20 August 2019

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Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Almost hundred years ago, Afghanistan gained its independence from British Empire. People at home and abroad reacted to this great historic event. Inside Afghanistan, fellow citizens reacted to this great national epic by celebrations and expression of their support of the Afghan youth regime and King Amanullah Khan. After gaining freedom, an independent, proud and developed Afghanistan was considered as the most important goal of the Afghan government and the nation. Moreover, the overseas movements of liberation in the region and the Islamic world affected by this important event, which had abandoned the legend of the invincibility of the British Empire, which used as a powerful motivator for strengthening and expanding liberation movements in their countries. This event created sparks of hope in other Asian countries at a time when they were under political and economic domination of foreign powers. Indian liberators, especially Indian Muslims, interpreted the independence of Afghanistan as a good omen and demanded the revival of the Islamic caliphate, which was abandoned after the victory of Mustafa Kamal in Turkey, led by King Amanullah Khan. Later, this has diminished the relationship between the Afghan youth regime with the Soviet Union.
It is worth to mention that the value and importance of Afghanistan’s independence at international level was revealed during the six months of King Amanullah’s journey to Europe.
When King Amanullah arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians and the reputable newspapers recognized the visit of Afghanistan’s king to Egypt as a historic event and a great honor for the Egyptian people, and welcomed him as a champion of the Islamic world. All this welcome and respect in reality was a kind of praise and appreciation of the heroism and courage of the poor, the oppressed and the unheard nation who, with all the incapacity rise and broke up the first circle of British colonialism with incredible courage, and moved in line with independent political and economic life. Undoubtedly, this courageous act to other nations of the world was more like a myth than the truth. In many countries, King Amanullah was encouraged and loved by people and their leaders as a mythical hero. For instance, when King Amanullah arrived in Iran, during the meetings and visits to the Iranian people, they showed so much affection and sincerity on their part that even made Reza Shah jealous and anxious.
He wished that king Amanullah Khan should leave his country as soon as possible, so that, these visits would not cause the insurgency and dissatisfaction of the people against him.
Furthermore, the European countries expressed their interest in meeting with King Amanullah and to establish political, economic and cultural relations with the new and independent government of Afghanistan.
In particular, British competitors in Europe, which included Germany and France called for widespread political, economic, and cultural relations with Afghanistan.
It is noteworthy that gaining independence from British Empire gave special authority and prestige to Afghanistan at international level. As German President Paul von Hindenburg presented the flag of the country to King Amanullah during the military parade held in honor of the national day of Germany. Further, when King Amanullah visited Paris, he was offered by the Mayor of Paris to sleep on Napoleon Bonaparte’s bed on the first night of his stay in the city, and he was given the title Napoleon of the East.
On the other hand, the British authorities committed to offer significant grants including economic cooperation to Afghanistan during the visit of King Amanullah from London if the king avoid his travel to Moscow. Nevertheless, King Amanullah refused all these offers to reveal the unconditional independence of Afghanistan and departed to Moscow. During his visits and signing of bilateral agreements with soviet authorities, he succeeded to further strengthen the bilateral ties between the states.
The Afghan youth regime has achieved international trust and credibility by gaining freedom from the British Empire and establishment of an independent state.
Bezhan Azam
Ansari


 

Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), a foreign policy hawk and close ally of President Trump, warned the White House against withdrawing troops from Afghanistan in a deal with the Taliban.
“American service members are not acting as policemen in Afghanistan. They are the front-line defense for America against the reemergence of radical Islamist groups who wish to attack the American homeland,” Graham said in a statement. “To trust the Taliban to control al-Qaeda, ISIS-K, and other radical Islamist groups present in Afghanistan – as a replacement for a US counter-terrorism force – would be a bigger mistake than Obama’s Iranian nuclear deal.”
“Any peace agreement which denies the US a robust counter-terrorism capability in Afghanistan is not a peace deal. Instead, it is paving the way for another attack on the American homeland and attacks against American interests around the world,” he added.
“President Trump should learn from President Obama’s mistakes. Be smart, take your time, and listen to your national security team.”
Graham has long advocated for a more muscular foreign policy, including advocating for strong U.S. intervention in the Middle East, saying a physical force in the region is needed to prevent terrorist attacks from reaching the mainland. He was harshly critical of President Obama’s decision to withdraw from Iraq, saying the move helped lead to the rise of groups like ISIS.
Graham’s statement comes after reports surfaced that Trump was set to meet with his national security team Friday afternoon to discuss a pending peace agreement with the Taliban. A senior official noted to reporters that Trump has “been pretty clear” about his desire to withdraw from Afghanistan.
Zalmay Khalilzad, the special envoy for Afghan peace talks, has been negotiating with the Taliban for months on a deal to end America’s war in Afghanistan that would see a withdrawal of troops in exchange for assurances from the group that it would not let the country become a base for terrorist organizations to launch attacks against the U.S.
Khalilzad said the last round of talks earlier this month was “productive,” though a deal’s finalization has been hindered by the Taliban’s refusal of inter-Afghan talks that the U.S. has pushed.
The Pentagon has about 14,000 troops in Afghanistan on a dual mission of both training, advising and assisting local forces in the fight against the Taliban and running counterterrorism operations against groups like al Qaeda and ISIS.
Thehill
Ansari 

 

Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) It is determined that 100th anniversary of the country’s Independence Day is marked across the country on Monday, Afghan security organs have assured Afghans of full preparation for maintaining better security during the respective day.
A spokesperson to the ministry of interior Nasrat Rahimi said Afghan security forces in close cooperation with the intelligence and defense organs have made joint and regular security plans for better maintaining of security during celebration of 100th anniversary of the country’s Independence Day.
“Based on the plan, we will make efforts to pay particular attention to areas where possible threats are in high level,” Rahimi said, stressing that the ministry of interior has always made effort to conduct clearing operations in areas facing with security threats as operations are still ongoing in areas and provinces facing with possible threats posed by armed Taliban insurgents.
Considering role of Afghan citizens in maintaining better security as significant, the MoI spokesperson said: “Our citizens and countrymen should be cooperative with ANDSF in particular Afghan national police forces and share any suspicious activities with police as close cooperation of the people is one of principal factors in maintaining security in the country.”
Meanwhile, officials for the ministry of defense have considered maintaining security of the 100th anniversary of Independence Day as the ministry’s top priorities say Afghan National Army forces have taken all necessary preparations for better maintaining security of the day. “Our ANA forces have kicked off military operations to prevent from possible attacks of the armed Taliban insurgent group in various parts of the country where we have good achievements,” said Rohullah Ahmadzai, a spokesperson to the ministry of defense.
He added that the ministry of defense in close cooperation and coordination of intelligence and ANP forces were working day and night to provide better security for the Afghan people across the country.
Afghan security officials stressed that Afghanistan as an independent country in the region has felt continued threats posed by terrorist groups in the country, asking regional countries and the international community to cooperate with Afghanistan in counter terrorism effort.
A number of military experts and ordinary Afghan citizens while asking the country’s defense and security organs for maintaining better security all the time rather than special occasions say security is one of the most significant factor in a society; therefore, the government should seriously focus on it.
“Undoubtedly, the people of Afghanistan need security from any nation in the world as continued war in the country has brought them nothing except destruction, migration and poverty,” said an Afghan political expert Ali Rahmani.
He considered role of the ordinary people in maintaining of security as effective, asking the people to be cooperative with ANDSF in maintaining better security in the country.
It is worth mentioning that Afghans are fully supporting the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces as they are working day and night to provide better security to the people.
Raiszada
Ansari

Monday, 19 August 2019 07:43

Amani Era’s Changes to Education System

Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Amani era was the beginning of modernization of Afghanistan. Education system in Afghanistan had experienced progress and many challenges.
Talking on development of education system in Amani era, the Rector of Shaheed Burhanuddin Rabbani Educational University Dr. Zabihullah Assadi said, Ghazi King Amanullah Khan visited European countries and decided to bring new changes in education system and wanted to implement western changes in Afghanistan education system. He decided to build modern schools and modernize education system in conservative society of Afghanistan.
Girls were enrolled in schools beside boys. Freedom of women was another change which was not available in Afghanistan neighboring countries. Military, educational and religious sections were separated from each other and a number of students received scholarships and sent to abroad for higher and professional studies.
According to him, King Amanullah Khan and Mahmood Tarzi had been making joint efforts to improve education system in Afghanistan, scholarships were given from Italy, France, Germany and Russia. A number of foreign teachers were also employed.
But in recent years, new education system was replaced by ideological education system. After victory of Jihad, Mujahidin failed to establish a sound system. During Taliban it changed substantially.
“Since 2002 we tried to establish a standard education system to be accountable to present time requirements,” Assadi said.
Meanwhile, rector of Mashaal University Prof Hamidullah Amin said, they have passed three stages of education development. “In the first stage our teachers were Turkish. Later Kabul University was established. Subsequently Faculties of Sciences, laws and political sciences, economics, engineering and Medicine were setup.”
Current building of Kabul University was constructed in 1964.
The first phase of universities development was from 1311 solar year to 1357 until the April communist coup d’état of 1978. During this period, jobs were available to all university graduates and were had no employment problems, he added.
“After 1357 (1978) the collapse of education and higher education system started. Increases in number of universities was paralleled to increase of certain problems,” Amin said.
Higher studies require expenditures, new textbook, researches, lecturers. Teachers need capacity building we need MA and PhD lecturers, he believes.
Since 2002, the number of universities increased and universities established in Herat, Kandahar, Nangarhar and other provinces, large number of private universities were also established.
As at present we have 37-38 public and 135-136 private universities with over 350000 students. Quantity increased but quality decreased.
Masouda Qarizada
Ansari

Monday August 18, 2019
Kabul (BNA) President Ghani said that now it’s the time to complete historical chapter of King Amanullah Khan. Our political freedom has been gained by the sword of National Hero Ghazi Amanullah Khan.
The president appreciated the founder of Afghanistan independence more than every other political leader. There are ideas today that didn’t exist in several previous decades’ governments, including changing of Afghanistan to a regional transit crossroad, creation of transit road for central Asia, construction of a railway from Central Asia into Afghanistan… etc. some of these ideas have been implemented while others have not been implemented due to security reasons.
Attention to economy, including mines extraction that based on historical documents, it has been one of the basic temptations of King Amanullah, which are now the main priority for president Ghani.
Beside those, rebuilding of Dar-ul-Aman palace at the instruction of president Ghani and relocation of government bodies in its vicinity was another efforts of president Ghani who tried to complete another dream of King Amanullah Khan.
One of the similarities between President Ashraf Ghani and King Amanullah Khan is their common and joint goals. Efforts of both concentrated on changing of Afghanistan. None of these political leaders have malevolent intention to western civilization and culture and follow western nation-state building example. Its reason might have been their acquaintance with Western civilization and culture. Although the King Amanullah Khan at his young age had only once visited the west while President Ashraf Ghani is a western trained and educated and is directly and effectively acquired with the texture of western societies.
King Amanullah’s reforms
In the wake of gaining Afghanistan’s Independence in Aug 19. 1919 (Asad 28th 1298), the king started reforms in the country. In 1923 he changed his title of Amir to King and appointed Abdul Qudous Khan and Mahmood Tarzi as prime minister and minister of foreign affairs respectively.
Social and political reforms
Emphasize on the nation’s freedom and independence, establishment of a lawful administration, approval and confirmation of the constitution were the key works done at his time. For the first time this constitution was approved in a Loya Jirga on Feb 29th 1924 in Jalalabad with the participation of 872 delegates. It was later confirmed in Loya Jirga, Paghman in 1928. Obedience of people from law was another reform.
Cultural reforms:
Emphasize on compulsory primary education, construction of schools, including Amani and Isteqlal boy’s and Mastoorat and Esmat girls schools as the latter was later changed to Malalai, sending of students to abroad, publication of Ershad-un-Naswan magazine for women, were among other innovations of this reformist ruler plus industrial development, improvement of agriculture, paving the way of Afghan businessmen presence and involvement in the world markets.
Establishment of new cities, development of capital Kabul, construction of urban roads, provincial highways, extension of telephone and telegraph lines between capital city and provincial capitals, agreement with Frenches on construction of railway on the south and north of Kabul were remarkable steps that were taken by the then progressive King.
Foreign policy
Informing of foreign countries from assassination of his father, Amir Habibullah Khan and Amanullah Khan Emirate, introducing of Afghanistan as an independent and free country, holding of contracts with different countries with respect to independence of the country, disagreement with British policies and approaching to Soviet government, official recognition of new Russian government, signing of friendship treaty with Soviet Union on Feb 21.1921 which was the beginning point of Afghan-Soviet relations; Exploitation of balanced strategy between Britain and the then Soviet Union, signing of friendship treaty with Iran in 1920 as well as with Turkey, Egypt, Italy, Japan, Poland, Switzerland, Finland, Libya…etc.
King Amanullah wanted the Afghan people to live among other people of the world with dignity and he was committed and loyal to peaceful co-existence and good neighborliness with other countries.
King Amanullah Khan had always emphasized that the young generation of this territory should be fostered with spirit of patriotism and knowledge to protect independence of Afghanistan and should be aware of plots and conspiracies of enemies of this land.
In 1929, king Amanullah faced with extensive disagreements and riots and had to give up thrown and leave the country, departed to Bombay and went to Italy and spent rest of his life there. Ghazi Amanullah Khan died on Apr 26.1960 in Italy and his funeral was transferred to Afghanistan and buried close to his father’s grave in Jalalabad city.
Our people may remember this indefatigable leader forever and his soul may rest in peace.
Lailuma Noori
Ansari

Tuesday August 13, 2019
PUL-E-ALAM CITY (BNA) A suicide attacks training center belonged to Taliban group have been demolished by Afghan security forces in central Logar province.
Shamshad Larwai spokesman of Logar governor told BNA correspondent, the suicide attacks training centers have been targeted during a military operation in Tagap region, Baraki Barak district of the province.
Eight Taliban fighters were killed during the military operation as well, Larwai added.
In this training center, in addition preparing members of Taliban group for carrying terrorist activities, explosive materials, suicide vests, heavy and light weapons have kept in the center.
M.A.Ansari

 

Tuesday August 13, 2019
PUL-E-ALAM CITY (BNA) A senior commander of Taliban terrorist group was killed during a military operation in central Logar province last night.
Abdul Ghafar Nooristani incharge of press office in Special Operation Army told BNA reporter, Mullah Naqibullah the top commander of Taliban was killed during a military operation conducted by Afghan Commando forces in Padkhawab Shana region, Pul-e-Alam city the provincial capital of the province.
Meanwhile, a suicide attacks training center belonged to Taliban group have been destroyed by Afghan security forces in Logar province yesterday.
M.A.Ansari

Tuesday August 13, 2019
KARDIZ CITY (BNA) At least 11 armed oppositions were killed during military operation conducted by National Security Directorate (NDS) personnel in eastern Paktia province.
According to BNA report, the operation have launched to annihilate anti-government militias, ensure peace and stability and protect the lives and properties of people in Golal Koy village, Zurmat district of the province, in which 11 terrorists belonged to Taliban group were killed.
Asadullah and Feda two top commanders of the terrorist group were among the dead.
Some heavy and light weapons have been seized during the military operation.
M.A.Ansari

Tuesday, 13 August 2019 17:33

100 Movies Screened In Afghan Film Festival

Tuesday August 13, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The first-ever festival was held to celebrate Afghanistan's Independence Day.
At least 100 Afghan and Iranian movies were screen in eight-day Afghan Film Festival in Kabul.
"Parting" and "A Few Cubic Meters of Love" were two Afghan-Iranian drama movies screened in the Afghan Film Festival, held to commemorate 100th independence anniversary.
Both films were selected as the Afghan entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards.
To commemorate its 100th anniversary of independence, Afghanistan organized a special film festival, showcasing 100 notable films of the Afghan cinema for ten days which was started from August 3.
‘Parting’ is a 2016 Afghan-Iranian drama about two young Afghans, Fereshteh and Nabi, who are in love, but Fereshteh has to follow her parents and leave Afghanistan to find refuge in Iran.
Nabi decides to illegally cross the border, find Fereshteh and take her through Turkey towards Europe and for a better life.
‘A Few Cubic Meters of Love’ is about Afghan asylum seekers who are illegally employed by a small factory somewhere in the outskirts of Tehran.
Saber, a young Iranian worker, secretly meets Marona, daughter of Abdolsalam, an Afghan worker. A love story unfolds, the conclusion of which no-one can foretell.
Tolo
Ansari

Tuesday August 13, 2019
CHARIKAR CITY (BNA) Afghan national police personnel reported from discovering of 300 kilograms narcotic drug type of hashish in central Parwan province.
Col. Mohammad Mahfouz Walizada police chief of Parwan told BNA reporter, the narcotic drug have placed inside a coal truck that discovered by Afghan police personnel in Jabul Saraj district of the province.
It was supposed the hashish to be transferred from north of the country to eastern Nangarhar province, Walizada added.
Two persons were arrested accused of the case by police personnel, Walizada concluded.
M.A.Ansari

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