23 February 2017

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Tuesday January 24, 2017

Kabul (BNA) At a cost of more than AFN 20,000,000 funded by National Solidarity Program of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD/NSP) 43 public utility projects were recently completed in southern Zabul province.
According to information of relation and publication department of MRRD to BNA, these development projects include the reconstruction of water canals, cleaning of water supplies (Kariz) and gravelling of rural roads that have been completed in Qalat, Shinkai, Jaldak and Shah Joy districts of the province.
Approximately, 7,000 families in various communities have gained access to basic human needs upon completion of these projects.
During the implementation the mentioned projects work opportunities have been provided to 1665 skilled and unskilled workers in the districts.
Since its inception in Zabul province, the NSP has covered 260 villages and until now could to implement 75 development projects in different sectors across the province.

Monday January 23, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The UN on Saturday launched an appeal for $550 million to aid and support Afghans in need of assistance in the war-ravaged country.
United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator Mark Bowden said 2017 was exceptionally challenging for Afghanistan, which is home to the largest number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and repatriates in the world after Syria. “The current scale of need in Afghanistan calls upon the humanitarian community to deliver increased levels of assistance to ensure the lives of many Afghans are not endangered, and so that they can live in safety and dignity,” Bowden said at the launch. According to the UN officials and international donors to Afghanistan, more than half a billion of dollar is needed to help millions of Afghans, and based on recent reports, over nine million Afghans are faced with many challenges due to violence and bad economic situation. The UN Humanitarian Coordinator, Mark Bowden said hundreds of Afghan refugees were expected to return home from neighboring countries of Iran and Pakistan this year. At the same time, a number of political experts and Kabul citizens told that continued immigrations have been concerning, thus, the government should implement practical programs to returnees and IDPs. Expressing concern on continued immigrations to European countries, Mohammad Modaqiq, a political expert said, ‘unfortunately, the government of Afghanistan doesn’t have any specific program to keep the Afghan nationals inside the country.’
He added that deterioration of security situation in a number of turbulent provinces has caused hundreds of thousands of Afghan families to leave their homes and seek refuge in another provinces, whom are in dire need of humanitarian assistances. A private university lecturer, Akbar Jawad said, ‘in fact, the immigration crisis is considered as second main problem after terrorism, as Afghanistan has a high number of refugees in the world after Syria.’ But unfortunately, the host countries don’t treat the Afghan refugees well, thus, they have to return home, and now the donor organizations to Afghanistan, particularly the entities on immigrants should address their problems, he continued. Meanwhile, a number Kabul residents said, ‘the government should have a specific policy on returnees, because, those who have returned to Afghanistan have not been provided with better life conditions.’ Concurrent exposure to violence as well as high economic vulnerability means most households experience multiple and repetitive shocks within a year resulting in food insufficiency and adoption of negative, often harmful coping strategies which plunge families deeper into crisis. This is while that last year, the humanitarian entities have requested $339mln aids to Afghanistan, as they could provide only $197mln so far.
Suraya Raiszada

Monday January 23, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Work of water supplies networks has started in different areas of central Parwan province, Mohammad Asim Asim governor of the province reported BNA.
The project at a cost of AFG 38,000,000 will be implemented at the length of 25 km in 12, 8 and 9 areas of Charikar city the provincial capital of the province, Asim added.
With execution of the mentioned project the problems of more than 1000 families to be settled regarding lack of drinking water.
Eng. Hamidullah Durani general head of water supply and canalization of Afghanistan said, the project funded by government budget and will be completed within the next one year.
At the end, the foundation stone of the project laid by deputy governor of the province and Durani and named the project Mohammad Alam Khan the first mayor of Charikar city.

Sunday, January 22, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Unemployment has been changed into a lasting pain, as the youth are in dire need of jobs in Afghanistan a process that takes long to achieve.
The findings show that implications of high unemployment in Afghanistan are destructive for its economy and domestic security.
Unfortunately, lack of jobs in the country has led thousands of young Afghan men migrating to the neighboring countries.  It has also led people to grow opium poppy, and others are encouraged to join the Taliban extremist groups.
Likewise, it has surely positive effects on the rise of violence and economic instability in Afghanistan.  In fact, the unstable labor market and deteriorating security situation in the country have also set barriers for the government to decrease the unemployment rate.
Unemployment can negatively affect the people and it can also leave tremendously powerful scars on a person’s psyche.
Likewise, it can leave some individuals with feelings and worthlessness, lack of motivation, feelings of embarrassment, greater level of anxiety, hopelessness and increased levels of stress.
Companies usually hire people who already have jobs as people with jobs usually socialize in similar places and word of mouth and referrals increase their chances of getting new jobs.
This really adds to the disappointment of unemployed people.
Crime rates rise as people are unable to meet their needs and divorce rates often rise because people cannot solve their financial problems.
In some cases, because of the unemployment, the youth delay their marriage age which is also a prominent social problem.
Increasing unemployment would help insecurity to further be extended across the country, and vice versa, security and stability would help economy get developed and job opportunities be provided for the citizens.
Unfortunately, still the government has no specific plan to get rid of this challenge.
Therefore, the government should be serious toward unemployment in the country and try to improve the agricultural and industrial activities as well as appoint those working hard for the development of the country, which would help decrease the rate of unemployment in the country. 
Furthermore, the government has to make doing business easy, support the private sector, ensure security, fight corruption and remove the barriers for private sector to deliver real value and change.

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