17 August 2018

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Thursday August 16, 2018

Kabul (BNA) At many as 51 anti-government militias were killed and dozens other were injured following military operations launched by Afghan security forces within the last 24 hours across the country.
Ministry of National Defense press office stated BNA, the operations have been conducted to ensure peace and stability, protect the lives and properties of people and suppress armed oppositions in insecure areas of Nangarhar, Ghazni, Kandahar, Urozgan, Zabul, Farah, Badghis, Faryab, Balkh, Kunduz and Helmand provinces.
The operations have been launched by support of Afghan air and artillery forces that 8 motorcycles belonging terrorists have been destroyed.
Also, three members of Haqqani network were killed by Afghan security forces in Nader Shah Koot district, Khost province.
M.A.Ansari

Thursday August 16, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Construction work of public library has begun in central Parwan province the other day.
According to BNA correspondent report, during laying foundation stone of the library Abdul Wahed Hashimi head of information and culture department of Parwan told, the building of the library to be built at the sum of 43,000 USD funded by India on 180 acres of land within the next four months.
Fazluddin Ayar governor of Parwan during the ceremony appreciated from cooperation of India, particularly in implementing public utility projects.
M.A.Ansari
 

Thursday, 16 August 2018 11:18

Asphalting of 8km Road Begun in Herat

Thursday August 16, 2018
Kabul (BNA) Asphalting work of 8 km road has been started in Herat province yesterday.
Asphalting of Guzara-Seoshan road has started by financial assistance of Rural Rehabilitation and Development department of Herat and presence of local officials, tribal elders, heads of development councils and residents.
Qazi Nazir Ahmad Hanafi representative of Herat’s people in parliament emphasized demanded from the construction company to seriously pay attention on quality of the project.
M.A.Ansari

Thursday, 16 August 2018 11:17

Journalism As Jihad In Afghanistan

Thursday August 16, 2018

Kabul (BNA) The newsreel depicts soviet tanks winding their way along the Kabul River. It at first appears to be a tranquil scene. But as the path narrows, Afghan rebels launch a surprise attack. Artillery is exchanged. Smoke billows. The camera does not waiver.
The clip featured in a broadcast on CBS in 1987, offering a rare glimpse into the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Yet what made the film famous, then infamous, was not its content but the man behind the lens. Mohammed Salam, the video journalist who captured the footage, was part of a controversial US government-funded initiative to arm members of the Afghan mujahideen not with AK47s but with pens and camcorders, in order to document the war.
In 1978, a Communist coup in Afghanistan, and a subsequent Soviet invasion, prompted one of the largest and most sustained covert operations in the CIA’s history. For more than a decade, “Operation Cyclone,” as it was called, pumped billions of dollars in arms and economic assistance to Afghan resistance parties. A lesser-known proxy war was also being waged through the press.
This was not easy. The Soviet-Afghan War is sometimes referred to as “the hidden war” for its inscrutability to foreign journalists; during the height of the conflict, according to one report, fewer than a dozen foreign correspondents could be found in Afghanistan. Mobility was a problem—there were no planes that could parachute correspondents onto bases; no insulated, securitized hotels in the high passes of the Hindu Kush; and Western journalists were sought-after targets. During the Vietnam War, which—with new visual technologies and increased media access—had transformed the way the world saw military operations, people around the world could witness the quagmire of US troops in real time. More than 400 American and European reporters had been in Vietnam; dozens of camera crews were embedded in the field with troops. Now the Soviets were undergoing their own Vietnam and, much to the dismay of US policy makers and Cold War hawks, nobody was watching.
In 1985, to solve this problem, Congress approved a $500,000 grant for the United States Information Agency, a department devoted to “public diplomacy,” to establish a journalism school for Afghan rebels. According to Alvin Snyder, who worked for the agency at the time, arming guerrillas with minicams was a simple, cost-effective way to deliver press attention. “Imagine the pictures they will be able to get!” he wrote in a memo, excerpted in his memoir.
For those who signed on—including Nick Mills, a photographer who was recruited by BU to head the program in Peshawar, and Stephen Olsson, who supervised the video training of the rebels—the grant presented more of an opportunity than a liability. “There was a dearth of news, and I think all of us felt really a professional calling,” Olsson tells CJR. Armed with a verbal guarantee from the USIA that the government would stay out of the editing room, Mills went to Peshawar in 1986 as field director of the project. In 1987, the Afghan Media Resource Center began its work training rebels in the art of reporting.  Haji Daud, who would eventually become the director of the AMRC, was one such rebel journalist. Daud, now 67, is a tall, soft-spoken man, whose life trajectory mirrors that of Afghan media. He knew that he wanted to be a journalist from his early childhood, in the Eastern province of Nangarhar. Nangarhar, today an ISIL base and the focus of retaliatory US airstrikes,  was, in his boyhood memories, an idyllic and welcoming place where tourists could walk the streets unbothered. Daud’s father was educated during the first years of Afghan independence and he wanted his eldest son—one of eight children—to be a teacher. Daud, however, was always writing articles. In elementary school, he reported on his teachers, and later, he served as editor of his high school’s Pashto-language paper. In 1973, when Daud went to study journalism at Kabul University, he couldn’t know how much things would change over the subsequent decade. The year he graduated was the year Afghanistan’s Communist party came into power. “There was no independent media in Afghanistan anymore because everything was taken from Pravda,” he says, referring to the paper which served as the official mouthpiece of the Soviet Communist Party. He took a job producing cultural programs for Kabul TV, but it quickly became clear to him that he could not, in good conscience, work for censored media. In 1980, feeling the pull of the resistance movement, Daud moved to Peshawar and joined the mujahideen.
Peshawar, a broad valley surrounded on three sides by high mountains and connected to Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass, became a microcosm of the myriad Soviet-Afghan War-era collisions. Internationally funded aid organizations driven by anti-Communism, Saudi-backed militias, Pakistani authorities, and millions of refugees all converged there, as it served as the hub of the Afghan resistance. The resisters were organized into seven major mujahideen parties, through which aid and assistance were funneled; upon arrival in Peshawar, all refugees were required to register with one of these parties in order to get an identification card.
People were moved to join to one party or another for a variety of reasons—infrastructure, kinship networks, the quality of the militia—and Daud chose the resistance party with the best media outfit: Burhanuddin Rabani’s Jamiat-i Islami. Daud had one condition to Rabani: that he be allowed to work independently and professionally. This was not a given. At the time, most parties contained a propaganda wing that would churn out newsletters minimizing their defeats and exaggerating their victories.
It was from such propaganda offices that the AMRC gathered many of its first round of recruits, in 1987. Three to four candidates were chosen from each party. As Mills recalls, the first class of journalists had 45 students—15 devoted to print, 15 to photography, and 15 to film. Training involved having recruits cover fake accidents or attacks in order to practice working under pressure. In the early days, they did not have a dark room, so photographers would have to trudge down to the bazaar in order to develop their film. The new journalists also learned how to write interview questions based on scripts given to them by Olsson. Here, the main focus was on using objective language and framing. “We sort of trained them not to do what their parties had been doing,” Mills recalls. “In their newsletters, they were all martyrs who had gone to their reward. But in our stuff, no martyrs, just dead people.”
The question of objectivity seems to dog the work of the AMRC—precisely, because, these reporters walked a fine line between journalist and mujahid. For Daud, however, there was no contradiction. Mujahideen comes from the Arabic word jihad—a word that, according to Daud, is too often understood in narrow terms of violence and explosions; for him, showing the world the plight and resistance of Afghans is a form of jihad in its most literal definition, a struggle for what is right. “Jihad doesn’t mean only killing people, jihad doesn’t mean only fighting,” he says. “You can do jihad by pen. You can do jihad by camera.”
Upon completing their training, AMRC journalists were sent into the field in teams of three—a reporter, a photographer, and a cameraman—under the protection of a commander. After months of traveling with the militias, often on foot and out of contact with their supervisors, they would return to Peshawar. Olsson, Mills, and Daud would oversee the editing, captioning, and voice-overs for the material, which was then sent through DHL to global syndication services like Visnews (which later became Reuters) and WTN. Although the footage was legally banned from appearing in the US by the Smith-Mundt Act—which prevents government-funded media from being broadcast—some pieces, like the Kabul River clip aired by CBS News, found their way into American homes.
In 1992, USIA ceased funding the project, and in 1999 the agency dissolved. But the AMRC has remained active under Daud’s stewardship. Between 1987 and 2012, it produced some 3,000 hours of videotape, 100,000 negatives and slides, and 500 hours of audio recordings.
It is difficult to know exactly what to make of this material, some of which has recently been archived by the Library of Congress and is now being digitized by the Internet Archives. It is not always technically perfect, and critics might call into question its journalistic integrity. Yet for every combat scene there is also a revealing snapshot of everyday life: an old fighter telling a joke as he gestures with his prosthetic limb, young men fishing with dynamite, a flat round of bread being cooked over a tandoor. Objective or not, such images provide rich, eyewitness accounts of daily life in a country whose decades of conflicts—and the people impacted—go largely unseen.
Cjr
 

Thursday August 16, 2018

Kabul (BNA) At least 11 anti-government militias were killed during air attack launched by Afghan air forces in southern Helmand province the night before last.
The militants have been targeted and killed while were busy on organizing a series of terrorist and destructive activities in relevant areas of Sangeen district and Lashkargah city the provincial capital of the province.
Senior commander of Afghan National Army in the south of the country told BNA correspondent, 11 armed oppositions were killed and their several hideouts have been destroyed following the attack.
According to another report, Afghan security forces succeeded to discover a weapon storage belonging Taliban militants in Lashkargah city.
Meanwhile, 4 round of different type of mines have been discovered and confiscated by Afghan security troops in different parts of Lashkargah city and Nadali district.
M.A.Ansari
 

Wednesday August 15, 2018

Pul-e-Khumri City (BNA) Following Taliban massive attack, 45 Afghan security personnel were martyred in northern Baghlan province last night.
A local official in Baghlan that asked not to be named told BNA reporter, Taliban militants stormed on Afghan security forces’ checkpoints in Alawddin region, Baghlan Qadim district of the province, in which 36 Afghan National Army troops and 9 Afghan Local Policemen were martyred.
Casualties feared to Taliban militants, but the exact number is not clear yet, the source added.
M.A.Ansari
 

Wednesday August 15, 2018

Jalalabad City (BNA) As many as 18 supporters of ISIS terrorist group killed during latest attacks carried out by Afghan Special Forces in vicinity of eastern Nangarhar province last night.
The terrorists have been targeted and killed in various parts of Deh Bala, Koot, Haska Mena, Roudat districts of the province.
Senior commander of Afghan National Army in the east of the country told BNA correspondent, air and ground raids carried out by Afghan Special Forces in different parts of the mentioned districts, in which 18 ISIS adherents were killed and their several hideouts along with some military equipment have been destroyed too.
According to another report, Afghan security forces by discovering and confiscating three round of different type of mines succeeded to prevent from a series of blast in Nangarhar province.
Also during this period, a weapon storage belonging terrorist group have been seized by Afghan security troops in relevant areas of Jalalabad city the provincial capital of the province.
Several heavy and light weapons have been seized from the storage.
Local officials in the province claimed that ISIS members used the weapon storage in their terrorist and destructive activities.
M.A.Ansari
 

Wednesday August 15, 2018

Kabul (BNA) A senior commander of Taliban terrorist group along with his five men were killed in eastern Nangarhar province last night.
The terrorists have been targeted and killed by National Directorate Security personnel, while they wanted to carry out attack on Ghanikhail district’s building and security shells in Jalalabad-Torkham highway.
Ataullah Khogyani spokesman of Nangarhar governor said BNA correspondent, a top commander of Taliban along with his 5 men were killed following the attack.
There were no casualties on the parts of civilians and Afghan security forces at the end of the assault, Khogyani added.
 

Wednesday, 15 August 2018 08:24

Oqaban Football Team Establish in Panjshir

Wednesday August 15, 2018

Bazarak City (BNA) Oqaban football team has been established in Panjshir province yesterday.
According to BNA local correspondent report, Oqaban football team has been stablished by Maihan Youths Sport Committee supporting by a businessman.
Meanwhile, Noor Ahmad Ahmadi head of football federation in Panjshir says, the federation trying to provide necessary facilities for athletes in province.
M.A.Ansari
 

Wednesday August 15, 2018

Kabul (BNA) In response to an invitation from the government, a top UN official is visiting Afghanistan to pay tribute to victims of terrorism, UNAMA office reported BNA.
On the first International Day of Remembrance and Support of the Victims of Terrorism, the head of the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism expressed solidarity with victims and survivors. Under-Secretary-General Vladimir Voronkov will take part in an international conference on “Commemorating the International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism”. Organized by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, the event will take place in Kabul. Voronkov will also meet victims of terrorism, government officials and the international community and UN representatives. The Afghan government played a key role in establishing the international day, through a UN General Assembly resolution in 2018, to honor and support victims of terrorism.
 

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