23 January 2018

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Politics

Saturday, January 13, 2018

Kabul (BNA) The People’s Servant Party of Afghanistan led by Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen former minister of Information and Culture and chairman of Kabul citizen’s overall council was opened during an official ceremony, attended by thousands of people, including culturists, civil society activists, media representatives, academicians and university lecturers and students here on Thursday, BNA reported.
Delivering his remarks, Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen founder and president of the political party said the party was established through the efforts of a number of elite figures, including university lecturers, professors, students, religious scholars, culturists and artists, aiming to move Afghanistan towards success on the basis of law and Islamic teachings.
“Afghanistan has witnessed many ups and downs and the political parties only thought about their own interests. The people’s servant party of Afghanistan comprised of people from all over Afghanistan whichtheir hands were not infected with the blood of innocent people and have never been in political parties before, inaugurating at the time thatthe country facing many challenges and the party to spare no efforts in serving the people and bringing about positive changes,” Dr. Raheen noted.
Meanwhile a number of other speakers, including deputies of the party HelayNikzad and Razia Nooristani as well as university lecturers Dr. Alawi and Omid Afghan representing the party’s central council spoke related to activities of the party and ongoing situation in the country and emphasized on good governance and fundamental reforms.
The speakers criticized works of other political parties in the country, saying their selfish works have led to devastation of Afghanistan.
 

Saturday, January 13, 2018

Kabul (BNA) The first ‘successful women’s festival’ held here in Kabul on Thursday and many the country’s elite women’s works and achievements appreciated, BNA reported.
The festival was organized by Institute for peace, good governance and media, Ayena Association and Zan Tv, and was attended by deputy minister of administration, finance and tourism of the Ministry of Information and Culture Prof. Sayeda Mojgan Mostafavi, Presidential advisor Malali Shenwari, a number of government officials, culturists and university lecturers.
Briefing the audience, Prof, Shahla Farid member of the board of directors said 500 women were initially nominated, where five out of which were selected for award and five other for the appreciation certificates. Presidential advisor MalaliShenwari called the festival important for women’s access to their rights and highlighting their role in the society. Addressing the gathering, Prof. Mostafavipointed to women’s achievements, saying holding such festivals to further introduce women’s role in the society, adding Ministry of Information and Culture was working to introduce women’s works and achievements.
Meanwhile other speakers also spoke related to women’s role and their challenges and asked for holding of such festivals to further introduce women’s role within society and their achievements.
At the end, Muslima Amani deputy director of Passport department, Kamila Sediqi deputy minister of commerce and industries, RahimaRezayee director of private tribunal of Kabul province, MarimaDuraniower of Merman Radio and Dr. Shukurdokht Jafari were bestowed with awards while SiminHasanzada former deputy minister of publication, Homaira Saqib, ZuhraRezayee, Masouma Habibi and ZemarmaNeyazi were appreciated with certificates.
 

Saturday, January 13, 2018

Mazar-e-Sharif (BNA) Afghan Minister of Transportation in a ceremony received 28 tractors and three Busses assistance of Uzbekistan in Hairatan border.
According to BNA reporter, in the gathering, Esmatullah Argashof special envoy of Uzbekistan president stressed on good relation between the two countries.
Hamiddulah Tohmasi Minister of Transportation praised good relation and donation of Uzbekistan said, the assistance of 28 tractors and three busses would strengthen the good relations between the two countries in political, scientific, cultural, trade and economic fields.
T. Yarzada
 

Wednesday, January 10, 2018
Kabul (BNA) The following elements are essential for every country,: people certain geography, history, national unity, government, legislature, law, judiciary, peace, security, stability, people believe and relations with government, protection of national values, people rights and respect to it, media, press, social justice, people expectation from rulers, politicians and security forces.
From the research point of view, constitutions are separated in two parts:
A: mixed and united laws
B: strengthened and soft laws
The soft laws could be changed and amended quickly and without problem like laws in UK and Israel while the strengthened laws could not be changed and amended easily but it takes place by a council like in the US, France, Swiss and in Afghanistan by Loya Jirga. Chronology of constitutions in Afghanistan:
Constitution is the mother of other laws and during the reign of late progressive king Amanullah Ghazi (Basic Regulation) or constitution was prepared using other laws, opinions of Ulema, lecturers, laws of Turkey etc.
The draft of the constitution was in Pashto which was approved in 1301 winter in Jalalabad Loya Jirga with the participation of 872 representatives. Its Pashto version was published on 19 Hamal 1302 and its Dari version was released on Hamal 20.1302 in 10 chapters, 73 articles.
Its first 6 articles were regarding to national identity and 18 subsequent articles were on basic rights of people.
In 1303 H.S another Loya Jirga was held in Paghman with the participation of 1000 representatives in which Regulation was amended. In 1307 Loya Jirga in Paghman it was amended again.
In 1309 Loya Jirga during the rule of Mohammad Nader Shah the basic regulations of Afghanistan government was approved in 115 articles and its 18 articles were on people basic rights.
In 1343 H.S during the reign of late Mohammad Zaher Shah, a new constitution was approved in a Loya Jirga in Kabul in 128 articles.
In 1355 H.S The Republic Constitution was approved by Loya Jirga in 136 articles during the rule of late Sardar Mohammad Daud in which 21 articles were on people basic rights. In 1359 H.S a provisional basic principles were approved. “The Basic Lines” was a collection of laws which was practicing as a constitution within the reign of Khalqies in 1357 and three first quarters of 1358 H.S. In 1366 H.S during the rule of late Dr. Najeebullah a new constitution was approved in 149 articles in a Loya Jirga in Kabul city under the title of “Fundamental Principles” in which other political parties were allowed to appear. In 1382 H.S during the rule of ex-president Hamid Karzai a new constitution was approved by a Loya Jirga in Kabul in 12 chapters and 162 articles.
Abdul Hadi Qoraishi

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