24 March 2017

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Education

Wednesday October 5, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Oct 5th coincides with the World Teachers’ Day, a day that has been nominated in this name with the initiative of the UNESCO to attract global public attention to teacher’s role, position and importance in social system. The UNESCO has acknowledged certain commitments on this occasion and organizes specific programs for celebration of this day across the world. The UNESCO has called the goal behind nomination of 5th of Oct as the teacher’s day celebration of teacher’s basic role in qualitative improvement at all levels of education. In a UNESCO report under the title of “Education for all” it has been said that still in some parts of the country, Afghanistan is facing shortage of professional female teachers. Under the new political system of the country, while the doors of thousands schools have been opened throughout the country and multi-million teachers and students have entered education environment, but in reality, the education system of the country particularly the teachers are still facing serious, basic challenges and obstacles. Teachers in our country are among the most hardworking social groups with the least payments. The education system lacks professional teachers.
Large number of teachers lack sufficient professional knowledge. Shortage of professional educational capacity caused decrease of education quality as current corruption in state system is one of the biggest challenges. Existence of imaginary schools and teachers is another greater challenge. The ex-authorities of the MoE were involved in extensive corruption who had submitted unrealistic reports on the number of these schools and teachers. SIGAR has also confirmed these wrong reports and the authorities of the MoE said that investigations have been started and are going on, on this issue and the results were expected to be leaked to media and public. It was also said that in some volatile and insecure areas teachers and students cannot attend schools and share their salaries with administrative sector of education departments and receive half of their real payment. On the other hand due to low salaries most teachers have to resort to second jobs while in neighboring countries, teachers’ lead good life and don’t need to seek second occupation. Some teachers with high quality and education are employed by NGOs with reasonable salaries and they have no time to improve quality of education. The ex-president had promised to distribute pieces of land to teachers to build houses but this issue has remained confusing.
Lailuma Noori
 

Monday October 3, 2016

Kabul (BNA) Literacy has particular value and importance in mankind life.
Literacy is the jewelry of mankind life and light of people and an illiterate person is like blind. Literacy is priceless gift that Allah has given to his servants. Allah had made literacy as the mankind light of life. It was literacy, education and knowledge that have led mankind to present stage. Prophet Mohammad has said that “Learn knowledge if you are in China” another saying said that learn knowledge from cradle to grave. Our country is among those countries in which the literacy level is low. But following the ousting of Taliban more attention was focused on education than other fields, hundreds schools were built, several literacy courses were opened, new curriculum was prepared for education and hundreds of thousands of students were enrolled by thousands schools. If we scrutiny this issue sociologically, we conclude that literacy is one of those gifts s that lead a society and a country to brightness and prosperity and result in remarkable socio, economic, political and cultural developments. We can claim that we are witnessing great achievements and changes in the fields of education and higher studies in recent years.
We have many achievements in the field of higher education’s and tens public private higher education’s and universities have been established throughout the country and have pave the way of higher education’s to countrymen and women. Despite of these developments and achievements, more serious attention is needed in remote areas of the country to decrease the level of illiteracy in the country. We expect that our current achievements in both fields would continue in the future as well. We request our countrymen, families, the MoE and MoHE to encourage young generation to education and higher studies and make indefatigable efforts and cooperation for elimination of illiteracy in the country so our children, siblings, be educated and build a prosperous society, put an end to current chaotic situation and enjoy a bright and peaceful environment. Finally we conclude that for development of education and elimination of illiteracy, we need a decisive comprehensive plan of action to be able to rebuild destroyed schools, reopen the closed schools and disseminate this ray across Afghanistan.
Waqar Ahmad Momand
 

Monday, September 19, 2016
Kabul (BNA) At least 12 armed rebels were killed during the fresh clashes with Afghan security forces in Shindand district of Herat province.
A commander of national army of Herat told BNA, at least 12 armed insurgent have been killed in the recent battles with Afghan security forces including two commanders and two others were wounded.
Afghan security force says, the military operation is continuing on Taliban’s hideouts for ensuring peace in the region.
According to another report, during three separate clashes in Herat province 3 Taliban were killed and 6 others were wounded.

Saturday September 10, 2016

Kabul (BNA) 8th of Sept. coincides the world literacy day and it has been celebrating every year in most countries in special ceremonies with the cooperation of UNESCO and UN member states and governments.
According to a UNESCO recent report, over 750 million people above 15 years are illiterate in the world while over 250 million children do not attend school due to certain reasons and two third of illiterate elders are women. The rate of illiteracy and deprivation of official and unofficial education has close effects on security, stability and economic development. The higher rates of mothers and children mortality and violence, take place in the countries with low literacy level. Economic poverty, continued devastating conflicts, extremism, political instability and extensive religious tensions are the inauspicious heritage of ignorance and illiteracy while promotion of literacy level and generalization of official and standard education pave the way of social, economic and cultural development.
Elimination of this phenomenon requires public accountability of all citizens particularly the government. Illiteracy creates poverty and misfortune to the country and struggle with this calamity needs a national consensus. According to the MoED Assadullah Hanif Balkhi, our countrymen have realized the importance of literacy more than ever and consider it as the only way of Afghanistan progress and development. Therefore eradication of illiteracy requires public struggle. Although the literacy campaign of the MoED has already covered 6.5 million people and at present about 1.1 million people are enrolled in literacy courses, but it is not sufficient. Overcoming illiteracy needs more efforts. War on illiteracy is incumbent on all Afghan people either nationally or religiously. Further certain steps should be taken in this direction. Deputy MoED Sardar Mohammad Rahimi said, every year over two million children fail to attend education and join the army of illiterate people and this issue makes difficult reduction of illiteracy ceiling to the MoED. If current literacy programs are performed in this way, until 2020 the level of illiteracy would decrease to 10pc.
It is literacy that makes possible access to modern knowledge, self-reliance and this energy can change the life of millions people.
At present Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Egypt, Senegal, Nigeria… etc are at the top priority of the UNESCO. The experience of post-conflict countries shows that without cooperation of host governments, the international organizations don’t manage to unite the blind tie of illiteracy. Solving of this situation requires effective programs and reasonable policies. Only with construction of schools and enrolling of children, this problem cannot be settled. Generalization of culture of literacy requires reform of teaching system, encouraging of publicity, cultural ideas, production of high quality materials and textbooks could be effective in institutionalization of the culture of literacy.
Noori
 

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