21 February 2017

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Politics

Friday February 17, 2017
TEHRAN (FNA) Deputy Head of Iran's Anti-Drug Headquarters Assadollah Hadinejad declared his country's readiness to help Afghanistan to replace its poppy cultivation with another agricultural crop. "The official stressed that Afghan farmers could replace poppy cultivation with other agricultural products, including sesame and corn, and sell them to Iran," Hadinejad said on Tuesday. He reiterated that all border areas of Iran-Afghanistan have been blocked to prevent the entry of opium into the country. Hadinejad's remarks came after the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) announced that Afghanistan’s poppy cultivation has risen to its third-highest level in more than 20 years. The total area of land used for poppy cultivation in Afghanistan had risen by 10 percent to 201,000 hectares (497,000 acres) in 2016, UNODC reported. Opium poppy cultivation, a favorite activity of the Taliban, used to be limited to certain parts of Afghanistan; however, the surge in militancy and the government’s loss of grip on security has allowed it to spread to other parts of the country, particularly the North.

Friday February 17, 2017
Kabul (BNA) During his recent visit to UAE, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani discussed security situation of Afghanistan and the region and asked those countries who would play positive role for restoration of peace and stability in Afghanistan to make sincere and serious cooperation and save Afghanistan and region from war on terror. President Ghani has also sympathized and condoled the families of those five UAE diplomats who were killed in attack on Kandahar provincial guest house. Nearly one month ago there was an explosion in Kandahar provincial guest house in which twelve people including deputy governor of Kandahar and five UAE diplomats, were killed and 19 others wounded.
Although the UAE has so far not taken any step on restoration of peace and stability in Afghanistan but most Afghans believe that due to its influence on Pakistan, UAE can force Pakistan to cooperate for restoration of peace and stability in Afghanistan and encourage Taliban to attend the peace talks table.
Rich Arabic Sheikhs assist Pakistan government and armed Taliban and stopping of theses assistance can force Taliban to attend peace talks, but yet the UAE has not made any clear decision that gives up secret support of Taliban. It should be said that the warning of US president to those countries who have sympathy with armed insurgents, may force UAE to impose pressure on Pakistan to exonerate itself and takes strong steps for restoration of regional stability. Hereafter the Arab world cannot rescue itself from the world competitions. And under the pretext of war on terror continue its assistance. Prior to this, Saudi Arabia has also promised to organize an Islamic Conference in Riyadh city with the participation of Islamic teachings scholars on peace and security in Afghanistan to call terrorism against Islamic and prove actions of this group contrary to Islam. But this conference has not been organized yet. The Afghans hope that the Arab World especially Saudi Arabia is capable to exert increasing pressure on Pakistan aimed peace and stability in Afghanistan and to give up terrorists support and make counter-terror steps.
Pakistan Chief of Army Gen Qamar Bajwa has promised to US defense secretary to suppress the terrorist groups in Pakistan soil and take serious steps for their elimination. But so far Pakistan has not taken even small counter-terror step. We would see the impacts of Kandahar would not incident on Afghan –UAE economic, political relations. But Afghans say that Kandahar impact their bilateral relations. Because this problem is not restricted only to Afghanistan but whole the world is at close quarter with it. But the UAE should understand that she had recognized Taliban regime and had assisted them, but today Taliban ignored UAE support and attacked UAE interests. The UAE should now start regional cooperation for uprooting of terrorism and don’t let the region to be victimized by terror. Because without regional and global cooperation elimination of terrorism is impossible as the US has also called on the world including Arab world to make decisive measures on prevention of terrorism. The USA has imposed travel ban on seven Arab counties nationals that their citizens cannot travel to the US. If terror continue, the US sanctions’ will increase.
 

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Kabul (BNA) February 14 the anniversary day of the then Soviet Union forces withdrawal from Afghanistan titled, as a national rescue day, is a conjecture point in modern history of Afghanistan. 
BNA political analyst commenting on the issue writes the former Soviet Union forces left Afghanistan on February 14, 1989 ended their occupation after nine years heavy fighting and sustaining huge losses.  The then Soviet Union forces invaded Afghanistan on January 26, 1979 via ground and air and occupied the country. This barbaric action faced with severe reflection of the world community and because of devotion and heroic struggle of Afghan people impelled to leave Afghanistan. In spite of that, the former Soviet Union withdrew its forces from Afghanistan according to so-called Genu Agreement in order to save its dignity. However, not only Afghan people but also the peoples around the world considered it as a shameful defeat, which achieved at the cost of more than two million martyrs who lost their lives in fighting against Red Army’s atrocities and occupation of the country. The Afghans with their long lasting and heroic struggle against this super power of the world brought this invincible power in to its knees and collapsed the empire of the then Soviet Union as a result of which many countries achieved their independence and emerged as independent countries in world arena.
Commemorating February 14 in reality is commemoration of Jihad and résistance of Afghan people against foreign occupation and defending national values and Islamic indent of the country. They achieved this glorious victory with empty hands but strong faith firmly stood against the most powerful force that had undeniable role in world policies and great games. Victory against such horrible and fully armed enemy is a great honor for a poor but with high dignity and lead to lofty inspirations Afghan Mujahid people. Unfortunately, the jealousy and illegal and ambitious demands of certain countries of the region and certain circles of former mujahidin looted the results of this victory and mujahidin who wanted to establish an effective government faced with foreign seditions of aliens. One the program and sedition was changing to the naught the achievement of Jihad, which designed and implemented by foreign intelligence. These heinous circles have succeeded to break out factional among mujahidin and prolongation of war in the country but the Afghan people are committed not let the enemies to achieve their evil goals and to establishing a democratic system in the country.
 

Wednesday February 15, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Due to being land locked and lack of direct southward sea way, Afghanistan had to maintain close relations with powerful northern Soviet Russia.
Russia (defunct USSR) had tried to avail this opportunity influence into Afghanistan commercially, economically, military and politically specially since early 1950s which the newly emerged Pakistan was in the focus of the western world. Exploiting deteriorating relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan, Russia found this chance to expand their influence in all fields and in our vital veins gradually. The Soviets managed to disseminate their ideology and policy among the young educated generation of our country and finally inclined a number towards themselves expecting to use them one day as a means for further expansion of their influence south wards.  Whenever the Daud led Afghan government wanted to rescue the country from deep dependence of the USSR, the Russians instructed their followers to stage a coup d’état, collapse Republic of Afghanistan and eliminate Daud Khan from the political scene. The leadership of the former USSR decided to send their troops on Dec 27.1979 into Afghanistan and deployed over 120000 Red Army forces in Afghanistan which provoked decisive reaction of brave Afghan nation and the world people. But the Russians had been trapped in a fatal catcher and sustained unprecedented loses and damage and casualties and after ten years concluded to leave Afghanistan because domestic and global political reflections’ were completely in their disadvantages.
After the death of Brezhnev and taking over of Gorbachev, it was a suitable time to Russians to withdraw their troops in one way or another. Gorbachev condemned the USSR military invasion of Afghanistan which taken place by Brezhnev order and called it as a big mistake. After ten years of futile fighting and killing of hundreds of thousands innocent Afghans, the Soviets realized that they cannot occupy Afghanistan or dominate it by military means. Russians sustained over 20000 casualties and multi thousands wended as well as three to four billion US Dollar material damages, Russians had to leave Afghanistan. The outcomes of Red Army invasion were countless damages not only to Afghan people but also to Russian people. Today after 38 years of the Soviet invasion of 27 Dec 1979 of Afghanistan, many basic changes have taken place in the world situation. But the leaders of the former USSR had quite different opinion. The Feb 15. 1989, withdrawal day of the last soviet soldier from Afghanistan has been registered as on important day in the contemporary political history of Afghanistan and the world. Today Russia is a different country and calls itself as one of the friends of Afghanistan trying to help in restoration of peace and stability in the country. Russians would never send troops to Afghanistan under any circumstances but she tries to coordinate its efforts with global partners and expand its role.
Lailuma Noori
 

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