23 January 2018

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Thursday September 14, 2017

Kabul (BNA) The construction work of three administrative buildings for education department has started in northern Baghlan province the other day.
Dr. Muhiuddin Paykan head of education department of the province told BNA reporter, each building of the department to be constructed with a sum of over 6,000,000 Afs from government budget on 2000 meters square lands in three floors within the next 8 months.
Now staffs of education department of the province are living in rent’s building, that monthly paid 250,000 Afs, Paykan added.

Tuesday September 12, 2017

Kabul (BNA) After the success of the Afghan Girls’ Robotics Team that visited the United States in July, more and more young girls in Afghanistan have expressed interest in becoming more involved with robotics and technology.
The Afghan Girls’ Robotics Team participated in the First Global Challenge in Washington D.C. After the State Department denied the girls visas twice, widespread condemnation from feminist and humanitarian groups successfully put public pressure on the Department of Homeland Security to issue humanitarian paroles that allowed the girls to enter the country. The girls were awarded silver medals at the competition for their “courageous achievement.”
Upon their return to Afghanistan, the Girls’ Robotics team was welcomed by President Ashrad Ghani and First Lady Rula Ghani, members of parliament, the Minister of Education, and several other state officials. Although they received a positive welcome, many still have concerns about the girls’ safety. Roya Mahboob, founder of the Afghan Citadel Software Company and CEO of the Digital Citizen Fund, said in an interview with the Feminist Majority Foundation that the Afghan Robotic have become a “symbol of courage and positive change in Afghanistan.” Families who did not want their daughters to come to the United States have asked Mahboob if their daughters could join the team and attend future conferences.
The Afghan Girl’s Robotics team, which is a training project under Digital Citizen Fund’s program, started with only 12 students, but aims to expand by adding eight more this year. The students who are interested in joining the team are mostly from the cities of Herat, Farah and Nimruz. The girls will attend the World Summit AI in the Netherlands in October. Mahboob’s organization now has the capacity to enroll eight girls who also take an exam before joining the program. According to Mahboob, there were hundreds of girls standing in lines to take the entrance exam for the program. Mahboob’s dream is to establish the first School of Technology, Engineering, and Innovation in Afghanistan. In the meantime, she is working to find additional funding so that she can expand the robotics program and enroll more girls.

Monday September 11, 2017

Kabul (BNA) 17th of Sonbola, 8th of Sept. coincides with the International Literacy Day, what that could dominate darkness and with its bright and shining light become compass of human being in his surrounding undiscovered world. Learning of literacy which is called as cornerstone of science and knowledge and influencing into the world of mysteries of all things on the ground and celestial bodies, is amongst extremely valuable and priceless gems which with its gaining one can get the key to all secrets of earth and countless galaxies. With the help of the literacy key, we can have access to mysteries of governance and researches on the undiscovered contents of high peak mountains. But unfortunately the then brave rulers of our country, despite of all conquering and governances many centuries ago from east to west, paid no attention for literacy and acquiring of knowledge.
In previous years especially in 40s and 50s few people enjoyed the gift of literacy in our territory. There were only few schools and madrassas in provinces. Few people had incomplete literacy and less number of youth had access to universities and institutes of higher educations. As a land with a background of over 5000 years locating in the heart of Asia with particular geographical and geopolitical situation, our country has plenty of high peak mountains. On its green mountain slopes different ethnic groups are living peacefully who are involved in livestock breeding, agriculture and business. We should not underestimate mineral resources of this fertile territory who has hidden hundreds virgin mines. With moderate climate, freshness and lovely nature, the noble off springs of this land enjoy sufficient wisdom and intelligence, but ethnic and tribal methods of governance of our past powerful kings and rulers whose minds were filled and occupied with the dream of conquering and their continued invasions had caused the fields of learning knowledge and science particularly literacy to develop slowly.
There were merely few universities in the country. But in the light of recent years’ changes in the country, the number of schools, universities and institutes of higher education rapidly developed and increased and large number of knowledge thirsty sons of our people were recruited by these centers, and the number of schools students considerably increased. Literacy courses and centers were also respectively opened to illiterate and less literate individuals and every year regularly over 500000 enthusiasts of literacy courses received certificates. Every year over 200000 graduate from high schools and attend entrance examination of higher educations. But despite of that, at present while we celebrate World Literacy Day, according to government authorities, the illiteracy rate has reached near to 70 pc in the country and only 30 pc of population over 15 years are literate. Some experts believe that in the last 15 years considerable steps have not been taken by government authorities for literacy of the Afghan people.
They emphasize that the Afghan government should make further efforts and pave the way for learning of literacy in remote rural areas as well as capacity building in urban areas and departments. The government should request further aids from international community for improvement of literacy campaign, because Afghanistan is at the top list of countries with low level literacy. The Afghan government, particularly the ministry of education and vital literacy bodies are required to pay serious attention in this field, otherwise the Afghan people with current low level of literacy would lead a dangerous life. A number of people said that due to loyalty to unaccepted traditions, our children specially girls remain illiterate and are deprived of education.
Talking on the low level of literacy in Afghanistan, Yelda a vital literacy teacher said, the only reason behind low level of literacy is wars and insecurities as well as unacceptable traditions that our people don’t let their children particularly girls to attend schools and be educated. Alem a local said, I was illiterate and my family was illiterate too and were not interested for education of their children. When I saw children of our locality going school, I became interested to learn literacy and despite of my age, I attended a vital literacy course and have learned relatively to write and read. He asked the government to pave the way for literacy and rescue people from this fatal crisis. Literacy is one of the UN millennium goals and Afghanistan has signed its convention. So it should be loyal to its values and criteria.
Shukria Kohistani                  

Sunday, August 20, 2017

Kabul (BNA) President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani addressing a ceremony marking the beginning of new academic year of 2017-2018 in Kabul University on Thursday said that the current higher education system does not meet the needs of the economic and political requirements of the country and the needs of Afghan youths, a statement from the presidential palace said.
Thanking the honorary doctorate degree given to him by Kabul University, the President hoped future presidents of Afghanistan to be graduated from this university.
The president asked the new students to take Afghanistan out from insecurity to security, from poverty to stability and relief, from disunity to unity and from war to peace.
Meanwhile, the President called for a systematic change to be put in place in the country’s higher education system and curricula.  He said that education must be provided in both national languages Dari and Pashto and need to be standardized.
“We should bravely accept this reality that the higher education system which we have inherited does not meet the economic, political, administrative necessities of the country and the demands of our new generation, “he said.  The president also called for more work and investments to be done on Afghanistan’s national languages.
The president also said that unhealthy discussions inside the campus was not acceptable.
“There is place for negative linguistic discussions inside the universities.  Notes and lessons must be taught in both languages and proper ground should be paved for this purpose.  We spend one million dollar for one kilometer of read, but we can spend one million dollars on our educational curricula.  Hire some translators and change the whole thing,” President Ghani said.
According to Ghani, the quality of education in the country was not sufficient in the country was not sufficient to nourish the talent and abilities of the Afghan youths and that there is need to update the education system equivalent to international standards.
“You are still teaching what my father was being taught,” President Ghani told the university teachers.  He said that the new curriculum should meet the demands in next 25 years at minimum.
Meanwhile the President proposed awards for the best planning of the educational curriculum, national debate of the universities, cultural missions, strengthening entrepreneurship centers of the universities , technology and research at universities and for effective governance at higher education sector.
“I want Afghan university degrees to be accepted in the regional countries and the world,” he said.
The president also hinted to holding of academic seminars, saying the main theme should be of the national issues.
Meanwhile dean of Kabul University Hamidullah Farooqi said the university was at its 85th year, adding the country’s famous leaders, intellectuals and heroes were graduated from this institution.  He also briefed the audience on works done and upcoming plans of the university, asking government to renew policy on lecturer’s salaries and students fees.
Acting minister of Higher Education said his Ministry’s 10 –year strategic plans to focus standardization of the higher education in the country.

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