26 April 2017

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Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The government of Pakistan has recently decided to use any means to expel the Afghan refugees.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Afghans living in Pakistan are not able to step out of their homes for work. The Afghan refugees don’t have physical and mental security, however, forced returns of migrants is an illegal act and in contrary with international conventions, UNHCR added. The Pakistan police nightly enter the Afghans’ homes and forcibly take money from them. Afghan refugees told Human Rights Watch that a toxic combination of insecure legal status, the threat of deportation during winter, and police abuses – including crippling extortion, arbitrary detention, and nocturnal police raids – had left them with no choice but to leave Pakistan. Pakistani authorities have carried out a campaign of abuses and threats to drive out nearly 600,000 Afghans since July 2016, Human Rights Watch said in a report. The returnees include 365000 registered refugees, making it the world’s largest mass forced return of refugees in recent years. They now face spiraling armed conflict, violence, destitution, and displacement in Afghanistan. Therefore, the UN and international donors should press Pakistan to end the abuses, protect the remaining 1.1 million Afghan refugees in Pakistan, and allow refugees among the other estimated 750,000 unregistered Afghans there to seek protection, Human Rights Watch said. Those refugees face any threat in Afghanistan should be supported by Pakistan and UN. Furthermore, police bad behavior with them should be prevented. UNHCR asked Pakistan to stop such a prejudicial way and extend the refugees cards.  This is while that there are hundreds of thousands of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Afghanistan in urgent need of humanitarian assistances and tens of thousands of Afghan refugees are waiting to return from Europe.
Pakistan’s forced return of Afghans has come at a particularly dangerous time, with the conflict in Afghanistan killing and injuring more civilians than at any other time since 2009, displacing at least 1.5 million people, and with a third of the population destitute.  Thus, if such a move is not prevented, hundreds of thousands of Afghan refugees will flow into Afghanistan by next month, an action which will result in great social challenges. Likewise, the Pakistani government should avoid recreating in 2017 the conditions that coerced Afghan refugees to leave in 2016, Human Rights Watch said. It should end police abuses and deportation threats, and extend refugee permits until at least March 31, 2019.  UNHCR should publicly challenge any further pressure Pakistan places on Afghan refugees to leave. International donors should help Pakistan to properly assist and protect Afghan refugees until it is safe for them to return home, and support UN emergency operations. Afghanistan is a country where has been faced immigration, narcotics, IDPs and terrorism challenges since long and the government is not able to solve them all. Immigration is the legal right of anyone and everyone can settle in any part of the world, but based on special standards and international conventions. The countries don’t have the right to compulsorily expel the refuges but should pave the way for their volunteer return.
Lailuma Noori
 

Monday March 13, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Violence against women in addition to physical harms also causes mental trauma to its victims.
The annual report of Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission released a couple of days ago indicates that violence against women in Afghanistan has increased. The report says violence against women in Afghanistan in 2016 has increased 8.6% than the previous year. BNA reporter regarding the issue reports, the findings of the report suggest that the increase of the figures of violence against women indicate that coming of violence stricken  women to legal and judicial organs have increase, but due to lack of rule of law has caused dissemination of immunity from punishment and increase of violence against women. The report claims that illiteracy, addiction, lack of security, the culture immunity from punishment, lack of trust to justice and judicial organs and unfavorable traditions and custom are the main factor behind the increase of violence against women. The authorities of Afghan Independence Human Rights Commission for reduction of violence against women suggest matters as follow:  public awareness from their rights, providing the ground for the employment of women, ending the rule of unfavorable traditions and customs, amending and reviewing certain laws in that regard and establishing facilities for access of women to justice and judicial organs.
Increase of violence against women rights in Afghanistan, even dealing with this socially deprived class in our community as a commercial good, takes place in time in a time where the women enjoy the support of democratically government and international community in the last decade. The hopes for the equality of gender have increase and ensuring women’s rights has committed in constitution, unfortunately these commitments have remained on the paper and not yet employed in practice, the recent report of  Independent Human Rights Commission is a clear evidence of  our claim. Still the women are deprived even from their basic rights. The main concern of world community regarding to the women rights in Afghan community especially in remote areas is the existence of old traditions and customs that threat the women’ rights the most. It should be note that violations against women rights in Afghanistan take place while the Islamic teachings have clearly showed and emphasis on observing the rights and obligations of women in the community. Lack of religious knowledge, illiteracy, prevail unfavorable traditions and custom and man rule in the community are the major factors of violence against women in our country. Therefore, to rid the women from violence, providing religious knowledge, eradication of illiteracy and ending to unfavorable traditions and customs are severely needed.
 

Monday, March 13, 2017
Kabul (BNA) At least 9 people lost their lives in Badakshan avalanche and 7 others were wounded.
According to BNA report, this tragic incident took place in Shaikh-Habpar village of Shaher-Buzerk district of Bakhashan province in which 9 people were killed, 7 were wounded and 2 others were missing.
Local residents effort continue to pull-out them.

Sunday March 12, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Cash have been donated by Hadaf Cultural Foundation to 180 orphan and destitute children in northern Takhar province.
Abdul Fatah Mushtaq deputy to Hadaf Cultural Foundation told BNA correspondent, every year the program has launched in north-eastern provinces of the country, which the amount of donated cash is not identical.
In the current year the foundation have been distributed AFG 9100 to 180 orphan and destitute children that most of them are school students, Mushtaq added.
It is mentionable that the assistance provides by Turkey.
 

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