17 November 2019

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Friday, 20 September 2019 15:21

The Struggle for Peace in Afghanistan

Friday September 20, 2019 Kabul (BNA) The Struggle for Peace in Afghanistan: Is Community Engagement the Key? Robert J. Burrowes I have just read a superb book by Mark Isaacs, an Australian who has documented several years of effort by a group of incredibly committed young people in Afghanistan to build peace in that war-torn country the only way it can be built: by learning, living and sharing peace. The book, titled The Kabul Peace House: How a Group of Young Afghans are Daring to Dream in a Land of War, records in considerable detail the struggle, both internal and external, to generate a peaceful future in Afghanistan. Some might consider this vision naive, others courageous, but few would doubt the simple reality: it is slow, daunting, incredibly difficult, often saddening, frightening, infuriating or painful, sometimes uplifting or hilarious and, just occasionally, utterly rewarding. This is a human story written by a person who knows how to listen and to observe. And because the subject is about a group of ordinary Afghans and their mentor doing their best in the struggle to end one of the longest wars in human history, it is a story that is well worth reading. This story is embedded in a combination of (brief) historical background on Afghanistan’s longstanding and central role in imperial geopolitics (including during ‘The Great Game’ of the 19th century) and more recent history on the progressive modernity of Afghanistan prior to the Soviet invasion in 1979 which was followed by an ongoing and multifaceted war in which the United States has played the most damaging role since its invasion of the country in 2001. But the background also includes a description of the ethnic diversity throughout the country, the role of religion and gender relations (and the challenges these social parameters present), as well as commentary on the social, economic and political regression as a result of the war’s many adverse impacts. So the book weaves a lot of strands into a compelling story of nonviolent resistance and regeneration against almost overwhelming odds. However, that is not all. Given that all of the Afghans in this visionary community have each been traumatized by their unique experience of war, the book doesn’t shy away from describing the challenges this presents both to them personally and to the community, including its mentor and even some of the community’s many international visitors. Most of the community members – whether Pashtun, Hazara, Uzbek, Turkmen, Tajik, Sayyid, Pashai... – have suffered serious loss during the war, especially those members who have had family and other relatives killed, or worse. Worse? you might ask. What is worse than death? Well, after reading this book, you will better understand that the context and the manner of death mean a great deal psychologically. None of the victims of this war died peacefully in their sleep after long and meaningful lives and this is just one part of the psychological trauma suffered by so many in this particular community but also in wider Afghan society. So what does this community in Kabul do? Well, throughout its evolution and many manifestations, the community has done many things including run a variety of projects intended to foster understanding, cooperation and learning: foster mutual respect among the diversity of people that constitute its membership, teach some of its members to read and write and facilitate learning opportunities in other contexts, teach the meaning and practice of nonviolence, give street kids the chance to learn skills that will make them employable, make duvets to give to people who go cold in Afghanistan’s freezing winters, teach and practice permaculture, organize protests against the war (including by flying kites instead of drones), and generally working to create a world that is green, equal and nonviolent. If you think this sounds all good and straightforward, given slowly spreading acceptance of such ideas elsewhere (in some circles at least), then you might have underestimated their radical nature in a society in which ideas about nonviolence, equality and sustainability have, for the most part, not been previously encountered and have certainly not taken root. Isaacs records the observations of the group’s mentor on these subjects: ‘Over the years I have seen how the volunteers have changed within their personal lives, even if it means distancing themselves from the traditions of their own family…. But on a public level it’s much slower.’ This is understandable. As Isaacs notes, even in ordinary conversation and group discussions, ‘the weight of resistance, the taboos and the self-censorship’ made an impact on him. In a culture in which, in 2015, a woman in her twenties was stoned, her body run over by a car and then dumped in a river and set on fire because a mullah falsely accused her of burning the Quran, there is a low way to go. One of the things that I found most compelling about the book is the occasional ‘biography’ of one of the community’s main characters. Given pseudonyms to avoid possible adverse repercussions, these stories provide real insight into the lives of certain community members and their struggle to leave home (in some cases), to join the community, to find their place within it and gain acceptance by the other members. Some, like Hojar, are more outspoken and this, for a woman, is unusual in itself. Hojar is deeply aware of the gender inequality and violence against women in Afghanistan and will talk about it. This inspires other women, like Tara, who have not experienced this outspokenness before. But Hojar’s life had started differently, in the mountains where, as a teenager, she was getting up at 3am to start baking bread for her four snoring brothers before milking the goats and sheep. ‘I am not a woman’, she thought, ‘I am a slave’. Fortunately and unusually, Hojar’s parents supported her desire to not marry at 13 or 15, but to continue her education and follow her dreams. It’s a long, painful, terrifying and fascinating journey but Hojar ended up in this novel community experiment in Kabul where her now college-educated talent was highly valued and put to wonderful use. She has my utmost admiration. Unlike Hojar, other community members, like Horse, originally a shepherd in the mountains, are more circumspect on gender equality and other issues. But this doesn’t mean that Horse is not active, at times playing roles in the networking team, the accounts team and, particularly, as coordinator of the food cooperative which provided monthly gifts of food to the impoverished families of one hundred children who studied at the community’s street kids school. If you think raising donations to pay for this food was easy, particularly given the community decision to avoid the international aid sector to try to encourage Afghans to help their fellow Afghans, when more than half of the population lived below the poverty line and unemployment was at 40%, you will find it compelling to read how the teenaged Horse struggled with the monumental range of challenges he faced in that particular role. He has my admiration too. Insaan, a doctor who mentors the community, provides a compelling story as well. Originally from another country, in 2002 a consultation with a patient at his successful medical practice inspired him to depart some time later. After spending more than two years in Pakistan, working with refugees from Afghanistan, he went to Afghanistan in 2004 to work for an international NGO in public health education in its central mountainous region. His ongoing experience in this role, however, taught him that every problem the villagers faced had its origins in the war. And this underpinned his gradual transformation from health professional to peace activist. He discovered Thoreau, Gandhi and King, among others, and ‘became convinced of the power of love’. By 2008, Insaan had initiated his first multi-ethnic live-in community (although he did not live in it himself) in the mountains but in 2011, when his house was deliberately burned down, he departed for Kabul determined to restart the peace work he had begun in the mountains. Starting with three young people who accompanied him from the mountains, the first manifestation of a live-in peace community in Kabul was soon underway. Endlessly paying attention, trying to provide guidance, reconcile those in conflict, and even withstanding threats of violence, Insaan’s love has undoubtedly been the glue that has held the growing and evolving community together. But not without cost. At times, Insaan has struggled, emotionally and otherwise, to survive in this perpetual war zone as the key figure holding this loving experiment together. He is a truly remarkable human being. And it is because of the trauma that he and each of the other community members has suffered, that I hope that, in future, they can somehow dedicate time to their own personal, emotional healing. See ‘Putting Feelings First’ and ‘Nisteling: The Art of Deep Listening’. There is no better investment for any human being than to spend time consciously focusing on feeling the fear, pain, anger and sadness that we are taught and terrorized into suppressing during childhood (so that we become the obedient slaves that our society wants). Given the extraordinary violence that the people of Afghanistan have suffered and are still suffering, the value of making this investment would be even greater. Anyway, if you want to read an account of the deeply personal human costs of war, and what one community is doing about it, read this book. It isn’t all pretty but, somehow, this remarkable community, through all of its manifestations over many years, its successes and failures, manages to inspire one with the sense that while those insane humans who spend their time planning, justifying, fighting and profiting from wars against people in other countries, those people on the receiving end of their violence are capable of visioning a better tomorrow and working to achieve it. No matter how difficult or how long it takes. Moreover, we can help too. See Nonviolent Campaign Strategy. So allow yourself to be inspired by a group of young people, each of whom has lived their entire life in a country at war both with itself and with foreign countries, but has refused to submit to the predominant delusion that violence is the way out. Scoop Ansari

Thursday, 19 September 2019 09:07

Top Taliban Commander Dies of Wounds in Pakistan

Thursday September 19, 2019
Kabul (BNA) A senior commander of Taliban group died of wounds in a hospital in Pakistan yesterday.
Mohammad Hanif Rezayee spokesman of 209 Shaheen army corps told BNA reporter, few days ago Qari Abdullah known as Asadullah the top commander of Taliban group was injured during an air attack in Aqcha district of Jawzjan province, then transferred to Pakistan for further treatment, but he lost his life in a hospital belonged to ISI (Inter-Service Intelligence for Pakistan) yesterday.
Qari Abdullah had active role in most terrorist and destructive activities carried out by Taliban group in Jawzjan province.
M.A.Ansari


 

Thursday, 19 September 2019 09:07

Martyrs & Injured Families Received Aid in Parwan

Thursday September 19, 2019
CHARIKAR CITY (BNA) Cash assistances have been donated to dozens martyrs and injured families in central Parwan province yesterday.
According to BNA local correspondent report, each of 29 martyrs’ families have received 200,000 Afghanis and each 51 injured families have received 80,000 Afghanis.
During the cash donation, Fazulddin Ayar governor of Parwan appreciated from leaders of National Unity Government’s attention to the families affected following suicide attack took place in Charikar city the provincial capital of the province two days ago.
At least 29 people were martyred and dozens more were wounded following a suicide attack took place close to an election rally held by President Ghani election campaign team in Charikar city two days ago.
M.A.Ansari

Thursday, 19 September 2019 09:06

Commentary

Saturday, September 19, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The neighboring and the countries of the region should build their relations with Afghanistan according to international norms and standards.
BNA political affairs analyst commenting on the issue writes:  after Donald Trump the president of America cancelled the agreement that close to signing and Taliban were near to victory, they seem more Vern arable
Taliban in order to find the lost opportunity tried their best to bring US in to negotiations once again. Sometimes, they are pleading, other times threatening and sometimes; trying to introduce their regional and international friends and cooperators to America and in this way bring US under pressure.
Recently a four member delegation of the group went to Russia and Iran.
Taliban delegation in Moscow with the second rate officials of that country’s foreign ministry discussed the issues related Afghan peace process and supporting of that country from Taliban. Earlier Taliban have asked Russia to sign at the end of peace agreement between America and Taliban as a guarantor. Russia warmly accepted the proposal.  
But in Iran, the Taliban delegation talked with the authorities of foreign ministry of that county in a high position. (Peace process, recent developments and safety of Iranian projects and the strategy of permanent peace were the issues between the two sides. 
On the other hand Abas Stanukzay  a senior official of Taliban in Doha an interview with senior official of Taliban in Doha in an interview with a western media has asked Trump to send an American delegation on to negotiation table and Taliban are ready make ceasefire with America.
If we precisely pay attention to the proposal it points out to ceasefire only with American military and pains and the problems Afghan people suffering not only ignored but insist on permanency of the deadly fighting.
The regional countries hosting the Taliban delegation in a time, the group during the last month committed the most heinous act against Afghan people.
For all above terrorist events, Taliban claimed the responsibility. Therefore, how do they place Taliban in their capitals and honor them with great names?
It would not be important for Afghan people, what have Taliban have done for their identity but expects the friendly and neighboring countries to act against the group as they deserved.
On the other hand Abas Stanukzai one of the senior officials’ of Taliban in Doha interviewing with a western media has asked president Trump to send an American delegation to negotiation table and Taliban are ready to make a ceasefire with America.
The countries of the region are hosting the Taliban delegation in a time; the group committed the most brutal acts against Afghan people, such as attack on wedding ceremony.
Taliban claimed the responsibility of all above terrorist incidents and honored for conduction such satanic incidents.
It would be important for Afghan people and government that what Taliban are doing for their identity, but expect the friendly and neighboring countries to build their relations with Afghanistan according to international norms and standards. 
Since Taliban is a serious threat for the security of the region and world, therefore hosting the group is against all principles and relation among the countries.

 

Thursday, September 19, 2019
Jalalabad (BNA)  Four people were lost their lives and at least 12 others have been injured in assaulters attack on Electronic National Identity Card center in Nangarhar province yesterday.
According to reports, two suicide bombers exploded themselves near the entering gate of the department, and two other bombers entered to the center and clashed with security forces.
Shah Mahmood Myankhail governor of Nangarhar told BNA, two militaries and two civilians were lost their lives and 12 others have been injured.
No individuals or group has commented the responsibility of the event, but local sources blamed Taliban for the incident.
T. Yarzada

Thursday, September 19, 2019
Ghazni (BNA)  Seven Taliban militants were killed in coalition forces strikes in Ghazni province last night.
Emal Momand press in charge of Thunder army corps told BNA, the Taliban were targeted in air strikes conducted by coalition forces in outskirt of Qarabagh and Abband Districts.
A vehicle and numerous of weapons were destroyed in the raid.
Another report says five Taliban militants were arrested in commando forces operation in Dehyak District, Ghazni province and a weapon cache of the militants has been destroyed.
Likewise, a group of de-miners of Thunder 203 army corps discovered and defused nine mines from Jaji Aryob District of Pakita and Sayeedabad district, Maidan-Wardak province.
T. Yarzada

Thursday, 19 September 2019 07:53

Daikundi Apple Yields Increased by 30 Percent

Thursday, September 19, 2019
Daikundi (BNA) The apple yields of Daikundi province increased by 30% this year, BNA reported.
Sayed Abdul Waheed Firoozi provincial director of agriculture irrigation and livestock directorate of Daikuni told BNA apple yields in the province will reach to over thirty-two thousand and four hundred metric tons this year.
The reason of increasing apples yields in the province was timely rains and high water he said, adding that years ago, lack of rains and water was the main reason on decreasing of apple yields, according to the agency.  Firoozi said to the agency, that more than ten types of apples treed are being cultivated in the province.
Yarzada

 

Thursday September 19, 2019
Kabul (BNA) The Secretary General of the Organization (OIC), Dr. Yousef Al-Othaimeen, has strongly condemned the surge of acts of terror in Afghanistan including the attacks which took place on 17 September targeting an election rally of President Ashraf Ghani in the province of Parwan and another at a crowded civilian site in Kabul which killed at least 50 civilians and wounded many more, a statement from the organization said. Al-Othaimeen conveyed his sincere condolences to the families of victims as well as to the Government and people of Afghanistan and wished speedy recovery for the wounded, the statement added. The Secretary General urged Afghans to put an immediate end to violence, hostilities and to focus on achieving peace and reconciliation as there can be no alternative to the political settlement negotiated through an Afghan-owned, Afghan-led peace process as reaffirmed by the resolutions and declarations adopted at the 14th OIC Summit held in Makkah on 31 May 2019 and at the International Ulema Conference on Peace and Security in Afghanistan held in Makkah on 11 July 2018. The Secretary General reiterated his hope that the forthcoming presidential elections will take place in a peaceful atmosphere, according to the statement.
Ansari

 

Thursday September 19, 2019
Kabul (BNA) Afghanistan government in a statement has strongly condemned latest terrorist attacks on oil facilities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and termed them heinous and attacks on world economy. In the statement issued by Presidential office, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani considered terrorism as a serious threat and obstacle towards economic and expansion of energy in the region and world, stressing on joint counter-terrorism effort. President Ghani, on behalf of the people and government of Afghanistan, offered deep condolence to the people and King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the statement concluded.
Ansari


 

Thursday, September 19, 2019
Kabul (BNA) National Security Advisor Hamdullah Mohib paid a visit to Badakhshan province.  During the visit, he met with local officials, civil society, youths and women representatives.  Besides reviewing the security situation, he praised the country’s defense and security forces for their recent achievements.
Addressing to ANDSF soldiers, national security advisor said that the country’s security forces would leave no safe hideout for terrorists.  During his visit to newly captured Yumgan district in Badakhshan, he stressed that Afghan forces would free any area where the enemy was hiding and attempting to create safe haven for themselves and their affiliates.
NSA thanked the local people for supporting their security forces and assured them of implementing major development projects and improving security in their areas.  Afghan forces recently captured three districts in Badakhshan with zero casualties caused to civilians.
Yarzada

 

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