29 June 2017

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Education

Saturday November 26, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Norway ambassador to Afghanistan has visited with leadership board of Herat University. 
Pro. Dr. Abdullah Fayez head of Herat University in his visit with Mari Skåre Norwegian ambassador to Afghanistan and his delegation accompanying hoped that Norway embassy to cooperate in establishing of the university building and providing educational books.
Norway government is a biggest donor of UNICEF and it is supposed that to assist $90m in New Year to Afghanistan.
 

Tuesday, November 22, 2016
Kabul (BNA) Criticizing on inattention of the government in the field of literacy in the country, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Representative on Afghanistan said, ‘currently, there are 11 millions of Afghans are deprived of literacy throughout the country.’
The UNESCO representative on Afghanistan, Patrisha Mac Philips, in a gathering held in Kabul told media that the literacy has not been in priorities of the Afghan government over the last fifteen years.
She said, ‘right now, about 11 millions of people aged higher than 15 are illiterate, most of whom are women and girls.’
Expressing concern on education situation in Afghanistan, she called illiteracy a great challenge, adding based on current statistics, 45 percent of men and 63 percent of women living in the villages are illiterate.
In the gathering, the minister of education said, ’60 percent of the country’s population are illiterate, most of whom are women.’
Asadullah Hanif Balkhi, the minister of education added that almost 11 millions of people aged higher than 15 are illiterate, as 500,000 of them have been enrolled in 15000 literacy centers all-over the country.
He said, ‘annually, about 300 to 350 thousands of people are succeed to complete the literacy programs and they can finally be able to write and read.’
At the same time, Sardar Mohammad Rahimi, deputy minister on literacy affairs said, ‘Afghanistan is among the three countries of the world where is seriously faced with illiteracy.’
The government has provided a proposal names ‘National Mobilization’ to fight illiteracy—an issue that has been approved by a cabinet committee chaired by Second Vice President, Mohammad Sarwar Danesh and will soon come into effect after full review.
Based on this program, the literacy programs’ method will be changed and new educational books will be provided.
A number of Kabul citizens said, ‘most of the Afghans, particularly the women are deprived of literacy due to unacceptable traditions in the country.’
Shayesta, a woman said that her family didn’t let her continue her education after sixth grade.
In fact, most of the women are deprived of education in the country due to many reasons, such as, poverty, unacceptable traditions, etc. Therefore, it is hoped that by implementation of the National Mobilization program, the way is provided to people to join the literacy programs and be able to write and read.
Shukria Kohistani

Sunday November 20, 2016

Kabul (BNA) "My sole aim of teaching children in the village school is to help the poor children to get education and become literate, especially for girls who were traditionally kept away from school," Aisha, 36, who teaches in a local school in former Taliban stronghold the southern Kandahar province, told Xinhua recently.
Living in a remote village of Spin Boldak district, a border town linking Kandahar province to Quetta city of Pakistan, the courageous Aisha overcoming all traditional barriers goes to the dilapidated school every morning to teach the children of the most unprivileged families in the far-flung village. Working outside home for females in Kandahar, the spiritual capital of former Taliban regime where people deeply believe in traditions, is regarded as taboo and a breach of family honor, but Aisha, the mother of eight, dared to start teaching children in her village school four years ago.
"My school has only one classroom with 32 students including girls who go to school six days a week," said the brave lady, whispering "due to tribal culture most of the students have no interest in getting education and therefore, I take them from their homes to school." The ongoing conflicts, domestic violence and tribal traditions and cultural barriers in parts of the conservative Afghanistan often bar girls from attending school or getting higher education. According to the Afghan government, more than 10 million children with 40 percent of them girls attend 15,000 schools across the country this year, while more than 1.3 million school age children have no access to education due to poverty, conflicts, traditional obstacles and insurgency. In Kandahar and neighboring Helmand, Zabul and Uruzgan Provinces where Taliban militants are active, many students are leaving school for fear of conflict and insecurity. "Out of 470 schools in Kandahar, 150 have already closed down due to insurgent activities and conflicts," Mohibullah Qaderi, head of Kandahar's Education Department said recently.
According to the official, no school is open in Shorabak, Rigistan and Ghorak districts due to security problems at the moment. In Kandahar province alone, according to Qaderi, more than 100,000 school age children have been deprived of their right to go to school. "How can we attend school when around our villages and school is conflict, on the road are militants, and most of the families don't allow their children to bear the risk for study?" Zarmina, 18, a female student said in Lashkargah, capital city of the southern Helmand province where lingering fight between Taliban and government forces have claimed hundreds of lives over the past several months. Kandahar and the neighboring Helmand have been regarded as populous but troubled provinces in Afghanistan. Few hundred girls complete the 12th grade of school annually and only a smaller number of them get a chance to enroll in universities.
 

Sunday November 20, 2016

Kabul (BNA) In our war-ravaged country the hopes of our students who despite of countless problems, succeeded to pass over high peaks and backbreaking process of university entrance examination( UEE) but at the end of their education at university, they are again confused and undertrained under heavy pressure of dreams. Because they have slight hope to achieve their main objectives i.e employment in a position as a reward of their long years of educations. While we have just celebrated International  Students Day, thousands graduates at BA, MA and even PhD levels from domestic and foreign universities who have achieved it with hard work, efforts hardships and sufferings, but despite of all, they are still vagabonding behind the doors of government departments. When such post-graduation vagabondage increase, their concerns and problems instead to increase their hopefulness and pleasure they become disappointed and regret for all their education and forget students’ day.
But in other countries, the education days of universities and colleges is accompanied with heavy pleasure and joy. The students celebrate this day with increasing hopes and wishes. Because each student can be confident upon their enrollment to university or college for their expected occupation according to their branch of education. Because in developed and progressive countries, the members of society attach high importance for time and every moment. One minute or one hour of their time is not spent uselessly or in uncertainty. Particularly graduates of universities and colleges never allow their valuable time to be wasted in vain. They are employed according to their field of education and there is no obstacle ahead of them. Alas! Such idea and thoughts would have influence into the brains of our leaders and rulers to celebrate students’ day with offering new hopes and encouragement and increase assurance and confidence of students with paving the way for employment of our graduates who are no doubt the actual future builders of this war-shattered country. But unfortunately, after graduation from universities, our poor students don’t achieve their dreams and desires. For example if we have a glance at current system of employment of university graduates and an extremely high summit ahead of their access to an occupation, passing over this high peak is absolutely difficult and even impossible. The first condition for employment of the newly graduate applicant is few years of experience while he has just graduated from a university and clearly lacks any previous work experience.  So it’s upon in-charges of administrative reforms and civil services to seriously focus on this issue. 
Daud Nejrabi
 

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