23 February 2017

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Monday January 16, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Decades of intractable war have led to a critically reduction in the number of Afghans with various professions and background of experiences, who could serve the country rather to leave for abroad.
In some provinces of the country, mostly in the south and (recently) in the north, deteriorating insecurity has proved the most problematic factor to force professional cadres, [mostly women in the troubled Kunduz city] to quit jobs in the government or seek refuge in the foreign countries. According to some media, women state servants are leaving Kunduz as disappointing security overshadowed the city, with an outskirt of scaring districts. Provincial women director of Kunduz, Nasiba Holkar has been quoted by Pajhwok Afghan News to blame growing insecurity to be making the work environment difficult for women in the province. She called the departure of talented professional women from the province a huge loss. “Due to increasing insecurity, some women have fled to other provinces and foreign countries,” said the agency.
According to her, the number of women staff in the government departments estimated at only 10 percent, but believed the percentage will rise if women’s capacity improved. She suggested special programs should be arranged further to help increase women representation in the government and recalling provincial authorities to have promised providing women with more jobs and improving their overall situation in the province. The agency quoted her to say that the government had pledged to appoint a woman district chief, but the commitment yet to be honored due to fear and threats from insurgents and other criminal elements. The director asked the security departments to pay a special attention to the safety of professional and talented women to enjoy satisfactory representation in the government. Women can’t travel to other districts due to harsh insecurity and fear of the militants with control. She also complained about growing cases of violence against women in the province, where 70 incidents were recorded, while up to 54 cases have been registered, but more unregistered cases could be feared under the rebels’ control areas. According to her, torture, elopement and murder were the main incidents faced by women in 2016, while underage marriage and murder cases have seen a spike to create critical headache for women and stun the country to eventually be blamed of being women rights violator. Many cases of violence against women have not been still registered due to insecurity.
Afghanistan is still suffering a prolonged unannounced war, the negative consequences of which are directed to those of the country’s talented and skilled people including men and women who leave for abroad, where they are easily be attracted as the hosting country’s citizens. Earlier Nilofar Ibrahimi, a talented female pilot left for the US, where she is now seeking citizenship, arguing the main reasons to be inappropriate work environment, discrimination against women mostly by the rebels. In eastern Province of Nuristan, women are not even enjoying the elemental facilities, let alone those of educated ones being recruited in the government’s organizations. They are deprived of education, healthcare and other elemental facilities in the province, with no still the organs concerned paying attention to their situation. The government of national unity with a firm plan to do more for the country’s professional and talented individuals, particularly women should honor its commitment and do its best to prevent brain drain and help them stay in their country. The goal could be achieved through providing jobs, running different workshops of public awareness on women rights and women related violence campaigns. International community, particularly, the US who had pledged to further strengthen the country’s security forces should step up in honoring their commitments towards the security forces and provide them with enough modern and sophisticated weapons to eliminate insurgency countrywide and uproot insurgency across the region. Those terrorist supporting circles, in any countries, should be pressured to give up training and equipment of militants and sending them to other countries for disturbing security.
F.Makhdoom
 

Sunday January 15, 2017

Pul-e-Khumri City (BNA) Solidarity and unity minaret was inaugurated in Nahreen district, northern Baghlan province yesterday.
The minaret is symbol of unity and solidarity among different nationalities in the mentioned district that has been built with a cost of Afg 500,000 from income of Nahreen municipality within the last one year.
Fazulluddin district governor of Nahreen told BNA, the minaret designed in the form of pen, book and house, which signify cultural prophecy, unity and solidarity among nationalities in the district.
Nahreen district is a secure districts of Baghlan province and people cooperation with Afghan security forces regarding ensuring peace and stability is considerable in the district, Fazulluddin added.
 

Sunday January 15, 2017

Kabul (BNA) At least three passengers were martyred and two others were wounded due to traffic accident in northern Daykundi province.
Ghulam Sarwar Sarwari security command of Shahrastan district told BNA correspondent, the incident was happened, while a car type of Fronar veered off the road and overturned in relevant of the district.
 

Saturday January 14, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Long before, Kabul had hosted harsh winters with heavy snowfall and cold weather as in previous winters snowfall was unprecedented in Kabul and other provinces especially in mountainous places. The snow was too heavy that even young boys had made stairs from snow upon which they climbed to the top roofs of their houses.
The yards and streets of Kabul were full of snow. When the people cleaned snow of their roofs, the snow formed a small hill. All the streets were closed for vehicles and pedestrians. Despite of these situations, the Kabul inhabitants took heavy snowfall as a good omen and cheerfully welcomed it as sometimes the thickness of snow on the ground was over one meter.
The Kabul municipality employees were quite active and alerted despite of their limited resources and snow cleaning equipment and snow sweeping machineries and cleaned snow from all the capital main roads and streets and even often transported it by trucks out of the city. The heavy snowfall seldom affected or disturbed daily activities of Kabul citizens.
On the advent of winter, people called the first snow as the dried snow. Youth and teenagers had made snow effigies and played with them. When the weather was changing and warming, fall of wet snow was started that often affected plants and broken branches of trees, cut power cables. When the weather was too cold due to heavy snow, another kind of snow that was called “Brinjak”, was fallen and people called it as “Snow eater” that was the sign of the weather warming and melting of snow on the ground. People became cheerful of dried snow especially if it was Thursday night. People said that tomorrow is Friday, we well organize a collective picnic, make snow man. They conducted snow fighting. The snow man was both from human being or animals. Children were particularly happy when they slipping on the ground covered with iced snow. It seemed that as if they pass over high mountains. Some people made snow tunnels through which they passed in narrow streets. The height of snow was almost equal or higher than the compound walls of houses. Even during heavy snow, the gates of houses remained closed and people had a lot of problems to sweep the snow and open the gate. Sometimes, people had to sweep the snow of their roofs even two or three times a day. They started snow sweeping even at midnight to prevent possible damaging of their houses. The homes were usually made of mud or sundried bricks with high possibility of destruction. Adjacent neighbors had often helped their near residents to clean each other’s roof’s snow.
During snow sweeping days, one of the tradition was this that people cooked an especial food called “Kachi” with animal oil and served it after snow cleaning. On the winter snowy nights, families cooked dried meat or “Landi”, Shoulay Ghorbandi, Kecheri Qoroot and served it together. It was prepared by different families’ respectively family members and their friends and relatives or neighbors sit around and spent the nights with narrating folkloric stories and poetical contests. All those who were invited were sincere to each other and had real friendship with their families even to that extent that if was difficult to distinguish them if they were members of a single family, relative’s friends or neighbors. People of old Kabul used to heat their homes with heaters firewood as fuel or another traditional but cheap heating mean called Sandali which is commonly used in Afghanistan and Iran during winter. It is a wooden cubic shape low table with a height of 50-60cm and sides of approximately more or less 100cmx60cm covered with a big quilt with an area of 3mx4m or something like that. Under Sandali people put an electric stove or some other heater. During telling narrations or poetical contest, they prepared tea both black and green and served walnut, green raisin or pine apples. If there was heavy snow fall on that night, early morning they swept snow of the roofs collectively.
Heavy snow fall was usually welcomed and appreciated by all people and it was believed that snow produces plenty of water for drink and irrigation and harvests will increase and as a result grains prices would decrease. Sometimes the weather was too cold that if someone touched the doors’ handle or chain, it was immediately frozen. Even the snow drops on people faces, beards or mustaches were frozen. But despite of that, people liked snow. During winters, even main roads and highways like Salang tunnel were blocked for several days and traffic flow was stopped. But unfortunately, now for several years we lack heavy snowfall while people expect it like before.
Karima Malikzada
 

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