20 November 2019

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Friday November 01, 2019
Kabul (BNA) A number of significant political positions are filled by women. Adela Raz is Afghanistan' stop diplomat abroad – the country's first female permanent representative to the United Nations. Roya Rahmani is the first female ambassador to the United States.
The percentage of women lawmakers in Afghanistan is higher than the United States.
Afghan women have made strides on the long road with the establishment of the democratic administration. But the gains are made with great suffering. There is a film recorded few years ago, which rightly reflects the hardships of Afghan women. In this film, the Taliban are ruling Afghanistan. Their regime is especially repressive for women, who are not allowed to work. This situation becomes difficult for one family consisting solely of three women, representing three successive generations: a young girl, her mother and her grandmother. With the mother's husband and uncle dead, having been killed in battle during the Soviet invasion and their civil wars, there are no men left to support the family. The mother had been working as a nurse in a hospital, but the Taliban cut off funding to the hospital, leaving it completely dysfunctional with no medicines and very little equipment. One foreign woman working as a nurse in the hospital is arrested by the Taliban. The mother does some nursing outside the hospital and receives payment from the caretaker of a patient, but after the patient dies the mother cannot find any more work.
The mother and grandmother then make what they feel is the only decision they can to survive: they will have their preteen daughter disguise herself as a boy so that she can get a job to support the family. Her grandmother tells a fiction to Osama, the preteen girl, about a boy who changed to a girl when he went under a rainbow –an old fiction among Afghans – in order to help persuade her to accept the plan. The daughter agrees despite being afraid that the Taliban will kill her if they discover her disguise. Partly as a symbolic measure, the daughter plants a lock of her now cut hair in a flowerpot. The only people outside the family who know of the ruse are the milk vendor who employs the daughter – he who was a friend of her deceased father - and a local boy named Espandi, whore cognizes her despite her outward change in appearance. Espandi is the one whore names her Osama.
The disguise becomes more difficult when the Taliban recruit all the local boys for school, which includes military training. At the training school, they are taught how to fight and conduct ablutions. Osama attempts to avoid joining the ablution session, and the master grows suspicious of Osama's gender. Osama realizes it can only be so long before she is found out. Several of the boys begin to pick on her, and although Espandi is at first able to protect her, her secret is eventually discovered.
The preteen girl is arrested and put on trial, along with a Western journalist, and the foreign woman who was arrested in the hospital. The journalist and the nurse are both condemned and put to death. However, as Osama is destitute and helpless, herlife is spared. She is instead given in marriage to a much older man – a Taliban's leader. Osama's new husband already has three wives, all of whom detest him and say he has ruined their lives. They take pity on Osama, but are unable to help her. The husband shows Osama the padlocks he uses on his wives' rooms, reserving the largest for Osama.
This film rightly displays the dolorous story of Afghan women. They suffered not only under the Taliban, but also under the current traditions. The violation of women's rights such as sexual discriminations, physical tortures, honor killings, forced marriages, etc. are rampant in our society. In short, women are the historical pariah, born to suffer and then burnt or buried without deserving a grave stone to protect her identity.
With this in mind, the achievements were made after suffering harshly under the Taliban regime. Now Afghan women are worried that their achievements will be compromised at the peace table.


Friday November 01, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The Taliban should call a one-month ceasefire to prove they still control their forces, Afghanistan's national security advisor said on Tuesday.
"If the Taliban really want peace, they should prove how much control they have over their commanders and how much they really obey their commands," Hamdullah Mohib of Afghanistan said at a press conference in Kabul, capital of Afghanistan.
"Our suggestion is for a one-month ceasefire, followed by negotiations," he added.
Mohib, Afghanistan's former ambassador to the U.S., said any future negotiations should include his government, as well as Pakistan, which has long been accused of backing the Taliban.
"Pakistan should provide a guarantee that they will not support the Taliban or other groups like them and not give them safe havens," he said.
Zalmay Khalilzad, the U.S. special envoy leading talks for Washington, has since spoken informally with Taliban officials in Pakistan, raising the possibility Washington seeks to resume dialogue.
Khalilzad was in Kabul on Sunday and visited Islamabad again Monday, though it was unclear if he spoke to Taliban officials on that visit.


Thursday October 31, 2019
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in a message has condoled the demise of one of the country’s top and compatriot generals Maj. Gen. Mahboob Amiri, who has passed away due to an illness he was suffering. “The deceased Gen. Amiri spent most years of his life in the service of the country and people at the ministry of interior. His death is a big loss for Afghanistan,” the message said. In his message, the country’s President offered his condolence and sympathy to the deceased family, colleagues, personnel of the ministry of interior and people of Badakhshan, wishing him paradise and patience to his family. According to another report, Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah in a separate message has also condoled death of Maj. Gen. Mahboob Amiri. “Maj. Gen. Amiri, former chief of fire brigade of the MoI, was one of the country’s brave, experienced and hardworking officers. His death is a big loss for Afghanistan in particular the country’s police forces,” the message added. In his message, Dr. Abdullah wished paradise to the deceased and patience to the deceased family and colleagues.


Thursday October 31, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Former UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata, who led UNHCR from 1991 to 2000, passed away in Tokyo, Japan her family has announced, the UNHCR citing her family said in its website the other day. “Mrs. Ogata was a visionary leader who steered UNHCR through one of the most momentous decades in its history, transforming the lives of millions of refugees and others devastated by war, ethnic cleansing and genocide and helping redefine humanitarian action in a fast evolving geopolitical landscape,” said High Commissioner Filippo Grandi. “She was a committed internationalist and a friend to the United Nations throughout her life.”
President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, in a statement issued from the Presidential Palace extended his deepest condolence to the government and people of Japan and the UN officials. “During her mission as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Mrs. Ogata did much for the Afghan and world refugees as she did valuable services for the people of her country. Her achievements would remain forever,” said the President in the statement.
On behalf of the government and people of Afghanistan, I want to appreciate the services of Mrs. Ogata during her tenure as the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) General Director as well as Advisor to the Japanese Foreign Ministry. According to the another report, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has extended hid condolence to the death of Eng. Sayed Nasim Alavi, the country’s former CIT minister, a statement from the presidential palace reported. “I extend my condolence to the late Egn. Alavi’s family and friends and great patience to his bereaved family. May his soul rest in paradise,” said the statement quoting the country’s President.


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