Education Bakhtar News Agency is the official state news agency of the Afghan government, based in Kabul. The agency is a major source of news for all media in Afghanistan, gathering domestic and international news and providing information to outlets. Tue, 23 Jan 2018 09:50:48 +0000 Joomla! 1.5 - Open Source Content Management en-gb Construction Work On Teachers’ Township Begins In Kama’-township-begins-in-kama.html’-township-begins-in-kama.html Construction Work On Teachers’ Township Begins In Kama

Monday, January 15, 2018

Nangarhar (BNA) Construction work on teachers’ town in Kama of Nangarhar has been started by provincial governor Gulab Mangal.
According to a spokesperson to governor of Nangarhar, the town will be constructed in 300 acre land in Dasht-e-Mamakhil of the district and it is determined that 961 residential lands will be distributed to teachers.
The source added that construction work on residential lands will be started with the coming three months and owners of the lands could not sell their lands to others.

Education Mon, 15 Jan 2018 06:55:12 +0000
Youth Select Technology In Afghanistan Youth Select Technology In Afghanistan

Monday, January 08, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Recently a number of Afghan youth have proceeded more to technology and learned a profession in this section.
In an interview with The Kabul Times reporter, a number of youth called working in the technology sector effective and saying that today, with the growth of the technology a large number of youth have interested to learn this business such as mobile repairing and computer programs.
Eng. Mirwais Sadiq one of the youth who is busy in a mobile repairing shop in Gulbahar center in the connection said that I had learnt necessary trainings in this section, and I am able to repair any kind of mobiles.
Sadiq, have enough experience in installation of computers and software as well repairing of computers and today he could solve the people’s problems through his profession.
Today, the people of Afghanistan more use Iphone and Galaxy mobiles and its spare parts can be find easily in any market and repairing shops, Sadiq stated.
Likewise, a large number of youths are busy in the markets such as Kote-Sangi, Pashtun market and Khair Khwa in repairing of computers and mobiles, where their number reaches to thousands.
According to Sadiq, he receives 30 to 60 thousand monthly income from his profession, so this profession is good for me.
Most of the mobile phones are said to be packed in Afghanistan, in this regard Ehsan, one of the mobile shop owners said that mobile phones are montaged in Afghanistan, but in private companies, and being sold by mobile shops.
Ajmal, another youth who learned this profession in Pakistan, now working in Kote Sangi market as senior mobile technician said that many youth have learnt this profession under my instruction and now they have their own mobile repairing shops in Kabul markets.
Today it is a matter of pleasure that a number of women also work beside men in mobile repairing shops in Kote Sangi, although their number is small, but there are courageous girls in this market which have cabins next to men’s shops.
They say that some people do not behave well with them, but they continue to work.
They say that the goal of this work is to serve the society, particularly the female. Owners of this workshop started their work with 70,000 Afghanis provided by the Afghan Women’s Empowerment Institute, but now they say they have financial problems and are worried about.
Despite of these problems, the workshop owners say that they are planning to open branches in different parts of Kabul and other provinces.

Education Mon, 08 Jan 2018 11:38:33 +0000
Sixth Rounds of Winter Courses Lunched In Baghlan Sixth Rounds of Winter Courses Lunched In Baghlan

Monday, January 08, 2018

Pul-e-Khumri (BNA) The sixth round of winter courses were launched yesterday for youth in Baghlan.
According to head of training for provincial department of information and culture Khwaja Sebghatullah Masoumi, the courses are to build up capacity building of 350 miserable children and teenagers both male and female who are receiving various courses such as English language, computer, calligraphy, drawing, math and Islamic studies.
He added that more than 265 students graduated from winter curses last year.

Education Mon, 08 Jan 2018 05:48:16 +0000
High School Inaugurated In Daikundi High School Inaugurated In Daikundi

Monday, January 08, 2018

Nili (BNA) High school building inaugurated by Mohmood Balegh governor of Daikundi province.
Daikundi governor told BNA correspondent, the building of the school has been constructed from budget of rural rehabilitation and development ministry at the cost of 23 million Afghanis.
Another report says that a bridge was inaugurated in Geti District, Daikundi province.
The bridge has been built from budget of rural rehabilitation and development ministry at the cost of 7 million Afghanis.
T. Yarzada

Education Mon, 08 Jan 2018 05:46:48 +0000
31 School Buildings Reconstructed Within The Last 3 Months 31 School Buildings Reconstructed Within The Last 3 Months

Tuesday January 2, 2018

Pul-e-Alam City (BNA) Within the last 3 months 31 school buildings has been reconstructed in central Logar province.
Shah Poor Arab spokesman of education department in Logar told BNA reporter, the schools buildings has been reconstructed with a sum of 12,000,000 Afghanis funded from ministry of education and Orfan Institute in vicinity of Pul-e-Alam city and districts of the province.
It is supposed that ministry of education will be reconstructed 50 school buildings that located in different parts of Logar province next year, Arab added.

Education Tue, 02 Jan 2018 06:23:27 +0000
High School Buildings Constructed In Panjshir High School Buildings Constructed In Panjshir

Tuesday, January 02, 2018

Kabul (BNA) Ten school buildings have been constructed during the current year in Panjshir province.
Atiqullah Karim education head of Panjshir told BNA correspondent, ten school buildings have been constructed from beginning of the current year till now in seven Districts of Panjshir province.
He said, the buildings of the schools included 61 projects of education ministry which have been implemented at the cost of 30 million dollars.
According to education department officials of Panjshir, among these schools, the construction work of 20 have been completed and 40 other projects are going on in that province.
T. Yarzada

Education Tue, 02 Jan 2018 06:07:52 +0000
Girl’s School Building Inaugurates In Faryab’s-school-building-inaugurates-in-faryab.html’s-school-building-inaugurates-in-faryab.html

Friday December 29, 2017
Kabul (BNA) A new girl’ school building after construction was inaugurated in Mimana city the provincial capital of northern Faryab province yesterday.
Amrullah Qazi Zada’s girl school was inaugurated by Col. Gen. Mohammad Hamayoun Fozay governor of Faryab and some education officials.
According to BNA report, the school building has 12 classrooms, administrative room, office for teachers, sport ground and other necessary equipment.
The building of the school has been constructed at a sum of USD 255,000 funded by Norway, BNA further reported.
In the school 1200 girl students are studying, that already they were studied under tends.

Education Fri, 29 Dec 2017 14:08:16 +0000
100 Youth Complete Vocational Skills In Samangan 100 Youth Complete Vocational Skills In Samangan

Wednesday, December 20, 2017

Aibak (BNA) 100 boys and girls have graduated from vocational course in Samangan.
According to Keramuddin Barafaki, provincial director of labor, social affairs and martyrs, the youth received various vocational skills as tailoring, constructions, metalworking and wiring.
He added that working equipment has also been distributed to the graduates.

Education Wed, 20 Dec 2017 06:21:00 +0000
Education; Main Pillar For Development Education; Main Pillar For Development

Sunday December 17, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The ministry of education was established in Afghanistan in 1863 during the reign of late Amir Sher Ali Khan under the guidance of Sayed Jamaluddin Afghan.
Later on it was gradually progressing during the rule of late Amir Habibullah Khan and late king Ghazi Amanullahh Khan.
As a pillar of development and base of progress the MoE was operating as an illuminating light in Afghanistan. Even during the rule of late father of nation, ministers of education were appointed simultaneously as deputy prime minister
Every year large number of young and educated youth are graduated from Kabul and other private and public universities.
These graduates must be employed as teachers and serve their country and people.
Due to security reasons, some rural schools lack teachers or are closed due to insurgents threats. Due to corruption and insecurity, the teacher’s payments are not paid on time. Schools lack textbooks which is clear violation of principles and rulers.
We need a high quality educational system.
The education organization should be developed, young and educated teachers should be recruited, textbooks, stationers should be distributed and the teachers payments must be paid on due time.
Although current teaching system is better, but in rural areas, Taliban directly supervise lessons that disturbs the system.
Corrupt elements should be removed and a balanced development education system should be established.
According to provisions of the constitution, educational services and literacy and higher education must be free of charge to BA level, so our country would be rescued from poverty, diseases and illiteracy.
Improvement of education should be a national and emergency priority. 
Abdul Hadi Quraishi

Education Sun, 17 Dec 2017 09:00:33 +0000
The Role of Higher Education In The Economic Development of Afghanistan The Role of Higher Education In The Economic Development of Afghanistan

Tuesday December 12, 2017

Kabul (BNA) It has been widely acknowledged that no country can alleviate poverty, achieve sustainable economic development and produce skilled human resources without substantial investment in human capital.
Education is the main tool for investment in human capital development. Moreover, it makes individuals more responsible for contributing in the development of any economic sector in a country.
Undoubtedly, higher education increases people’s skills and knowledge, which in turn raises innovation, productivity, creativity, and fuels entrepreneurship and technological developments. Educated citizens can be the key determinant of a nation’s development which builds the economy and contributes in poverty reduction. In general, quality education and economic performance are likely to be related to each other: if one is improved, the other is also improved, vice versa.  Therefore, this article attempts to highlight recent improvements and current challenges in the higher education sector of Afghanistan and discusses its role in the economic development of the country.
Higher education institutions in Afghanistan
Since the Taliban regime was ousted in 2001, there has been a significant improvements in different sectors, especially in the services sector in Afghanistan. However, around 39 percent of its population are living in poverty, and about 40 percent are not gainfully employed. Nevertheless, there has been a substantial increase in the number of universities and higher education institutes, and students’ admissions. For example, the number of public universities and institutes increased from 19 in 2002-2003 to 36 today and the private universities, and higher education institutes increased from close to 0 to more than 100 at present. Across the country, admissions have risen from about 7,900 students in 2001 to 300,000 students in 2017 at public and private universities and higher education institutes. Notably, for the first time in the country’s history, PHD programs have been recently launched by Kabul and Nangarhar Universities – public universities.
The challenges
Despite the cited quantitative immense growth during the past over one decade, Afghanistan suffers from severe challenges on the road to organize its higher education system for the best possible economic development. Lack of access to higher education at the universities and higher education institutes for most of the youths is one of the main challenges in Afghanistan.
Since the demand for higher education is growing due to the expansion of primary and secondary education and the economic benefits of higher education, public universities and higher education institutes do not have enough resources to absorb everyone. To solve this problem, every year thousands of successful university entry test, known as Kankor, applicants are enrolled at private universities and higher education institutes by the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) with tuition-free or discount. In 2017, of 169,000 successful Kankor applicants, a total of 55,266 were enrolled at private universities and higher education institutes, which is a higher number than the previous years. According to the World Bank, compared to many other low-income countries, the private sector in Afghanistan has absorbed a relatively large number of students.
It seems to be common when high school graduates who do not find a way at first attempt to pass Kankor exam, either try again or go to the private universities and higher education institutes. Since tuitions fees are high at private universities and higher education institutes, most of the students cannot afford to pay them due to their low economy situation. In addition to this, the quality of the programs and the legitimacy of the degrees offered by most of the private universities and higher education institutes are a great concern for higher education practitioners and the MoHE.
Unfortunately, Afghanistan does not only have “ghost soldiers” and “ghost schools” but also ghost university students and graduates. In an interview the head of private universities department at MoHE – Mohammad Amir Kamawal did not refute the issue of ghost students and graduates. To solve this problem, Kamawal added that the MoHE does not issue degrees to the students of the private universities and higher education institutes until they separate the real graduates and students from the ghost ones.
According to Kamawal, the private universities and higher education institutes in terms of quality are categorized as: good, satisfactory and poor. This means none of the over 100 private universities and higher education institutes is categorized as excellent. Surprisingly, no public and private universities or higher education institutes in Afghanistan are in the list of regional and international university rankings. Moreover, almost none of them have academic peer reviewed/refereed journals to impart lecturers’ knowledge and provide students with up to date material and knowledge. This might be due to several reasons but two of the main reasons could be the lack of academic research among the lecturers/professors of the public and private universities and the institutes, and a lack of updated teaching materials.
Osman Babory, the former Deputy Minister of Higher Education for Academic Affairs admitted: “there are still faculty members at Kabul University, the largest and most ‘developed’ of all universities in the country, who teach with lecture notes they compiled decades ago, copied and copied again until barely legible anymore.” Top lecturers can be top researchers, but without research, lecturers cannot better compile, provide and explain lecture materials to the students. These all refer to the lack of qualified faculty members, especially at public universities. For example, figures show that 57 percent of the lecturers hold Bachelor degrees, 38 percent have Masters, and only five per cent hold PhDs.
Lack of modernized curriculum, medium of instruction rather than English, and lack of budget are also among the severe challenges, largely at the public universities. For instance, the staff at Kabul University said “they do not have “a single Afghani for its central library,” neither do faculties have money to stock their own, smaller libraries, and the same applies to provincial universities’ libraries.”
Despite some improvements in the curriculum in the last few years, especially at the public universities, reformed curriculum is not implemented at some faculties because lecturers stick to the old course materials. On the other hand, one of the problems with the private universities and higher education institutes is that they lack a unified curriculum.
Certainly, these challenges have affected the quality of higher education. Undeniably, low quality of higher education makes graduates less productive and innovative in the labor market, which in turn has a negative impact on economic development of Afghanistan. The solution to these challenges is difficult but possible.
Together the Afghan government, especially the MoHE in collaboration with the universities, higher education institutes, and donors (e.g. World Bank, USAID) should address the cited challenges because the development of Afghan societies and economies is inter-linked with the development of (higher) education.  To do so, there is great need for:
Investment in higher education: The Government of Afghanistan, the donors, and the private sector should increase their investment, financial grants towards the capital costs in the higher education sector. Modern study campuses, dormitories, facilities, and equipment should be made to absorb more students. Libraries need to be modernized, and the skills and capacities of faculty members should be further improved.
The teaching profession: The MoHE should monitor and evaluate the teaching profession of both public and private universities and higher education institutes. The teachers or lecturers should be selected based on merit and experience with holding at least master’s degree.
English as a medium of instruction: essential for the students in most of the faculties (e.g. medical, economics, engineering, economics, computer science, etc). This could make graduates more competitive and productive in the labor market. To make this happen, English level of the school students should be improved.
Research and development: Universities should built-up a research culture and focus on creating an entrepreneurial culture among their graduates. They should produce job creators rather than producing job seekers. To do so, universities should build linkages with the productive/business sector. The MoHE should provide research grants for talented students.
Curriculum modernization: The curriculum of universities and higher education institutes should correlate with the economic situations of Afghanistan and the job market demands of the 21stcentury rather than teaching decades old materials to the students. Since rural poverty, internal displacement, refugees, corruption, and aid effectiveness are some of the major issues in Afghanistan it would be beneficial if these courses are incorporated in the universities and higher education institutes curriculum.
Collaboration/Networking: Besides collaboration and networking with the business sector, the universities and higher education institutes in Afghanistan should establish linkages with the prestigious universities across the world, national, regional and international organizations for internship opportunities. This will help students to develop their thinking, create new knowledge, and improve creativity
Sayed Nasrat and Tamim Karim

Education Tue, 12 Dec 2017 09:10:13 +0000