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World Aids Day Aims To Unite People Fight The Fatal Disease Worldwide

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Saturday December 2, 2017

Kabul (BNA) World AIDS Day, designated on Dec. 1st every year since 1988, is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection, and mourning those who have died of the disease. Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations and individuals around the world observe the day, often with education on AIDS prevention and control.
The day is an opportunity to unite the people worldwide fight the fatal disease and support those affected.
What is AIDS: AIDS is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). The disease alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the syndrome progresses.
HIV infection can cause AIDS to develop. However, it is possible to be infected with HIV without developing AIDS. Without treatment, the HIV infection can progress and, eventually, it will develop into AIDS in the vast majority of cases. Once someone has received an AIDS diagnosis, it will always carry over with them in their medical history.
One of the reasons behind the disease is sexual transmission - it can happen when there is contact with infected sexual fluids (rectal, genital, or oral mucous membranes). This can happen while having unprotected sex.
Prenatal transmission - a mother can pass the infection on to her child during childbirth, pregnancy, and also through breastfeeding.
Blood transmission - the risk of transmitting HIV through blood transfusion is nowadays extremely low in developed countries, thanks to meticulous screening and precautions. However, among injection or IV drug users, sharing and reusing syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous.
Afghan ministry of public health says that the number of those affected by HIV virus is concerning, however; they have held many awareness programs so far to prevent the disease.
The ministry says they have covered 20 percent of those affected by AIDS so far and are making effort to prevent its growth, thus, all government administrations are asked to cooperate with us in the respect.
According to Afghan doctors, there would be around 6700 HIV affected people throughout the country, 2000 of whom have been identified and are under treatment. They ask the ministry of public health to establish HIV centers along the borders and further provide the ground for treatment of those affected.
At the same time, the ministry of public health said it has established fifteen HIV centers in a bid to decrease the disease and it was making effort to increase their numbers.
World AIDS Day is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Malaria Day and World Hepatitis Day. Since 1995, the President of the United States has made an official proclamation on World AIDS Day. As of 2017, AIDS has killed between 28.9 million and 41.5 million people worldwide, and an estimated 36.7 million people are living with HIV, making it one of the most important global public health issues in recorded history. Thanks to recent improved access to antiretroviral treatment in many regions of the world, the death rate from AIDS epidemic has decreased since its peak in 2005 (1 million in 2016, compared to 1.9 million in 2005). 
Lailuma Noori

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