24 January 2017

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Politics

Wednesday January 11, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Preparation meeting was held at the Sapidar Palace, with presence of Chief Executive, Dr. Abdullah aiming at taking plan for well preparation of the country’s youth to attend the Islamic Countries Solidarity Competition, expected to be hosted by Azerbaijan, said BNA Tuesday.
The state ran agency quoted Chairman of the National Olympic Committee, Mohammad Zaher Aghbar to describe about the competition as saying that during the next two months, the fourth round of the competition would be held in Azerbaijan, where 5000 players from 58 Islamic countries would take part in Baku, the hosting country’s capital city. From Afghanistan, 150 sportspersons would attend the great competition, said Aghbar, thanking the CE Office for paying special heed to the country’s sport field and describing the hard works and big achievements of the country’s athletes despite facing many challenges. He also asked the ministries of foreign, education, higher education, institute of physical education, ministries of interior, information and culture, health and transport and air aviation to remain in contact with the hosting country’s based Afghan embassy to help the country’s athletes in different fields of providing health, information and other required cooperation with the country’s sportspersons, the agency quoted.
CE, Dr. Abdullah lauded the move of the National Olympic Committee for doing more for the country’s sports in different fields despite challenges, and asked the athletes to jointly work to prevent designation in their ranks, something he said would lay negative impact on their achievements. The CE called the fourth round of the Islamic Countries Solidarity Competition very important and vowed support to the country sport society as a symbol of peace and national unity, the agency quoted. With the direction of the CE Office, a National Olympic Committee led-coordination committee had been said to be set to coordinately meet the problems of the country’s sportsmen in the competition and the related ministries and organs had been asked to provide full cooperation in this field.
 

Wednesday January 11, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Addressing an international seminar held to commemorate the personality and works of the country’s ex-prime minister Shaheed Musa Shafiq, President Ashraf Ghani enumerated one of his great achievements, signing of contract between Afghanistan and Iran on Helmand River, Bakhtar News Agency said Tuesday.
“Contract signed between Afghanistan and Iran and approved by the country’s national assembly on Helmand River, however faced some criticisms, but laid positive impacts,” said the president quoting the late ex-prime minister to have been understanding mutual cooperation between the neighbors and their joint interests and that they should deal like friends and cooperators not as rival. Pointing to what he said one of the good works of late Musa Shafiq to include in the contracts that ‘Iran had no right to use additional water beyond the treaty even more was available in the upper delta of the Helmand River that could be used by the neighboring country.’ He wished if Musa Shafiq lived more years to could control the country’s waters, but vowed that do this as their mission to fulfill his plan. The president called the contract in the interest of the people and government of Afghanistan and peace and stability in the country.
He went on to call Shafiq as the man of both pen and action, a part from the country great personalities who were seeking either to remain restricted in writing books or working practically [like late Sayed Jamaluddin Afghan], quoted the agency. President Ghani said Shaheed Shafiq was in favor of good relation with three neighbors and urged them for respecting their common rights. “The Great personality of late Musa Shafiq was a composition of Islamic and eastern and western knowledge and this deep meditation was the result of his education and experiences,” said President Ghani adding while leaving for Columbia for his higher education, he met for at least two hours with him and used the blesses of his consultations and found that he enjoyed an extraordinary talent and knowledge. The president added that discussion on the country’s contemporary law was incomplete unless the late Shafiq’s works and efforts were recalled. He was a moderate and paying attention to the importance and enforcement of law was another message of the late prime minister, said the president adding late Shafiq was born in a rustic household but reached to premiership through his own endeavors. The president said: “One of the most important messages of Shaheed Musa Shafiq was completion of what has he said an incomplete chapter started during the era of Ghazi King Amanullah Khan.”
“We hope Afghanistan would never have incomplete chapter and reach lasting welfare and stability, which could result in both the Afghan welfare and stability of the region. Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani spoke at the seminar and said the nations that are not interested to study the history of those passed, would never reach success and never taste sweetness of the life. He lauded Musa Shafiq for quieting dispute in the region, particularly that of with both neighboring countries of Iran and Pakistan, that would be a symbol of his wise arbitration, which led to control of the country’s Helmand River and signing a contract with Iranian side. While marking the country’s constitution, we are commemorating the 91st death anniversary of Shaheed Musa Shafiq who was one of a great personality in the decade of democracy and enactment of the country’s constitution. A message from al-Azhar Shaikh, Dr. Ahmad al-Tayeb was read out in the ceremony, in which Musa Shafiq had been called to have been graduated from al-Azhar University and was one of the scholars who studied in the Islamic center and used the blesses of the beneficent springhead.
The message asked the entire Muslim Umma, including Sunni and Shia to get united, said the agency. Babrak Daqiq, grandchild of Shaheed Musa Shafiq also read out a message from his household saying: “My late grandfather’s perspective was neither eastern not western but enjoyed a bright Islamic viewpoint.” “Shaheed Musa Shafiq’s viewpoint was to see Afghanistan reached the apex of development and needed nothing from anyone, as it is the symbol of peace,” he said. Documentaries of Musa Shafiq’s works have been exhibited in the seminar, where the country’s president unveiled the post-ticket decorated with Musa Shafiq photography and opened the photo exhibition of the late in the Story Palace.
 

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Second Vice President, Sarwar Danesh met a number of Nahour district senators, elders and influential figures at his office on Tuesday, his office said in a statement.
According to the statement, expressing gratitude over comprehensive and security plan in central regions, the participants asked for establishment of an independent administrative office in their region.  They added that the people of Nahour district have several times asked the past governments to establish an independent district in Jirghi and Barjagi area, but still their demand has not been fulfilled, the statement continued.
In the meeting, the second vice president stressed that amendment in administrative units and deprived central regions has been the people demand since long and the government of national unity is decisive and responsible to implement administrative justice in these regions, the statement stated.
The Second Vice-President, Sarwar Danesh also promised the participants to address their demand through related organs.
 

Tuesday January 10, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Since childhood Mohammad Musa Shafiq was interested to religious sciences.
His father, Maulawi Mohammad Ibrahim Kamawi, who was from among the greatest scholars of his time and within adolescent, acquainted his son with religious subjects.
Shafiq was introduced to local religious seminaries and was graduated from Najmulmadares of Nangarhar and followed his studies in Darul Uloom Madrassa of Kabul. After completion of madrassa, Shafiq became a religious scholar. During adolescence, beside religious subjects, Shafiq started to learn literature related subjects and composed poems and resorts to research about literature. He completed a collection of his poems under the title of “Paigham” (message) and collected the biography of Nangarhar poets and then published it. Shafiq also published a book under the title of “Abqarian”, which clearly shows, he was equipped with knowledge of his time. Mohammad Musa Shafiq left the country for Egypt to follow his studies in credible university of Al-Azhar, the greatest Islamic Society of the World, and studied law and judicial sciences, then he received the scholarship for the United States. As it was saying, Ustad Salahuddin Saljuqi was serving in embassy of Afghanistan in Egypt, and when he informed about knowledge and talent of Musa Shafiq, the then ambassador Saljuqi introduced him with his own authority to the scholarship which was given to Al-Azhar University and Shafiq went to his new destination.
Then, Ustad Saljuqi comprehended that his act was against the law and wrote a letter to Afghan Ministry of Education and enlightened the issue. However, the issue was accepted and after continuation of education in universities of Colombia and Harvard, he returned back to home. Beside this, Musa Shafiq was enjoying from another privilege as well. He also learned the contemporary sciences and got M.A from credible university of the USA. After returning back to his country, Shafiq was accepted as a lecturer in faculty of law and political sciences of Kabul University, as well as served in different posts as the head, director, and deputy minister in Ministry of Justice. In decade of democracy, it was decided that the post of premiership be given to those who were not belong to Royal Family. The new system or Royal constitution was in need of democratic constitution and king Zahir Shah determined a committee for this purpose. In this committee, Musa Shafiq found to be the key personality. Sayed Qasem Reshtia, Samad Hamid, Seddiq Farhang, Mir Najmuddin Ansari were also members of the said committee. But, Musa Shafiq was distinguished among others more, because of his access to Islamic law and Islamic Sharia, as he was graduated from one of greatest Islamic universities. Beside these, Shafiq was acquainting with the law and international relations. Mir Mohammad Seddiq Farhang who was member of ratification of the constitution, in his commemoration writes: Musa Shafiq asked me and Samad Hamid, that in the session to respond Maulawi Mohammad Ibrahim Kamawi, so that he not to be encountered with his father.
Farhang says: before my reaching to the session, QA session was begun and Shafiq was forced to respond respectfully the questions of his father. Tact and knowledge of Musa Shafiq caused the constitution to be confirmed by the scholars, who were attended in commission for evaluation of the constitution. Musa Shafiq was later appointed as the advisor in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Then, he was appointed in embassy of Afghanistan in Egypt and from there, he directly nominated as the Minister of Foreign Affairs when Dr. Zahir was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan. Afterwards, he was tasked to form new cabinet. In a courageous move, he entered in a meeting with Iran to discuss about Helmand river water and signed an agreement about division of water of this river and through this, he did to attain the assistance of Iran. But during his premiership, the people started to go away from supporting the government, as they believed the government giving much role to communist and not believes on Islamic values. Shafiq was later imprisoned and the imprisonment lasted for more than two years. Despite Musa Shafiq promoted his higher education in the United States and he could leave the country, but preferred to remain in his country and serve his people. He had no official occupation and engaged himself in agricultural activities in his birth place, Jalalabad city. But during the 7th Saur coup, some people related to the coup took Shafiq from his house to Paligon area of Jalalabad and martyred him with Kalashnikov. Therefor the life of a great politician of the time, came to an end, whose dream was to solve the deadlocks ahead of Afghanistan, and establish peace and stability, as well as to protect the national integrity.
Dr. Shamsulhaq Aryanfar
 

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