27 October 2020

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UN Session: President Ghani Asks Int’l Community to Support a Sovereign, Democratic Afghanistan

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Wednesday, September 23, 2020
Kabul (BNA) The United Nations has marked its 75th anniversary, celebrating the mantra that "multilateralism is not an option but a necessity" - even as the coronavirus pandemic underscores the fragility of international cooperation.
The anniversary kicked off on Monday at the global body's annual UN General Assembly (UNGA), when normally leaders and representatives of nearly 200 countries gather en masse to sound off about the world's problems and offer myriad solutions.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani delivered a statement via a videoconference on Monday night at the commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the UN, underscoring the important role of multilateralism, and particularly the UN, in addressing the challenges that continue to impact Afghanistan and the world.
“The United Nations that we need is an organization with the authorities, capabilities, capitals, and commitments to fulfill the purposes and principles of this charter," President Ghani said.
The president called on the international community to help the Afghan people achieve the end state of a sovereign, united and democratic Afghanistan.
“I would like to take this opportunity to call on every member of the GA and the P5 to help us achieve the end state of a sovereign, united and democratic Afghanistan, at peace with itself and the region, capable of preserving and expanding the gains of the last 19 years."
On the importance of the ceasefire, the president said: "Though we are facing multiple drivers of turmoil all at once in Afghanistan, there is a clear and urgent priority for us: a ceasefire. An urgent end to the violence will, more than anything else, give us a chance to progress."
President Ghani also highlighted Afghanistan’s geopolitical importance and said: "Afghanistan is a country positioned right at the heart of Asia, right at the heart of untapped potential that could bring prosperity and peace to our region. But this means that we are also right in the middle of the turmoil that is affecting us all today."
The COVID 19 pandemic exposed the world’s vulnerabilities as violence and warfare have evolved, he said, adding that the world is in the middle of a fifth wave of global terrorism.
Other drivers of turmoil include drought, famine and deepening inequality, he said, emphasizing the urgent need for a ceasefire in Afghanistan and calling on the UN General Assembly to help the country achieve peace.
World leaders gathered in a virtual format at the General Assembly on Monday to adopt a declaration honoring the multilateral framework put in place by its founders in 1945 and pledging to better live out the promise to save succeeding generations from the scourge of
President Ghani’s address to the UN comes as the peace negotiating team representing the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan meets with Taliban negotiators in Doha, Qatar to help find a political settlement to the deadly conflict in the country.
Although the Doha talks have brought new hopes among Afghans for a negotiated settlement of the conflict, civilian casualties remain high in the country amid ongoing Taliban violence.
“The Taliban has inflicted the casualties on our countrymen in 24 provinces and the most casualties have been in Takhar and Nangarhar provinces,” said Tariq Arian, spokesman for the Ministry of Interior Affairs.
Also, on Monday, President Ghani at an event for International Day of Peace said peace is possible only through a political settlement and insisted that the government is making efforts to end the forty years of war in the country. President Ghani said the Afghan government, by agreeing to a ceasefire two years ago, showed that it is possible to make a truce, and he called on the Taliban to end violence and agree to a ceasefire.

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