw resident told that there are many hookah bars in Kabul city and unfortunately the youth can easily access shisha. He also added that I am of those youth who daily go to hookah bars with his friends and smoke hookah, although, I know it harms my health, but it is so hard to leave that. Anosh, another resident believes that narcotics must not be used, but unfortunately, he smokes cigarette and shisha since one year. He asked the ministries of public health and interior to close the hookah bars and cafes, so the people never go there. A number of people said if serious attention was not paid by the ministry of public health and other relevant organizations, a huge number of youth would be addicted in the future. This is while that recent World Health Organization (WHO) findings suggest that one person is being died in each 8 seconds in the world due to using narcotics.
It is to be mentioned that the tobacco control law, with five season and 25 article have recently been approved by the lower house of the parliament. Based on this law, smoking is not allowed in general places. Hookahs are water pipes that are used to smoke specially made tobacco that comes in different flavors, such as apple, mint, cherry, chocolate, coconut, licorice, cappuccino, and watermelon. Although, many users think it is less harmful, hookah smoking has many of the same health risks as cigarette smoking. Hookah tobacco and smoke contain many toxic agents that can cause clogged arteries and heart disease. In fact, an hour-long hookah smoking session involves 200 puffs, while smoking an average cigarette involves 20 puffs, and shisha smokers are at high risk of oral cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of the esophagus, reduced lung function, decreased fertility.
Shukria Kohistani
 

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