23 February 2017

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Friday January 20, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Officials of the government of Afghanistan support any move leading to ensuring peace in the country, stressing that the negotiation process should be Afghan-led and Afghan-owned.
Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in his recent remarks said, ‘restoring lasting peace in the country is our fundamental and national obligation.’ The president pointed out that peace will not be ensured unless Ulama, jihadi figures and tribal elders cooperate, adding we should restore lasting peace throughout the country. Any Afghan who has political difference should solve it through negotiation, the president said, adding the problems can be solved through negotiation not war.
At the same time, a number of political experts and lawmakers told that any move on restoring peace will go in vein unless the warring sides willing to talk. They added if the government of Afghanistan and other political parties host peace negotiations, there is no doubt it will follow positive outcomes, because, the Afghans know that they can overcome all challenges with unity.
Zubair Shafiqi, a political expert said, ‘there is no doubt that Afghans are in dire need of peace and they warmly welcome any move resulting in ensuring peace in the country.’ Therefore, to get rid of current crises, the people should join hands so an enduring peace is prevailed in the country, he added. Akram Andishmand, another political expert believes that this is a clear fact that the neighboring countries play imperative role in ensuring peace and stability in Afghanistan. The experts believe that the neighboring countries, particularly, Pakistan honestly cooperate with Afghanistan in peace process, there is no doubt that a lasting peace will be ensured.
But unfortunately, what has concerned the Afghan people is lack of an honest commitment against our country, they added. In fact, Pakistan has never honestly cooperated with Afghanistan in ensuring peace and stability and has always supported the terrorist groups. Lower house of the parliament said, ‘as long as the neighboring and regional countries, particularly Pakistan doesn’t honestly cooperate with Afghanistan, peace will never be restored in Afghanistan.’  Ahmad Fawad, a Kabul resident said that Afghanistan was among the countries, where has been making sacrifices in war on terror for more than three decades, but still this war is being continued. Thus, the neighboring countries should stay alongside our country, because, ensuring peace in Afghanistan can considerably affect region and the world.  This is while that much has been done to ensure peace and stability in Afghanistan, but still the people hope peace negotiations with armed oppositions to be an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned process so to follow positive results.

Friday January 20, 2017
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan is among the countries in which plenty of violence against women can been seen. Beating of women in families, compulsory marriages, not supporting, prevention of going to school or social activities, usurpation of properties, escaping from home, self-immolation, raping etc. are the most common cases of violence against women. The Afghan women are posed to violence in all parts of Afghanistan not only in remote areas where the awareness level of women on their basic rights are fading. There are many violations of their humanitarian rights. Experts believe that violence can affect hundreds of thousands of women in our country with psychological diseases and mental depressions. In Afghanistan, many cases of violence against women and even women murder remain unpunished. Self-immolations have been increasing and violence is main reason behind. Violence against women is a phenomenon that can be seen in different societies both rich and poor, developed and less-developed and even in democracies in which full rule of law has been established.
International efforts for prevention of violence against women calumniated that UNGA make official step and issue the universal declaration on prohibition of violence against women. Based on 3rd and 4th articles of this declaration, women are equally allowed to have all humanitarian and basic freedoms in socio, economic, political, cultural and civil fields.  These rights including the right of living, equal wages, private freedom and security, freedom from discrimination, fair access to justice. The governments should strongly condemn violence against women and prevent implementation of religious traditions or political considerations. That could result in limitation of women rights.
In today’s Afghanistan women always suffering of increasing violence and every day dozens of women are victimized by diverse violence’s against the principles of holy religion of Islam, Afghanistan constitution and international conventions to which Afghanistan has already joined. Local legal and judicial organs and international bodies should seriously fight in the direction of elimination of violence against women and for implementation of UN resolution 104/48. Drug addiction, illiteracy, low level of public awareness, unawareness on Islamic and humanitarian women rights, unacceptable social traditions weakness of rule of law are among reasons behind increasing violence against women. Powerful people and irresponsible armed men and war lords impose most violence against women and continuation of this process is concerning. Removal of violence against women depends upon collective efforts of the MoWA, MoE, MoHE, Afghanistan religious scholars. A firm effort should take place against this nasty phenomenon. The role of media is very important in this process to provide information on removal of violence against women with exclusive programs, holding of round table, hard talks, drama and short films reflecting violence against women. All these measures should changes the public mentality on violence against. Holding of workshops, seminars, awareness giving programs for men and women. All people should be invited to take active part in this process. During the presidential election campaigns, the president had talked on serious war on violence. The president said they would be Afghan administration led by me would strongly react against even slightly violence against women. The Afghan governments should seek such a strategy in the direction of reduction of this phenomenon so prevent further disloyalty to women.
Lailuma Noori

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Maidan-Shaher (BNA) 265 National Solidarity Projects (NSP) were put into exploitation by rural rehabilitation and development department of Maidan-Wardk province in the current year.
Spokesman for Maidan-Wardak governor told BNA reporter, the projects were implemented in various districts of the province and 18,000 families were benefited from facilities of the projects.
He said, the projects includes canals, deep wells and other services have been executed at the cost of 179/5 million Afghanis.
The projects were implemented by rural rehabilitation and development of Maidan-Wardak department. 
 

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Reports freshly leaked a 19 year-old-girl extreme step to hang herself to death, with the main reason behind forced-marriage by her father in northern province of Sar-e-Pul.
The girl, Gul Rukh has committed suicide by hanging herself to death to avoid forced marriage and family violence in Archato village of Sancharak district of the province, according to provincial governor spokesman, Zabihullah Amani. Father of the girl, Niaz Murad had been arrested by police, said Amani quoting the girl’s mother as saying her father wanted to forcibly marry her to a man.
Confirming the shocking incident, women’s affairs director Nasima Arezo said cultural restrictions did not allow the youth to make decisions about their lives.
“Youths are not allowed to make decision for their marriage or their future,” said Arezo who added this is why the girl took such extreme step.”
A women activist Shafiqa Habibi said that this was a heinous act to forcedly marry a girl to a man—even the young one against her favor, under what she blamed a vicious culture and awful tradition.
She asked for bringing those involved in the incident to justice and punished to be a lesson to others.
“In many parts of Afghanistan, she said girls are vended against a small amount of money, rather to proceed to the Islamic teachings, which allows the youth – both boys and girls to get married on their own decisions.”
She further said that women and girls are used as tools to help men reach their targets. “They are not aware of the Islamic teachings and civil rules.”
She condemned forced-marriage against all religious teachings and Afghan culture and asked the organs concerned to step up in this field to help reduce violence against women and girls and demanded the religious scholars to publicize violence against women and girls in their daily speeches of Friday prayers and other meetings held with their membership.
Elsewhere in Faryab province, northwestern Afghanistan, a girl of 16-year-old has been killed, after being brutally assaulted sexually. The incident took place in Bal Charagh district of the province, where police spokesman, Abdul Karim Yurosh said that Hafiza 16 was first raped by unknown assailants before being strangled to death with her shawl.
The victim’s mother, screaming and yelling, accused her neighbors Ali Mohammad and Ibrahim of raping and killing her daughter.
She said her daughter had gone to the cowshed to feed sheep and cows. The girl was subjected to sexual assault by the two men, the woman added.
“It got late but she did not come back. We searched the house of our neighbors. Ali’s mother told me to search her in the cowshed, where we found her body.”
She said Ibrahim had been arrested while Ali managed to flee. She asked the government to hand the accused over to her family, which would burn them alive.
Kabul citizens harshly reacted against the incident aired by media, with Mrs. Parwin calling violence against women to have been with direct link to unawareness of men from the women rights and that in order to prevent it, there was a need for promotion of the women rights all over the country’s provinces.
Another woman, Sumayya Noori blamed the government for failure to bring those involved in violence against women to justice.
Culture of immunity to gather with insecurity could be called the main reasons of increase in the cases of violence against women.
Shukria Kohistani
 

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