10 July 2020

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Politics

Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Kabul (BNA) India welcomed the deal between President Ghani and his rival Dr. Abdullah Abdullah after months of a bitter dispute over the results of last year's presidential election that pushed the country into a political crisis. In its reaction, India hoped the political agreement and creation of a council for national reconciliation will result in renewed efforts for establishing enduring peace and stability, and putting an end to externally sponsored terrorism and violence in Afghanistan.
"India welcomes the political agreement concluded by the political leadership in Kabul today," the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.
It said India is concerned over continuing violence and terror attacks in Afghanistan and called for an immediate ceasefire as well as assistance to people reeling under the coronavirus pandemic. Iran’s Foreign Ministry has also expressed readiness to help boost negotiations between Afghan parties over political issues. Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesman, Seyyed Abbas Mousavi said that Tehran is ready to assist Kabul in the process of intra-Afghan political talks and continued alliance of Afghan groups, including the Taliban.
Mousavi also welcomed and expressed satisfaction over the signing of an agreement between President Ghani and Dr. Abdullah, the head of Afghanistan's National Reconciliation High Council. In a statement, The General Secretariat of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) welcomed the agreement reached between President Ghani and Dr. Abdullah Abdullah.
The OIC General Secretariat expressed hope that the agreement would bring security and stability to the country and serve the goal of fulfilling the aspirations of the Afghan people.
The OIC reaffirmed its support for and solidarity with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the new government for the well-being, prosperity and development of the entire country.
Yarzada

Monday, May 18, 2020
Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and his political rival Dr. Abdullah Abdullah signed a deal after months of political discord here at the presidential palace yesterday. Based on Deal, Dr. Abdullah will lead the High Council of National Reconciliation with executive authority and his team will have a share in the cabinet.
The document between President Ghani and Dr. Abdullah is called “political agreement.” Meanwhile giving the marshal rank to former vice president Abdul Rashid Dostum is another component of the agreement. The Reconciliation Council has been given the authority to handle all affairs related to the Afghan peace process.
Addressing the ceremony, president Ghani thanked Dr. Abdullah for leading the reconciliation council as well as praised the roles played by former president Hamid Karzai and Jihadi leader Ustad Sayaaf.
The president hoped the move lead to lasting peace and ceasefire in the country. Dr. Abdullah also said that people were waiting for such day and at the time that both insecurity and COVID-19 threatening the country. Afghanistan has been in political disarray since the election commission in December announced President Ghani had won the September 28 election with more than 50 percent of the vote. Dr. Abdullah had about 39 percent votes.

Monday, May 18, 2020
Kabul (BNA) The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) welcomed the agreement reached between President Ashraf Ghani and Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, to resolve the political impasse and enable the leaders to address the grave challenges facing the country. In a statement, the mission acknowledged that both sides had to make compromises to reach this important agreement.
It is now hoped that the spirit of cooperation will continue, with all elements in government working together to strengthen progress in good governance, the rule of law, and anti-corruption, and to protect the rights of all citizens while continuing the advancement of Afghan women.
At this time, Afghanistan is best served by a representative government that can present a united front to tackle the nation’s most pressing issues, particularly the need to move forward on intra-Afghan negotiations, managing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the worsening humanitarian situation, as well as the ongoing conflict and security challenges, according to statement. In line with its mandate, UNAMA said stands ready to help the Government and people of Afghanistan. Meanwhile, NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg on Sunday hailed the deal struck between Afghanistan's political rivals and urged them to work in unison towards lasting peace.
"I welcome the decision taken by Afghanistan's political leaders to resolve their differences and join efforts to form an inclusive government," Stoltenberg said in a statement.
"In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and continued Taliban violence against their fellow Afghans, it is more important than ever that all Afghan leaders unite and work towards enduring peace in Afghanistan," Stoltenberg said. "All parties should seize this unprecedented opportunity for peace." NATO ended combat operations in the country at the end of 2014, but still has a 16-000-strong mission to train, advise and support local forces.

Monday, May 18, 2020
Kabul (BNA) Addressing Nangarhar residents during his trip on Sunday morning, First Vice President Amrullah Saleh blamed the Taliban for deadly attacks in Kabul and Nangarhar, referring to the group as the "enemy of the country". More than 24 people were killed in Nangarhar last week when a bombing happened at a funeral.
On the same day, over 30 people, mostly women and some children, were killed in an attack on a 100-bed maternity hospital in the west of Kabul. Daesh claimed responsibility for the attacks and the Taliban denied involvement in the two incidents. VP Saleh said denials by the Taliban about the two incidents cannot be accepted.
He asked for the residents to be patient as the government probes the incident. “We do not accept the enemy’s denial of the Nangarhar attack or their blaming Daesh for it,” VP Saleh said.
He added that he is "sure" that the Taliban was involved in the Nangarhar bombing. VP Saleh also blamed the Taliban for the Kabul hospital attack and said the Taliban cannot take power by killing Afghans. “Some foreigners are creating ambiguity and doubts in our minds that this attack is done by this group or that… If you hear the confessions of Aslam Farooqi (who was recently arrested by NDS), no question will remain for you about who is Daesh and who is Talib,” he said.
He said the Taliban has made an agreement with foreigners but they are killing Afghans. VO Saleh asked: “How can the Taliban claim they are representing Afghans while they are not respecting mosques and public places and are acting against the will of Afghans?” “As sons of this soil, we know who the country's enemies are and who is supporting them,” Saleh said, referring to the Taliban. “Remarks about who is involved and who is not involved in these attacks can be accepted by simple people, but not for us who are among our people and who know who our enemy is and who is supporting them,” he added. Meanwhile, VO Saleh said that more than 95 percent of military operations against militants are conducted by Afghan forces, adding that the forces are able to independently defend their country.
VP Saleh said that attacks like Nangarhar might happen again but it will not affect “our unity,” and that the demands of Nangarhar residents are legitimate and that he is committed to acting on them, he vowed.