19 January 2020

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Friday January 17, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan already suffering the tyranny of its geostrategic location generating Major Powers’ conflicting rivalries and if the decades-long disruptive strategies against it by its meddlesome neighbor Pakistan were not enough now stares at a turbulent Islamic neighborhood with implications of pushing distant any chances of peace and stability.
Afghanistan’s neighborhood at the commencement of 2020 comprising Islamic nations of Pakistan, Iran and the Western-most Chinese controlled Muslim majority Xingjian Region find themselves in agitated turbulence induced by a mix of domestic and externally induced factors—all of which impinge one way or the other on peace and stability of Afghanistan.
Pakistan which has been incessantly meddling in Afghanistan for nearly forty years now is today itself in a state of marked internal political and economic turbulence. Pakistan’s provinces bordering Afghanistan have seen continuing incidents of violence against Pakistan Army violent suppression in Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunwa. Gilgit-Baltistan regions bordering Afghanistan and Chinese Western Region of Xingjiang are also in ferment demanding self-determination.
Pakistan as pointed out in my earlier writings stands besieged internally and externally affecting its credibility to continue as a viable Nation State. Politically, Pakistan Army-selected Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government has failed to deliver good governance. Political dynamics within Pakistan in 2020 suggest that people of Pakistan have become resentful against PM Imran Khan failing to deliver on his political promises and that resentment will be exploited by Pakistani Opposition parties. Economically, Pakistan in 2020 continues to exist on economic life-support systems funded by countries like China and Saudi Arabia. Pakistan had to seek billions dollar loans from World Bank to service its external debts.
Such disturbed political and economic conditions provide a ready recipe for Pakistan’s ruling regime propped by Pakistan Army to be easily tempted to divert domestic attention by increased military adventurism against Afghanistan. Moreso, when in 2020 when the restraining hand on Pakistan Army of the United States stands weakened by Pakistan Army’s buoyant dependence on China.
Iran is in a state of ferment in the wake of United States targeted killing of IRGC’s iconic military leader General Solemani commanding the elite Quds Force of the IRGC. It has set in motion increased levels of US-Iran conflict escalation where a small unintended incendiary spark could throw the whole of South West Asia with Iran and Afghanistan as major constituents in unimaginable spiraling of violence and war. Afghanistan sharing long contiguous borders with Iran can hardly escape the adverse effects of conflict and war between United States and Iran.
What adds more disturbing contours for Afghanistan’s stability and security is that with the United States militarily embedded in Afghanistan it would be logical to assume that in the event of United States-Iran conflict escalation the United States would be tempted to use Afghanistan as a springboard for additional flank of military operations against Iran. In such a scenario, would Afghanistan have any alternative option to stop United States use of Afghan territory for military operations against Iran?
Afghanistan’s third neighborhood of Islamic turmoil is the Xingjiang region of China. Xingjian is a Muslim majority region of China where the Uighurs have been waging an independence movement to free themselves from Chinese occupation. In 2020 widespread reports suggest that China has imprisoned nearly a million Uighurs in reorientation camps. This has increased violence to greater levels with possibilities of more violence in response to Chinese latest ethnic and religious repression.
With Pakistan in strategic connivance with China and pushing out Uighur rebels earlier ensconced in Frontier Areas of Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, it would be logical for such elements to move into Afghanistan’s remote areas of North East. This would invite Chinese and Pakistan wrath against Afghanistan unwittingly caught in a conflict not of its making.
Afghanistan’s future prospects of peace stability and security primarily hinge on policy acts of commission and omission of   the United States as the global predominant Power and also as the Major Power firmly embedded in Afghanistan militarily for over seventeen years now,
Contextually, for the record it needs to be highlighted that while the United States could not be defeated in Afghanistan by a combination of Pakistan Army’s duplicity with United States and Pakistan Army’s Taliban proxies, it also needs to be highlighted that it was the United Sates own permissive political expediencies in relation to Pakistan Army that led to a military stalemate.
Keeping in mind that Afghanistan has defied all possible solutions for restoration of peace and security mainly due to United States policies being permissive on Pakistan Army’s delinquencies and disruption strategies with end-aim to ensure that any Government in Kabul should be of Pakistan Army’s selection, the United States has no choice but to continue its military embedment in Afghanistan. The alternative easy option is to militarily disengage from Afghanistan and leave it to its fate of repetition of another civil war generated by Pakistan Army.
The United States has to recognize that since Afghanistan’s future is no longer confined to the triangular state of relations between United States, Pakistan and Afghanistan but has become more global in character by renewed interest of Russia and increased interest by China, the United States has to consider strategic perspectives of Afghanistan falling under dominant influence and control of Russia and China and in that eventuality what would be the effect on United States national security interests in Greater South West Asia?
With Afghanistan’s neighborhood of Islamic nations in increased turbulence as per situation obtaining in 2020, the United States has to factor this contextual development also in its analysis on the strategic desirability of abandoning Afghanistan for a second time, yet again.
The United States so far has baulked at disciplining the Pakistan Army for its disruptive strategies on Afghanistan through its military proxy—the Taliban. In utter strategic contradiction, the United States persists in dialogue with the Taliban whose avowed aim is to pressurize the military abandonment of Afghanistan by the United States and re-assuming political power and control in Kabul.
Ironically, the United States policy establishment is oblivious and blind to the prevailing reality which stands pointed in my writings for some time that the United States much favored Non NATO Ally-Pakistan is no longer United States’ Frontline State but has morphed into “China’s Front Line State in South West Asia” and a committed vanguard protector of China’s military aims and objectives in the region
If the above is a correct assessment, and it is very much so, then do any plausible justifications exist for the United States to persist in being mindful of Pakistan Army’s sensitivities over Afghanistan and should the United States persist in its peace dialogues with the Taliban when it is clear to everyone that the Taliban’s stances adhere to the script laid down by Pakistan Army GHQ in Rawalpindi?
Concluding, one cannot but help re-emphasizing ad-nauseum what stands repeated in my writings so far that the United States for its own strategic good and safeguarding of its national security interests in Greater South West Asia should not consider military abandonment of Afghanistan whose security is further complicated in 2020 by a turbulent Islamic neighborhood but that the United States should plan for a Forward Military Presence permanently embedded in Afghanistan on the lines of US Forward Military Presence in Japan and South Korea.
Eurasiareview

Friday January 17, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Chairman of Tajikistan’s State Committee for National Security Saimumin Yatimov has met with his Afghan colleague Zia Saraj and other representatives of Afghanistan’s National Directorate of Security on Wednesday. The sides have discussed the situation in the region, noting that destabilization presents a danger for the region, Khovar news agency informed.
"The sides have expressed their concern regarding the fact that Afghanistan has turned into a battlefield due to the interference of certain international subversive forces. This factor creates risks for neighboring states," the message informs. "In light of the current situation, they have highlighted the direct threat of international terrorist groups, namely Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State (both outlawed in Russia - TASS), the Islamic Renaissance Party, Ansorulloh, the Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement, the Turkistan Islamic Movement (outlawed in Russia - TASS) and others."
The Tajik side thanked the Afghan security service for detecting and fighting terrorist groups tasked with committing attacks on the territory of Tajikistan.
Tass

Friday January 17, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and Afghanistan’s National Security Adviser Hamdollah Moheb in a meeting in New Delhi exchanged views on the bilateral relations and recent developments taking place in the country.
During the meeting on the sidelines of ‘RAISINA Dialogue 2020’ in India’s capital on Tuesday, the two sides underlined the need for broadenings of mutual cooperation in different fields.
Zarif and Moheb also reviewed the latest regional and international developments.
Zarif is in the Indian capital to attend the 4th 'RAISINA Dialogue 2020' which started on Tuesday and will continue until Thursday (January 16).
The Iranian foreign minister will hold meetings with Indian and other foreign officials on the sidelines of the international gathering in addition to delivering a speech to the conference.
In a relevant development on Tuesday, Zarif met with Minister of State at the German Federal Foreign Office Niels Annen on Tuesday, and discussed the developments surrounding the implementation of the 2015 nuclear deal.
The RAISINA Dialogue is a multilateral conference held annually in New Delhi. Since its inception in 2016, the conference has emerged as India’s flagship conference on geopolitics and geo-economics.
Farsnews

Thursday, 16 January 2020 07:54

Bomb Blast on Convoy of ANA in Kandahar

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Kandahar (BNA) A convoy of ANA forces targeted a bomb blast in Kandahar this morning.
Initial reports say, two people were wounded in the blast.
According to reports, a bomb was exploded in Aino Mina town while passing a convoy of ANA forces.
National army senior commander in Atal army corps in south of the country told BNA, two people have been injured in the blast.
In this event, the technical staffs of ANA were targeted a bomb blast.
Local officials of Kandahar have not yet commented in this regard,
No individual or group has claimed responsibility for the attack so far.
T. Yarzada

Thursday, 16 January 2020 07:35

Fleeing War Families Received Aids

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Jalalabad (BNA) Wheat assisted for hundreds of fleeing war and floods families in Nangarhar.
The families have been displaced from parts of Nangarhar due to presence of terrorist groups and floods in Lalpor District.
Nematullah Nowrozi governor for Lalpor District told BNA, in this round wheat was distributed for 800 fleeing war and floods families.
Displaced families do not find this help enough, asking shelter, medicine, dress, fuel materials and food.
T. Yarzada

Thursday, 16 January 2020 07:33

Border PF Kill Taliban Militants in Nooristan

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Paroon (BNA) Five armed Taliban militants were killed in a clash by border police forces in Nooristan province last night.
The militants were killed in Kamdish district near Durand Line.
Border police official in east of the country told BNA the Taliban have just come from Pakistan and targeted by  border police while planting mine for a convoy of security forces.
Five Taliban militants including two Pakistani insurgents were killed in the conflict.

Thursday, 16 January 2020 07:31

Taliban Rebels Killed in Helmand Air Raids

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Lashkarga (BNA) Eleven Taliban rebels were killed in recent air raids in Helmand last night.
The insurgents were suppressed in Sangeen and Nahersraj Districts.
Police media office with releasing a statement told BNA, eleven Taliban including two commanders of this groups were killed in the raids.
Two hideouts of the insurgents with all war equipment have been demolished.
According to another report, police of Helmand discovered and defused eight mines from main roads of the province, and prevented from a series of explosions.
No one has been detained in connection of failed mine planting.
T. Yarzada

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah in the 17th meeting of the Executive Committee of Culture and Art Development of Afghanistan heard problems of government media outlets and cultural figures on Wednesday.
In the meeting, cultural figures from different governmental institutions and representatives from the UNESCO & ISESCO National Commission as well as French Institute shared their visions with Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah.
Deputy Minister of Information and Culture on Publication Affairs, Fazel Sancharaki who was managing the agenda at the meeting, pointed to the importance of culture and art in the country and said: “Fighting extremism is a must and this should be changed into the culture of humanitarianism as the culture of extremism would create the storm of fundamentalism in the society.”
Representative of education centers also shared the 5-year cultural policy including education, art, cultural and social media. Likewise, heads of government dailies, Afghan Films, Faculty of Fine Arts, Public Library, Historical Monuments, Bakhtar News Agency and the Kabul Municipality shared what they had done relating to their responsibilities. Deputy Minister Fazel Sancharaki said that the ministry of information and culture has multiple times offered its plan to the country’s president for the improvement the publication affairs, but nothing had so far been made in this regard.
“We hope the country’s chief executive pay attention in this field. About the Jam Minaret and the programs on its restoration in the current fiscal year, he said measures had been adopted to restore it in the country’s western Ghor province.
Farid Farhang head of government dailies also spoke regarding the agenda and said the dailies including The Kabul Times, Anis, Hiwad and Islah newspapers should be paid attention by the government.
He suggested that all four state-owned newspapers should be printed in color-form, with their circulation level made higher and provided with own printing machines, and experienced youths to help them compete with other papers.
Chief Executive, meanwhile ordered the holding of a two-day seminar for the government-owned newspapers and that he would cooperate with the ministry of information and culture in allocation of enough budget.
The Chief Executive also noted that the papers should become self-sufficient through commercial advertisements.
The CE said the spirit of the state-owned dailies should be national not governmental and their self-sufficiency creates attractiveness.
Shukria Kohistani

Thursday, 16 January 2020 07:28

Media Should Obey Gender Justice, VP Danesh

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Second-Vice President, Sarwar Danesh in the Women Journalist Conference, asked all media outlets to first remain themselves obedient of gender justice, as on the government side, he assured that it was committed for supporting media and freedom of expression, said a statement from his office the other day.
The vice-president asked all women journalists and the entities supporting them to share all issues relating to them in cooperation with the Journalists Federation, with the joint committee secretary office for further investigation, said the statement.
On the peace process, he said the government of Afghanistan would remain persisting on republicanism and citizenship rights, particularly of the women and freedom of expression and calls these values key part of its principles, said the statement. "Although, the government has the primary responsibility to defend the rights of the people of Afghanistan and the last 18 year achievements, but vigilance and partnership of the entire people of Afghanistan, particularly women, including female journalists and their avocation is a need," said the VP as quoted by the statement.
Danesh asked the Journalists Federation of Afghanistan that first they themselves obey gender justice inside the entities, ensure women journalists activities and then make the media outlets and media owners, particularly private and non-governmental ones to do this.
"Unfortunately, media themselves are one of the places in which women journalists' rights are violated even do discrimination in the contracts and violate the labor law and other laws," the vice-president regretted. According to him, up to 117 journalists related cases have been investigated and in some cases, violators have received death penalties, but in the current months, he said the figure of violation against journalists have dropped by 42 percent.
The vice-president assured that currently the procedure of the committee is being changed into a rule which can guarantee the stability and permanency of the committee's work, the statement concluded.

Thursday, January 16, 2020
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in a meeting on Tuesday with deputy of World Bank (WB) for South Asia and his accompanied delegation discussed the bank’s assistance and support to Afghanistan, a statement said.
In the meeting held at Presidential Palace with participation of World Bank chairperson for Afghanistan, President Ghani briefed related to Afghanistan government’s programs in particular development programs in the field of education, mines, customs and increasing of the country’s revenues and Afghanistan economic landscape, the presidential press office statement said
Speaking related to the government’s reforms package, the country’s President said the reforms’ logic was to deliver better services, enhance effectiveness and build capacity of the government institutions.
President Ghani said that the government was seriously committed to bringing reforms as their goal was to deliver effective, equal and technology-based services to the people, stressing on investment on renewable energy, construction of hydropower dams and water management, counter-poverty to reduce it, increasing of agricultural products and attention to values of the product in the country.
The country’s President by stating that Afghanistan exports have reached to more than $1billion said the government would further invest on Afghanistan electricity projects in future, stressing on regional connectivity and economic efforts in the region. In the meeting, deputy of the World Bank for South Asia affairs once again declared the bank’s support from economic and development programs of President Ghani and the government of Afghanistan.

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