20 November 2019

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Saturday November 9, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Milad al-Nabi or the Prophet Mohammad’s birthday is observed at a time when religious ulama consider the Prophet (PBUH) as bright history for all Muslims, saying that ‘the teaching of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was to promote peace and tolerance in Islamic societies.
Rizwani Bayani, head of ulama council of Shia, in an interview with The Kabul Times correspondent while congratulating the auspicious Milad al-Nabi to all Muslims of the world said: “The teaching and behavior of the Prophet of Islam was to promote peace, tolerance, brotherhood and unity among Muslims in Islamic society; therefore, the birthday of the Prophet is a bright history to the Muslim nations.”
“The life of the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) was very simple and sincere as historians even those who were not Muslims have said that behavior and treatment of the Prophet of Islam was full of affection, kindness, tenderness and peace and was inviting all Muslim nations to peace and brotherhood,” Bayani added.
The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) though initially not welcomed, gradually gained such an abrupt momentum that people started converting to Islam in form of societies and delegations. The main reason behind the swift of flow of this divinely message was its basic principle Justice. It had been long since the last prophet on the earth that the people had been suffering from all sorts of injustices.
The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) brought them what they desperately desired. And this was sheer form of ultimate equality. According to the saying of Muhammad (PBUH): “O People! Indeed your Lord is same; you are all the offspring of the same father (Adam); neither an Arab has any priority over a non-Arab, nor a non-Arab is superior to an Arab; Being white or black in skin earns you no privilege; in the eyes of your Lord the best among you is the one who fears Him most.”
An Afghan Sunni scholar and advisor to chief executive on religious affairs Abdul Malik Ziayee says when the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) was born, all the people were living in ignorance and infidelity and it was the blessing of the Prophet of Mohammad (PBUH) that the people started to prefer to live in peace and brotherhood than live in ignorance and violence.
“We should follow the path of our Prophet, end all kind of enmities with our people and live in peace as the teaching of our Prophet (PBUH) was to promote peace and tolerance among the people rather than violence,” Ziayee added.
He further said that spiritual equality, human brotherhood, coupled with the teachings of the earlier prophets was what Mohammad (PBUH) had been ascended with, adding that these precious and heavenly gifts were for all as kindness, justice and brotherhood were the basic necessities of all, Islam brought for all without any discrimination.
The Prophethood of Mohammad (PBUH) was free of the discriminations of ethnicity, nationalism and language. People from different countries, speaking diverse languages attended the gatherings of Mohammad (PBUH) as the migrants of Makkah and the Ansar of Medina were the audience of the prophet.
It is worth mentioning that there are mixed beliefs on how one observes Mohammed’s birthday. Some people see the Prophet’s birthday as an event worthy of praise. Others view the celebration of birthdays as contradictory to Islamic law.  Both sides cite the Hadith (narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Prophet Mohammed) and events from Mohammed’s life to support their views.
Suraya Raiszada

Saturday November 9, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus. Because Muhammad was the chosen recipient and messenger of the word of God through the divine revelations, Muslims from all walks of life strive to follow his example. After the holy Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet (hadith) and descriptions of his way of life (sunna) are the most important Muslim texts.
Early Life
Muhammad was born into the most powerful tribe in Mecca, the Quraish, around 570 A.D. The power of the Quraish derived from their role as successful merchants. Several trade routes intersected at Mecca, allowing the Quraish to control trade along the west coast of Arabia, north to Syria, and south to Yemen.
Mecca was home to two widely venerated polytheistic cults whose gods were thought to protect its lucrative trade. After working for several years as a merchant, Muhammad was hired by Khadija, a wealthy widow, to ensure the safe passage of her caravans to Syria. They eventually married.
Divine Revelations
When he was roughly forty, Muhammad began having visions and hearing voices. Searching for clarity, he would sometimes meditate at Mount Hira, near Mecca. On one of these occasions, the Archangel Gabriel (Jibra'il in Arabic) appeared to him and instructed him to recite "in the name of [your] lord." This was the first of many revelations that became the basis of the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam. These early revelations pointed to the existence of a single God, contradicting the polytheistic beliefs of the pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula.
Initially overwhelmed by the significance of what was being revealed to him, Muhammad found unflinching support in his wife and slowly began to attract followers. His strong monotheistic message angered many of the Meccan merchants. They were afraid that trade, which they believed was protected by the pagan gods, would suffer. From that point forward, Muhammad was ostracized in Mecca. For a time, the influence and status of his wife and his uncle, Abu Talib, the chief of the clan, protected Muhammad from persecution. After they died, however, Muhammad's situation in Mecca became dire.
The Hijra
Emigration became the only hope for Muhammad and his followers' survival. In 622, they headed to Medina, another oasis town, where they were promised freedom to practice their religion. The move from Mecca to Medina is known as the hijra—the flight—and marks year 1 of the Islamic, or hijri, calendar.
Spreading the Message of Islam
In Medina, Muhammad continued to receive divine revelations and built an ever-expanding community around the new faith. The conflict with the Quraish continued, but after several years of violent clashes, Mecca surrendered. Muhammad and his followers soon returned and took over the city, destroying all its pagan idols and spreading their belief in one God.
The Night Journey and Ascension of the Prophet
Accounts of the ascension (mi'raj ) of Muhammad have captured the imaginations of writers and painters for centuries. One night, while the Prophet was sleeping, the Archangel Gabriel came and led him on a journey. Mounted on the heavenly steed Buraq, Muhammad traveled from the Ka'ba in Mecca to the "Farthest Mosque," which Muslims believe to be the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. There he prayed with other prophets such as Moses, Abraham, and Jesus, and ascended to the skies, where he was led by Gabriel through Paradise and Hell, and finally came face to face with God. He then returned to earth to continue spreading the message of Islam. According to Islamic belief, Muhammad was the only person to see Heaven and Hell while still alive.
After the Prophet's Death: Emergence of Shi'i and Sunni Sects of Islam
When Muhammad died in 632, he had not named a successor. One faction, the Shi'a, believed that only individuals with direct lineage to the Prophet could guide the Muslim community righteously. They thought that 'Ali, Muhammad's closest surviving blood male relative, should be their next leader (caliph). The other faction, the Sunnis, believed that the Prophet's successor should be determined by consensus and successively elected three of his most trusted companions, commonly referred to as the Rightly Guided Caliphs (Abu Bakr, 'Umar, and 'Uthman), as leaders of the Muslim community; 'Ali succeeded them as the fourth caliph.
Today the Islamic community remains divided into Sunni and Shi'i branches. Sunnis revere all four caliphs, while Shi'is regard 'Ali as the first spiritual leader. The rift between these two factions has resulted in differences in worship as well as political and religious views. Sunnis are in the majority and occupy most of the Muslim world, while Shi'i populations are concentrated in Iran and Iraq, with sizeable numbers in Bahrain, Lebanon, Kuwait, Turkey, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Depictions of the Prophet Muhammad
Featured in this unit are several depictions of the Prophet Muhammad. These portrayals, while somewhat rare, are not unheard of as there were (and still are) many different attitudes toward depicting the Prophet, and humans in general, in the Islamic world. These attitudes varied dramatically from region to region and throughout history; the societies that produced the works discussed here are among those that allowed the depiction of the Prophet. Commissioned by Muslims for Muslims, these images appear in biographies of the Prophet and his family, world and local histories, and accounts of Muhammad's celestial journey (mi'raj), as well as in literary texts. In each context, they serve a distinct purpose. They illustrate a narrative in biographies and histories, while in literary texts they serve as visual analogues to written praises of the Prophet. An image of the Prophet Muhammad at the beginning of a book endows the volume with the highest form of blessing and sanctity. Thus, illustration of him was a common practice, particularly in the eastern regions of the Islamic world.

Thursday November 7, 2019
JALALABAD CITY (BNA) Foodstuffs have been distributed to hundreds poor and destitute families in eastern Nangarhar province.
The families have forced to leave their houses due to presence of Taliban fighters and recent flash floods.
The aids include rice, flour, cooking ghee, bean, tea and salt.
Nangarhar’s press office by releasing a statement issued that the assistances after launching survey have been distributed to 400 poor families.
Process of aids distribution ongoing by internal and external charity organizations to destitute families in Nangarhar province, the statement added.
M.A.Ansari

Wednesday, November 06, 2019
Pul-e-Alam (BNA) More than 140 Returning families received cash in Logar province today.
Migration and returnees head of Logar told BNA, World Food Program (WFP) distributes 18,000 Afghanis to each of these families who have recently returned from Iran, Pakistan and Turkey.
The donation was distributed to retuning families in the presence of Deputy Governor, national security head and member of Logar Provincial Council Nafisa Hejran in Pul-e-Alam city of Logar.
T. Yarzada

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