Thursday December 01, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Designated on 1 December every year since 1988, World AIDS Day is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection, and mourning those millions of people who have died of the disease worldwide. Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations and individuals around the world observe the day, often with education on AIDS prevention and control. World AIDS Day is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Malaria Day and World Hepatitis Day. Since 1995, the United States has made an official proclamation on World AIDS Day. Thailand and Uganda tried their best to overcome the outspread of AIDS. As of 2013, the disease has killed more than 36 million people worldwide (1981-2012), and an estimated 35.3 million people are living with HIV, being added with annually 5.6 million other, making it one of the most important global public health issues in recorded history. Between 40to 80,000 people affect the disease each year in the US, mostly through injection, though with other sources like drug addicted individuals.
Prevention programs are not successful on pregnant mothers and their HIV disease could transfer via the affected mothers to the children with possibility of more than 90 percent, with the US having the highest number of up to 7000 children with HIV, each year, through the affected mothers. In Afghanistan, the rate is very low, because the people live under strict religious and traditional conditions and the Islamic law, illegal sexual relation is prevented. But, the disease is feared to break out in the future as the UN/AIDS Organization, and WHO has estimated the number of HIV affected people would rise over 8,000 people until 2020, due to the growing event of illegal sexual and homosexual relationships in Afghanistan. Other problems could help outbreak of the disease are nonobservance of healthcare, using polluted syringes for injection, using unconfirmed health means in healthcare centers, while in Afghanistan, besides these, low awareness of the from the harms of the HIV disease would the case rise among the people, however, the UN has announced 2030 the end of AIDS.