Peace Efforts In Rural Areas

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Saturday, September 15, 2012
Kabul (BNA) Peace is considered as the foremost necessity of the nation and to achieve this necessity, different concepts ate put forward but two perceptions are lauded mostly; one is that peace should be come from the upper side, this perception is bases on the political solution of the issue and it means that the leaders of armed opposition should end the war through negotiation with international community and Afghan government.
It is a good perception and efforts are also started for its implementation. The High Peace Council (HPC) is the basic part of this effort.
The HPC is endeavoring to create an opportunity of negotiation with the leaders of armed opposition but this is a very prolong, complicated and tiresome task.
The great complication is that now only Afghans are not involved in the issue of Afghanistan but the neighboring and other nations of the world are also involved in this issue.
If only Afghans were involved, then the issue will soon take on turn. Whenever the peace process are discussed Pakistan, Iran, NATO and US positions have their impacts directly and indirectly.
The other conception is that the effort should be started from the grass root level and most of the analysts are considering this perception as the most advantageous and implementable.
The great advantage of this perception is that it would be free from political interference.
Now one of the great unfortunates is that most of the parties, organizations and groups want their own interests by the name of peace. They prefer that method which will be in their best interest and refute any movement which is pernicious to their interest.
But in rural areas which are now the real battlefields political, groups will not have any involvement in the peace process. The second advantage is that in the villages and rural areas, peace process should also remain safe from the intervention of foreign nations and third advantage is that this process would be in the hand of local people.
Fourth advantage is that peace which will be achieved in this way will be durable and reliable but this is also a lengthy process.
In our opinion these two perceptions are not separate from each other. It would be inappropriate to say that the efforts for peace process should be started from the upper side and end this at the rural level.
Efforts should be made on both sides for the peace process. In the upper level it is the responsibility of cabinet, HPC, Parliament and other organs to work for this process and at the lower level it is the responsibility of chieftains, religious scholars and notables to take steps for a durable peace in the country.

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