Wednesday, January 4, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Nowadays, vaccination is an effective and cheap way to reduce children mortality, particularly those below 5.
Vaccination is very safe and effective. Vaccines are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists, doctors, and healthcare professionals. Vaccines will involve some discomfort and may cause paint, redness, or tenderness at the site of injection but this is minimal compared to the pain, discomfort, and trauma of the diseases theses vaccines prevent. Serious side effects following vaccination, such as severe allergic-prevention are very rare. The disease-prevention benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the possible side effects for almost all children. Immunization can save the families time and money. In some cases, a child with a vaccine-preventable disease can be denied attendance at schools or child care facilities. Some vaccine-preventable diseases can resumed in prolonged disability and can take a financial toll because of lost time at work, medical bills or long-term disability care. In contrast, getting vaccinated against these diseases is a good investment and usually covered by insurance. One of the most dangerous diseases among the children is polio. Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. In about 0.5% of cases there is muscle weakness resulting in inability to move. This can occur over a few hours of few days. The weakness most often involves the legs but may less commonly involve the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm. Many but not all people fully recover. In those with muscle weakness about 2% to 5% of children and 15% to 30% of adults die. Another 25% of people have minor symptoms such as fever and sore throat and up to 5% have headache, neck stiffness and pains in the arms and legs. These people are usually back to normal within one or two weeks. In up to 70% of infections there are no symptoms. Years after recovery post-polio syndrome may occur, with a slow development of muscle weakness similar to that which the person had during the initial infection. Dr. Farzad, an orthopedist in Wazir Mohammad Akbar Khan Hospital told, that polio is a dangerous decease which causes death and permanent paralysis among the children. “Poliovirus is usually spread from person to person through infected fecal matter entering the mouth. It may also be spread by food or water containing human feces and less commonly from infected saliva. Those who are infected may spread the disease for up to six present,” Dr. Farzad further said. The disease may be diagnosed by finding the virus in the faces or detecting antibodies against it is the blood. The disease only occurs naturally in humans, he added. Therefore, the only way to prevent children below five from polio is two drops of polio vaccination, Dr. Farzad further said. This is while that Afghanistan is one of the three polio endemic countries of the world, where polio symptoms seen among the children.