Thursday February 23, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan-Pakistan relations refer to the bilateral ties between the two nations.
Both neighboring states are Islamic Republics, part of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and designated by the United States as major non-NATO allies.
Relations between the two countries have been subject to various complexities over the past decades, by issues related to the Durand Line, the 1978-present war (i.e. Mujahideen, Afghan refugees, Taliban insurgency and border skirmishes), including water and the growing relations of India and Afghanistan. However, the two states are working together to find solutions to these problems. This includes possible defense cooperation and intelligence sharing as well as further enhancing the two-way trade and abolishment of visas for both sides’ diplomats. Since Pakistan gained independence in 1947, relations between the two sides have faced ups and downs. Based on international relations law, needs, security and economy issues, cultural similarities, and international treaties can pave the way for further growing of relations between the states. Afghanistan-Pakistan relations have never been good as it was in Taliban era. In fact, Afghanistan has faced many challenges over the last more than three decades, resulted to be changed into an instable and weak country in all fields.
Most of experts call Taliban a Pakistani sovereignty not Afghani, because they believe that the Taliban have always been supported by Pakistan.
Relations between the two sides have become more strained after the Afghan government began openly accusing Pakistan of using its ISI spy network in aiding the Taliban and other terrorist groups. There have been a number of reports about both sides’ skirmishes, which usually occur when army soldiers are in hot pursuit chasing insurgents who cross the order back and forth. This leads to tensions between the two states, especially after hearing reports of civilian casualties. Pakistan has always vowed to cooperate with the government of Afghanistan in peace talks with insurgents, but it has never been honest in this regard, as recently, it restarted shelling inside Afghan soil which resulted in injuring many innocent people. Pakistan has always violated the international relations rule and never observed the inter-governments relations’ principle.
Wednesday February 22, 2017
Kabul (BNA) In a recent measure to draw attention from the neighboring country to concentrate on the terrorists training centers inside its soil, Afghanistan submitted list of 85 notorious members and their three training centers to Pakistan.
The list included Haqqani Network along with other terrorist centers and members located in Sindh, Baluchistan and Khayber Pakhtunkhaw regions of Pakistan, and said that if Pakistan wants fighting terrorism, it should focus on the enlisted sites. Afghanistan has also warned to use the international sources to increase pressures on its immediate neighbor, if ignored to take measure in this field. The list has been submitted via the Afghan ambassador to Pakistan few days ago, with Pakistani side showing green light to take step in the scope, but it is not still clear if it was honestly ready to cooperate with Afghanistan in this field. Afghan people believed terrorist activities have overwhelmed both countries and even feared to threat the world, so there is a need to jointly take step against by the two countries. However Afghanistan has submitted similar lists to the Pakistani side, but it had not still paid attention to the issue.
Undoubtedly terrorist safe sanctuaries are only inside the Pakistani sides and they are financed and trained and commute there with no restriction, so this is a need to focus on their main training centers and targeted through joint efforts by the two countries. If Pakistan considered the list of terrorist members and centers submitted by the Afghan side, then the Afghan government would absolutely study about the list of 76 notorious members of terrorists and take step in their elimination. So, Afghanistan should take firm its decision about the lists of terrorist members and their training centers it submitted to Pakistan, unless it takes strong plan to suppress them in the spots. However, the United States has not still taken measure against Pakistan and believes Pakistan was itself the victim of terror, while Afghanistan based US forces general commander Gen. Nicolson has warned that success of war on terrorism was impossible, until terrorist safe havens were available inside Pakistan. After Donald Trump took power in the US, Pakistan is now apparently planning fight terrorism as the new US president has said that he don’t allow Pakistan to extend terrorism war against his country’s forces, as he is businessman and don’t want much money and effort go in vain.
This is not still clear, if Pakistan really wants to start antiterrorism operation in its soil or it only wanted to target those groups against its interests, as in the past it has repeatedly been seen that, the neighboring country transferred terrorist groups who are working for its interest to the safe sites by military vehicles but targeted those against Afghanistan and India. Now the international community is deceive that Pakistan shouldn’t distinguish between good and bad terrorists and similarly take military action against. On the other hand, Taliban is now under pressure by UAE and warned to join peace negotiations with the Afghan government or their office in Qatar would be shut and face sanctions from both the Saudi Arabia Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates.
Wednesday, February 22, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Deputy Foreign Ministry Hekmat Khalil Karzai met delegation of UN Sanctions Committee chaired by Hans-Jakob Schindler here yesterday afternoon, the MoFA said in a statement.
The Deputy Foreign Ministry said this visit took place at a very crucial time when Afghanistan Government gained another major accomplishment in peace and reconciliation with Hezb-b-Islami Afghanistan (HIA), adding Afghan Government hopes that the committee will cooperate in delisting the individuals and groups the ready to peace negotiations with the government of Afghanistan, the statement added. Meanwhile Hans-Jakob Schindler said the delegation was ready to cooperate with the Afghan Government and will publish its working report in the near future. He promised that the Sanctions Committee will also cooperate regarding the list provided by the by the Government of Afghanistan to the UN Security Council. During the meeting, both sides also discussed other areas of interest as well, the statement concluded.
Wednesday February 22, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Based on suggestion of Marshal Mohammad Qasim Fahim’s Foundation, to maintain national unity and mark 3rd death anniversary of former Vice-President, a commission under chairmanship of Gen. Qadam Shah Shahim, Chief of Army Staff has been tasked to take necessary preparations. The commission members are as follow:
1. Abdul Rahman Rahman, senior deputy to the ministry of interior
2. Adib Fahim, head of Marshal Mohammad Qasim Fahim’s Foundation and first deputy to national directorate for security (NDS)
3. Gen. Gul Nabi Ahmad Zai
4. Deputy minister of information and culture on publications
5. Deputy to local orangs administration
6. Head of Radio Television of Afghanistan
Likewise, to ensure the ceremony’s expenditures, the ministry of finance should transfer 5 million Afghanis to the affairs’ administration from code 92.