20 August 2019

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Politics

Tuesday August 20, 2019
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani laid a wreath at the Azadi “Independence” Memorial minaret on the occasion of Independence Day, a statement said.
The ceremony was also attended by second VP Mohammad Sarwar Danesh, Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, speakers of lower and upper houses of parliament, cabinet members, Nationals Security Advisor and a number of government officials at the vicinity of Ministry of National Defense. The president later appeared at a ceremony in Darul Aman Palace, which has been recently renovated. Addressing the event, President Ghani said the main celebration of the centenary of Independence Day was postponed honoring the victims of the deadly attack but added that “we will take the revenge of our people”.
President Ghani addressing the nation at Darul Aman Palace woefully expressed that, “Enemy of our freedom and independence, enemy of our people and country, they cannot see this celebration and happiness. This enemy can’t face our powerful armed forces.” “We will eliminate Daesh hideouts all around the country. The fight against Deash will be intensified,” the president said. He argued that the Taliban can’t avoid the responsibility by denying being behind this attack. He said that, Taliban laid the foundation for such attacks and carried out numerous such barbaric attacks on mosques, schools and public places. While assuring that they will not have mercy and the fight against ISIS will continue fiercely, he expressed that, they will take revenge and uproot them. He also called out the Taliban and said that if they are true Afghans then they should join other Afghans in protecting the blood of citizens with them, otherwise they are not part of this land.
The president went on saying that international community should not remain silent over such inhuman acts, but efforts should be intensified to uproot terror. “Our fight is with enemies of humanity. World should know that Afghans not only fighting for their independence, but also fighting for survival of the humanity,” the president said. The 100th Independence Day marks a critical juncture in Afghanistan’s political history, in the backdrop of Peace negotiations, which are to decide the future direction of the country. President Ghani had expressed his views earlier and said, “Afghanistan’s fate can’t be decided outside, we don’t want anyone to intervene in our affairs”. President Ghani made the comments as U.S. and Taliban negotiators appeared to be closing in on a peace agreement without the Western backed government in Kabul at the table.

Tuesday August 20, 2019
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani participated and delivered speech in an evening banquet arranged on the occasion of 100th anniversary of Afghanistan Independence at presidential palace to honor foreign ambassadors to Kabul and officials of the international organizations.
In the banquet attended also by the country’s First Lady, Princess Hendia and Princess Najia, daughters of King Amanullah Khan, and a number of high-ranking government officials, deputy minister of foreign affairs Idress Zaman spoke and said: “Today, we’re celebrating not only the 100th anniversary of Afghanistan Independence but the capability for serving and protection of our people.” Praising the country’s defense and security forces for their sacrifices and efforts towards counterterrorism and thousands of Afghan women and men who have devoted their lives for the protection of the country’s freedom, Zaman added today the people of Afghanistan were a united and decisive nation. Afterwards, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani spoke and said they have renovated and rebuilt part of the country’s cultural heritages and historic monuments such as Darul Aman and Paghman palaces on the occasion of 100th anniversary of the country’s Independence and other parts of them were under reconstruction. “The country’s cultural heritages and historic monuments are not the buildings only, but they are symbols of our national and historic identity,” President Ghani said, praising the international community in particular US, EU member countries, Islamic countries, India and all other neighboring countries in the region for their assistance to Afghanistan. The country’s President asserted that the people of Afghanistan wanted republic and peace; therefore, the government was committed to holding transparent, fair and inclusive elections in the country.

Tuesday, August 20, 2019
Kabul (BNA) US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo has extended best wishes to the people of Afghanistan on the celebration of the 100th anniversary of Afghanistan’s independence on August 10, according to a statement on Monday.
“On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I would like to extend my best wishes to the people of Afghanistan as you celebrate the 100th anniversary of your independence on August 10,” Pompeo was quoted by the State Department statement as saying.
“You have much to be proud of as you celebrate century of resilience and cultural diversity.  We applaud your accomplishments of the least two decades, including significant improvements in education, health, infrastructure, women’s rights, economic opportunity, and media freedom.”  He said.
Sadly Afghanistan’s 100 year history has also been marked by conflict.  The terrorist attack against a Kabul wedding hall this weekend is an attack against humanity.  As we commemorate Afghan history and memorialize Afghan sacrifice, we redouble our commitment to work together toward a peaceful future in which we can strengthen the bonds of friendship between our nations.  “During my most recent visit to Afghanistan this summer, I reaffirmed our commitment to help Afghans preserve the gains of the past 18 years by continuing support to Afghan institutions on the pathway to self-reliance.  The United States and Afghanistan are enduring partners, working together toward a sustainable peace and a safer, better tomorrow for all Afghans,” he said.

Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Almost hundred years ago, Afghanistan gained its independence from British Empire. People at home and abroad reacted to this great historic event. Inside Afghanistan, fellow citizens reacted to this great national epic by celebrations and expression of their support of the Afghan youth regime and King Amanullah Khan. After gaining freedom, an independent, proud and developed Afghanistan was considered as the most important goal of the Afghan government and the nation. Moreover, the overseas movements of liberation in the region and the Islamic world affected by this important event, which had abandoned the legend of the invincibility of the British Empire, which used as a powerful motivator for strengthening and expanding liberation movements in their countries. This event created sparks of hope in other Asian countries at a time when they were under political and economic domination of foreign powers. Indian liberators, especially Indian Muslims, interpreted the independence of Afghanistan as a good omen and demanded the revival of the Islamic caliphate, which was abandoned after the victory of Mustafa Kamal in Turkey, led by King Amanullah Khan. Later, this has diminished the relationship between the Afghan youth regime with the Soviet Union.
It is worth to mention that the value and importance of Afghanistan’s independence at international level was revealed during the six months of King Amanullah’s journey to Europe.
When King Amanullah arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians and the reputable newspapers recognized the visit of Afghanistan’s king to Egypt as a historic event and a great honor for the Egyptian people, and welcomed him as a champion of the Islamic world. All this welcome and respect in reality was a kind of praise and appreciation of the heroism and courage of the poor, the oppressed and the unheard nation who, with all the incapacity rise and broke up the first circle of British colonialism with incredible courage, and moved in line with independent political and economic life. Undoubtedly, this courageous act to other nations of the world was more like a myth than the truth. In many countries, King Amanullah was encouraged and loved by people and their leaders as a mythical hero. For instance, when King Amanullah arrived in Iran, during the meetings and visits to the Iranian people, they showed so much affection and sincerity on their part that even made Reza Shah jealous and anxious.
He wished that king Amanullah Khan should leave his country as soon as possible, so that, these visits would not cause the insurgency and dissatisfaction of the people against him.
Furthermore, the European countries expressed their interest in meeting with King Amanullah and to establish political, economic and cultural relations with the new and independent government of Afghanistan.
In particular, British competitors in Europe, which included Germany and France called for widespread political, economic, and cultural relations with Afghanistan.
It is noteworthy that gaining independence from British Empire gave special authority and prestige to Afghanistan at international level. As German President Paul von Hindenburg presented the flag of the country to King Amanullah during the military parade held in honor of the national day of Germany. Further, when King Amanullah visited Paris, he was offered by the Mayor of Paris to sleep on Napoleon Bonaparte’s bed on the first night of his stay in the city, and he was given the title Napoleon of the East.
On the other hand, the British authorities committed to offer significant grants including economic cooperation to Afghanistan during the visit of King Amanullah from London if the king avoid his travel to Moscow. Nevertheless, King Amanullah refused all these offers to reveal the unconditional independence of Afghanistan and departed to Moscow. During his visits and signing of bilateral agreements with soviet authorities, he succeeded to further strengthen the bilateral ties between the states.
The Afghan youth regime has achieved international trust and credibility by gaining freedom from the British Empire and establishment of an independent state.
Bezhan Azam
Ansari


 

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