18 October 2019

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Politics

 

Your Excellency Chancellor Merkel,
Your Excellency President Karzai,
Foreign Minister Westerwelle,
Foreign Minister Rassoul,
Excellencies,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Let me begin by thanking our hosts the German government for their hospitality and generosity.
Our thanks and congratulations, as well, to President Karzai, for convening this forum of more than 100 member states and international organizations.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Ten years ago, leaders joined here in Bonn in the wake of terrible terrorist attacks.
Over the past decade, our unity and resolve have been tested. And yet, we have persevered, together, on behalf of the Afghan people.
That road that started in Bonn brings us back once again.
The Afghan chairmanship of this Conference symbolizes something very important. It shows the increased capacity of our Afghan friends to lead. It demonstrates their willingness to own the processes that will shape their future.
At the same time, we know that the cycle of suffering has not been broken. I am deeply concerned that violence remains a constant factor in the daily life of the Afghan people. It is hard to build when violence hijacks the reconstruction and development agenda.
Today, the international community comes together to reinforce this fundamental link between development and security. We re-affirm our commitment to support Afghanistan in its efforts for a better, peaceful and prosperous life for all its people, women and men alike.
Over the past decade, our work has made a difference.
Together, we have supported the return of 4.6 million Afghan refugees. We have enrolled 7.3 million more children in school and helped deliver better health care. 80% of the country is now polio-free. More women are empowered and representing their communities. As the Afghan Mortality Survey shows, infant and maternal mortality has declined. Far fewer people are victims of landmines.
Along the way, we have supported the priorities of the Afghan government and advanced on the aspirations of the Afghan people.
Looking ahead, we know the challenges are large ? but we will not be deterred.
Ladies and gentlemen,
The theme of this conference sums up the challenge before us: “From Transition to Transformation”.
Success requires effective engagement from us all, now and for the long-term.
Above all, that requires reconciliation.
The Afghan people have long understood that lasting stability must grow from a political process grounded in dialogue and consensus.
We must draw from the centuries-old wisdom of the Afghans and endorse the fundamental principles of national reconciliation – Afghan-led and fully inclusive.
We share the same aspirations:
To safeguard human life and property.
To seek justice in good faith and mutual trust.
To ensure that all parties renounce violence, cut ties to international terrorism, and respect the Afghan Constitution with its protections for human rights.
Reconciliation is in everyone's interest. It must be everyone's concern.
As we look ahead, we must also ensure that protection of civilians remains at the fore.
A major share of civilian deaths and casualties have been caused by anti-Government forces. All such killings, whether targeted or indiscriminate, are unacceptable and must stop.
This is also an issue for the International Security Assistance Force. The Afghan people must see ISAF as true partners in the deepest sense, and that begins with personal security.
We appreciate the dedication and courage that ISAF forces have displayed in helping Afghanistan reach this important point of transition. But incidents in which innocent civilians become casualties can only undercut our work and our ultimate goals.
Ladies and gentlemen,
As Afghanistan assumes full responsibility for its security, the government and its international partners must shift and intensify their focus on the non-military aspects of transition ? on development, on governance and on extending effective civilian authority throughout Afghanistan.
There are no easy solutions. The trust and confidence of the Afghan people will be won by fighting corruption, tackling the drug trade, sustaining the rule of law and progress on human rights, ensuring women rights, and advancing social and economic development.
In Afghanistan and elsewhere, the basic building block of social well-being is education – inclusive, equitable, comprehensive. Clearly, this means the education of girls and young women as well as boys and young men.
And while the empowerment of Afghanistan's women can start with education, it must not end there. It must extend to political participation and the full range of areas where discrimination is deeply entrenched, either socially or legally.
Afghanistan cannot realize its full potential if half of its population is not fully empowered.
Excellencies,
Ladies and gentleman,
The regional dimension is crucial.
Afghanistan is not an island; it must be moored in the broader stream of regional commerce and development. Regional cooperation is essential for addressing transitional threats ? organized crime, trafficking in illicit drugs, and the links between these activities and terrorism.
To Afghanistan's neighbours ? Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan:
Let me stress that your cooperative understanding will be indispensable to peace and reconciliation. Political reconciliation in Afghanistan can proceed only if it is supported by its neighbours.
To all other friends of Afghanistan, near and far:
Let us build on the momentum of previous meetings such as this one and re-commit ourselves to practical, coherent and concerted action by us all.
To the people of Afghanistan, especially:
Let me say that the United Nations will be there for you – to listen and to help in every possible way.
The United Nations was there well before 2001, and will be there far beyond 2014.
We are in the process of reviewing our roles and activities to best serve the Afghan people. We are doing so in line with requirements of the transition process ? the mandates of the Security Council ? and above all the expectations of the Afghan Government and people.
In closing, I would like to express my immense gratitude to the UN Special Representative Staffan de Mistura for his dedication, service and leadership of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan. He is returning to Italy as Undersecretary of State and I wish him all the best, but we look forward to working closely with him in a new capacity.
And I want to warmly welcome and introduce to all of you Mr. Ján Kubi?, who will be succeeding Mr. de Mistura. I am certain that he can count on our full support and cooperation as he undertakes this very challenging mission and I wish him all the best and I hope you will lend the United Nations all of your support.
Thank you.

Kabul (BNA) Hamid Karzai President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan cancelled his trip to United Kingdom (UK) after yesterday’s terrorist attacks in the country. 
According to presidential spokesman office to BNA, Hamid Karzai who was in an official meeting in Berlin of Germany and it was due to leave Germany for UK yesterday evening at the local time, hearing the news of two terrorist attacks in Kabul and Mazar-i-Sharif cities, cancelled his trip to London and returned back to Afghanistan. 
It is said that while his arriving to Kabul, President Karzai will visit the injured persons and share his sympathies with the victims’ families.
According to interior ministry, the suicide attack which occurred in Kabul yesterday, 55 people were martyred including 4 children and 2 women and 134 others were wounded. Also, in other terrorist attack in Mazar-i-Sharif, a number of our compatriots were martyred and wounded, said the source.  
Translated by Suraya-Yarzada
 

Kabul (BNA) Marshal Mohammad Qaseem Fahim, Acting President of the country chaired a plenary session of council of ministers. 
To begin with, Marshal Fahim sympathized the Muslim nation of Afghanistan on the advent of Ashura of Hussaini. 
Calling the second Bonn International Conference held in Bonn of Germany as a great event and expressed the hope that the decisions of this conference will be instrumental in security and stability and progress of the country. 
As per the agenda the CM session head a presentation by the public works minister on the specification of length of railway in Afghanistan. 
The CM decided that the Afghan Railway Department along with the representatives of Urban Development Ministry after carrying technical consultation specify a proper standard for the railway and present its views to the CM. 
The decision of the law committee of the CM on nationality and immigration and the regulations of night higher educational institutions were presented by justice minister to the session. 
The law on nationality and migration in accordance with the Constitution of Afghanistan has been prepared in 6 chapters and 36 articles. 
The CM decided that the law be further studied and after confirmation of the CM law committee be referred to the CM for further assessment. 
The law on night higher education institutions in 4 chapters and 20 articles was also taken up at the CM session and confirmed. 
The minister of education called the vote of confidence to three government candidates by the House of people as manifestation of national unity of Afghanistan as a member of the cabinet expressed his satisfaction on this decision of the House of people. 
He added that non-expending of the development budget is attributed to the structural problems, especially that in some of the development budgets of some ministries which are financed by donor countries, its financial resources have not been paid but is incorporated into their budgets by finance ministry and this raises the budget level and lowering the implementation balance. 
The CM after discussing this issue instructed the finance ministry to resort to reification of the ministries development budget figures and prepare a report in this respect for the CM. 
Two international conventions were presented by administrative deputy minister of foreign ministry which was confirmed by the CM as well.

Kabul (BNA) Addressing the international second Bonn Conference, UN Secretary General, Ban ki-moon said that now, the international community had get to gather to announce their support on Afghanistan’s efforts to ensure tranquil and peaceful life for its people. 
Quoting presidential press office statement said the international second Bonn Conference leadership indicated the axiom that the friendly Afghans enjoy a high leadership capacity. 
Pointing to a decade long achievements of Afghanistan, he said Afghanistan had wide achievements over the last one decade among them, repatriation of more than 4.5 Afghan refugees to the country, enrolling 7.3 million children to school, providing high health services, attending the women and decrease in mother and children mortality, the statement quoted. 
He said the people of Afghanistan had long experience that a sustainable stability can only be implemented based on a political process which the basis had been formed by understanding and consensus among the Afghans, the statement added. 
“We are inspired of the Afghans vigilance and talent in the past and confirm the Afghans-led main principles of national reconciliation as a comprehensive process”, the statement quoted him as saying, continuing that peace was in the interest of all. 
He called civilians casualties as concerning and added that the Afghan government armed oppositions responsible for an extensive part of the civilian casualties and the issue also refers to the international forces. 
He emphasized the people of Afghanistan should reckon the ISAF forces their partners a perception originates from self-security.