Wednesday December 21, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan Central Statistics Office (CSO), on Tuesday has released the results of its successfully launched demographically, socially and economically survey in western province of Herat.
Acting chief of Afghanistan Central Statistics Office (CSO), Shir Mohammad Jami said that the main aim of the survey was to provide exact details about the age, gender, migration, education, job problems, level of employment, births, mortalities, birth registration, parents live conditions, house specifications and dwelling. “50 percent of households of each village had been spoken about the said issues, with the 50 percent of interview had been launched with the households heads to complete the process in the province, said Jami. Deputy Independent Local Organs Administration Director, Abdul Malek Seddiqui said all people including government officials, governor and the ordinary people have provided cooperation with the successful launch of the program and would continue their cooperation in the future. He said this was a national program and should be supported by all provinces of the country. Deputy planning and policy minister of public health said, there was a need for the data expected to be accessed through the program and could be effective in extending health services to the entire people provinces. Deputy to the UN Population Fund, said Herat was the tenth province of the country, where the primary statistics results have been completed and the whole 15 provinces remained would be covered by the program, if the process not faced with any unexpected security problem.
Wednesday December 21, 2016
Farah City (BNA) The construction work of Farah’s airport and Sardar Mohammad Dawoud Khan square roads has started in western Farah province.
Abdul Rahim Eshaqzai Farah mayor told BNA reporter, the mentioned roads were destroyed due to rainfalls and commuting of vehicles with high tonnages and now to be reconstructed and asphalted.
The financial cost of the roads will be paid by Farah municipality, Eshaqzai added.
Tuesday December 20, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Since long times, people of many societies in our region celebrate certain occasions at the beginning of winter which has different names among different tribes.
In central Asia South Asia and adjacent territories it is called as “Yalda Night” which is simultaneous with the night of winter revolution. This winter revolution is always coincides with the 30th of Qaus and dawn of Jadi first according to natural calendar. According to natural rule of planets movement, during its annual movement the sun reaches to the lowest point of south eastern horizon at the end of winter season that causes shortening of day and increase of night darkness. In other word, in the six months of summer and advent of winter, the sun rises everyday slightly lower than its previous location. And ultimately reaches at the outset of winter to its lowest southern limit with a distance of 23°, 5 eastern Equinox. Since that day the course of sun rise becomes upside down and returns again upward the point of summer revolution. The beginning of sun return towards north eastern point and increase of day length was considered as the time of rebirth of sun in believes of ancient people as they are celebrating it off course with different traditions in different countries.
In the past, certain rites were hold on this occasion in this time as one of them was night festival and being awake until the dawn and watching rebirth of sunrise a festival which one of its requirements was presence of the family elders and leaders as the symbol of sun’s oldness at the end of Autumn. Plenty of foods including pomegranate, watermelons and sorb all of them with red color similar to red color of sun were served for long term awakening. Religions also gave religious conception to this night. In Metra religion, the first day of winter, the day of sun rebirth was considered as the first day of New Year. The current Gregorian colander which is continuation of mitrayee calendar and was created in 400 AD, is operating accordingly. Different Chiristian factions consider the Jesus birth day in one of the near days to winter revolution with certain differences and celebrated the Christmas and New Year’s festival like old Sistani calendar in this time. As it was mentioned earlier, different traditions are common for celebration of this night in different countries with different cultures. Our beloved country Afghanistan has been the cradle of such cultures in Asia and origin of dissemination and their expansion in the course of history to adjacent societies.
Although in recent century Afghanistan failed to focus better attention to improve its culture due to certain reasons specially in the second half of the century, but despite of that a number of patriotic and cultural loving people have been making indefatigable efforts to survive culture and keep alive our cultural-historical honor aimed at connecting or linking the young generation with our rich past history. Today the culture of celebration of Yalda night is alive in Afghanistan and attributes the historic station to itself in the course of cultural rehabilitation. Our youth love their cultural identities in the course of our history and the name of Yalda is familiar to their ears. They express affection to each other while sitting around winter table clothes and like the past times conclude the Yalda night with poems of Hafiz and start the day. They decorate their table clothes with red water melon, pomegranate and sorbs. Celebration of Yalda night is unexceptionally common in the countries located in Nowroz region as it is even celebrated in non-Nowroz region countries including Balkh, Caucasus, Indian subcontinent, middle-east.
Tuesday December 20, 2016
Kabul (BNA) The number of refugees returning to their war-ravaged homes in Afghanistan, mostly from neighboring Pakistan, has reached one million in 2016, an Afghan deputy minister said Sunday.
Speaking at a ceremony to mark the International Migrants Day in eastern Nangarhar province, Deputy Minister of Refugees and Repatriation Wali Hakimi said an overwhelming majority of those returning were opting to settle down in the Afghan province bordering Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas. The Afghan government plans to set up three townships for the newly-repatriated families in Nangarhar and neighboring Logar provinces with the help of international aid agencies, Hakimi said. The repatriation from Pakistan hit an all-time high this year following a crackdown against Afghan refugees in the country that has hosted them for over three decades. This historic return of refugees, which has made Afghanistan the biggest host of repatriated population in the world, also raises grim concerns about the lives of these men, women and children who are facing harsh conditions as militancy rages on in the country. Also, the country is grappling with over 50,000 new internally-displaced persons this year alone, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Moreover, Europe continues to deport failed asylum-seeking Afghans in line with a deal agreed between Kabul and Brussels. Under the agreement as many as 80,000 Afghans are likely to be deported from different European countries despite widespread protests in Europe as well as in Afghanistan against the move.
Shadi Khan Saif